Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Spiny, stiff-branched, thicket-forming shrub
bearing numerous spikes of yellow flowers. Chaparro-prieto or blackbrush grows 5-15 ft. Prolific spikes of pale yellow, fragrant flowers are borne on the numerous stiff, thorny branches. The bark
of this shrub
is whitish in color. Its semi-evergreen
leaves are dark-green, glossy and pinnately compound.
This Texas native
is sometimes called Catclaw, thanks to its sharp, curved thorns.
Image Gallery: 17 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Fruit Type: Legume Flower:
Flowers in 2 inch spikes
Brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution:
Rio Grande Plain to Austin and Big Bend; adjacent Mex. Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs, Chaparral & brush country, Roadsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type, Dry sand or limestone.
Conditions Comments: Slow-growing but vigorous, blackbrush acacia suckers readily. These suckers can be removed at ground level. Pruning encourages dense branching and more flowers. This plant has been used both as an ornamental and for erosion control.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Aromatic, Showy, Long-living, Erosion control, Blooms ornamental. This plant is used in rock gardens, landscapes, or xeriscapes.
Use Wildlife: Flowers are a source of honey. Nectar-bees, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-moths, Nectar-insects, Seeds-granivorous birds, Browsed by deer.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate