En Español

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions

Please forgive us, but Mr. Smarty Plants has been overwhelmed by a flood of mail and must take a break for awhile to catch up. We hope to be accepting new questions again soon. Thank you!

Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.

 
rate this answer
2 ratings

Friday - July 30, 2010

From: Allison Park, PA
Region: Mid-Atlantic
Topic: Deer Resistant
Title: Deer-resistant plants for a steep hillside in Allison Park PA
Answered by: Barbara Medford

QUESTION:

What do you recommend for a steep hillside, mostly shade and acidic? The deer have eaten everything except the weeds.

ANSWER:

One word: grasses. In the first place, that is probably what you are calling "weeds." In the second place, deer rarely touch grasses. You really answered your own question without knowing it. You might like to look at our list of Deer-Resistant Plants for help with plants besides grasses. All of the 8 grasses and grass-like plants we have selected are tolerant of acidic soils and shade to part shade conditions. We would suggest you also contact the Penn State Cooperative Extension Office for Allegheny County. They may have a list of grasses for your purpose better than ours because they are working from experience. 

 

We recommend grasses for controlling erosion because of their extensive fibrous root systems that serve to hold the soil in place.  However, seeding grass is not the whole process.  The seeds need moisture to germinate.  If the moisture comes in the form of rain, it is likely to wash the seeds down the bank  before they have a chance to germinate and take root. An erosion control blanket in which the erosion-control fabric works by slowing the runoff water allows sediments to fall out rather than be washed away. Seeds are sown under the erosion-control material and grow up through the matting when they germinate. You can also insert plants into the soil by cutting through the matting. The roots of the plants that are growing through the erosion-control material anchor the soil to stop the erosion. If you use erosion-control blankets made of biodegrable material, they will eventually disappear leaving the plants to control the problem.  Many nurseries carry this erosion control fabric, and can give you help in how to install it. 

We will go to our Native Plant Database and search for grasses native to your area in and around Allegheny County, PA, USDA Hardiness Zone 6a. We will stipulate in our search "part shade" (2 to 6 hours of sun a day) and "shade" (less than 2 hours of sun). Follow each link to the page on that plant in our Native Plant Database to learn its expected size, sun needs, propagation, growing conditions and soil types.

Grasses for hillside in Allegheny County PA:

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Carex blanda (eastern woodland sedge)

Calamagrostis canadensis (bluejoint)

Carex texensis (Texas sedge)

Chasmanthium latifolium (Inland sea oats)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Muhlenbergia glomerata (spiked muhly)

Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem)

 

From the Image Gallery


Big bluestem
Andropogon gerardii

Eastern woodland sedge
Carex blanda

Bluejoint
Calamagrostis canadensis

Texas sedge
Carex texensis

Inland sea oats
Chasmanthium latifolium

Canada wild rye
Elymus canadensis

Spiked muhly
Muhlenbergia glomerata

Little bluestem
Schizachyrium scoparium

More Deer Resistant Questions

Overwintering possumhaw seedlings indoors in Pflugerville, TX.
September 30, 2009 - Can possumhaw (Ilex decidua) seedlings be kept indoors over the winter? The goal is to protect them from deer and there is no other good option (i.e., no protected outdoor porch, etc.), unless you ca...
view the full question and answer

Deer-resistant shade shrubs for Lago Vista, TX.
June 24, 2010 - I purchased a home in Lago Vista, Tx. It has a very shady front yard. I want to plant some blooming shrubs that THE DEER WON'T EAT! I would prefer native plants for the area. What should I look f...
view the full question and answer

Resourses that are being taken away - Tiffin OH
April 03, 2013 - What are resources that are being taken away from humans and organisms?
view the full question and answer

Deer resistant plants for Pittsburgh PA
January 30, 2012 - What shrubs can I plant on a wet slope that gets partial sun that will help control erosion? They need to be something the deer won't eat! We have lots of deer.
view the full question and answer

Is crape myrtle deer resistant
June 22, 2008 - Is Crape Myrtle deer resistant?
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | JOBS | SITEMAP | STAFF INTRANET
© 2016 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center