Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Allium canadense L.
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion
Liliaceae (Lily Family)
Meadow garlic or wild garlic’s sparse cluster of grass-like leaves and its 8-12 in. flowering stalk grow from a bulb. From between narrow, grass-like leaves, which originate near its base, rises a stem
topped by a dome-like cluster of star-shaped, pink or whitish flowers; plant has strong, onion-like odor.
This native perennial
has a brown, fibrous
skin on an edible bulb
that tastes like onion.
Image Gallery: 10 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , MT , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , ND , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.B. to SD, s. to n. FL & TX Native Habitat:
Open woods; prairies USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moderately rich, neutral soils.
Conditions Comments: Some Allium species can become weedy in warmer climates. Tolerates all conditions well; very hearty plant. Make sure soil is well-drained, plants will rot in standing water. Generally free of pests and disease, although some people have had problems with slugs.
Bulbs and leaves are eaten by wild turkeys. Use Food:
There are many bulb
forming plants that resemble wild onions, some are toxic. Only harvest plants with the distinct odor of onions. The chopped green leaves can be used like chives and the bulbs are cooked as any other onions. Use Medicinal:
Crushed bulbs applied to insect stings.
Bulbs eaten raw for scurvy. Tea of bulbs to control coughs and vomiting. Infusion of bulb
used as eyewash and ear and for ear infections. Bruised onion to treat stings of bees and wasps.