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BOTANICAL GLOSSARY

Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.

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15 Random Botanical Terms

Imperfect flower - A flower bearing either stamens or pistils, but not both.

Pubescent - Said of stems or leaves with soft hairs.

Scape - A naked flower stem rising from the ground.

Tendril - A slender coiling or twining structure modified from a leaf, branch, or other organ.

Aggregate - Fruit developed from multiple pistils in a single flower, e.g. raspberry (Rubus spp.).

Filament - Stalk of stamen; bears the anther.

Cordate - Heart-shaped, with the point at the apex.

Parallel venation - Main veins running from base to apex of leaf.

Tubercle - A more or less pyramidal knob rising from the stem surface of a cactus and having an areole on or near its summit.

Pappus - The calyx modifications found on many species of Asteraceae (Sunflower Family), commonly appearing as hairs, bristles, or scales, and usually persisting on the fruit.

Sori - Cluster of sporangia in ferns and fungi.

Obtuse - Blunt or rounded at the tip.

Perianth - Collective term for petals and sepals (corolla and calyx).

Scabrous - Rough to the touch.

Genus - A group of related species classified within a family.

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