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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.
15 Random Botanical Terms
Cuspidate - Tipped with a sharp firm point.
Compound leaf - A leaf that is completely separated into two or more leaflets.
Thorn - A sharp-pointed structure formed by a modified branch.
Rhizobia - Soil-borne bacteria which form nitrogen-rich root nodules.
Receptacle - End of stem to which flowers are attached. lFig. 1)
Monoecious - A plant or plant species producing male and female reproductive structures on the same plant but on separate flowers.
Rachis - The axis of a pinnately compound leaf.
Complete flower - A flower with sepals, petals, stamens, and pistil present.
Dentate - Sharply toothed, with the teeth pointing straight out from the margin.
Hermaphrodite - Bisexual, having both male and female parts in the same flower.
Umbel - A rounded or flat topped cluster of flowers on stems that radiate from the tip of the main stem. A compound umbel has smaller umbels at the ends of the radiating stems.
Pedicel - The stalk of a single flower in a cluster of flowers.
FACU* - Faculative Upland - Nonhydrophyte. Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands. Occurs only in the South Pacific Islands subregion.
Sessile - Lacking a stalk of any kind: a flower without a pedicel or a leaf without a petiole.
Prickle - A sharp process on the surface of a twig or leaf, an outgrowth.