Aesculus glabra Willd.
Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut
Hippocastanaceae (Horse-Chestnut Family)
Ohio buckeye, a medium-sized, canopy tree,
50-75 ft. tall, is often used as an ornamental because of its interesting fruit
and bright orange fall foliage. Branches bend toward the ground then arch back up, creating a rounded outline. Dense, attractive, deciduous
foliage is palmately compound
and the showy, erect blossom clusters are held at the ends of the twigs. The tree’s fruit
is a nut
encased in a spiny, splitting husk. Twigs and leaves often have a slightly unpleasant odor when crushed.
The state tree
of Ohio, the Buckeye State. Pioneers carried a buckeye seed in their pockets to ward off rheumatism. The seeds and young foliage are poisonous, and the toxic bark
was formerly used medicinally. Sometimes planted as an ornamental for the showy autumn foliage. The wood is used for furniture, boxes, flooring, and musical instruments. Caution: All parts of this tree
are poisonous if taken internally. Keep away from livestock; seeds and fruits are attractive to children and are dangerous.
Image Gallery: 20 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Palmate Leaf Margin: Serrate Size Notes:
60 to 80 feet tall. Leaf:
Green above, pale below. Autumn Foliage:
Green Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , ME , MI , MN , MS , MO , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , TN , TX , WV , WI , WY Canada: ON Native Distribution:
W. PA to extreme s.e. NE, s. to GA & TX Native Habitat:
Rich, moist stream banks & bottomlands USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Rich, moist, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: It can be difficult to grow grass under Ohio buckeye because of the dense foliage. It is one of the first trees to leaf out in the spring and lose its foliage in fall. In hot, droughty situations, leaf blotch, leaf scorch and a variety of other pysiological and pest problems can be serious. In moist habitats, disease and insects are not a problem. Ohio buckeye is escaping into New York.
Squirrels eat seeds. Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers. Warning:
All parts of this tree
are poisonous if taken internally. Keep away from livestock; seeds and fruits are attractive to children and are dangerous. May be Fatal if Eaten! Symptoms include muscle weakness and paralysis, dilated pupils, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, paralysis, and stupor. Toxic Principle: Glycoside aesculin, saponin aescin, possibly alkaloids. Conspicuous Flowers: