Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Aesculus flava Ait.
Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye
Hippocastanaceae (Horse-Chestnut Family)
Yellow buckeye or sweet buckeye is an irregular to upright-oval, canopy tree,
50-75 ft. tall, with stout, picturesque branches which commonly sweep the ground. The bark
sometimes is exfoliating. Creamy yellow, upright flowers panicles appear in late spring. Palmately-compound, deciduous
leaves turn orange to red in the fall. Nuts are encased in a 2-3 in., tan husk.
The largest of the buckeyes, it is abundant in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Native
Americans made a nutritious food from the seeds, after removing the toxic element by roasting and soaking them.
Image Gallery: 1 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
AL , GA , IL , IN , KY , MD , MS , NJ , NC , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV , DC Native Distribution:
S.w. PA & w. along Ohio R., s. to extreme w. SC & n. AL Native Habitat:
Rich woods from river bottoms to mt. tops USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil pH:
Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2) CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Soil Description:
Rich, moist, well-drained soils. Conditions Comments:
Sweet buckeye is not as troubled by foliar diseases as A. glabra, but needs protection from wind which causes leaf scorch. This tree
must be planted in moist, rich, well-drained soil.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Squirrels eat the nuts.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes