Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Amelanchier canadensis


Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush


Rosaceae (Rose Family)



Amelanchier canadensis (Canadian serviceberry)
Vick, Albert F. W.
Canadian service-berry or shadblow service-berry is a small, understory tree or large, multi-trunked shrub usually growing in clumps with many upright branches. Its crown is delicate and open. Long-petaled, white blossoms, opening before leaves emerge, are followed by a small, crimson-colored, edible, apple-like fruit. Enduring fall foliage is orange to rusty-red. The deciduous plant grows 6-20 ft. high, sometimes taller.

Serviceberries are subject to many disease and insect problems. Damage from these problems is usually cosmetic rather than life threatening. This is an East Coast plant. However, the name is commonly used in the nursery trade and generally refers to Amelanchier arborea, or possibly some hybrids.

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2 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf: Green
Autumn Foliage: yes
Flower:
Fruit: Red to purple
Size Class: 36-72 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May

Distribution

USA: AL , CT , DE , GA , ME , MD , MA , MS , NH , NJ , NY , NC , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , WV , DC
Canada: NB , NS , PE , QC
Native Distribution: ME to GA, w. to c. NY
Native Habitat: Wood borders; moist, upland woods

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Moist, but well-drained, soils.
Conditions Comments: Serviceberries are subject to many disease and insect problems. Damage from these problems is usually cosmetic rather than life threatening.

Benefit

Use Wildlife: An important browse and food plant for birds and other wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Last Update: 2013-09-07