Special Value to Native Bees

Recognized by pollination ecologists as attracting large numbers of native bees. This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Abronia villosa
Desert sand verbena, Desert sand-verbena, Desert sandverbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abronia villosa var. villosa
Desert sand verbena, Sand verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acer macrophyllum
Bigleaf maple, Big-leaf maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Adenostoma fasciculatum
Chamise, Common chamise, Greasewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agastache foeniculum
Blue giant hyssop, Blue giant-hyssop, Fragrant giant hyssop, Lavender hyssop, Anise hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agastache nepetoides
Yellow giant hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop, Purple giant-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Agastache urticifolia
Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier alnifolia var. semiintegrifolia
Saskatoon serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier arborea var. arborea
Common serviceberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier bartramiana
Oblongfruit serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier humilis
Low serviceberry, Low shadblow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Amelanchier interior
Pacific serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier laevis
Allegheny serviceberry, Allegheny service-berry, Serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier obovalis
Coastal juneberry, Coastal service-berry, Coastal serviceberry, Shadbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier sanguinea
Roundleaf serviceberry, Red-twig serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier sanguinea var. gaspensis
Gaspe serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Amelanchier sanguinea var. sanguinea
Roundleaf serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amelanchier stolonifera
Running serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier utahensis
Utah service-berry, Utah serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier ×intermedia
Intermediate Serviceberry, Intermediate Shadbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Amelanchier ×neglecta
Neglected Serviceberry , Hybrid Juneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Amelanchier ×quinti-martii
Quint-Mart's Serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha herbacea
Clusterspike false indigo, Cluster-spike Indigobush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Amorpha nana
Dwarf false indigo, Fragrant indigo-bush, Fragrant false indigo, Dwarf wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amorpha roemeriana
Roemer's false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arctostaphylos densiflora
Vine Hill manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Arctostaphylos edmundsii
Little Sur manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arctostaphylos glandulosa
Eastwood's manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arctostaphylos glauca
Bigberry manzanita, Blue manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Arctostaphylos hookeri
Hooker's manzanita, Monterey manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arctostaphylos manzanita
Whiteleaf manzanita, Big manzanita, Manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arctostaphylos nevadensis
Pinemat manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos pajaroensis
Pajaro manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Arctostaphylos patula
Greenleaf manzanita, Green-leaf manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Artemisia frigida
Prairie sagewort, Prairie sagebrush, Fringed sage, Pasture sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias albicans
White-stemmed Milkweed, Whitestem milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias amplexicaulis
Clasping milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias arenaria
Sand milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias asperula
Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu
Antelopehorns, Antelope horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias brachystephana
Bract milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias californica
California milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias cryptoceras
Pallid Milkweed, Humboldt Mountain Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias eriocarpa
Woollypod milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias exaltata
Poke milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias fascicularis
Mexican whorled milkweed, Narrowleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias hirtella
Green milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias humistrata
Pinewoods milkweed, Sandhill milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra
Swamp milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias lanceolata
Fewflower milkweed, Few-flower milkweed, Red milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias linaria
Pineneedle milkweed, Needle-Leaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias linearis
Slim milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias longifolia
Longleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias michauxii
Michaux's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias obovata
Pineland Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asclepias ovalifolia
Oval-leaf milkweed, Dwarf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias perennis
Aquatic milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias quadrifolia
Fourleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias rubra
Red Milkweed, Tall Pink Bog Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias speciosa
Showy milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias stenophylla
Slimleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Green Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias subulata
Rush milkweed, Desert milkweed, Ajamete

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias sullivantii
Prairie milkweed, Sullivant's milkweed, Smooth milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias texana
Texas milkweed, White milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias tomentosa
Tuba milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias variegata
Redring milkweed, White-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green milkweed, Green comet milkweed, Green antelopehorn milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aster alpinus
Alpine aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Astragalus americanus
American milk-vetch, American milkvetch, Rattlepod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Astragalus canadensis
Canadian milkvetch, Canada milkvetch, Milk vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Atriplex lentiformis
Big saltbush, Coastal quail bush, Quailbush, Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baccharis pilularis
Coyotebrush, Chaparral broom, Coyote bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's fat, Seep willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baileya multiradiata
Desert marigold, Showy desert marigold, Paper daisy, Desert baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Balsamorhiza deltoidea
Deltoid balsamroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Balsamorhiza hookeri
Hooker's balsamroot, Hairy balsamroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Balsamorhiza incana
Hoary balsamroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Balsamorhiza macrolepis
California balsamroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Balsamorhiza sagittata
Arrowleaf balsamroot, Arrow-leaf balsamroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia alba
White wild indigo, White baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla
Largeleaf wild indigo, White wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia australis var. minor
Blue Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata
Longbract wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. laevicaulis
Longbract wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract wild indigo, Cream false indigo, Plains wild indigo, Cream wild indigo, Large-bracted wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baptisia lanceolata
Gopherweed, Pineland baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Baptisia nuttalliana
Nuttall's wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia tinctoria
Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bidens alba
Common Beggarticks, Shepherd's Needles, Spanish Needles, Butterfly Needles, Hairy Beggarticks, Romerillo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens alba var. radiata
Romerillo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens aristosa
Bearded beggarticks, Tickseed sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens beckii
Beck's watermarigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens bigelovii
Bigelow's beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens cernua
Nodding beggartick, Bur marigold, Nodding beggarticks, Nodding bur marigold, Nodding burmarigold, Nodding burr-marigold, Sticktight

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens connata
Purplestem beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens coronata
Crowned beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens discoidea
Small beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens eatonii
Eaton's beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens frondosa
Devil's beggartick, Spanish needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens heterodoxa
Connecticut beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens hyperborea
Estuary beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens hyperborea var. hyperborea
Estuary beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth beggartick, Smooth bidens, Smooth bur marigold, Larger bur marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bidens leptocephala
Fewflower beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bidens vulgata
Big devils beggartick

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Blephilia ciliata
Downy pagoda plant, Sunny woodmint, Ohio horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calandrinia ciliata
Fringed redmaids, Redmaids

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Camassia leichtlinii
Large camas, Leichtlin's camas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Camassia quamash
Small camas, Common camass, Swamp sego

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Campanulastrum americanum
American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Castilleja affinis
Coast Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus arboreus
Feltleaf, Feltleaf ceanothus, Island ceanothus, Island mountain lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ceanothus cordulatus
Mountain whitethorn, Snow bush, Whitethorn ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus cuneatus
Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ceanothus fendleri
Fendler ceanothus, Fendler's ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus gloriosus var. exaltatus
Point Reyes ceanothus, Glory brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus
Point Reyes ceanothus, Glory mat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus greggii
Desert ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus greggii var. vestitus
Mojave ceanothus, Desert ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus griseus
Carmel ceanothus, Carmel creeper, Yankee Point ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ceanothus hearstiorum
Hearst Ranch buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus herbaceus
Redroot, Prairie redroot, Jersey tea, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus impressus
Santa Barbara ceanothus, Santa Barbara buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus integerrimus
Deerbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus leucodermis
Chaparral whitethorn, Jackbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus maritimus
Maritime ceanothus, Bluff california lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus megacarpus
Big-pod buckbrush, Big-pod ceanothus, Bigpod ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus parvifolius
Littleleaf ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ceanothus purpureus
Hollyleaf ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ceanothus sanguineus
Oregon Teatree, Redstem ceanothus, Wild lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus spinosus
Redheart, Greenbark ceanothus, Red-heart mountain lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus
Blueblossom, Bluebrush, Blue blossom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus tomentosus
Woolyleaf ceanothus, Woolly-leaf mountain lilac, Ramona lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ceanothus velutinus
Snowbrush, Snowbrush ceanothus, Tobacco-brush, Mountain balm, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. canadensis
Eastern redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
Mexican redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis orbiculata
California redbud, Western redbud, Arizona redbud, Pata de vaca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamerion angustifolium
Fireweed, Willow herb, Great willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamerion latifolium
Broad-leaf fireweed, Dwarf fireweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium arizonicum
Arizona thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium brevistylum
Clustered thistle, Indian thistle, Short-style thistle

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cirsium canescens
Prairie thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium cymosum
Peregrine thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium discolor
Field thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium drummondii
Dwarf thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cirsium edule
Edible thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium engelmannii
Engelmann's thistle

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium flodmanii
Flodman's thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium foliosum
Elk thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium horridulum
Yellow thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium mohavense
Mojave thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium muticum
Swamp thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium neomexicanum
New Mexico thistle, Utah thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cirsium occidentale
Cobwebby thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cirsium occidentale var. candidissimum
Snowy thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium occidentale var. occidentale
Cobwebby thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium ochrocentrum
Yellowspine thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium peckii
Steen Mountain thistle, Ghost thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cirsium pitcheri
Sand dune thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium pumilum
Pasture thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium scariosum
Meadow thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium turneri
Cliff thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium wheeleri
Wheeler's thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Clarkia amoena
Farewell to spring, Farewell-to-spring, Herald-of-summer

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clarkia biloba
Twolobe clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia concinna
Red ribbons, Redribbons

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clarkia cylindrica
Speckled clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia dudleyana
Dudley's clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia epilobioides
Canyon clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia imbricata
Vine Hill clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Clarkia pulchella
Deerhorn clarkia, Beautiful clarkia, Ragged robin, Pink fairies

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clarkia purpurea
Winecup clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia rhomboidea
Diamond clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Clarkia rubicunda
Ruby chalice clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Clarkia speciosa
Redspot clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Clarkia unguiculata
Elegant clarkia, Elegant fairyfan, Mountain garland

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clarkia williamsonii
Fort Miller clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia xantiana
Gunsight clarkia, Xantus clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis lasiantha
Pipestem clematis, Pipestems, Chaparral clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis ligusticifolia
Western white clematis, Virgin's bower, Pepper vine, Hierba de chivo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleome isomeris
Bladderpod spiderflower, Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cleome lutea
Yellow spiderflower, Yellow spider-flower, Yellow beeplant, Yellow caper, Golden caper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain beeplant, Rocky mountain bee plant, Waa, Skunk weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Collinsia bartsiifolia
White blue eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collinsia grandiflora
Blue lips, Blue-lips blue-eyed Mary, Giant blue eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia heterophylla
Purple Chinese houses, Harlequin blue-eyed Mary, Chinese houses

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Collinsia linearis
Narrowleaf blue eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collinsia parviflora
Maiden blue eyed Mary, Maiden Blue-eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Collinsia sparsiflora
Spinster's blue eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collinsia tinctoria
Sticky Chinese houses

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collinsia torreyi
Torrey's blue eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collinsia verna
Spring blue eyed Mary, Spring Blue-eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff tickseed, Stiff coreopsis, Finger coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus obliqua
Silky dogwood, Pale dogwood, Swamp dogwood, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crataegus aestivalis
Mayhaw, May hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus brainerdii
Brainerd's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus chrysocarpa
Fireberry hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus chrysocarpa var. piperi
Piper's hawthorn, Columbia Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus dilatata
Broadleaf hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus dodgei
Dodge's hawthorn, Dodge hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus douglasii
Black hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus erythropoda
Cerro hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus flabellata
Fanleaf hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus flava
Summer hawthorn, Yellow-leaf hawthorn, Yellowleaf hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus greggiana
Gregg's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus holmesiana
Holmes' hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus intricata
Copenhagen hawthorn, Thicket hawthorn, White hawthorn, White thorn, Scarlet hawthorn, Scarlet haw, Scarlet-fruited hawthorn, Scarlet-fruited haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus jonesiae
Miss Jones' hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus macrosperma
Bigfruit hawthorn, Large-seeded hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus mollis
Downy hawthorn, White thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet hawthorn, Scarlet haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus opaca
Mayhaw, Riverflat hawthorn, Western mayhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus phaenopyrum
Washington hawthorn, Washington-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Crataegus pruinosa
Waxyfruit hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus punctata
Dotted hawthorn, White thorn, Dotted haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus reverchonii
Reverchon hawthorn, Reverchon's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus rivularis
River hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus scabrida
Rough hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip hawthorn, Pasture haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus submollis
Quebec hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus suborbiculata
Caughuawaga hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Crataegus succulenta
Fleshy hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus sutherlandensis
Sutherland hawthorn, Spiny sutherland hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus texana
Texas hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus tracyi
Mountain Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Tracy's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus turnerorum
Turner's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus uniflora
Dwarf hawthorn, One-flowered Hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus viridis var. desertorum
Desert hawthorn, Smooth western hawthorn, Green hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus ×rubrocarnea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: Moist

Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa var. acanthocarpa
Buckhorn cholla, Staghorn cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia bigelovii
Teddybear cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia fulgida var. fulgida
Jumping cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia imbricata
Tree cholla, Walking stick cholla, Cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. argentea
Tree cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia spinosior
Walkingstick cactus, Cane cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia tunicata
Thistle cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia whipplei
Whipple cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea aurea
Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver prairie clover, Silver dalea, Silver bush dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea candida
White prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. candida
White prairie clover, White prairie-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea compacta
Compact prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea compacta var. pubescens
Compact prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea emarginata
Wedgeleaf prairie clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea enneandra
Nine-anther prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Dalea feayi
Feay's prairie clover, Globe-headed Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea formosa
Feather dalea, Featherplume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea hallii
Hall's prairie clover, Hall's Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea jamesii
James's prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lachnostachys
Glandleaf prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lanata
Woolly prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lasiathera
Purple dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead prairie clover, White prairie clover, Round headed dalea, Round headed clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea nana
Dwarf prairie clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea nana var. carnescens
Dwarf prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea obovata
Pussyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea phleoides var. microphylla
Slimspike prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea pinnata
Summer farewell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded prairie clover, Bearded dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea pulchra
Pretty dalea, Bush dalea, Santa Catalina prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple prairie clover, Violet prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea tenuis
Pinkglobe prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa
Silky prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa var. villosa
Silky prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea wrightii
Wright's prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda
Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Delphinium tricorne
Dwarf larkspur, Spring larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea angustifolia var. angustifolia
Blacksamson echinacea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea atrorubens
Topeka purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea laevigata
Smooth purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea pallida
Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea paradoxa
Yellow coneflower, Yellow echinacea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Epilobium canum
Hummingbird trumpet, California fuchsia, Zauschneria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa
Rubber rabbitbrush, Gray Rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie fleabane, Daisy fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriogonum abertianum
Abert's buckwheat, Abert wild buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum acaule
Singlestem buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum annuum
Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum arborescens
Santa Cruz Island buckwheat, Santa Cruz Island wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriogonum caespitosum
Matted buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum compositum
Arrow-leaf wild buckwheat, Arrowleaf buckwheat, Northern buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum crocatum
Conejo buckwheat, Saffron wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum davidsonii
Davidson's buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum desertorum
Great Basin Desert buckwheat, Great Basin Desert wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum douglasii
Douglas' buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum fasciculatum
Eastern Mojave buckwheat, Eastern mojave wild buckwheat, California buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum fasciculatum var. polifolium
Eastern Mojave buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum flavum
Alpine golden buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Eriogonum flavum var. piperi
Piper's golden buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum giganteum
St. Catherine's lace

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriogonum grande var. rubescens
Redflower buckwheat, Red-flowered pacific island wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum heracleoides
Parsnipflower buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum inflatum
Desert trumpet, Indian-pipeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum jamesii
James' buckwheat, James wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum kingii
Ruby Mountain buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium
Longleaf buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum longifolium var. longifolium
Longleaf buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild buckwheat, Heartsepal buckwheat, Heart-sepal wild buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum nealleyi
Irion County buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum niveum
Snow buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum nudum
Naked buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum ovalifolium
Cushion buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum ovalifolium var. vineum
Cushenbury Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum parishii
Mountainmist

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum racemosum
Red-root wild buckwheat, Redroot buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum shockleyi
Shockley's buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum siskiyouense
Siskiyou buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum sphaerocephalum
Rock buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum tenellum var. ramosissimum
Tall buckwheat, Granite Mountain wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum thymoides
Thymeleaf buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum umbellatum
Sulphur-flower buckwheat, Sulphur-flower wild buckwheat, Sulphur buckwheat, Sulphur flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum wrightii
Perennial buckwheat, Wright buckwheat, Wild buckwheat, Bastard sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriophyllum lanatum
Common woolly sunflower, Common woolly-sunflower, Oregon sunshine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriophyllum stoechadifolium
Seaside woolly sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eryngium aquaticum
Rattlesnake-master, Rattlesnakemaster, Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eryngium diffusum
Spreading eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium heterophyllum
Mexican thistle, Wright's eryngo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium integrifolium
Blueflower eryngo, Blue-flower coyote-thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium prostratum
Eryngium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eschscholzia caespitosa
Tufted poppy, Tufted-poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia californica
California poppy, California gold poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia californica ssp. californica
California poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eschscholzia californica ssp. mexicana
Mexican gold poppy, California poppy, Amopalo del campo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Eschscholzia glyptosperma
Desert poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eschscholzia minutiflora
Pygmy poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatoriadelphus maculatus
Joe-Pye Weed, Spotted trumpetweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. foliosum
Spotted joepyeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus
Spotted trumpetweed, Spotted joe-pye-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eupatorium altissimum
Tall thoroughwort, Tall boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium rotundifolium
Roundleaf thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euthamia caroliniana
Slender goldentop, Slender fragrant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia galetorum
Slender goldentop, Narrowleaf fragrant goldenrod, Narrow-leaf fragrant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia gymnospermoides
Texas goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia leptocephala
Bushy goldentop, Slender-headed euthamia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eutrochium purpureum
Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula californica
California buckthorn, California Coffeeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Frangula californica ssp. californica
California buckthorn, Coffeeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf blanketflower, Winkler gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis var. aestivalis
Lanceleaf blanketflower, Prairie gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia aestivalis var. winkleri
Winkler's blanketflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia amblyodon
Maroon blanketflower, Red gaillardia, Red Indian blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aristata
Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaillardia arizonica
Arizona blanket-flower, Arizona blanketflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia multiceps
Onion blanketflower, Gyp indian blanket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia parryi
Parry's blanketflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Blanket flower, Red dome blanketflower, Red-dome blanket-flower, Yellow gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Geranium maculatum
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gilia achilleifolia
California gilia, California gily-flower, Showy gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gilia capitata
Blue gilia, Blue-head gily-flower, Bluehead gilia, Globe gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gilia latiflora
Hollyleaf gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gilia tricolor
Bird's-eye gilia, Bird's-eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Glycyrrhiza lepidota
American licorice, Wild licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Grindelia adenodonta
Lonestar gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia camporum
Great Valley gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia decumbens
Reclined gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia grandiflora
Manyray gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia havardii
Havard's gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia integrifolia
Puget Sound gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf gumweed, Fall gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia microcephala
Littlehead gumweed, Gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia nana
Idaho gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia nuda var. nuda
Curlytop gumweed

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia oolepis
Plains gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish gold, Clasping-leaved haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia scabra
Rough gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Grindelia stricta
Oregon gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia subalpina
Subalpine Gumweed

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grusonia grahamii
Graham's pricklypear, Graham dog cactus, Graham's club cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Grusonia parishii
Devil Cholla, Matted cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Grusonia schottii
Dog cholla, Big Bend pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hedysarum alpinum
Alpine sweetvetch, Alpine sweet broom, Licorice root, Sweetbroom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hedysarum boreale
Utah sweetvetch, Boreal sweet-vetch, Northern sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hedysarum boreale ssp. mackenziei
Boreal sweetvetch, Northern sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hedysarum occidentale
Western Sweet-vetch, Western sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hedysarum sulphurescens
White sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. amarum
Yellowdicks, Yellow Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum var. badium
Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium autumnale
Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium autumnale var. autumnale
Common sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Helenium autumnale var. montanum
Mountain sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Helenium bigelovii
Bigelow's sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium bolanderi
Coastal sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium drummondii
Fringed sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium elegans
Pretty sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium flexuosum
Purplehead sneezeweed, Purple-head sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium puberulum
Rosilla

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium quadridentatum
Longdisk sneezeweed, Sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium vernale
Savannah sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus anomalus
Western sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus argophyllus
Silverleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus californicus
California sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus debilis
Beach sunflower, Cucumber-leaf sunflower, Cucumberleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus debilis ssp. cucumerifolius
Cucumberleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus decapetalus
Thinleaf sunflower, Ten-petaled sunflower, Thin-leaved sunflower, Pale sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Helianthus divaricatus
Woodland sunflower, Rough sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus giganteus
Giant sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Helianthus gracilentus
Dwarf sunflower, Slender sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus hirsutus
Hairy sunflower, Rough Sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus mollis
Ashy sunflower, Downy sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus neglectus
Neglected sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus niveus ssp. tephrodes
Algodones sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helianthus nuttallii
Nuttall's sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus nuttallii ssp. nuttallii
Nuttall's sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus occidentalis
Fewleaf sunflower, Western sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus paradoxus
Paradox sunflower, Puzzle sunflower, Pecos sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus
Stiff sunflower, Prairie sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. pauciflorus
Stiff sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus
Stiff sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus praecox
Texas sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus praecox ssp. runyonii
Runyon's sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus pumilus
Little Sunflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helianthus salicifolius
Willowleaf sunflower, Willow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus simulans
Muck sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower, Swamp sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf woodland sunflower, Paleleaf sunflower, Woodland sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke, Sunchoke

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus ×laetiflorus
Cheerful sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Heliomeris multiflora
Showy goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hemizonia congesta ssp. luzulifolia
Hayfield tarweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteromeles arbutifolia
Toyon, California Christmasberry, Christmasberry, California holly, Hollywood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Holodiscus discolor
Oceanspray, Hillside oceanspray, Cream bush, Mountain spray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum appendiculatum
Great waterleaf, Appendaged waterleaf

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hypericum ascyron
Great St. Johnswort, Giant St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hyptis emoryi
Desert lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Krigia biflora
Two-flower dwarf dandelion, Two-flower Cynthia, Dwarf dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Larrea tridentata
Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lasthenia californica
California goldfields

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lasthenia glabrata
Yellowray goldfields, Yellow-ray goldfields, California sunshine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Layia glandulosa
White tidytips, Whitedaisy tidytips

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Layia platyglossa
Coastal tidytips

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris acidota
Sharp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris aestivalis
Summer gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris aspera
Tall blazing star, Tall gayfeather, Rough blazing star, Button snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris aspera var. intermedia
Intermediate Rough Gayfeather, Tall Blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris bracteata
Bracted blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris cylindracea
Ontario blazing star, Ontario gayfeather, Dwarf blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris elegans
Blazing star, Gay feather, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pinkscale blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris elegans var. carizzana
Pinkscale blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris ligulistylis
Rocky Mountain blazing star, Meadow blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Gayfeather, Blazing star, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Texas gayfeather, Cusp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pilosa var. elegantula
Greene's Elegant Gayfeather , Elegant Shaggy Gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liatris pilosa var. pilosa
Shaggy blazing star, Grass-leaf blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris punctata
Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Hairy Button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris scariosa
Devil's bite, Large blazing star, Savanna blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Marsh blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris squarrosa
Blazing star, Scaly blazing star, Scaly gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris tenuifolia
Short-leaf gayfeather, Shortleaf blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Liatris tenuis
Gulf blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Liatris virgata
Grassleaf gayfeather, Wand blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnanthes alba
White meadowfoam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnanthes douglasii
Douglas Meadowfoam, Douglas' meadowfoam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnanthes gracilis
Slender meadowfoam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnanthes vinculans
Sebastopol meadowfoam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum lewisii
Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii var. lewisii
Blue flax, Prairie flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum sulcatum
Grooved flax, Yellow prairie flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lomatium ambiguum
Wyeth biscuitroot, Swale desert-parsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lomatium dasycarpum
Woollyfruit desertparsley, Woolly-fruit desert-parsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lomatium dissectum
Fernleaf biscuitroot, Fernleaf Desert-parsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lomatium foeniculaceum ssp. daucifolium
Desert biscuitroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lomatium triternatum
Nineleaf biscuitroot, Narrowleaf Desert-parsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lomatium utriculatum
Common lomatium, Spring Gold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lotus formosissimus
Seaside bird's-foot trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lotus grandiflorus
Chaparral bird's-foot trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lotus humistratus
Foothill deervetch, Hill Lotus

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lotus oblongifolius
Streambank bird's-foot trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lotus plebeius
New Mexico bird's-foot trefoil, Pine deervetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lotus rigidus
Shrubby deervetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lotus scoparius
Common deerweed, Deerweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lotus wrightii
Wright's deervetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lupinus albicaulis
Sicklekeel lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus albifrons
Silver lupine, White-leaf bush lupine, Evergreen lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus arboreus
Yellow bush lupine, Bush lupine, Tree lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus arbustus ssp. calcaratus
Longspur lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus arcticus
Arctic lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus argenteus
Silvery lupine, Silver-stem lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus argenteus ssp. spathulatus
Silvery lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus bakeri ssp. amplus
Baker's lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus bicolor
Miniature lupine, Miniature annual lupine, Pygmy-leaved lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus breweri
Brewer's lupine, Matted lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus caespitosus
Dwarf Lupine, Stemless dwarf lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus caudatus
Tailcup lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus concinnus
Annual lupine, Bajada lupine, Nipomo Mesa annual lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus confertus
Crowded lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus croceus
Mt. Eddy lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus densiflorus
Whitewhorl lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus densiflorus var. aureus
Golden lupine, Whitewhorl lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus diffusus
Oak Ridge lupine, Sky-blue Lupine, Spreading lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus excubitus
Grape soda lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus formosus
Summer lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus fulcratus
Greenstipule lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus grayi
Sierra lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus hirsutissimus
Stinging annual lupine, Stinging Lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus horizontalis
Sunset lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus latifolius
Broadleaf lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus littoralis
Seacoast Lupine, Seashore lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus longifolius
Longleaf bush lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus luteolus
Butter Lupine, Pale yellow lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lupinus magnificus
Panamint Mountain lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus nanus
Ocean-blue lupine, Sky lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus nootkatensis
Nootka lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus nootkatensis var. fruticosus
Nootka lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus palmeri
Bluebonnet lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lupinus perennis
Sundial lupine, Wild lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus perennis ssp. gracilis
Sundial lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus plattensis
Nebraska lupine, Dune bluebonnet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus polyphyllus
Bigleaf lupine, Blue-pod lupine, Meadow lupine, Bog lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus pusillus
Rusty lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus rivularis
Riverbank lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus sellulus
Donner Lake lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus sellulus ssp. sellulus var. lobbii
Donner Lake lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus sericeus
Silky lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus sparsiflorus
Mojave lupine, Sand lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus stiversii
Harlequin annual lupine, Harlequin Lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus subcarnosus
Sandyland bluebonnet, Texas bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus subvexus
Valley lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus succulentus
Hollowleaf annual lupine, Hollow-leaf annual lupine, Arroyo lupine, Succulent lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus sulphureus
Sulphur lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus vallicola
Open lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus versicolor
Bluff lupine, Manycolored lupine, Varicolored lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus villosus
Lady lupine, Hairy lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus wyethii
Wyeth's lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed loosestrife, Fringed yellow loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lysimachia hybrida
Lowland yellow loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lysimachia quadriflora
Fourflower yellow loosestrife, Narrowleaf loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled yellow loosestrife, Whorled loosestrife, Prairie loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lysimachia terrestris
Earth loosestrife, Swamp Candles

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Tufted loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lythrum alatum
Winged lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Machaeranthera bigelovii
Bigelow's tansyaster, Sticky Aster

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Madia elegans
Common madia, Elegant Madia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mahonia aquifolium
Hollyleaved barberry, Oregon-grape, Holly-leaf Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia pinnata
Wavyleaf barberry, Shinyleaf mahonia, California barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light:
Water:

Mahonia repens
Creeping barberry, Creeping Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malus angustifolia
Southern crabapple, Wild crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malus coronaria
Sweet crabapple, American crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malus fusca
Oregon crabapple, Pacific Crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Malus ioensis
Prairie crabapple, Iowa crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Malus ioensis var. texana
Texas crabapple, Blanco Crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Mentha arvensis
Wild mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Mentzelia laevicaulis
Evening star, Giant blazingstar, Smoothstem blazingstar, Stick leaf

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Mentzelia laevicaulis var. parviflora
Smoothstem blazingstar

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis blazingstar, Blazing star, Prairie stickleaf

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda bradburiana
Eastern beebalm, Wild bergamot, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda citriodora ssp. austromontana
Lemon beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda clinopodia
White bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda didyma
Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda fruticulosa
Spotted beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beebalm, Lindheimer beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda media
Purple bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda pectinata
Pony beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta
Spotted beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. villicaulis
Spotted beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda russeliana
Redpurple beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda viridissima
Green beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monardella lanceolata
Mustang monardella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monardella linoides
Flaxleaf monardella

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monardella macrantha
Hummingbird mint, Red monardella, Red mountainbalm, Scarlet coyote mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Monardella odoratissima
Alpine mountainbalm, Coyote mint, Mountain monardella, Mountain pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Monardella pringlei
Pringle's monardella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monardella villosa
Coyote mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monardella viridis
Green monardella

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nemophila breviflora
Basin nemophila, Great Basin baby-blue-eyes, Great Basin nemophila

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemophila maculata
Fivespot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemophila menziesii
Baby blue eyes, Menzies baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest evening-primrose, White-stem evening-primrose, Pale evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera brachycarpa
Short-fruit evening-primrose, Shortfruit evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera caespitosa
Tufted evening primrose, Gumbo evening primrose, Gumbo lily, Fragrant evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera canescens
Spotted evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera coronopifolia
Crownleaf evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera deltoides
Birdcage evening-primrose, Fragrant primrose, Desert evening-primrose, Birdcage primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera drummondii
Beach evening-primrose, Beach evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera elata
Hooker's evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera elata ssp. hirsutissima
Hooker's evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera elata ssp. hookeri
Hooker's evening-primrose, Giant evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera engelmannii
Engelmann's evening-primrose, Engelmann evening primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera flava
Long-tube evening-primrose, Shortfin evening-primrose, Yellow evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera fruticosa
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera fruticosa ssp. glauca
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera grandis
Largeflower eveningprimrose, Showy evening-primrose, Showy eveningprimrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera heterophylla
Variableleaf evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera kunthiana
Kunth's evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf evening-primrose, Cut-leaf Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera linifolia
Threadleaf evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Silver leaf primrose 

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera neomexicana
New Mexico evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera nuttallii
Nuttall's evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera oakesiana
Oakes' evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera pallida
Pale evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera pallida ssp. runcinata
White Sands Evening Primrose

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Oenothera parviflora
Northern evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera perennis
Little evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera pilosella
Meadow evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera primiveris
Bottle evening-primrose, Desert evening-primrose, Yellow-flower desert evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera spachiana
Spach's Evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera tetraptera
Fourwing evening primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera triloba
Stemless evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera villosa ssp. strigosa
Common evening-primrose, Hairy evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera villosa ssp. villosa
Hairy evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera xylocarpa
Woodyfruit evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron album
Prairie goldenrod, Prairie flat-top-goldenrod, Upland white aster, Stiff aster, Sneezewort aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oligoneuron ohioense
Ohio goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Oligoneuron riddellii
Riddell's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia atrispina
Border pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia basilaris
Beavertail pricklypear, Beavertail cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia chlorotica
Clock-face prickly-pear, Dollarjoint pricklypear, Pancake pear, Silver-dollar cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia cymochila
Grassland pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia ellisiana
Spineless prickly pear, Tigertongue, South Texas pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. linguiformis
Cactus apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia fragilis
Brittle pricklypear, Fragile Prickly-pear, Pygmy Prickly Pear, Brittle cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia littoralis
Coastal pricklypear, Short Coastal Prickly-pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Prickly Pear, Purple pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra
Purple pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip prickly pear, Brownspine prickly pear cactus, Purple-fruited prickly pear, Brown-spined prickly pear, New mexico prickly pear, Desert prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha
Plains pricklypear, Hair-spine prickly-pear, Plains prickly-pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha var. erinacea
Grizzly prickly pear, Grizzlybear pricklypear, Hedgehog prickly pear, Mohave prickly pear, Oldman cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia polyacantha var. polyacantha
Hairspine pricklypear, Utah grizzlybear pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia rufida
Blind prickly pear, Blind pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia santa-rita
Santa Rita prickly pear, Purple prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia strigil
Marblefruit pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Opuntia ×spinosibacca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon albidus
White penstemon, White beardtongue, Red-line penstemon, Red-line beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon alluviorum
Lowland penstemon, Lowland beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon ambiguus
Pink plains penstemon, Pink plains beardtongue, Gilia penstemon, Gilia beardtongue, Sand penstemon, Sand beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon anguineus
Siskiyou penstemon, Siskiyou beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon angustifolius
Broadbeard penstemon, Broadbeard beardtongue, Whorled penstemon, Whorled beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon arkansanus
Arkansas penstemon, Arkansas beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon australis
Eustis Lake penstemon, Eustis Lake beardtongue, Slender penstemon, Slender beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon azureus
Azure penstemon, Azure beardtongue, Sky-blue pemstemon, Sky-blue beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barbatus
Scarlet bugler, Beard-lip penstemon, Beard-lip beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barbatus ssp. torreyi
Torrey's penstemon, Torrey's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barrettiae
Barrett's penstemon, Barrett's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon buckleyi
Buckley's penstemon, Buckley's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon caespitosus
Mat penstemon, Mat beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon calycosus
Long-sepal penstemon, Long-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon canescens
Eastern gray penstemon, Eastern gray beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cardinalis
Cardinal penstemon, Cardinal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon centranthifolius
Scarlet bugler

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon clevelandii
Cleveland's penstemon, Cleveland's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon confertus
Yellow penstemon, Yellow beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon crandallii
Crandall's penstemon, Crandall's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon cyananthus
Wasatch penstemon, Wasatch beardtongue, Platte River penstemon, Platte River beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon cyaneus
Blue penstemon, Blue beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon dasyphyllus
Cochise penstemon, Cochise beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon davidsonii
Davidson's penstemon, Davidson's beardtongue, Timberline penstemon, Timberline beardtongue, Alpine penstemon, Alpine beardtongue, Blue color mat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon davidsonii var. menziesii
Menzies' penstemon, Menzies' beardtongue, Creeping penstemon, Creeping beardtongue, Pride of the mountains

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon deustus
Scabland penstemon, Scabland beardtongue, Hot-rock penstemon, Hot-rock beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon diphyllus
Two-leaf penstemon, Two-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon eatonii
Firecracker penstemon, Firecracker beardtongue, Eaton's penstemon, Eaton's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon elegantulus
Rockvine penstemon, Rockvine beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon ellipticus
Rocky ledge penstemon, Rocky ledge beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon eriantherus
Fuzzy-tongue penstemon, Fuzzy-tongue beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's penstemon, Fendler's beardtongue, Fendler penstemon, Fendler beardtongue, Purple foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon filiformis
Threadleaf penstemon, Threadleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon fruticosus
Bush penstemon, Bush beardtongue, Shrubby penstemon, Shrubby beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon glaber
Saw-sepal penstemon, Saw-sepal beardtongue, Western smooth penstemon, Western smooth beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon glaber var. alpinus
Alpine saw-sepal penstemon, Alpine saw-sepal beardtongue, Blue penstemon, Blue beardtongue, Alpine penstemon, Alpine beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon gormanii
Gorman's penstemon, Gorman's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon gracilis
Lilac penstemon, Lilac beardtongue, Slender penstemon, Slender beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon gracilis var. gracilis
Lilac penstemon, Lilac beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon grandiflorus
Large penstemon, Large beardtongue, Large-flower penstemon, Large-flower beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon grinnellii
Grinnell's penstemon, Grinnell's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon grinnellii ssp. scrophularioides
Grinnell's penstemon, Grinnell's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon guadalupensis
Guadalupe penstemon, Guadalupe beardtongue, White penstemon, White beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon hallii
Hall's penstemon, Hall's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon harbourii
Harbour's penstemon, Harbour's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon havardii
Havard penstemon, Havard beardtongue, Big Bend penstemon, Big Bend beardtongue, Havard's penstemon, Havard's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon heterophyllus
Bunchleaf penstemon, Bunchleaf beardtongue, Foothill penstemon, Foothill beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon hirsutus
Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon humilis
Low penstemon, Low beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon incertus
Mojave penstemon, Mojave beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's penstemon, James's beardtongue, James penstemon, James beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon labrosus
San Gabriel penstemon, San Gabriel beardtongue, Southern scarlet penstemon, Southern scarlet beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon laetus
Mountain blue penstemon, Mountain blue beardtongue, Western gray penstemon, Western gray beardtongue, Gray penstemon, Gray beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon laevigatus
Eastern smooth penstemon, Eastern smooth beardtongue, Smooth penstemon, Smooth beardtongue, Eastern penstemon, Eastern beardtongue, Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Penstemon laevis
Southwestern penstemon, Southwestern beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding penstemon, Nodding beardtongue, Loose-flowered penstemon, Loose-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon leiophyllus
Smoothleaf penstemon, Smoothleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon linarioides
Toadflax penstemon, Toadflax beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon lyallii
Lyall's penstemon, Lyall's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon montanus
Cordroot penstemon, Cordroot beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon multiflorus
Many-flower penstemon, Many-flower beardtongue, Many-flowered penstemon, Many-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon nanus
Dwarf penstemon, Dwarf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon newberryi
Mountain pride

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon nitidus
Waxleaf penstemon, Waxleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon oklahomensis
Oklahoma penstemon, Oklahoma beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon ovatus
Eggleaf penstemon, Eggleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon pachyphyllus
Thickleaf penstemon, Thickleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon pallidus
Pale penstemon, Pale beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon palmeri
Palmer's penstemon, Palmer's beardtongue, Scented penstemon, Scented beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon parryi
Parry's penstemon, Parry's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon pennellianus
Blue Mountain penstemon, Blue Mountain beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon pinifolius
Pine-needle penstemon, Pine-needle beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon pratensis
Western whiteflower penstemon, Western whiteflower beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon procerus
Littleflower penstemon, Littleflower beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Penstemon procerus var. tolmiei
Tolmie's penstemon, Tolmie's beardtongue, Small-flowered penstemon, Small-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon pseudospectabilis
Desert penstemon, Desert beardtongue, Rosy desert penstemon, Rosy desert beardtongue, Canyon penstemon, Canyon beardtongue, Mohave penstemon, Mohave beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon purpusii
Snow Mountain penstemon, Snow Mountain beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon rattanii
Rattan's penstemon, Rattan's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon rostriflorus
Bridge's penstemon, Bridge's beardtongue, Beaked penstemon, Beaked beardtongue, Mountain scarlet penstemon, Mountain scarlet beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon rupicola
Cliff penstemon, Cliff beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon rydbergii
Rydberg's penstemon, Rydberg's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon rydbergii var. oreocharis
Herbaceous penstemon, Herbaceous beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon secundiflorus
Sidebells penstemon, Sidebells beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon serrulatus
Serrulate penstemon, Serrulate beardtongue, Cascade penstemon, Cascade beardtongue, Coast penstemon, Coast beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon smallii
Small's penstemon, Small's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon speciosus
Royal penstemon, Royal beardtongue, Sagebrush penstemon, Sagebrush beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon spectabilis
Showy penstemon, Showy beardtongue, Royal penstemon, Royal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon strictus
Rocky Mountain penstemon, Rocky Mountain beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon subglaber
Smooth penstemon, Smooth beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon subulatus
Hackberry penstemon, Hackberry beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon superbus
Superb penstemon, Superb beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon tenuiflorus
Eastern whiteflower penstemon, Eastern whiteflower beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon tenuis
Brazos penstemon, Brazos beardtongue, Gulf penstemon, Gulf beardtongue, Gulf Coast penstemon, Gulf Coast beardtongue, Sharp-sepal penstemon, Sharp-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon teucrioides
Germander penstemon, Germander beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon thompsoniae
Thompson's penstemon, Thompson's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon thurberi
Thurber's penstemon, Thurber's beardtongue, Sand penstemon, Sand beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus ssp. integrifolius
Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon triflorus ssp. triflorus
Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon tubaeflorus
White wand penstemon, White wand beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon uintahensis
Uinta Mountain penstemon, Uinta Mountain beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon unilateralis
Oneside penstemon, Oneside beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon utahensis
Utah penstemon, Utah beardtongue, Utah firecracker, Carmine penstemon, Carmine beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon venustus
Venus penstemon, Venus beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon virens
Front Range penstemon, Front Range beardtongue, Blue mist penstemon, Blue mist beardtongue

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Penstemon virgatus
Upright blue penstemon, Upright blue beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon watsonii
Watson's penstemon, Watson's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon whippleanus
Whipple's penstemon, Whipple's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon wilcoxii
Wilcox's penstemon, Wilcox's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon wrightii
Wright's penstemon, Wright's beardtongue, Wright penstemon, Wright beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia bakeri
Baker's phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia bipinnatifida
Fernleaf phacelia, Fernleaf scorpion weed, Spotted phacelia, Loose-flowered phacelia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia bolanderi
Bolander's phacelia, Flowered grape leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Phacelia brachyloba
Shortlobe phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia caerulea
Skyblue Phacelia, Baby Blue Phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia calthifolia
Calthaleaf phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia campanularia
Desertbells, Blue bells, Desert Canterbury bells

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia cicutaria
Caterpillar phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia coerulea
Skyblue phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia corymbosa
Serpentine phacelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia crenulata
Cleft-leaf wild heliotrope, Notchleaf phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia crenulata var. corrugata
Cleftleaf wildheiotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia distans
Distant phacelia, Wild Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia dubia
Smallflower phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia fimbriata
Fringed phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia fremontii
Fremont's phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia glechomifolia
Pennyroyal leaf phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia grandiflora
Largeflower phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia hastata
Silverleaf phacelia, Whiteleaf Phacelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Phacelia hirsuta
Fuzzy phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia hydrophylloides
Waterleaf phacelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia integrifolia
Gyp blue-curls, Gypsum phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia laxa
Coastal phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia linearis
Threadleaf phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia maculata
Spotted phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia minor
Wild canterbury bells, Wild canterbury-bells

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia nashiana
Charlotte's phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia parryi
Parry's phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora
Blue Phacelia, Sand phacelia, Sand Scorpion-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. austrotexana
Sand phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora var. patuliflora
Sand phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia patuliflora var. teucriifolia
Sand phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia popei
Pope's phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia purshii
Miami mist

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia ramosissima
Branching phacelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phacelia robusta
Stout phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia rupestris
Rock phacelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia sericea
Purplefringe, Silky phacelia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Phacelia splendens
Patch phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia strictiflora var. lundelliana
Lundell's phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia tanacetifolia
Lacy phacelia, Lacy scorpion-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia vallis-mortae
Death Valley phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia viscida
Tacky phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus californicus
California mock orange, Syringa, Wild mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Philadelphus ernestii
Canyon mock orange, Canyon Mock-Orange, Mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Philadelphus hitchcockianus
Hitchcock's mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus inodorus
Scentless mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus lewisii
Lewis' mock orange, Mock Orange, California mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Philadelphus microphyllus
Littleleaf mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Philadelphus pubescens
Hoary mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Philadelphus texensis
Texas mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Physocarpus capitatus
Pacific ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Physocarpus malvaceus
Mallow ninebark, Mallow-leaf ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Physocarpus monogynus
Mountain ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pieris floribunda
Mountain fetterbush, Mountain andromeda

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plectritis congesta
Shortspur seablush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Potentilla arguta
Tall cinquefoil, White cinquefoil, Prairie cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Potentilla arguta ssp. arguta
Tall cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Potentilla canadensis
Dwarf cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Potentilla canadensis var. canadensis
Dwarf cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla diversifolia
Varileaf cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla glandulosa
Sticky cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Potentilla gracilis
Slender cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Potentilla hippiana
Woolly cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla nivea
Snow cinquefoil, Snowy cinquefoil, Villous cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Potentilla nivea var. pentaphylla
Fiveleaf cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Potentilla norvegica
Norwegian cinquefoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla norvegica ssp. monspeliensis
Norwegian cinquefoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla pensylvanica
Pennsylvania cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla pensylvanica var. litoralis
Pennsylvania cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla plattensis
Platte River cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Potentilla simplex
Common cinquefoil, Oldfield cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Potentilla thurberi
Scarlet cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Potentilla villosa
Hairy cinquefoil, Northern cinquefoil, Villous cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana
Western honey mesquite, Torrey mesquite, Western mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prosopis pubescens
Screwbean mesquite, American screw-bean, Tornillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prosopis velutina
Velvet mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Lance selfheal, Self-heal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus andersonii
Desert peach

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus caroliniana
Cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel, Laurel cherry, Carolina laurel cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus emarginata
Bitter cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus fasciculata
Desert almond

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus havardii
Havard's plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Prunus ilicifolia
Hollyleaf cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus ilicifolia ssp. lyonii
Catalina Cherry, Hollyleaf cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Prunus maritima
Beach plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus minutiflora
Texas almond, Texas wild almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus munsoniana
Munson plum, Wild goose plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus murrayana
Murray plum, Murray's plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus nigra
Canadian plum, Canada plum, Red plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus pensylvanica
Pin cherry, Fire cherry, Wild red cherry, Bird cherry, Pigeon cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus pensylvanica var. pensylvanica
Pin cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Prunus pumila
Sand cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus pumila var. besseyi
Sand cherry, Western sandcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Prunus pumila var. depressa
Eastern sandcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Prunus rivularis
Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. eximia
Escarpment black cherry, Edwards Plateau black cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus serotina var. rufula
Chisos black cherry, Southwestern black cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina var. serotina
Eastern black cherry, Black cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Prunus serotina var. virens
Southwestern black cherry, Southwestern chokecherry, Black cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus subcordata
Klamath plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Prunus texana
Peachbush, Sand Plum, Peach bush, Texas plum, Texas peach bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Prunus umbellata
Hog plum, Flatwoods plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana
Chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Psoralidium lanceolatum
Lemon scurfpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psoralidium tenuiflorum
Slimflower scurfpea, Scurfy pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psorothamnus fremontii
Fremont's dalea, Fremont Indigo-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Psorothamnus fremontii var. fremontii
Fremont indigo bush, Fremont's dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Psorothamnus schottii
Schott's dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Psorothamnus scoparius
Broom dalea, Broom pea, Broom smokebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Psorothamnus spinosus
Smoketree, Smokethorn, Smoke tree, Indigobush, Smokethorn dalea, Corona de Cristo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Purshia tridentata
Antelope bitterbrush, Bitterbrush, Antelope brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf mountain mint,

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pycnanthemum incanum
Hoary mountain mint, Silverleaf mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum muticum
Clustered mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf mountain mint, Slender mountain mint, Common horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum torrei
Torrey's mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus fascicularis
Early buttercup, Tufted buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus occidentalis
Western buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus occidentalis var. occidentalis
Western buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida pinnata
Pinnate prairie coneflower, Grayhead Mexican hat, Yellow coneflower, Grayhead coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhamnus ilicifolia
Hollyleaf redberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Rhododendron flammeum
Piedmont azalea, Oconee azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus integrifolia
Lemonade sumac, Lemonadeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus ovata
Sugar sumac, Sugarbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush sumac, Scented sumac, Ill-scented sumac, Squawbush, Basketbush, Skunkbush, Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Pubescent skunkbush sumac, Downy aromatic sumac, Downy fragrant sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus trilobata var. trilobata
Skunkbush sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus virens var. choriophylla
Mearn sumac, Evergreen sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ribes americanum
American black currant, Wild black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes aureum
Golden currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes aureum var. villosum
Golden currant, Buffalo currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ribes bracteosum
Stink currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ribes cereum
Wax currant, Western red currant, White squaw currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes cynosbati
Eastern prickly gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes divaricatum
Spreading gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes glandulosum
Skunk currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes hirtellum
Hairy-stem gooseberry, Hairystem gooseberry, Northern gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes hudsonianum
Northern black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes indecorum
Whiteflower currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ribes lacustre
Prickly currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ribes laxiflorum
Trailing black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ribes leptanthum
Trumpet gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ribes lobbii
Gummy gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ribes malvaceum
Chaparral currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Ribes menziesii
Canyon gooseberry, Chaparral currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes mescalerium
Mescalero currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ribes missouriense
Missouri gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ribes oxyacanthoides
Canadian gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes rotundifolium
Appalachian gooseberry, Round-leaf currant, Wild gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes sanguineum
Redflower currant, Blood currant, Pink-flowered currant, Red flowering currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes speciosum
Fuchsia flowering currant, Fuchsia-flowered gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ribes triste
Red currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes viburnifolium
Evergreen currant, Catalina currant, Santa Catalina currant, Island gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ribes viscosissimum
Sticky currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia hispida
Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Robinia neomexicana
New Mexico locust, Mescal bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust, Honey locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Robinia viscosa
Clammy locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Rosa acicularis
Prickly rose, Wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi
Prickly rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rosa arkansana
Prairie rose, Arkansas rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa arkansana var. suffulta
Prairie rose, Sunshine rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rosa blanda
Smooth rose, Early wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rosa blanda var. blanda
Smooth rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rosa blanda var. glabra
Smooth rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rosa californica
California rose, California wildrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rosa carolina
Carolina rose, Pasture rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa carolina var. carolina
Carolina rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa foliolosa
White prairie rose, Leafy rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rosa gymnocarpa
Dwarf rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa nitida
Shining rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rosa nutkana
Nootka rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa palustris
Swamp rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rosa pisocarpa
Cluster rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa setigera
Climbing prairie rose, Climbing rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa setigera var. tomentosa
Climbing rose, Illinois rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Rosa stellata
Desert rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rosa virginiana
Virginia rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa virginiana var. virginiana
Virginia rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rosa woodsii
Woods' rose, Western wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana
Arizona wild rose, Woods' rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rubus adjacens
Peaty dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus allegheniensis var. allegheniensis
Allegheny blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus allegheniensis var. gravesii
Graves' blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus alumnus
Oldfield blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rubus arcticus
Arctic blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus arcticus ssp. acaulis
Dwarf raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rubus arcuans
Wand dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus arenicola
Sanddwelling dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus argutus
Sawtooth blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus arvensis
Field blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus biformispinus
Pasture dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus canadensis
Smooth blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus chamaemorus
Cloudberry, Baked apple berry, Bakeapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rubus cuneifolius
Sand blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rubus deliciosus
Delicious raspberry, Rocky Mountain Raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rubus elegantulus
Showy blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus flagellaris
Northern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus glandicaulis
Glandstem blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus gulosus
New Brunswick blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus hispidus
Bristly dewberry, Swamp Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus idaeus
American red raspberry, Wild Red Raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus
Grayleaf red raspberry, Red raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus junceus
Herbaceous blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus kennedyanus
Kennedy's blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus lasiococcus
Dwarf Bramble, Roughfruit berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus leucodermis
Whitebark raspberry, Black raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rubus maniseesensis
Mohican Trail dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus montensis
Mountaintop blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus multiformis
Variable blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus navus
Grand Lake blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus occidentalis
Black raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus odoratus
Purpleflowering raspberry, Purple-flowering raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus ortivus
Mt. Desert Island blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus particeps
Kingston dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry, Western thimble-berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus pedatus
Strawberryleaf raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus pensilvanicus
Pennsylvania blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus pergratus
Upland blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus plicatifolius
Plaitleaf dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus provincialis
Groundberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus pubescens
Dwarf red blackberry, Dwarf raspberry, Dwarf red raspberry, Trailing raspberry, Dwarf red bramble, Dewberry, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rubus pubescens var. pilosifolius
Dwarf red blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus pubescens var. pubescens
Dwarf red blackberry, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus pugnax
Pugnacious blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus recurvans
Recurved blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus recurvicaulis
Arching dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus regionalis
Wisconsin dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus riograndis
Rio Grande dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus russeus
Halifax blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus segnis
Nova Scotia dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus semisetosus
Swamp blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus setosus
Setose blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus severus
Harsh dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus spectabilis
Salmon raspberry, Salmonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus tardatus
Wet thicket dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus trifrons
Threeleaflet dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus ursinus
California blackberry, California dewberry, Western blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rubus vermontanus
Vermont blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus vigoratus
Essex dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus wheeleri
Wheeler's blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia californica
California coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia grandiflora
Rough coneflower, Tall coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia grandiflora var. alismifolia
Large coneflower, Rough coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant coneflower, Great coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia nitida
Shiny coneflower, Shining coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia occidentalis
Western coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet coneflower, Sweet black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix arbusculoides
Littletree willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix arctica
Arctic willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix arctophila
Northern willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salix bebbiana
Bebb willow, Gray willow, Long-beaked willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix bonplandiana
Bonpland willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix brachycarpa
Shortfruit willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix calcicola
Woolly willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Salix candida
Hoary willow, Sage willow, Sageleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix caroliniana
Coastal plain willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix commutata
Undergreen willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix cordata
Heartleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix discolor
Pussy willow, Glaucous willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix eriocephala
Missouri River willow, Missouri willow, Stiff willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix exigua
Coyote willow, Narrow-leaf willow, Narrowleaf willow, Sandbar willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix geyeriana
Geyer willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Salix glauca
Grayleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's willow, San Joaquin willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix hookeriana
Dune willow, Hooker Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix humilis
Prairie willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Dry

Salix humilis var. humilis
Prairie willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix interior
Sand-bar willow, Sandbar willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Salix irrorata
Dewystem willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Salix laevigata
Polished willow, Red willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix lasiolepis
Arroyo willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix lasiolepis var. lasiolepis
Arroyo willow, Tracy Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix lucida
Shining willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix lucida ssp. lucida
Shining willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix lutea
Yellow willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix maccalliana
McCalla's willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix myricoides
Bayberry willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix myricoides var. myricoides
Bayberry willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix myrtillifolia
Blueberry willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix pedicellaris
Bog willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix pellita
Satiny willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix petiolaris
Meadow willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix planifolia
Diamondleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Salix prolixa
Mackenzie Willow, MacKenzie's willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix pseudomonticola
False mountain willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix pseudomyrsinites
Firmleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Salix pyrifolia
Balsam willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix reticulata
Netleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix reticulata ssp. reticulata
Netleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix rotundifolia
Least willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salix scouleriana
Scouler's willow, Western pussy willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix sericea
Silky willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix serissima
Autumn willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Salix sessilifolia
Northwest sandbar willow, River Willow, Northwest Willow, Sandbar willow, Longleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix sitchensis
Sitka willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix taxifolia
Yew-leaf willow, Yewleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix uva-ursi
Bearberry willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salix vestita
Rock willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia apiana
White sage, California white sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Salvia arizonica
Arizona sage, Desert indigo sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia carduacea
Thistle sage

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia clevelandii
Fragrant sage, Blue sage, Cleveland sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Salvia columbariae
California sage, Chia, Golden chia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia dorrii
Purple sage, Gray ball sage, Dorri sage, Desert sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia dorrii ssp. dorrii var. incana
Purple sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia leucophylla
San Luis purple sage, Purple sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salvia mellifera
Black sage, California black sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Salvia pachyphylla
Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salvia sonomensis
Creeping sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scrophularia californica
California figwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scrophularia lanceolata
Lanceleaf figwort, Hare figwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Scrophularia marilandica
Carpenter's square, Maryland Figwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Shepherdia argentea
Silver buffaloberry, Buffaloberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Shepherdia canadensis
Russet buffaloberry, Rabbitberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sidalcea calycosa
Annual checkerbloom

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea campestris
Meadow checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea candida
White checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea glaucescens
Waxy checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea hendersonii
Henderson's checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea hickmanii
Chaparral checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea hirtipes
Bristlystem checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea malviflora
Checkerbloom, Dwarf checker-mallow, Dwarf checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sidalcea neomexicana
Prairie mallow, Rocky Mountain checker-mallow, Salt spring checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sidalcea oregana
Oregon checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea reptans
Sierra checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium albiflorum
White rosinweed, White-flowered rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium asteriscus
Starry rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium gracile
Slender rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf rosinweed, Entire-leaf rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium perfoliatum
Cup plant, Indian cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Silphium radula
Roughstem rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium simpsonii
Simpson's rosinweed, Tall Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie rosinweed, Prairie dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Silphium trifoliatum
Whorled rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium idahoense
Idaho blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago arguta var. boottii
Boott's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago ×asperula

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago bicolor
White goldenrod, Silverrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago caesia
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago californica
California goldenrod, Northern California goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. canadensis
Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens
Shorthair goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. salebrosa
Salebrosa goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago cutleri
Cutler's alpine goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago erecta
Showy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago fistulosa
Pine barren goldenrod, Hollow Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Solidago flexicaulis
Zigzag goldenrod, Broadleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago gigantea
Giant goldenrod, Smooth goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Early goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago hispida
Hairy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago hispida var. hispida
Hairy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago hispida var. tonsa
Hairy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago juliae
Julia's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago juncea
Early goldenrod, Plume goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago latissimifolia
Elliott's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago macrophylla
Largeleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago missouriensis
Missouri goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Missouri Basin goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago mollis
Velvety goldenrod, Velvet goldenrod, Soft goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago multiradiata
Rocky Mountain goldenrod, Northern goldenrod, Alpine goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago multiradiata var. multiradiata
Rocky Mountain goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago nemoralis var. longipetiolata
Gray goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis
Gray goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago odora
Anisescented goldenrod, Anise-scented goldenrod, Sweet goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago odora var. odora
Anisescented goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago patula
Roundleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Solidago petiolaris
Downy goldenrod, Downy ragged goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago pinetorum
Small's goldenrod, Early goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago puberula
Downy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago puberula var. puberula
Downy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago radula
Western rough goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa var. villosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sciaphila
Shadowy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sempervirens var. sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago simplex
Mt. Albert goldenrod, Narrow Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simplex ssp. randii
Rand's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simplex ssp. randii var. racemosa
Rand's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. nana
Dwarf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. spathulata
Mt. Albert goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Solidago speciosa
Showy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago squarrosa
Stout goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago tortifolia
Twistleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa var. linoides
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa var. terrae-novae
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa var. uliginosa
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf goldenrod, Elm-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago ulmifolia var. ulmifolia
Elmleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago velutina
Threenerve goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago wrightii
Wright's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sorbus americana
American mountain ash, American mountain-ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea ambigua
Desert globemallow, Apricot globe-mallow, Desert mallow, Globe mallow, Apricot mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Copper globemallow, Copper-mallow, Globe mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet globemallow, Caliche globemallow

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea coulteri
Coulter's globemallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea fendleri
Fendler's globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia
Current-leaf globe-mallow, Gooseberry-leaf globe-mallow, Gooseberryleaf globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea hastulata
Spear globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea incana
Gray globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea laxa
Caliche globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea leptophylla
Scaly globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea munroana
Munro's globemallow, White-stem globe-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea parvifolia
Small-leaf globe-mallow, Smallflower globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Spiraea alba
White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Spiraea alba var. latifolia
Meadowsweet, White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spiraea betulifolia
White spirea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spiraea betulifolia var. corymbosa
Shinyleaf meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Spiraea betulifolia var. lucida
Shinyleaf spirea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Spiraea douglasii
Hardhack spiraea, Rose spirea, Western spiraea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Spiraea douglasii var. douglasii
Rose spirea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spiraea septentrionalis
Northern meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Spiraea splendens
Rose meadowsweet, Subalpine Spiraea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Spiraea splendens var. splendens
Rose meadowsweet, Subalpine spiraea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spiraea stevenii
Beauverd spirea, Alaska spiraea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Spiraea tomentosa
Steeplebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Stephanomeria exigua
Small wirelettuce

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stephanomeria minor var. minor
Narrowleaf wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stephanomeria parryi
Parry's wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stephanomeria pauciflora
Brownplume wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Stephanomeria thurberi
Thurber's wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stephanomeria wrightii
Wright's wirelettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos mollis
Creeping snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Symphoricarpos occidentalis
Western snowberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum anticostense
Anticosti Island aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum ascendens
Pacific aster, Purple aster, Western American-aster, Western aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum boreale
Northern bog aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum chilense
Common California Aster, Pacific aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum chilense var. chilense
Pacific aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ciliatum
Alkali American-aster, Rayless alkali aster, Rayless aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
Lindley's aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern annual saltmarsh aster, Lawn American-aster, White wood aster, Saltmarsh aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii
Drummond's aster, Arrow aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's aster, Texas aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum dumosum
Rice button aster, White Bushy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum dumosum var. dumosum
Bushy aster, Rice button aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum falcatum var. falcatum
White prairie aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum foliaceum
Alpine leafybract aster, Leafy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum foliaceum var. foliaceum
Alpine leafybract aster, Leafy aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum grandiflorum
Largeflower aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum laeve
Smooth blue aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve
Smooth blue aster, Smooth aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium
White panicle aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. hesperium var. hesperium
White panicle aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum
Panicled Aster, White panicle aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum var. hirsuticaule
White panicle aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum ssp. lanceolatum var. lanceolatum
White panicle aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum
Calico aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. tenuipes
Calico aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lowrieanum
Lowrie's blue wood aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster, New England American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. novi-belgii
New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. villicaule
Hairy New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic aster, Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense
Skyblue aster, Sky blue American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum oolentangiense var. oolentangiense
Skyblue aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum patens var. patens
Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-Leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum
Frost aster, Hairy white oldfield aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum praealtum
Willowleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum
Tall Aster, Willowleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum pratense
Barrens silky aster, Meadow Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum prenanthoides
Crookedstem aster, Crooked-stem aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum
Purplestem aster, Red-stem aster, Swamp aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Symphyotrichum racemosum
Small-flower White Aster, Smooth white oldfield aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum sericeum
Western silver aster, Western silver American-aster, Silky aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum shortii
Short's aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum spathulatum var. spathulatum
Western mountain aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum subspicatum
Douglas aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum tenuifolium
Perennial saltmarsh aster, Saltmarsh Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum tradescantii
Shore aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum undulatum
Wavyleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum urophyllum
White arrowleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Fiveneedle pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. belenidium
Fiveneedle pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tilia americana var. americana
American basswood, Linn, American linden, White basswood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina basswood, Small-leaved basswood, Downy linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana var. heterophylla
American basswood, White basswood, Linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia bracteata
Bracted spiderwort, Long-bract spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia brevifolia
Trans-Pecos spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia edwardsiana
Plateau spiderwort, Edward's spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia ernestiana
Ernest's spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsuticaulis
Hairystem spiderwort, Hairy-stem spiderwort, Hairy-stemmed spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia humilis
Texas spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia pedicellata
Edwards Plateau spiderwort, Granite spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia pinetorum
Pinewoods spiderwort, Pine Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia subacaulis
Stemless spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia subaspera
Zigzag spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia tharpii
Tharp's spiderwort, Dwarf spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia virginiana
Virginia spiderwort, Spider lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Trichostema dichotomum
Forked bluecurls, Blue curls

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trichostema lanatum
Woolly bluecurls, Romero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Trichostema lanceolatum
Vinegar Weed, Vinegarweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium fucatum
Bull clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trifolium willdenovii
Tomcat Clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triteleia laxa
Ithuriel's spear, Wally basket, Grass nut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium angustifolium
Late lowbush blueberry, Lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vaccinium boreale
Northern blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vaccinium caespitosum
Dwarf bilberry, Dwarf blueberry, Dwarf huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium crassifolium
Creeping blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium darrowii
Darrow's blueberry, Evergreen blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium deliciosum
Cascade bilberry, Cascades Blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium elliottii
Elliott's blueberry, Mayberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium fuscatum
Black highbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium macrocarpon
Cranberry, Large cranberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vaccinium membranaceum
Mountain huckleberry, Square-twig blueberry, Thinleaf huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium myrsinites
Shiny blueberry, Evergreen blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium myrtilloides
Velvetleaf huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium ovalifolium
Oval-leaf blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vaccinium ovatum
California huckleberry, Evergreen blueberry, Evergreen huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium oxycoccos
Small cranberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vaccinium pallidum
Blue Ridge blueberry, Early lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium parvifolium
Red blueberry, Red huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium scoparium
Grouse whortleberry, Grouseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Vaccinium stamineum
Deerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium uliginosum
Alpine blueberry, Bog blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Lingonberry, Northern mountain-cranberry, Cowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vaccinium vitis-idaea ssp. minus
Northern mountain cranberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Verbena halei
Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena hastata
Swamp verbena, Blue verbena, Blue vervain, Simpler's joy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Verbena hastata var. hastata
Swamp verbena, Blue vervain

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Verbena macdougalii
Hillside verbena, MacDougal verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena stricta
Hoary verbena, Hoary vervain, Tall vervain, Woolly verbena, Wooly verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina encelioides ssp. encelioides
Golden crownbeard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina helianthoides
Gravelweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina lindheimeri
Lindheimer's crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina microptera
Texas crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina nana
Dwarf crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina occidentalis
Yellow crownbeard, Small yellow crownbeard, Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina oreophila
Mountain crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia fasciculata
Prairie ironweed, Common ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vernonia gigantea
Giant ironweed, Tall Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vernonia gigantea ssp. gigantea
Giant ironweed, Tall ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vernonia larseniae
Larsen's ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia marginata
Plains ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia missurica
Missouri ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia texana
Texas ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia ×guadalupensis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum dentatum
Southern arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum opulus
European cranberrybush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vicia americana
American vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vicia americana ssp. americana
American vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Zinnia acerosa
Desert zinnia, Dwarf zinnia, Dwarf white zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zizia aptera
Heart-leaved meadow parsnip, Heartleaf meadow parsnip, Meadow parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow zizia, Zizia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist