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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.

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15 Random Botanical Terms

Asymmetric - Lacking symmetry, e.g., the two halves of a leaf blade not alike.

FACW - Faculative Wetland - Hydrophyte. Usually occurs in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.

Zygomorphic - Refers to flowers capable of division by only one plane of symmetry (bilaterally symmetric).

Bark - Tough outer covering of trunks or stems of trees, shrubs, and vines.

Endemic - Occurring naturally only in a single geographic area.

Spatulate - Paddle, or spoon shaped, broad at the tip and narrowed towards the base.

Tendril - A slender coiling or twining structure modified from a leaf, branch, or other organ.

Denticulate - Finely toothed.

Perennial - A plant or plant species with a normal life cycle exceeding two years.

Sepals - Parts that surround the petals, stamens, and pistil; usually green and leaflike. Sometimes they are the same size, shape, and color as the petals; as in Cooperia pedunculata (rain lily), in which case both sepals and petals are called sepals.

Reniform - Kidney-shaped.

Anther - The specialized, pollen-bearing structure of a plant's flower.

Special Value to Honey Bees - Identified by beekeepers and pollination biologists as an important pollen or nectar source (honey plant) for honey bees.

Bract - A reduced or modified leaf occurring at the base of a flower or group of flowers. Bracts are sometimes arranged in rows, like shingles on a roof, usually closely cupping the blossoms of Asteraceae (Sunflower Family); cf. Phyllary. Sometimes brightly colored or petallike, as in Castilleja spp. (paintbrush), or threadlike, as in Daucus carota (Queen Anne's Lace). ...

Apical - Situated at or near the tip.

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