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BOTANICAL GLOSSARY

Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.

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15 Random Botanical Terms

Halophyte - A plant which tolerates a salty environment.

Runcinate - Leaf having incised margins with the lobes or teeth curved toward the base.

Xylem - Water-conducting tissue of vascular plants.

Rachis - The axis of a pinnately compound leaf.

Thorn - A sharp-pointed structure formed by a modified branch.

Clasping - Leaf partially encircles the stem.

Tendril - A slender coiling or twining structure modified from a leaf, branch, or other organ.

Pod - A dry fruit that splits after ripening, a term applied to fruits in the Legume Family.

UPL - Upland - Nonhydrophyte. Almost never occurs in wetlands.

Bilateral symmetry - Usually referencing flower structure, descripes a plant part or parts that may be divided along a single plane forming two mirror-image halves; zygomorphic, irregular flower.

Toothed - Said of petals or leaves having margins more or less sharply indented.

Bract - A reduced or modified leaf occurring at the base of a flower or group of flowers. Bracts are sometimes arranged in rows, like shingles on a roof, usually closely cupping the blossoms of Asteraceae (Sunflower Family); cf. Phyllary. Sometimes brightly colored or petallike, as in Castilleja spp. (paintbrush), or threadlike, as in Daucus carota (Queen Anne's Lace). ...

Scabrous - Rough to the touch.

Internode - The part of the stem between leaves or branches.

Obovate - Inversely ovate, with the narrower end of the leaf blade toward the branch.

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