En EspaŅol
Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Mr. Smarty Plants - Native plants for controlling erosion in Fairmont WV

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.

Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Monday - August 30, 2010

From: Fairmont, WV
Region: Mid-Atlantic
Topic: Erosion Control
Title: Native plants for controlling erosion in Fairmont WV
Answered by: Barbara Medford

QUESTION:

I'm interested in finding native plants, either perennials or grasses, that would help control erosion on a fairly steep slope. The area is partly shaded.

ANSWER:

This sounds like a candidate for a Meadow Garden. Please read our How-To Article on Meadow Gardening for more information.This will involve self-seeding annual wildflowers, perennial flowers that will come up from roots, and a variety of grasses.  Although these should probably all be seeded in the Spring in your area, which is USDA Hardiness Zone 6a, that is also a difficult time because of spring rains. To prevent seeds from washing away and then sprouting somewhere you didn't want them, we suggest you investigate an erosion control blanket. These will help to hold the soil, in which the seeds have been planted, long enough for them to sprout and begin to put down roots to hold the plant and the soil in place. Many of these blankets are biodegradable and will eventually decompose into the soil, leaving the mature plants to do the job.

We particularly recommend grasses for an eroding slope, because they have long fibrous roots that will grip the soil and keep it in place. These are not lawn grasses to be mowed, but more like prairie grasses. We will be choosing grasses that grow natively around Marion County, so they should have no problems adapting to your soil and climate. From our Native Plant Database, we will choose grasses that we feel will suit your purpose, selecting on "part shade," which we consider to be 2 to 6 hours of sun daily. From our Recommended Species for Vermont, we will also choose some herbaceous blooming plants to provide color. We will not recommend any shrubs because woody plants will take over a meadow garden if you are not vigilant. All of these will fit into the goal of having a wildflower meadow. Follow each plant link to the page in our database on that particular plant to learn what its growing conditions and moisture requirements are. You can do your own search using the same techniques, and find other plants that better suit you. 

West Virginia native grasses for erosion:

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Carex blanda (eastern woodland sedge)

Calamagrostis canadensis (bluejoint)

Muhlenbergia schreberi (nimblewill)

Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem)

Tridens flavus (purpletop tridens)

West Virginia native herbaceous blooming plants for a meadow garden: 

Aquilegia canadensis (red columbine)

Conoclinium coelestinum (blue mistflower)

Monarda didyma (scarlet beebalm)

Lobelia siphilitica (great blue lobelia)

Coreopsis tinctoria (golden tickseed)

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England aster)

From our Native Plant Image Gallery:


Andropogon gerardii

Carex blanda

Calamagrostis canadensis

Muhlenbergia schreberi

Schizachyrium scoparium

Tridens flavus

Aquilegia canadensis

Conoclinium coelestinum

Monarda didyma

Lobelia siphilitica

Coreopsis tinctoria

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Erosion Control Questions

Will not cutting grass make its roots stronger?
May 27, 2009 - I live on a lake that has a hill. There is some problem with erosion on the hillside. Our association wants us to not cut the grass to stop the erosion. How does not cutting the grass help the roots g...
view the full question and answer

Native grasses for erosion control in Harlingen, TX
March 12, 2009 - I like to know what type of fast growing grass, ground cover or trees I can put on a slope for erosion control in Harlingen Texas the slope receives afternoon Sun
view the full question and answer

Construction problems on site in Mansfield OH
April 28, 2012 - Last year we had a rectangular above ground pool put in the person who "leveled" for use did a terrible job and basically dug a huge hole for us to put our pool in. The back side of the pool is abou...
view the full question and answer

Native plants both deer resistant and good for erosion from North Oaks MN
August 23, 2012 - We have several partially sunny areas on hills that are prone to both deer and erosion. Our goal is to reduce runoff in an effort to preserve the watershed that provides tap water to many citizens of ...
view the full question and answer

Erosion control on 30-ft. berms in Manor, TX
February 06, 2009 - The Austin Rifle Club has recently re stacked its over 30ft high backstops. We know their will be erosion to these earthen berms. We need some suggestions on what to plant. Our club is a traini...
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center