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Plants for a bare clay slope in North Carolina


Topic:
Author: Nan Hampton
Date: Thursday - December 22, 2011
From: Cary, NC

QUESTION: Hi - I live near Raleigh North Carolina (border of the coastal plain and Piedmont). I have about 1/2 acre that was excavated for a geothermal heating/cooling system and now I need to stabilize it and establish some kind of growth ASAP. The excavated and the surrounding area (another 1/2 acre, or so) is old pasture. I bush-hog it infrequently to keep the bushes and trees from taking over. I'd like to establish native grasses and wildflowers and keep it open as it is my only non-wooded area and it allows a nice view to a pond. After grading it is mostly clay on the surface. It is also on a slope and to keep the silt from draining into the pond I spread straw and annual rye grass seed. That seems to be helping for now, but I am also concerned about that taking over. How can I establish native grasses and flowers and what can I do till Spring to keep it from turning into even more of a mess? What recommendations do you have for species and seed suppliers? Thanks, Jeff

ANSWER:

First of all, you will want to either mow or plow under the annual rye grass before it sets seed.   Otherwise, it will drop its seeds to germinate and come up again next season.  Hopefully, the straw you put down doesn't have seeds of unwanted species in it.  For plant recommendations, let's start with grasses since the extensive fibrous roots of grasses are very effective in holding soil in place.  Native warm weather grasses will come up from seed after the weather warms in the spring.  The seeds can be planted now beneath erosion control cloth (see comments below) or you can wait until early Spring. Here are some species native to your area of North Carolina that will grow in clay:

Andropogon gerardii (Big bluestem)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wild rye)

Elymus virginicus (Virginia wildrye)

Eragrostis intermedia (Plains lovegrass)

Muhlenbergia emersleyi (Bullgrass)

Muhlenbergia schreberi (Nimblewill)

Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)

Poa arachnifera (Texas bluegrass)

Schizachyrium scoparium (Little bluestem)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Tridens flavus (Purpletop tridens)

Tripsacum dactyloides (Eastern gamagrass)

Depending on how steep your slope is, you might benefit from using some sort of erosion control blanket. The erosion-control fabric works by slowing the runoff water and allowing sediments to fall out rather than be washed down into your lake. Seeds sown under the erosion-control material grow up through the matting when they germinate. You can also insert plants into the soil by cutting through the matting. The roots of the plants that are growing through the erosion-control material anchor the soil to stop the erosion. If you use erosion-control blankets made of biodegradable material, they will eventually disappear leaving the plants to control the problem.  Most nurseries carry these erosion control blankets. 

You can choose wildflowers to go with the grasses from the North Carolina Recommended list of commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes.

Our National Suppliers Directory can be searched for nurseries and seed companies specializing in native plants for your area.

From a quick preliminary search, I found Lumber River Native Plants in Gibson, NC with several of these grasses for sale.   Mellow Marsh Farm, Inc. in Siler City, NC has several mixes of grass and wildflower seeds that would be suitable.  There are more nurseries and seed companies that I didn't investigate.

There are several How to Articles under Large Scale Wildflower Planting (for instance, Meadow Gardening) that should have useful information for your project.

Below are photos of some of the grasses from our Image Gallery:

From the Image Gallery


Andropogon gerardii

Elymus canadensis

Eragrostis intermedia

Muhlenbergia emersleyi

Muhlenbergia schreberi

Panicum virgatum

Poa arachnifera

Schizachyrium scoparium

Sorghastrum nutans

Tridens flavus

Tripsacum dactyloides

Elymus virginicus
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