En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?


Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
rate this answer
Not Yet Rated

Monday - March 09, 2009

From: Johnson City, TN
Region: Southeast
Topic: Wildflowers
Title: Native flowers for a wedding in June in Tennessee
Answered by: Barbara Medford


I am planning a June 6th wedding on our farm. The wedding is in our backyard. I have lots of containers and several beds. Our daughter wants pink, purple, white and blue flowers. I have a greenhouse and can start seedlings now. Can you help me with kinds of flowers to put in the garden for a beautiful garden?


Since you have a greenhouse, we're sure you're already aware of the time crunch. The Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center recommends only plants native not only to North America but to the area in which they are being grown. If you plant from seeds, they will all have to be annuals, as perennials seldom bloom until the second year. Even annuals may not be able to bloom by June 6th. You might find it necessary to purchase bedding plants and encourage them to grow as fast as possible. For either scenario, we are going to go to our Native Plant Database, specify Tennessee in the Combination Search, select on annual herbaceous plants, and select in separate searches on the colors and the bloom time. That is about the best we can do for you, and still can't guarantee you will have blooms on the specified date.

A couple of cautions: When we specify June as the bloom date, the search will pick up any flower that blooms in June. This may include March to July or June to October, depending on the flower. However, those date ranges are from south to north in the plants native locations, so a plant that grows in both Florida and Tennessee and blooms from June to September might bloom in June in Florida and in August in Tennessee. Follow each plant link to the webpage on that individual plant, and try to determine which plants will work best for your purposes. We found no flowers we thought satisfactory for a wedding in the color blue, but several of the ones we have chosen have blue or blue-purple versions. 


Erigeron annuus (eastern daisy fleabane)

Geranium carolinianum (Carolina geranium)

Heliotropium tenellum (pasture heliotrope)


Monarda citriodora (lemon beebalm)

Phlox drummondii (annual phlox)


Campanulastrum americanum (American bellflower)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Erigeron annuus

Geranium carolinianum

Heliotropium tenellum

Monarda citriodora

Phlox drummondii

Campanulastrum americanum

Viola sororia




More Wildflowers Questions

Summer-blooming Wildflowers for Wichita Falls, TX
June 08, 2013 - Can you give me a list of some summer-blooming (June, July, August, maybe September) wildflowers that I can plant in my flower beds in Wichita Falls, TX and tell me when the best time is to sow the se...
view the full question and answer

Is Fern-like Plant with White Flower Poison Hemlock?
May 06, 2014 - I have a fern-like plant which produces white flowers that uncurl from the stem as the plant starts to grow. Is this poison hemlock?
view the full question and answer

Healthy native plants supporting local economy from Tacoma Park MD
February 17, 2012 - I am collecting information on how healthy native plant communities can support the local economy. Do you think the Texas bluebonnets are a good example of this in Texas? For example, do you know ma...
view the full question and answer

Excessive nitrogen inhibiting coreopsis blooms
September 28, 2006 - I planted coreopsis in the summer last year and they bloomed profusely nonstop from June 2005 to April 2006. However, this past summer, continuing to present time, my coreopsis have not bloomed at a...
view the full question and answer

Preparation of seeds of Cosmos parviflorus for planting
July 21, 2014 - This is in regards to Cosmos Parviflorus. I reside directly outside of Big Bend National Park in Terlingua, TX. Cosmos Parviflorus grows naturally here and I have collected some seeds from a couple of...
view the full question and answer

Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.
© 2015 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center