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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.
15 Random Botanical Terms
Blade - The expanded portion of a leaf or petal.
Endemic - Occurring naturally only in a single geographic area.
Petiole - A leaf stem.
Dioecious - With male and female reproductive structures on separate plants.
Samara - A dry, winged, one-seeded fruit.
Needle - The long and narrow leaf of pines and related species.
Halophyte - A plant which tolerates a salty environment.
Herbaceous - Herblike; not woody.
Deciduous - Having leaves that all fall off at the end of the growing season, or at least wither up and become lifeless.
Evergreen - Remaining green and leafy through the winter.
Shoot - A stem or branch and its leaves.
Winter annual - An annual species that arises from seed in the summer or fall of one calendar year and completes its life cycle in the spring or summer of the following calendar year. E.g. Texas Bluebonnet, Lupinus texensis.
UPL* - Upland - Nonhydrophyte. Almost never occurs in wetlands. Occurs only in the South Pacific Islands subregion.
Palmately compound - Leaflets radiating from one point, resembling a hand with the fingers spread. Leaves may also be palmately lobed or have palmate venation.
Follicle - Dry, dehiscent fruit.