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Glossary of commonly used botanical terms and their definitions. Use the search bar below to look up a botanical term.
15 Random Botanical Terms
Achene - A dry, usually one-seeded, indehiscent fruit.
Irregular flower - A flower unequal in the size, form, or union of its similar parts; zygomorphic or bilaterally symmetrical. Example: Fabaceae (Legume Family).
Truncate - Ending abruptly, e.g., a leaf blade squared at the base.
Berry - A fleshy, indehiscent fruit with few to many seeds.
Axillary - Growing from an axil.
Weed - Any plant growing where it is not wanted.
Capitulum - An inflorescence composed of multiple florets arranged in a flower head and surrounded by an involucre of bracts as found on many species in Asteraceae.
Palmately compound - Leaflets radiating from one point, resembling a hand with the fingers spread. Leaves may also be palmately lobed or have palmate venation.
Corolla - The petals collectively; usually colored or showy. These may be distinct or united to form a cup, trumpet, tube, or two-lipped body.
Compound leaf - A leaf that is completely separated into two or more leaflets.
Lanceolate - Having the shape of a spear-head or lance.
Endemic - Occurring naturally only in a single geographic area.
Scorpioid - Curled, like the tail of a scorpion.
FAC - Faculative - Hydrophyte. Occurs in wetlands and non-wetlands.
Obcordate - Inversely cordate, heart-shaped with petiole attached to point.