Explore Plants

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 

Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.

rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Sunday - June 10, 2012

From: Guilford, CT
Region: Northeast
Topic: Plant Lists
Title: Plants for property in Connecticut adjacent to a salt marsh
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

Hi - I live on property adjacent to a salt marsh. The salt marsh leads out to Long Island Sound. I would like to plant non-invasive native plants of Guilford, Connecticut. I do not know what plants would be acceptable and not harmful to wildlife, etc. My goal for these plants is to hide view of my neighbors house (which is built on stilts). That being said some of the plants would need to have height. THANK YOU!

ANSWER:

We have a Connecticut Recommended list of commercially available native plants suitable for landscaping in your state and our Native Plant Database has wonderful information about plant characteristics, growing conditions, etc., that can be sorted by state or province occurrence.  One thing our database doesn't have is information about the salt tolerance (soil content or salt spray) of various plants and since you live adjacent to a salt marsh, I think this is something you need to know.  I have found a very good resource from the University of Connecticut, Connecticut Coastal Planting Guide, that gives us this information.  Here are some recommendations from this list that are salt tolerant. Some also occur on our Connecticut Recommended list:

TREES

Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny service-berry)

Pinus rigida (Pitch pine) listed as tolerant by some sources.  Also shown on the Connecticut Recommended list.

Quercus alba (White oak) listed as tolerant by some sources.  Also shown on the Connecticut Recommended list.

Quercus stellata (Post oak) listed as tolerant by some sources.  Also shown on the Connecticut Recommended list. 

Sassafras albidum (Sassafras) listed as tolerant by some sources.  Also shown on the Connecticut Recommended list. 

SHRUBS

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (Kinnikinnick) is evergreen.

Baccharis halimifolia (Groundseltree)

Iva frutescens (High-tide bush).  Here are photos and more information from Plants of Southern New Jersey and Duke University.

Rosa carolina (Carolina rose)

Vaccinium corymbosum (Highbush blueberry).  Also shown on the Connecticut Recommended list.

Viburnum dentatum (Southern arrowwood)

HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL PLANTS

Limonium carolinianum (Carolina sealavender)

Solidago sempervirens (Seaside goldenrod).  Also shown on the Connecticut Recommended list.

PERENNIAL GRASSES

Andropogon gerardii (Big bluestem).  Also shown on the Connecticut Recommended list.

Ammophila breviligulata (American beach grass)

You can find other possibilities for salt tolerant plants on the Connecticut Coastal Planting Guide and look up more information about them by entering their botanical name in our Native Plant Database.

 

From the Image Gallery


Allegheny serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis

Pitch pine
Pinus rigida

White oak
Quercus alba

Carolina rose
Rosa carolina

Highbush blueberry
Vaccinium corymbosum

Southern arrowwood
Viburnum dentatum

Carolina sealavender
Limonium carolinianum

Seaside goldenrod
Solidago sempervirens

More Plant Lists Questions

Hardy perennials for Chicago
June 15, 2007 - I have a duplex condo in Chicago. My basement or 1st floor is at sub-sidewalk level. This "patio" faces east and gets about 4 hours sun a day. It is about 8 feet high and covers an area 15x9. I'd l...
view the full question and answer

Native Habitat Lists from Toronto ON
August 01, 2012 - Dear Mr. Smarty Pants. I see that you provide Native Habitat information on the plant detail sheets. Would I be able to find a full list of habitat types anywhere on this website? Thanks,
view the full question and answer

Native trees of Hornsby Bend in Austin, TX
April 10, 2013 - We are looking for a list of the trees occurring along and in the vicinity of the Colorado River at Hornsby Bend circa 1820.
view the full question and answer

Evergreen for privacy screen in San Antonio
April 30, 2012 - I am looking to plant native fast-growing evergreens that will provide privacy (growing taller than our fence). We live in San Antonio and the Red Tip Photinia seems to be everywhere! I heard that t...
view the full question and answer

Groundcovers for hillside in Northern California
November 19, 2012 - I have read numerous posts on here, but I have not found my exact situation. I live in Northern California. I am looking for some type of ground cover to grow on a hillside. Directly above the hillsid...
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.