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Mr. Smarty Plants - Is it safe to eat vegetables grown in the same bed as foxgloves?

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Sunday - August 12, 2012

From: Princeton, WV
Region: Mid-Atlantic
Topic: General Botany, Edible Plants, Poisonous Plants
Title: Is it safe to eat vegetables grown in the same bed as foxgloves?
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

I have foxglove in my flower beds and have planted tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and cantaloupe in the flower bed and now I am concerned about the shared root system. Also, my tomatoes are touching the leaves of the foxglove. Will it be safe to eat these foods or should I destroy them. Also, now that I know the risk of toxicity with children I plan to remove the foxglove from my flowers and need to know if the soil will be safe to plant food producing plants in. Thanks.

ANSWER:

Mr. Smarty Plants assumes you mean Digitalis purpurea (purple foxglove), a native of Europe, which is highly toxic.  However, if you mean Penstemon cobaea (Wild foxglove) or Penstemon digitalis (Foxglove beardtongue), they are not on any toxic plant list that I have checked.  There are several species of Agalinis that are called "false foxglove" and none of these appears on any of the toxic plant databases either.  Any Penstemon or the Agalinis would be fine growing with your vegetables.

There are plants that produce chemicals that can affect other plants, either beneficially or harmfully.   This is called allelopathy and, generally, the effect is associated with competition between plants and inhibiting the growth of other plants. The allelopathic chemicals may affect the target plant by leaching into the soil from fallen leaves or fruit or they may be exuded by the plants' roots. The classic example is the allelopathic effect of walnuts which were known as early as Roman times to kill or otherwise inhibit the growth of other plants near them.  Not all plants release chemicals into the soil and I could find no evidence that Digitalis purpurea does.  Plants certainly take up mineral and chemical compounds from the soil where they grow and are known to take up toxic substances such as lead, arsenic and mercury.  However, I can't really find evidence that a plant such as Digitalis purpurea exudes any of its toxins into the soil and I doubt that any toxin would be transferred by the leaves of the foxglove touching the tomatoes.  If you really do have Digitalis purpurea growing in your flower beds, you might feel safer removing them so as not to offer an opportunity for children to risk poisoning.   Your vegetables should, however, be safe growing in the soil where the foxgloves grew.

   

 

 

 

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