Marcus, Joseph A.
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana (Munz) Lott
Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)
Hinckley columbine is currently considered a variety of Aquilegia chrysantha
. Its diagnostic features are its petal
blades, which are shorter but not narrower than in other varieties of its species at 2 cm long and 16 mm wide, and its tendency to have twice-divided leaves, fewer than the three divisions of other varieties of A. chrysantha
. Its foliage is as fern-like and delicate as that of other columbines, and its canary yellow flowers are prominent and spurred. It grows to three and a half feet tall and is endemic
to a single site: Capote Falls in the Sierra Vieja Mountains of Presidio County, Texas.
is one of many yellow columbines popular in the nursery trade, but it is truly rare in the wild, native
only to a single waterfall in far west Texas. Like other golden columbines, it is valued for its shade tolerance, attractive foliage, and clear yellow flowers. Columbines are short-lived perennials that reseed to replace mother plants where seed is allowed to mature and drop. They also hybridize freely between species and varieties, so plants sold as yellow columbine or golden columbine likely contain genetic material from varied sources.
The genus name Aquilegia comes from the Latin aquila which means eagle and refers to the spurred petals that many believe resemble an eagles talons.
Image Gallery: 13 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Leaf Shape: Obovate Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous Leaf Margin:
Lobed Leaf Texture:
Smooth Breeding System:
, Monoecious Leaf:
Glaucous green Flower: Sepals
17 mm wide. Petals 2 cm long petal
blades 16 mm wide.
Green to dark gray follicles, black seeds 13-18 mm follicles, 2 mm seeds Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May
TX Native Distribution:
Capote Falls in the Sierra Vieja Mountains in Presidio County in west Texas Native Habitat:
Moist places beside a waterfall USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Rich, moist, well-drained, slightly acid soils. Will grow in somewhat alkaline soil.
Conditions Comments: Popular and gorgeous spring bloomer when given preferred growing conditions of good, well-drained soil, part shade, and adequate moisture. Though they tolerate some heat, Southwestern yellow columbines become susceptible to spider mites and aphids in very hot, arid conditions.
Good for spring color in shade gardens, with semi-evergreen
foliage decorative much of the year Use Wildlife:
Attracts moths, butterflies, and bees. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Columbine Duskywing Nectar Source:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: