En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Saturday - May 05, 2012

From: Liberty, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Poisonous Plants, Herbs/Forbs
Title: Is wild foxglove poisonous to dogs from Liberty TX
Answered by: Barbara Medford

QUESTION:

Is penstemon cobaea (wild foxglove)poisonous to pets, specifically dogs. I was thinking about adding this to my native Texan wild flower section of my backyard.

ANSWER:

If you look at our webpage on Penstemon cobaea (Wild foxglove), you will note this sentence under Condition Comments:

"Wild foxglove is not related to the true European foxglove."

So, we went looking for information on the European foxglove. Turns out it is from a different genus, Digitalis, not even related to the genus Penstemon, which is our "foxglove." Here is the information from that article on Digitalis purpurea

 Digitalis purpurea (Foxglove) These familiar biennial plants are members of the Snapdragon Family native to southern Europe and Asia, but highly prized in North American gardens for their tall spikes of beautiful, bell-like flowers, in pink, blue, or mauve, with dark spots inside the lip.  Foxgloves are the pharmaceutical source of the heart drug digitalis, which is poisonous in overdose. The plants are also helpful in preserving other species of cut flowers with which they may be arranged in a vase, or in stimulating the growth & endurance of garden root vegetables, especially potatoes, with which they may be planted. Poison is located in the sap, flowers, seeds, and leaves of Foxgloves, but the greatest concentration of the toxin occurs in the leaves, even dried ones.  Poison type: Digitoxin, a glycoside which stimulates the heart.  A carefully prescribed dose often has miraculous effects on people with heart conditions, but an overdoes may be fatal. Poisoning can occur accidentally from consumption of  the leaves or flowers by livestock, or children who are attracted by the showy flowers, or the nectar, both of which contain the glycoside poison. The sugar in the glycoside breaks down during digestion, releasing the active chemical.  Adults are occasionally poisoned by the misuse of herbal preparations- tea from dried Foxglove leaves is traditionally a diuretic- or by overdoses of prescribed digitalis.  Another possible cause of  is misidentification.  The leaves of Foxgloves are easily mistaken for those of Comfrey, which are traditionally brewed for tea; both share the same general form and a coasely hairy surface. Additional confusion occurs because, in its first year, Foxgloves produce only leaves, no flowers.  Foxglove leaves, however, have finely toothed edges, whereas Comfrey leaves are smooth.  Digitoxin is dangerous, so Foxgloves must be treated with caution.  Symptoms of poisoning are increased heart rate, leading to heart failure in the case of overdose. Other symptoms include stomach upset, mental confusion, and convulsions"

Now, let's look at the Penstemon genus, and see if it has any poisonous threats. From a previous Mr. Smarty Plants answer, here is a list of databases that would be useful in searching for poisonous plants. It is usually better to search on the scientific name, so we will look at these databases for Penstemon cobaea.

 

None of these showed any species of Penstemon as poisonous. But, you need to be really sure what you are buying-these common names can be tricky.

 

From the Image Gallery


Wild foxglove
Penstemon cobaea

Wild foxglove
Penstemon cobaea

Wild foxglove
Penstemon cobaea

More Poisonous Plants Questions

Is non-native cotoneaster poisonous to goats from Eureka CA
August 19, 2011 - I have heard that cotoneaster is poisonous to goats and other animals. We are trying to get rid of it in our yard, but I was hoping we could use goats to eat it back. What are our options in removin...
view the full question and answer

Broad leaved evergreens for DC
May 06, 2011 - We are looking for a flowering evergreen shrub, native to the mid-Atlantic, that grows in part shade but will tolerate full sun. We have been researching rhododendrons and azaleas but are concerned a...
view the full question and answer

Petals of flowers on cake from London
August 28, 2010 - Hi could you please confirm whether it is safe to position an amaryllis on top of a fresh cream cake (it will not be eaten, nor will the stem touch the cream, it will be positioned in a non toxic vial...
view the full question and answer

Is Asclepias incarnata poisonous to dogs?
June 13, 2012 - Is Asclepias incarnata safe in a farm/yard with plenty of dogs running around? What happens if a dog eats the leaves or seeds or pods? Is eating any of these fatal to dogs?
view the full question and answer

Are berries from the Carrot Wood Tree toxic to animals?
May 26, 2009 - Hello, I am trying to find out if the berries on the carrot wood tree are toxic to animals - dog?
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center