En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?


Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Tuesday - October 25, 2011

From: Temple, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Propagation, Transplants, Shade Tolerant, Ferns
Title: transplanting Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris)
Answered by: Guy Thompson


Behind our house is a huge grotto with a spring flowing through it that runs into a creek. Because of the constant flow of water, there are many of the Maidenhair Ferns (Adiantum capillus-veneris). I have never seen this in a local nursery, but I would love to have this in our garden. I was going to transplant one of them, but every single one is in the limestone rock. Will it kill the plant if I pull it out of the rock and put it in a garden with rich blackland soil? Any ideas? Thanks!


The Maidenhair ferns that cling onto the limestone almost always are embedded in a small (or very small) pocket in the stone.  I have had good luck carefully prising these out using a small- tipped trowel or a screwdriver.  There is generally a little bit of soil around the root, and this will protect the root until the fern is placed in moist soil.  I am much more successful when selecting the smallest fern plant that I can find, perhaps ones with a single frond only a few inches long.  

You didn't say if the grotto is on your own property (mine is!).  Be careful not to create a hole in the beautiful green face of the grotto wall when you remove a plant.  I spend much time looking for just the right little plant to remove without spoiling the beauty of the cascading ferns.

The transplanted ferns should be kept in a nearly saturated soil out of direct sunlight until they begin to grow.  But the soil should not be waterlogged.  The ideal site is one on a porous stone or slope where water trickles down over the ferns and keeps the roots well oxygenated.

Maidenhair fern can also be propagated from spores, which form in summer on little dots regularly spaced on the underside of the leaves.  When these dots look black, remove the leaves and dry them in a paper bag.  The almost microscopic spores will be released into the bag.  If these are sprinkled onto moist peat-enriched soil and kept moist in a transparent plastic-covered container the spores will germinate into tiny plantlets.

Once the Maidenhair fern is established it becomes fairly resistent to drying.  The tender fronds will turn brown, but the roots will remain viable and send out new fronds when moisture returns.  Consult Internet sites such as this for more information on these beautiful plants.


More Transplants Questions

Transplanting time for Smoketree in Quebec
September 14, 2006 - I would like to transplant my smoke tree. It is two years old. When would be the best time of the year to transplant. I live in Zone 4.
view the full question and answer

Flaming sumacs in trouble in Wimberley TX
August 31, 2010 - I planted three flaming sumacs last fall and all leafed out this spring. Then, early this month all the leaves turned brown on one and it appears to have died. Today I noticed that a second one is d...
view the full question and answer

Problems with transplanting cenizo in Weatherford TX
September 29, 2009 - I tried to transplant a Silverado Sage into a large pot but within 1 day it started wilting. Could it be the soil? I used potting soil not soil from the ground which is a sandy soil.
view the full question and answer

When and how to transplant a Texas persimmon
January 02, 2009 - When and how should I transplant a 12' Texas persimmon? How much root ball do I need to get?
view the full question and answer

Moving a volunteer holly from Springfield IL
October 11, 2010 - When would be the very best time to move a volunteer holly? I would say it is 3 years old, it stands about 5 feet tall, shaped like a very nice tree and it keeps its leaves. Thank you. Karen
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
© 2015 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center