Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana

Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Papaveraceae (Poppy Family)

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana (Bluestem pricklypoppy)
Marcus, Joseph A.
This is an extremely prickly annual or biennial, usually growing 1 1/2-2 ft., but sometimes reaching 5 ft. in height. Subtended by leaf-like, spiny bracts, the white blooms are 4-6 in. across with fragile, crinkled petals and numerous yellow or red stamens. White prickly poppyís blue-green leaves are lobed, spiny, and covered with a whitish bloom.

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12 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AR , LA , MO , TX
Native Distribution: Most of TX into OK; naturalized elsewhere
Native Habitat: Hills; pastures; disturbed areas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy or gravelly soils.
Conditions Comments: White prickly poppy is not competitive with perennials. It blooms only in spring and should be pulled out by June. This is an extremely prickly annual or biennial. White prickly poppys blue-green leaves are lobed, spiny, and covered with a whitish bloom.


Warning: Seeds and other plant parts can be toxic if ingested. Sensitivity to a toxin varies with a personís age, weight, physical condition, and individual susceptibility. Children are most vulnerable because of their curiosity and small size. Toxicity can vary in a plant according to season, the plantís different parts, and its stage of growth; and plants can absorb toxic substances, such as herbicides, pesticides, and pollutants from the water, air, and soil.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Last Update: 2009-04-18