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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.
15 Random Botanical Terms
Imperfect flower - A flower bearing either stamens or pistils, but not both.
Pubescent - Said of stems or leaves with soft hairs.
Scape - A naked flower stem rising from the ground.
Tendril - A slender coiling or twining structure modified from a leaf, branch, or other organ.
Aggregate - Fruit developed from multiple pistils in a single flower, e.g. raspberry (Rubus spp.).
Filament - Stalk of stamen; bears the anther.
Cordate - Heart-shaped, with the point at the apex.
Parallel venation - Main veins running from base to apex of leaf.
Tubercle - A more or less pyramidal knob rising from the stem surface of a cactus and having an areole on or near its summit.
Pappus - The calyx modifications found on many species of Asteraceae (Sunflower Family), commonly appearing as hairs, bristles, or scales, and usually persisting on the fruit.
Sori - Cluster of sporangia in ferns and fungi.
Obtuse - Blunt or rounded at the tip.
Perianth - Collective term for petals and sepals (corolla and calyx).
Scabrous - Rough to the touch.
Genus - A group of related species classified within a family.