En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Tuesday - July 21, 2009

From: Bend, OR
Region: Northwest
Topic: Propagation, Transplants
Title: Transplanting or seeding Indian paintbrush in Bend OR
Answered by: Barbara Medford

QUESTION:

I would like to know whether I can transplant native Indian paintbrush plants into my landscaping, or do I need to try and grow them from seed?

ANSWER:

When we searched our Native Plant Database for members of the Castilleja genus that had the common name "Indian painbrush" we found 46 species native to North America. We then searched on Oregon for that species, and found there were 17 native to Oregon. The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center is committed to the care, propagation and protection of plants native not only to North America but to the area in which they are being grown. We will list the paintbrushes native to Oregon, but they should all have about the same growth requirements. Please note the last line of the Conditions Comments.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet to moist, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Roots grow until they touch the roots of other plants, frequently grasses, then penetrate the roots of these host plants, obtaining a portion of their nutrients. Transplanting paintbrush usually kills it.

So, looks like seeding is the way to go. We found these Propagation Instructions for Castilleja:

Propagation

Propagation Material: Seeds
Description: Seed in open, sunny sites for best results. Indian paintbrush seed may require a cold wet period in the winter to germinate. Plant the seed in the fall and rake it into loose topsoil to ensure good seed/soil contact. Seeds are exceptionally small (4 million seeds per pound), commercially available, depending on the previous year’s seed crop and can be expensive. The recommended seeding rate in 1/4 pound per acre.
Seed Collection: Seeds are formed in capsules at the base of each flower. Seed capsules may be carefully collected by hand April – May when the capsules are dry and brown.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: After flowering ceases, allow seeds to completely mature before mowing for reseeding or collecting to plant in a new area. Since Castilleja is an annual, it is essential that this species be allowed to reseed for an abundant display for the following year.

Now, where to find the seeds. You want to plant seeds for Castilleja that is native to Oregon. Go to our Native Plant Suppliers section, put your town and state in the "Enter Search Location" box, and you will get the names and contact information of native plant nurseries, seed companies and landscape and environment consultants in your general area. Most of them have websites, and all have addresses and telephone numbers, so you can contact them in advance in your search for the seeds. 

Indian Paintbrush native to Oregon: Castilleja affinis (coast Indian paintbrush), Castilleja ambigua ssp. ambigua (johnny-nip), Castilleja angustifolia (northwestern Indian paintbrush), Castilleja applegatei (wavyleaf Indian paintbrush), Castilleja arachnoidea (cobwebby Indian paintbrush), Castilleja attenuata (attenuate Indian paintbrush), Castilleja flava (yellow Indian paintbrush), Castilleja hispida (harsh Indian paintbrush), Castilleja levisecta (golden Indian paintbrush), Castilleja linariifolia (Wyoming Indian paintbrush), Castilleja lutescens (stiff yellow Indian paintbrush), Castilleja miniata (giant red Indian paintbrush), Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata (giant red Indian paintbrush), Castilleja parviflora (mountain Indian paintbrush), Castilleja parviflora var. oreopola (Henry Indian paintbrush)Castilleja rhexiifolia (splitleaf Indian paintbrush), Castilleja rupicola (cliff Indian paintbrush).

Pictures of Indian Paintbrush Native to Oregon from our Native Plant Image Gallery:


Castilleja affinis

Castilleja ambigua ssp. ambigua

Castilleja angustifolia

Castilleja applegatei

Castilleja arachnoidea

Castilleja linariifolia

Castilleja lutescens

Castilleja miniata

Castilleja miniata ssp. miniata

Castilleja parviflora var. oreopola

Castilleja rhexiifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

More Transplants Questions

Transplanting Mexican bonebract in Floresville, TX
November 12, 2008 - My kids and I finally identified a small plant that we found growing in our pasture. There was only one and it is lovely. It is the Mexican Bonebract. What I am interested in finding out is how to tra...
view the full question and answer

Yellowing leaves on non-native Betula pendula
July 03, 2008 - I live in Puyallup, Washington. I purchased and planted a weeping birch on June 21, 2008. For the first few days all seemed well and the tree seemed to be settling in to its new home. Less than e...
view the full question and answer

Failure to thrive of one Desert Willow in Phoenix AZ
September 06, 2013 - We planted 4 desert willow trees in the summer and 3 of the 4 are doing excellent, however the last one is not not doing so well, it was the smallest of all and it started out fine but its leaves bega...
view the full question and answer

Transplanting hackberry trees in Texas
September 17, 2008 - I live N of Ft Worth,Tx is there a trick to digging up & transplanting hackberry trees?
view the full question and answer

Need shrubs to plant alongside a swimming pool in Tampa, FL.
September 05, 2011 - I Have a 3 1/2 foot gap between my pool screen and back fence. This gap runs about 30 ft. long. I would like to place small trees to look beautiful and to grow 6-8 ft. high to screen out my neighbor...
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center