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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.

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15 Random Botanical Terms

Tree - A woody perennial plant having a single main stem or trunk which generally grows more than 20 feet tall.

Tubercle - A more or less pyramidal knob rising from the stem surface of a cactus and having an areole on or near its summit.

EMP - Eastern Mountains and Piedmont - NWPL Region

Endangered - An animal or plant species in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.

Denticulate - Finely toothed.

Fruit - The seed-bearing part of a plant.

Wing - A thin extension of a plant part, as of a branch or dry fruit.

Pistil - The seed-producing or female organ, consisting of ovary, style, and stigma; usually located in the center of the flower.

Berry - A fleshy, indehiscent fruit with few to many seeds.

Distal - Toward the top of a plant or the tip of a plant part. Cf, Proximal.

Proximal - Toward the base of a plant or the point of attachment of a plant part. Cf, Distal.

Attenuate - A tapering leaf base with concave margins that form an angle less than 45 degrees.

Endemic - Occurring naturally only in a single geographic area.

Bract - A reduced or modified leaf occurring at the base of a flower or group of flowers. Bracts are sometimes arranged in rows, like shingles on a roof, usually closely cupping the blossoms of Asteraceae (Sunflower Family); cf. Phyllary. Sometimes brightly colored or petallike, as in Castilleja spp. (paintbrush), or threadlike, as in Daucus carota (Queen Anne's Lace). ...

Stigma - The tip of the pistil, which receives the pollen; may be rounded, lobed, or branched

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