Vick, Albert F. W.
Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medik.
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Canadian service-berry or shadblow service-berry is a small, understory tree
or large, multi-trunked shrub
usually growing in clumps with many upright branches. Its crown is delicate and open. Long-petaled, white blossoms, opening before leaves emerge, are followed by a small, crimson-colored, edible, apple-like fruit. Enduring fall foliage is orange to rusty-red. The deciduous
plant grows 6-20 ft. high, sometimes taller.
Serviceberries are subject to many disease and insect problems. Damage from these problems is usually cosmetic rather than life threatening. This is an East Coast plant. However, the name is commonly used in the nursery trade and generally refers to Amelanchier arborea
, or possibly some hybrids.
Image Gallery: 2 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Red to purple Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , CT , DE , GA , ME , MD , MA , MS , NH , NJ , NY , NC , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , WV , DC Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
ME to GA, w. to c. NY Native Habitat:
Wood borders; moist, upland woods USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet , Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Moist, but well-drained, soils.
Conditions Comments: Serviceberries are subject to many disease and insect problems. Damage from these problems is usually cosmetic rather than life threatening.
BenefitUse Wildlife: An important browse and food plant for birds and other wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes