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BOTANICAL GLOSSARY

Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.

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15 Random Botanical Terms

Head - A compact cluster of flowers attached to essentially the same point on the peduncle.

Acuminate - Gradually tapering to a point.

Sagittate - Shaped like an arrowhead.

Blade - The expanded portion of a leaf or petal.

Toothed - Said of petals or leaves having margins more or less sharply indented.

Irregular flower - A flower unequal in the size, form, or union of its similar parts; zygomorphic or bilaterally symmetrical. Example: Fabaceae (Legume Family).

UPL* - Upland - Nonhydrophyte. Almost never occurs in wetlands. Occurs only in the South Pacific Islands subregion.

Pappus - The calyx modifications found on many species of Asteraceae (Sunflower Family), commonly appearing as hairs, bristles, or scales, and usually persisting on the fruit.

Obtuse - Blunt or rounded at the tip.

Florets - Small or reduced flowers.

Prostrate - Lying flat on the ground.

Samara - A dry, winged, one-seeded fruit.

Spike - Flowers are attached directly to the main stem; no pedicels are present. The youngest flowers or buds are at the top. Spp. Abbreviation for plural of "species."

Fern - Any of numerous flowerless and seedless vascular plants (pteridophytes) having true roots from a rhizome and fronds that uncurl upward; reproduce by spores.

Monoecious - A plant or plant species producing male and female reproductive structures on the same plant but on separate flowers.

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