En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
4 ratings

Saturday - August 23, 2008

From: Silver Spring, MD
Region: Mid-Atlantic
Topic: Deer Resistant
Title: Deer-resistant plants for Maryland
Answered by: Nan Hampton

QUESTION:

Hello- I have a acre that is mostly full-sun (and no shade on the house) and part shade (edge of the yard) and not much in between. It is also overrun with hungry deer! I am having a hard time finding native plants that can tolerate the soil (lot of clay, some improved). I planted red maples which will eventually shade part of the house (because our air conditioning bills are astronomical); redbud for color (I love it); some euonymous (bushes, not creeper), having been told it's native (I hope so) as a privacy screen around our hot tub. The deer seem to love the euonymous and everything else I plant. I have started using "Deer-Off" spray but in the past I have not had much success with that. They seem to eat most everything, despite what the books say.. and a fence around our acre is not financially possible right now. At least the deer don't eat the daffodils that our predecessor planted, so we do enjoy them. I am not much for the neat and tidy look and am putting as many shade trees and "non-lawn" as I can get away with (my husband likes lawn, even though it's dead almost every August and very boring). So I am looking for ideas. And I am not very knowledgeable (clearly!). I just removed lots of canadian thistle, nut sedge, and vetch and am trying to help the natives along (virginia creeper, etc.). Any help would be appreciated. Thanks.

ANSWER:

On our Recommended Species page you can find two useful links. First, by clicking on Maryland on the map you can call up a list of Maryland Recommended native species that are commercially available for landscaping. Second, you will find a link to a file of Deer Resistant native plants under the Special Collections section. If you click on the the Narrow your Search option, you can then select 'Maryland' under the "Select State or Province" option and have a list of deer resistant plants for Maryland.

The Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has a list of Less Palatable Landscape Plants for deer. Not all of the plants on the deer resistant list are natives, but I have suggested some of those that are natives. The Maryland DNR also has information on Deer Damage Management Techniques that you might find helpful.

The list below was compiled from a combination of our deer resistant list and that of the Maryland DNR. On the list there are trees, shrubs, grasses and grass-like plants and herbaceous wildflowers. Please remember that deer resistant doesn't mean deer proof. When food is scarce, deer will often eat plants that generally aren't considered palatable to them.

Amelanchier arborea (common serviceberry)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Carex texensis (Texas sedge)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Gaillardia pulchella (firewheel)

Juniperus virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Lobelia cardinalis (cardinalflower)

Morella cerifera (wax myrtle)

Monarda citriodora (lemon beebalm)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Muhlenbergia capillaris (hairawn muhly)

Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)

Ptelea trifoliata (common hoptree)

Rhus aromatica (fragrant sumac)

Rudbeckia hirta (blackeyed Susan)

Salvia lyrata (lyreleaf sage)

Viburnum rufidulum (rusty blackhaw)

Wisteria frutescens (American wisteria)


Amelanchier arborea

Ageratina altissima var. altissima

Carex texensis

Elymus canadensis

Gaillardia pulchella

Juniperus virginiana

Lobelia cardinalis

Morella cerifera

Monarda citriodora

Monarda fistulosa

Muhlenbergia capillaris

Platanus occidentalis

Ptelea trifoliata

Rhus aromatica

Rudbeckia hirta

Salvia lyrata

Viburnum rufidulum

Wisteria frutescens

 


 

 

More Deer Resistant Questions

Need deer resistant plants for a shady north facing garden in Raliegh, NC.
June 22, 2012 - I am in need of Deer Resistant Native Shade plants for a North Facing Garden. It is 3 feet wide by 20 feet long. Any suggestions will be appreciated. Thank you, Eaten Alive
view the full question and answer

Deer-resistant native plants for Oregon
May 06, 2007 - I have 21 acres of timber property in Oregon. We are converting part of that property to residential and I would like to plant wild flowers. I want to make sure I only plants native to Oregon and wo...
view the full question and answer

Deer resistant plants for Pittsburgh PA
January 30, 2012 - What shrubs can I plant on a wet slope that gets partial sun that will help control erosion? They need to be something the deer won't eat! We have lots of deer.
view the full question and answer

Plants that animals won't eat from Ione WA
April 19, 2013 - In Ione Washington and need to know what types of plants and flowers I can plant that animals in that area wont eat?
view the full question and answer

Deer resistant plants for area under grand fir (Abies grandis) in Idaho
July 08, 2010 - What can I plant on a slope under Grand Fir trees in North Idaho, zone 4 - anything deer resistant?
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center