Rolling Plains

The Rolling Plains area (24 million acres) coincides with the Rolling Plains land resource area of the southern Central Lowlands. The area is between the High Plains and the Cross Timbers and Prairies in the northern part of the state. It is a nearly level to rolling plain having moderate to rapid surface drainage. Soils of the uplands are pale brown to reddish brown to dark grayish brown, neutral to calcareous sandy loams, clay loams, and clays. Saline soils are common, as are shallow and stony soils with pockets of deep sand. Bottomlands have only minor areas of reddish brown, loamy to clayey, calcareous alluvial soils.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's Sand-verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia angustifolia
Purple sand verbena, Narrow-leaf sand-verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia angustissima
Prairie acacia, Fern acacia, Whiteball acacia, Prairie wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii
Gregg acacia, Gregg's acacia, Gregg catclaw acacia, Gregg's catclaw acacia, Gregg catclaw, Gregg's catclaw, Texas catclaw acacia, Texas catclaw, Long-flowered catclaw acacia, Longflower catclaw acacia, Long-flowered catclaw, Longflower catclaw, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Devil's claw, Uņa de gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii var. wrightii
Wright acacia, Wright's acacia, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia roemeriana
Roemer acacia, Roemer's acacia, Roundflower catclaw, Round-flowered catclaw, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium coryi
Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aloysia wrightii
Wright's beebrush, Wright's lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual pricklepoppy, Bluestem pricklepoppy, Bluestem prickly poppy, Crested pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle poppy, White prickly poppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex confertifolia
Shadscale, Spiny saltbush, Shadscale saltbush, Hop sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouchea linifolia
Flaxleaf bouchea, Groovestem bouchea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calamovilfa gigantea
Giant sandreed, Prairie sandreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush, Purple paintbrush, Lemon paintbrush, Purple painted cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Western hackberry, Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, True mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Clematis drummondii
Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corydalis aurea
Scrambled eggs, Golden corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Fluff grass, Low woollygrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Digitaria californica
Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriochloa sericea
Texas cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum annuum
Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. heterophyllum
Hartweg's twinevine, Vine milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Red dome blanketflower, Yellow gaillardia, Blanket flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glossopetalon planitierum
Plains greasebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus flavescens
Yellow plainsman, Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomoea leptophylla
Bush morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Rock cedar, Post cedar, Texas cedar, Brake cedar, Mexican juniper, Blueberry juniper, Ozark white cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper, New Mexico juniper, West Texas juniper, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's juniper, Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper, Texas juniper, Christmasberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar, Mountain red cedar, Colorado red cedar, Western red cedar, River juniper, Western juniper, Cedro rojo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lepidium montanum
Mountain peppergrass, Western peppergrass, Mountain pepperweed, Mountain pepperwort, Montana pepperweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted Blazing Star, Dotted Gayfeather, Dotted Liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lindheimera texana
Texas Yellowstar, Texas Star, Texas Yellow-star, Lindheimer daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum incisum
Golden Puccoon, Fringed Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus microphylla
Texas mulberry, Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Mexican mulberry, Dwarf mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia arenacea
Ear muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia torreyi
Ring muhly, Torrey muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink pappasgrass, Pink pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed pectis, Lemon-scented pectis, Lemonscent pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon ambiguus
Pink plains penstemon, Pink plains beardtongue, Gilia penstemon, Gilia beardtongue, Sand penstemon, Sand beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's penstemon, Fendler's beardtongue, Fendler penstemon, Fendler beardtongue, Purple foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's penstemon, James's beardtongue, James penstemon, James beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Phacelia integrifolia
Gyp blue-curls, Gypsum phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
Plains cottonwood, Great Plains cottonwood, Texas cottonwood, Northern cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite, Glandular mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus rivularis
River plum, Creek plum, Hog plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus havardii
Havard oak, Havard shin-oak, Shinnery oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr oak, Shin oak, Scrub oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White shin oak, Bigelow oak, Scaly-bark oak, Limestone Durand oak, Shortlobe oak, Bastard oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak, Iron oak, Cross oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quincula lobata
Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac, Lance-leaved sumac, Texas sumac, Tree sumac, Limestone sumac, Prairie shining sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia, Hierba de la calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow, Almond willow, Peach willow, Southwestern peach willow, Wright willow, Wright peachleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem, Popotillo azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot skullcap, Resinous skullcap, Shrubby skullcap, Sticky skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Setaria parviflora
Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Oldfield goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod, Dyersweed goldenrod, Dwarf goldenrod, Field goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Copper globemallow, Copper mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens muticus var. elongatus
Slim tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triplasis purpurea
Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vitis acerifolia
Mapleleaf grape, Panhandle grape, Bush grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca var. glauca
Narrow-leaf yucca, Soapweed yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' club, Texas prickly ash, Limetone prickly ash, Toothache tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Plains Zinnia, Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry