Plants of Chesapeake Bay

Bayscapes - From the US Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office. This 83 page guide contains color photos of over 400 plant species native to the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, including all states with drainage to the the Bay: Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and New York.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Acer negundo
Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer spicatum
Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
Black cohosh, Black bugbane, Bugbane, Black snakeroot, Fairy candles

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adiantum pedatum
Northern maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ageratina altissima var. altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agrostis perennans
Upland bentgrass, Autumn bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Smooth alder, Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ammophila breviligulata
American Beach Grass, American beachgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Antennaria neglecta
Field pussytoes, Prairie everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aralia nudicaulis
Wild sarsaparilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aralia racemosa
American spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aralia spinosa
Devil's walking stick, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Pigeon tree, Shotbush, Prickly elder, Prickly ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aristolochia macrophylla
Pipevine, Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aruncus dioicus
Bride's feathers, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asarum canadense
Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common lady fern, Subarctic lady fern, Lady fern, Ladyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Baccharis halimifolia
Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel bush, Salt marsh-elder, Salt bush, Florida groundsel bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia tinctoria
Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Betula alleghaniensis
Yellow birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens cernua
Nodding beggartick, Bur marigold, Nodding beggarticks, Nodding bur marigold, Nodding burmarigold, Nodding burr-marigold, Sticktight

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Boltonia asteroides
Boltonia, White doll's daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Calamagrostis canadensis
Bluejoint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry , French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Caltha palustris
Yellow marsh marigold, Cowslip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Campanulastrum americanum
American bellflower, Tall bellflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Carex crinita var. crinita
Fringed sedge, Long hair sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex glaucodea
Blue sedge, Blue wood sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex lurida
Shallow sedge, Sallow sedge, Lurid sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex pensylvanica
Pennsylvania sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex stricta
Upright sedge, Uptight sedge, Tussock sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox sedge, Brown fox sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory, Bitternut, Pig hickory, Pignut hickory, Pignut, White hickory, Red hickory, Bitter walnut, Bitter pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Sweet pignut hickory, Coast pignut hickory, Pignut, Sweet pignut, Smoothbark hickory, Broom hickory, Red hickory, Swamp hickory, Switch hickory, Switchbud hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory, Carolina hickory, Scalybark hickory, Upland hickory, Shellbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry


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Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Castanea pumila
Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny chinkapin, Chinquapin, Chinkapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue cohosh, Squaw-root, Papoose-root, Caulophylle faux-pigamon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celastrus scandens
American bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Northern hackberry, American hackberry, Nettle tree, Beaverwood, False elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic white cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chimaphila maculata
Striped prince's pine, Spotted Wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysogonum virginianum
Green and gold, Green-and-gold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland goldenaster, Maryland golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis viorna
Vasevine, Leatherflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal pepperbush, Coastal sweet pepperbush, Coastal sweet pepper, Alderleaf pepperbush, Alderleaf clethra, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clitoria mariana
Atlantic pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Comptonia peregrina
Sweet fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis verticillata
Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cornus alternifolia
Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corylus americana
American hazelnut, American filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn, Hog apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Danthonia spicata