Pineywoods

The Pineywoods area lies entirely within the Gulf Coastal Plains, which extend into Texas for 75 to 125 miles west of the Louisiana border. The area is a nearly level to gently undulating, locally hilly, forested plain. Upland soils are generally acid, sandy loams and sands over gray, yellow, red, or mottled sandy loam to clay subsoils. Bottomland soils are generally light brown to dark gray, acid to calcareous, loamy to clayey alluvial. Acid loamy soils are extensive in the flood plains of minor streams. The dominant vegetation type is a mixed pine-hardwood forest on the uplands and a mixed hardwood forest on the lowlands.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Acer barbatum
Southern sugar maple, Florida maple, Caddo maple, Rock maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer leucoderme
Chalk maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aralia spinosa
Devil's walkingstick, Devil's walking-stick, Prickly Ash, Hercules club, Angelica tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Catalpa speciosa
Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cyrilla racemiflora
Swamp titi, Titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, Palo colorado

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Echinacea pallida
Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eriogonum annuum
Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild buckwheat, Heartsepal buckwheat, Heart-sepal wild buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eubotrys racemosa
Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Sweetbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fagus grandifolia
American beech

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia canadensis
Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Halesia diptera
Two-wing silverbell, Silver bell, Two-winged silverbell, Snowdrop tree, American snowdrop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Herbertia lahue
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus aculeatus
Comfortroot, Big thicket hibiscus, Pineland hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus coccineus
Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hydrolea ovata
Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenocallis liriosme
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iris brevicaulis
Zigzag iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana var. silicicola
Southern redcedar, Southern red-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Liatris elegans
Blazing star, Gay feather, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pinkscale blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Gayfeather, Blazing star, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Texas gayfeather, Cusp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Hairy Button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Common spatterdock, Yellow cow lily, Yellow pond lily, Spatterdock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum floridanum
Florida paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum plicatulum
Brownseed paspalum, Brownseed paspale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Peltandra virginica
Green arrow arum, Tuckahoe, Arrow arum, Green arum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon cobaea
Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon tenuis
Brazos penstemon, Brazos beardtongue, Gulf penstemon, Gulf beardtongue, Gulf Coast penstemon, Gulf Coast beardtongue, Sharp-sepal penstemon, Sharp-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia patuliflora
Blue Phacelia, Sand phacelia, Sand Scorpion-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox drummondii
Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. mcallisteri
McAllister's phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa ssp. pilosa
Downy phlox, Fragrant phlox, Prairie Phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Physostegia angustifolia
False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia digitalis
False dragonhead, Finger false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia pulchella
Beautiful false dragon-head, Showy false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus palustris
Longleaf pine, Georgia pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa arachnifera
Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus caroliniana
Cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel, Laurel cherry, Carolina laurel cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus rivularis
Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus umbellata
Hog plum, Flatwoods plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water: Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum
Bracken fern, Bracken, Western bracken fern, Western bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus incana
Bluejack oak, Sandjack oak, Upland willow oak, Cinnamon oak, Shin oak, Turkey oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laurifolia
Laurel oak, Swamp laurel oak, Darlington oak, Diamond-leaf oak, Laurel-leaf oak, Water oak, Obtuse oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus nigra
Water oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus phellos
Willow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus shumardii
Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhexia mariana
Maryland meadow-beauty, Pale meadow-beauty, Meadow beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron canescens
Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron oblongifolium
Texas azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sarracenia alata
Yellow trumpets, Yellow pitcher plant, Yellow trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet pitcher plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silphium gracile
Slender rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Smilax laurifolia
Laurel greenbrier, Laurel greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink, Spigelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Styrax americanus
American snowbell, American snowbells, American silverbells, Big-leaf snowbell, Storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalia dealbata
Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trillium gracile
Slender trillium, Graceful trillium, Sabine River trillium, Sabine River wake-robin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium sessile
Toadshade, Red trillium, Wake-robin, Sessile trillium, Yellow trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triplasis purpurea
Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus alata
Winged elm, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Utricularia radiata
Floating bladderwort, Little floating bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Verbena halei
Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola walteri
Walter's violet, Prostrate blue violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii
Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules' club

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry