IMPORTANCE OF POLLINATORS
Native pollinators—bees, butterflies, moths, bats and birds—play a critical role in sustaining ecosystems and provide essential services to American agriculture (estimated at as much as $9 billion annually).
Yet pollinators are in trouble. More than 50 native bees are in documented decline, with 9 critically imperiled, including the Franklin’s bumble bee. Another iconic North American pollinator—the monarch butterfly—is in severe decline, down from a billion monarchs 20 years ago to 35 million today. Research shows that native pollinators can be two to three times as effective at pollinating agricultural crops as non-native honeybees.
Native pollinators need native plants and natural landscapes.
At the Wildflower Center, we:
- Create pollinator habitats in urban planned landscapes such as at the George W. Bush Presidential Center in Dallas and the Mission Reach on the San Antonio River
- Partner with the Xerces Society and Butterflies and Moths of North America to help gardeners find thousands of plants that sustain bees and butterflies
- Educate school groups and parents and children about native pollinators and the plants that they need
- Support pollinators on our 279 acres in Austin
- Provide sustainably grown native plants at plant sales for homeowners to create pollinator-friendly gardens
- Conserve seeds of important pollinator plants for future use and research
POLLINATOR-FRIENDLY PLANTS FOR TEXASMilkweed Species for Central Texas
Butterfly Plants for South Texas (National Butterfly Center)
Hummingbird Plants for Central Texas (Texas Parks and WIldlife Department)
From The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation
Pollinator Conservation Resource Center
- California Pollinator Plant List (California)
- Great Lakes Pollinator Plant List (Ontario, Northern Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania and New York)
- Mid-Atlantic Pollinator Plant List (Southern New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and Northern North Carolina)
- Midwest Pollinator Plant List (Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana)
- Northeast Pollinator Plant List (Quebec, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and eastern New York)
- Maritime Northwest Pollinator Plant List (Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia)
Special Value to Beneficial Insects
- Special Value to Native Bees - Attracts large numbers of native bees.
- Special Value to Bumble Bees - Attracts large numbers of bumble bees.
- Special Value to Honey Bees - Important pollen or nectar sources for honey bees.
- Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees - Plants that native bees nest beneath, within, or harvest parts from to construct their nests.
- Supports Conservation Biological Control - Plants that attracts predatory or parasitoid insects that prey upon pest insects.
- Milkweed Finder - Find Sources of Native Milkweed Seed in Your State.
- Milkweeds: A Conservation Practitioner’s Guide - Plant Ecology, Seed Production Methods, and Habitat Restoration Opportunities.
BUTTERFLIES AND MOTHS OF NORTH AMERICABAMONA - Plants that serve as larval or nectar food sources for Butterflies and Moths of North America.
This information was provided by Butterflies and Moths of North America.
OTHER RESOURCESPresidential Memorandum - Creating a Federal Strategy to Promote the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators (June 20, 2014).
Supporting the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators - Guidance for Federal Agencies on Sustainable Practices for Designed Landscapes and Supporting Pollinators on Federal Landscapes (October, 2014).
Support the Wildflower Center’s critical work now
We work to increase the use of native plants that are essential to the survival of native pollinators like native bees, butterflies, bats, moths, and flies.
Our success depends on your support. Without pollinators there would be few native plants and without native plants there would be few pollinators. Please donate today to help us help pollinators.