Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Abies procera


Noble fir


Pinaceae (Pine Family)



Abies procera (Noble fir)
An 80-200 ft. evergreen with short branches, noble fir has red-brown, deeply-fissured bark; blue-green needles; and purplish, oblong-cylindric cones. The straight, massive trunk may be devoid of branches for up to 100 ft. from the ground. The largest native true fir, with conical crown rounded at tip and with short, nearly horizontal branches. The crown is rounded and disproportionately small.

A handsome tree with large, showy cones mostly covered by papery bracts, Noble Fir was named by the Scottish botanical explorer David Douglas (1798-1834). It is the tallest true fir; the champion in the Gifford Pinchot National Forest in southwestern Washington is 278 (85 m) high, has a trunk circumference of 28 (8.6 m), and has a crown spread of 47 (14 m).

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf: Dark Green
Flower:
Fruit:
Size Class: More than 100 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: Apr , May

Distribution

USA: CA , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Distribution: N. CA to Chelan Co., WA
Native Habitat: Well-drained, sunny areas from 3000-5000 ft.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Well-drained, mesic soils.
Conditions Comments: Slow-growing to 90 ft., noble fir adapts well to garden culture.

Last Update: 2008-12-17