En EspaŅol

Q. Who is Mr. Smarty Plants?

A: There are those who suspect Wildflower Center volunteers are the culpable and capable culprits. Yet, others think staff members play some, albeit small, role. You can torture us with your plant questions, but we will never reveal the Green Guru's secret identity.

Help us grow by giving to the Plant Database Fund or by becoming a member

Did you know you can access the Native Plant Information Network with your web-enabled smartphone?

Share

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants

Ask Mr. Smarty Plants is a free service provided by the staff and volunteers at the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center.

Search Smarty Plants
    
 
See a list of all Smarty Plants questions
Can't find the answer in our existing FAQs, submit a question to Mr. Smarty Plants.
Need help with plant identification, visit the plant identification page.
 
rate this answer
7 ratings

Thursday - July 19, 2007

From: Centreville, VA
Region: Mid-Atlantic
Topic: General Botany
Title: Percentage of flowers that close up at night
Answered by: Joe Marcus

QUESTION:

Percentage-wise, approximately how many species of flowers close up at night? Is there a list anywhere?

ANSWER:

Mr. Smarty Plants would very much like to give you an exact number, a ball-park estimate, or even a swing-in-the-dark guess, but we really don't know of the information you're requesting having ever been collected and compiled anywhere. Are you up to the challenge? If we had to characterize its commonness, we would say that the number of species exhibiting nyctinastic flower response (closing at night) is a small percentage of the total number of flowering plant species, but an impressive number nevertheless.

Nastic movements are relatively rapid movements of plant parts (most often leaves and flower parts) in response to an external stimulus, but independent of direction. Nastic movements are distinguished from tropic movements (phototropism, gravitropism, etc.) which cause a directional response either toward or away from the stimulus.

Some examples of nastic movements include nyctinasty, which is night- or circadian-induced, thigmonasty or haptonasty, which is touch-induced, hydronasty which is humidity-induced, seismonasty, which is shaking- or vibration-induced, and thermonasty, which is temperature-induced. By the way, Mr. Smarty Plants proposes the term hydronasty be changed to hygronasty since the Greek root, hygro- specifically refers to humidity.

Much is known about the mechanism of nastic movements (how plants actually go about moving their plant parts) and about the causal stimuli. What really remains a mystery is why certain plants exhibit these responses at all. Theories abound, but it seems that all of the theories have shortcomings and there probably isn't a one-size-fits-all rationale for the various responses observed. Many plants exhibit nastic responses to an entire suite of stimuli.

While it is natural to assume that nyctinastic responses are immediate reactions to darkness, experiments have shown that plants will continue making nyctinastic movements at about the same time each day in continuous light or continuous dark conditions. Thus, the response is circadian in nature. After several days of either 24-hour light or 24-hour darkness conditions the effect will diminish. Nyctinastic movements often have a temperature-related (thermonastic) component.

 

 

More General Botany Questions

Do plants grow better under artificial or natural light?
May 25, 2009 - Dear Mr. Smarty Plants, So do plants grow better under artificial lights, or sunlight???? and if so what happens when they are growing? Which seedling sprouts first??? What happens as they grow? I a...
view the full question and answer

Halophytic biofilter plants native to Wisconsin
July 12, 2013 - I am trying to design a biofilter using native WI plants. These plants must be very salt tolerant and low maintenance (as this biofilter will be used to treat storm water runoff from a salt shed), so ...
view the full question and answer

Clarification for botanical (Latin) names for Herbertia
June 17, 2010 - I am looking for a clarification of scientific names. In the classic wildflower book 'Wildflowers of Texas' the author, Geyata Ajilvsgi, attributes the plant Herbertia with the name Alophia drummon...
view the full question and answer

Fragrant Texas wildflowers from Waco TX
July 28, 2013 - Hi, I'm interested in looking at any Texas Wildflowers which have attractive aromas which I can distill essential oil from. Any ideas? Thanks
view the full question and answer

Does Nolina lindheimeriana have separate male and female plants
June 30, 2013 - RE: NOLINA LINDHEIMERIANA You show several pictures, with flowers & with seed pods. I have one plant that has only flowers and one that has only seed pods. Are they male and female? I don't see ...
view the full question and answer

Smarty Plants's Facebook profile Support the Wildflower Center by Donating Online or Becoming a Member today.

Mr. Smarty Plants wants you to be his Facebook friend. Click the Facebook icon to add yourself to Mr. Smarty Plants list of friends.
E-NEWSLETTER | BECOME A MEMBER | DONATE NOW | MEDIA | SITEMAP
© 2014 Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center