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Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

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Saturday - July 17, 2010

From: Leander, TX
Region: Southwest
Topic: Grasses or Grass-like
Title: Grass identification books for Texas
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

We live northwest of Austin, on Nameless Road. Have MANY types of native grasses--can you recommend a good book, with photos, to use in identifying? Also, what native grasses are good for attracting bob white? turkey? Thanks so much.

ANSWER:

This particular Mr. Smarty Plants thinks these three books are the best and easiest to use: 

1.  Grasses of the Texas Hill Country by Brian and Shirley Loflin with lots of photographs.  This book is available for purchase in the Wildflower Center Store.

2.  Grasses of Southern Oklahoma and North Texas:  A Pictorial Guide by Chuck Coffey and Russell Stevens with even more photographs per species. This book can be purchased directly from the Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.

3.  Common Texas Grasses: An Illustrated Guide by F. W. Gould with line drawings.  This is a little more technical in its descriptions, but has lots of useful information.

You can see a list of Key Seed-Producing Plants for Quail from Texas A&M Forages of Texas.

We certainly wouldn't recommend any of the non-native grasses or other non-native plants (e.g., Johnsongrass or sweetclover, Melilotus spp.) that they list, but the native Paspalum spp. or other native species recommended in this article would be good to add to your land (if they aren't there already) for the quail and turkey.  You can check the nativity of a plant of interest by searching for it in our Native Plant Database using its botanical name.  If you find it there, it is definitely a North American native. Here are a few of the species in their list that are natives:

Paspalum floridanum (Florida paspalum)

Panicum hallii (Hall's panicgrass)

Panicum virgatum (switchgrass)

Croton monanthogynus (prairie tea)

Desmanthus illinoensis (Illinois bundleflower)

Euphorbia marginata (snow on the mountain)

I would be willing to bet that you already have most, if not all, of these on your property already.

You might also like to read the article, Integrating deer, quail and turkey habitat, by Robert K. Lyons and Tim F. Ginnett.

You can also go to the Texas Parks and Wildlife Texas Plant Information Database page and search by ecological region, county or specific location.  You can then search for attributes in that subset such as 'Wildlife/Livestock Food'.

TPWD also has two articles, Wild Turkey in the Post Oak Savannah and Blackland Prairie and Bobwhite Quail in the Post Oak Savannah and Blackland Prairie with habitat information and important wild foods.

Here are photos of the above listed plants from our Image Gallery:


Paspalum floridanum

Panicum hallii

Panicum virgatum

Croton monanthogynus

Desmanthus illinoensis

Euphorbia marginata

 

 

 

 

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