Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Agave parryi

Parry's agave, Century plant, Parry agave

Agavaceae (Century-Plant Family)

Agave parryi (Parry's agave)
Nugent, Louis R
Like all agave plants, this plant is, for several years, a rosette of stiff, succulent, sword-like leaves. These 1 ft., spine-tipped leaves eventually subtend a tall flowering stalk supporting a cluster of yellow flowers at its tip. After the plant flowers, it dies.

Agaves are often called century plants and require many years to flower, but not a century. They provided southwestern Native American with food, beverages, fiber, soap, medicine, and lances. Today the liquors mescal, pulque, and tequila are made from the juice of the Mexican species.

Image Gallery:

5 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug


Native Distribution: NM, AZ, w. TX, south to central Mexico
Native Habitat: High deserts

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available


Use Food: The Indians ate the stems when the stems were young.
Use Other: It was important to the Indians for fiber.
Interesting Foliage: yes

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Agave parryi is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Orange Giant-Skipper
(Agathymus neumoegeni)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA
Huachuca Giant-Skipper
(Agathymus evansi)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Last Update: 2013-06-27