En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Thursday - December 22, 2011

From: Cary, NC
Region: Southeast
Topic: Plant Lists, Erosion Control, Grasses or Grass-like
Title: Plants for a bare clay slope in North Carolina
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

Hi - I live near Raleigh North Carolina (border of the coastal plain and Piedmont). I have about 1/2 acre that was excavated for a geothermal heating/cooling system and now I need to stabilize it and establish some kind of growth ASAP. The excavated and the surrounding area (another 1/2 acre, or so) is old pasture. I bush-hog it infrequently to keep the bushes and trees from taking over. I'd like to establish native grasses and wildflowers and keep it open as it is my only non-wooded area and it allows a nice view to a pond. After grading it is mostly clay on the surface. It is also on a slope and to keep the silt from draining into the pond I spread straw and annual rye grass seed. That seems to be helping for now, but I am also concerned about that taking over. How can I establish native grasses and flowers and what can I do till Spring to keep it from turning into even more of a mess? What recommendations do you have for species and seed suppliers? Thanks, Jeff

ANSWER:

First of all, you will want to either mow or plow under the annual rye grass before it sets seed.   Otherwise, it will drop its seeds to germinate and come up again next season.  Hopefully, the straw you put down doesn't have seeds of unwanted species in it.  For plant recommendations, let's start with grasses since the extensive fibrous roots of grasses are very effective in holding soil in place.  Native warm weather grasses will come up from seed after the weather warms in the spring.  The seeds can be planted now beneath erosion control cloth (see comments below) or you can wait until early Spring. Here are some species native to your area of North Carolina that will grow in clay:

Andropogon gerardii (Big bluestem)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wild rye)

Elymus virginicus (Virginia wildrye)

Eragrostis intermedia (Plains lovegrass)

Muhlenbergia emersleyi (Bullgrass)

Muhlenbergia schreberi (Nimblewill)

Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)

Poa arachnifera (Texas bluegrass)

Schizachyrium scoparium (Little bluestem)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Tridens flavus (Purpletop tridens)

Tripsacum dactyloides (Eastern gamagrass)

Depending on how steep your slope is, you might benefit from using some sort of erosion control blanket. The erosion-control fabric works by slowing the runoff water and allowing sediments to fall out rather than be washed down into your lake. Seeds sown under the erosion-control material grow up through the matting when they germinate. You can also insert plants into the soil by cutting through the matting. The roots of the plants that are growing through the erosion-control material anchor the soil to stop the erosion. If you use erosion-control blankets made of biodegradable material, they will eventually disappear leaving the plants to control the problem.  Most nurseries carry these erosion control blankets. 

You can choose wildflowers to go with the grasses from the North Carolina Recommended list of commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes.

Our National Suppliers Directory can be searched for nurseries and seed companies specializing in native plants for your area.

From a quick preliminary search, I found Lumber River Native Plants in Gibson, NC with several of these grasses for sale.   Mellow Marsh Farm, Inc. in Siler City, NC has several mixes of grass and wildflower seeds that would be suitable.  There are more nurseries and seed companies that I didn't investigate.

There are several How to Articles under Large Scale Wildflower Planting (for instance, Meadow Gardening) that should have useful information for your project.

Below are photos of some of the grasses from our Image Gallery:

 

From the Image Gallery


Big bluestem
Andropogon gerardii

Canada wild rye
Elymus canadensis

Plains lovegrass
Eragrostis intermedia

Bullgrass
Muhlenbergia emersleyi

Nimblewill
Muhlenbergia schreberi

Switchgrass
Panicum virgatum

Texas bluegrass
Poa arachnifera

Little bluestem
Schizachyrium scoparium

Indiangrass
Sorghastrum nutans

Purpletop tridens
Tridens flavus

Eastern gamagrass
Tripsacum dactyloides

Virginia wildrye
Elymus virginicus

More Plant Lists Questions

Plants that grow in Canada, US and Mexico from Norfolk NE
March 28, 2012 - Are there any plants that grows in Canada, US and Mexico?
view the full question and answer

Salt tolerant plants for Long Beach
May 12, 2013 - When Hurricane Sandy hit Long Beach, it has killed all my plants and now almost all of Long Beach is left with dead dried brown vegetation. I want to replant front with bushes and flowers. What woul...
view the full question and answer

Wildflowers for hill with erosion in San Carlos, CA
September 22, 2012 - What wildflowers would you suggest for our hills that have erosion, low ground cover in San Carlos, California?
view the full question and answer

Native trees of Hornsby Bend in Austin, TX
April 10, 2013 - We are looking for a list of the trees occurring along and in the vicinity of the Colorado River at Hornsby Bend circa 1820.
view the full question and answer

A Native Tree for Ardmore PA
January 15, 2014 - I am looking to plant a native tree in my back yard. The yard is small and gets mostly afternoon sun. Thank you
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center