Wildflower Center Master Taxa List

The following species are documented as occurring on the grounds of the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center and have been accessioned into the Center's Botanic Garden Database (BG-Base).


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon wrightii
Wright's Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii var. wrightii
Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Wright acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland threeseed mercury, Hop-hornbeam copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby copperleaf, Three-seeded mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha radians
Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Canyon maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf spotflower, Opposite-leaf spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Acourtia runcinata
Featherleaf desertpeony, Peonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus glabra var. arguta
Ohio buckeye, White buckeye, Texas buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis edwardsiana
Plateau false foxglove, Plateau agalinis, Plateau gerardia, Plateau false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie false foxglove, Prairie agalinis, Prairie false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agave parryi ssp. neomexicana
Parry's agave, New Mexico agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave univittata
Maguey mezortillo, Thorncrest century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina altissima var. altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia macrostachya
Rio Grande beebrush, Woolly Bee-brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual ragweed, Short ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman ragweed, Western ragweed, Perennial ragweed, Common ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida var. texana
Texan great ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ammannia coccinea
Valley redstem, Scarlet tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha roemeriana
Roemer's false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ampelopsis arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amyris madrensis
Mountain torchwood, Shrub Amyris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Androstephium caeruleum
Androstephium, Blue funnel lily, Blue Funnel-lily, Fragrant lily, Funnel-Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemia mexicana
Mexican fern, Mexican Flowering Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Ten-petal thimbleweed, Ten-petaled anemone, Windflower, Southern anemone, Granny's nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau thimbleweed, Two-flowered Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas madrone, Madrone, Naked indian, Manzanita, Lady's leg

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arenaria benthamii
Hilly sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argyrochosma dealbata
False Cloak Fern, Powdery Cloak Fern, Powdery false cloak fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Argythamnia humilis var. humilis
Low Silverbush, Low Wild Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aristida oligantha
Prairie threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. nealleyi
Blue threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple threeawn, Red threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arnoglossum plantagineum
Groovestem Indian plantain, Indian plantain, Prairie plantain, Prairie Indian plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias asperula
Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu
Antelopehorns, Antelope horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asclepias texana
Texas milkweed, White milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Atriplex confertifolia
Shadscale, Spiny saltbush, Shadscale saltbush, Hop sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berchemia scandens
Alabama supple-jack, Alabama supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bernardia myricifolia
Mouse Ears, Mouse's eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Bidens frondosa
Devil's beggartick, Spanish needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth beggartick, Smooth bidens, Smooth bur marigold, Larger bur marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Boerhavia coccinea
Scarlet spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bothriochloa longipaniculata
Longspike beardgrass, Longspike Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouchea linifolia
Flaxleaf bouchea, Groovestem bouchea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata
Hairy grama, Tall grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Brickellia cylindracea
Brickell-Bush, Brickellbush, Gravelbar brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Buddleja marrubiifolia
Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Buddleja racemosa
Wand butterfly-bush, Wand butterflybush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Buddleja scordioides
Escobilla butterflybush, Escobilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba
Poppy mallow, Purple poppymallow, White poppy mallow, White winecup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppy-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Canna glauca
Water Canna, Louisiana Canna, Maraca amarilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Carex amphibola
Creek Sedge, Eastern narrowleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex blanda
Eastern woodland sedge, Creek sedge, Common wood sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex emoryi
Emory Sedge, Emory's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex frankii
Frank's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex perdentata
Meadow Sedge, Sand sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex retroflexa
Reflexed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex texensis
Texas sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush, Purple paintbrush, Lemon paintbrush, Purple painted cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's paintbrush, Lindheimer's prairie paintbrush, Lindheimer's Indian paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Redroot, Prairie redroot, Jersey tea, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri
Hairyfruit chervil, Hairy-fruit chervil, Wild chervil, Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas leastdaisy, Least daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
False Nightshade, Gray five eyes, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chaptalia nutans
Heal and draw, Silverpuff, Lechuguilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Chaptalia texana
Silverpuff, Nodding lettuce, Silver puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cheilanthes alabamensis
Alabama lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Cheilanthes tomentosa
Woolly lipfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris verticillata
Tumble windmill grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cissus trifoliata
Grape ivy, Possum grape, Cow-itch vine, Sorrelvine, Arizona grape ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old-man's-beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's-Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder jointtail grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Colubrina texensis
Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina erecta var. angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Dayflower, Whitemouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Commelina erecta var. erecta
Day Flower, Whitemouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brazilwood, Brazilian bluewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's mistflower, Palmleaf thoroughwort, Palm-leaf mistflower, Palm-leaf thoroughwort, Purple palmleaf mistflower, Purple palmleaf eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Convolvulus equitans
Bindweed, Texas bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis var. glabrata
Canadian horseweed, Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria var. tinctoria
Golden tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coryphantha sulcata
Nipple Cactus, Pineapple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cotinus obovatus
American smoke tree, Smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Chittamwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus greggiana
Gregg's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus tracyi
Mountain Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Tracy's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croton alabamensis var. texensis
Texabama croton, Texas Alabama croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton fruticulosus
Bush croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie tea, One-seed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cryptotaenia canadensis
Canadian honewort, Wild Chervil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cymopterus macrorhizus
Bigroot springparsley, Big-Root Cymopterus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cynanchum barbigerum
Bearded swallow-wort, Cynanchum, Thicket Threadvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus ochraceus
Pond flatsedge, Yellow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver prairie clover, Silver dalea, Silver bush dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea candida var. candida
White prairie clover, White prairie-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea compacta var. pubescens
Compact prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead prairie clover, White prairie clover, Round headed dalea, Round headed clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple prairie clover, Violet prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dasylirion texanum
Texas sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasylirion wheeleri
Common sotol, Sotol, Desert Spoon, Desert candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Daucus pusillus
American wild carrot, Rattlesnake-Weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Plains larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. oligosanthes
Heller's rosette grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichondra argentea
Silver Ponyfoot, Silver ponysfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dichondra carolinensis
Carolina ponysfoot, Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichondra recurvata
Oakwoods ponysfoot, Oakwoods Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicliptera brachiata
Branched Dicliptera, Branched foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Draba cuneifolia
Wedgeleaf draba, Whitlow-grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod whitlowgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocactus texensis
Horse crippler, Devil's head, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus coccineus var. paucispinus
Scarlet hedgehog cactus, Claret Cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus, Órgano-pequeño de colores , Purple candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus cordifolius
Creeping burrhead, Lance-leaf Burhead, Radican Sword "Giant Mother Plant"

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand spikerush, Spike rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus var. virginicus
Virginia Wild Rye, Virginia wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Epipactis gigantea
Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore, Stream orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epithelantha micromeris
Pingpong ball cactus, Button Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Horsetail, Smooth horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy lovegrass, Gummy Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erigeron modestus
Plains fleabane, Prairie fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriochloa sericea
Texas cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Fillaree, Pine needle, Stork's Bill, Texas stork's bill, Texas stork's bill

Duration:
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Escobaria missouriensis
Missouri foxtail cactus, Plains nipple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed spurge, Toothedleaf poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell, Catchfly gentian, Seaside gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Evax prolifera
Bighead pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evolvulus sericeus
Silver dwarf morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbow bush, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy forestiera, Desert olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Fraxinus velutina
Arizona ash, Desert ash, Velvet ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fuirena simplex
Western umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum crispum
Wavy-leaf Milkweed Vine, Wavyleaf twinevine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis var. winkleri
Winkler's blanketflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium texense
Texas bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galphimia angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf goldshower, Thryallis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's silktassel, Lindheimer Silk Tassel, Lindheimer's Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaura lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium carolinianum
Carolina geranium, Wild geranium, Carolina cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Giliastrum incisum
Split-leaf gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia pumila
Pink mock vervain, Low Verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf gumweed, Fall gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper lily, Rio Grande copper-lily, Rio Grande copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Halesia carolina
Carolina silverbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender false pennyroyal, Annual pennyroyal, Slender hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. amarum
Yellowdicks, Yellow Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helietta parvifolia
Barreta

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue ssp. caerulea
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca canescens
Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Rose-mallow, Rosemallow, Woolly mallow, Wooly Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf rosemallow, Tulipan del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri
Curly mesquite grass, Curly mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hordeum pusillum
Little barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Houstonia pusilla
Tiny bluet, Small Bluets, Star violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle verticillata var. verticillata
Pennywort, Water-Pennywort, Whorled marshpennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenocallis liriosme
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus var. corymbosus
Carolina woollywhite, Old Plainsman

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal indigo, Texas Indigo, Western indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iris brevicaulis
Zigzag iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Iris virginica var. shrevei
Shreve's iris, Virginia iris, Southern blue flag, Blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva annua
Annual marshelder, Marsh-elder, Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Juglans major
Arizona walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans microcarpa
Little walnut, Nogalito, Texas walnut, Texas black walnut, River walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juncus effusus var. solutus
Lamp rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus validus
Roundhead rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia runyonii
Runyon's water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy dwarfdandelion, Dwarf dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lespedeza texana
Texas lespedeza, Texas Bush-Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella argyraea
Silver bladderpod

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella densiflora
Denseflower bladderpod, Low bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena pulverulenta
Great leadtree, Tepaguaje

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball leadtree, Littleleaf leadtree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Cusp blazing star, Cusp liatris, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Narrow-leaf blazing star, Narrow-leaf liatris, Texas gayfeather, Texas blazing star, Texas liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Lindheimera texana
Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera albiflora
Western white honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia peploides
Creeping water-primrose, Floating primrose-willow, Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum var. quadrifidum
Carolina wolfberry, Creeping wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lygodesmia texana
Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mahonia swaseyi
Texas barberry, Texas Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malpighia glabra
Acerola, Barbados Cherry, Manzanita, Wild crapemyrtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Malus ioensis var. texana
Texas crabapple, Blanco Crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Malvastrum aurantiacum
Wright's false mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax mallow, Bleeding hearts, Mexican apple, Manzanilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mammillaria heyderi var. heyderi
Little nipple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Manfreda maculosa
False Aloe, Spice lily, Spice-Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda sileri
Siler's tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda virginica
False aloe, Rattlesnake master

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy water clover, Water clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea reticulata
Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melochia tomentosa
Teabush, Pyramid Bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Menodora heterophylla
Low menodora, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy menodora, Twin-pod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mentzelia oligosperma
Chickenthief, Stick-leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mimosa aculeaticarpa var. biuncifera
Catclaw mimosa, Cat's-claw mimosa, Wait-a-bit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf monkeyflower, Yellow monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis linearis
Narrowleaf four o'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf four o'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Mortonia greggii
Gregg's saddlebush, Afinador

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Morus microphylla
Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Texas mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia dubia
Pine muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia emersleyi
Bullgrass, Bull muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia reverchonii
Seep muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia rigens
Deergrass, Meadow muhly, Deer muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia utilis
Aparejograss, Aperajo Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia ×involuta
Canyon muhly, Edwards Plateau muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Najas, Southern waternymph

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nassella leucotricha
Texas wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Nassella tenuissima
Mexican Feathergrass, Mexican Wiregrass, Finestem needlegrass, Ponytail grass, Texas tussock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie celestials, Celestials, Prairie pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina bigelovii
Bigelow's nolina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's bouquet, Scarlet muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf evening-primrose, Cut-leaved evening primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Silver leaf primrose 

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera triloba
Stemless evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Onosmodium bejariense var. bejariense
Soft-hair marbleseed, False Gromwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Onosmodium helleri
Heller's marbleseed, Marble-seed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ophioglossum crotalophoroides
Bulbous adderstongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's wood-sorrel, Large-leaf wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Panicum obtusum
Vine mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania pellitory, Pennsylvania cucumber plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Paronychia virginica
Whitlow-wort, Broom Nailwort, Yellow Nailwort, Park's Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus heptaphylla
Sevenleaf creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora affinis
Bracted passionflower, Passion flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pediomelum latestipulatum var. appressum
Scurfpea, Texas Plains Indian breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum latestipulatum var. latestipulatum
Texas Plains Indian breadroot, Scurfpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum rhombifolium
Brown-flowered Psoralea, Gulf Indian breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pellaea atropurpurea
Purple cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Pellaea ovata
Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake, Ovateleaf cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Pellaea ternifolia
Trans-Pecos Cliffbrake, TransPecos cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon tenuis
Brazos penstemon, Brazos beardtongue, Gulf penstemon, Gulf beardtongue, Gulf Coast penstemon, Gulf Coast beardtongue, Sharp-sepal penstemon, Sharp-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia patuliflora var. patuliflora
Sand phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus parviflorus
Sunbright, Dwarf Flameflower, Prairie Flameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Philadelphus ernestii
Canyon mock orange, Canyon Mock-Orange, Mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Philadelphus texensis
Texas mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox cuspidata
Pointed phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox drummondii
Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phoradendron tomentosum
Christmas mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Physostegia angustifolia
False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed, Great pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red ink plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinaropappus roseus
White rock lettuce, White dandelion, Pink dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Marsh Fleabane, Sweetscent

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Plumbago scandens
Doctorbush, Summer snow plumbago, Mexican plumbago

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Poa arachnifera
Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-Weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby milkwort, Purple milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's prairie parsley, Prairie parsley, Wild dill, Prairie parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss me quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Potamogeton diversifolius
Threadleaf Pondweed, Waterthread pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
Lance selfheal, Self-heal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus minutiflora
Texas almond, Texas wild almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus rivularis
Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. eximia
Escarpment black cherry, Edwards Plateau black cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus texana
Peachbush, Sand Plum, Peach bush, Texas plum, Texas peach bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower desert-chicory, Texas dandelion, False dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Hill country live oak, Plateau oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White shin oak, Bigelow oak, Scaly-bark oak, Limestone Durand oak, Shortlobe oak, Bastard oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus vaseyana
Vasey oak, Sandpaper oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus fascicularis
Early buttercup, Tufted buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus macranthus
Large buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. trilobata
Skunkbush sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia senna var. texana
Texas Snout-bean, Texas snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle horned beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora glomerata
Clustered beaksedge, Cluster Beak-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa setigera
Climbing prairie rose, Climbing rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant coneflower, Great coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia drummondiana
Drummond's ruellia, Drummond's wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's wild petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia occidentalis
Western wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal mexicana
Mexican palm, Palma Di Micharos, Rio Grande palmetto, Texas palm, Texas palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. media
Bulltongue arrowhead, Scythe-fruit Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria longiloba
Flecha de Agua, Long-barb Arrowhead, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Longbarb arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby blue sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia penstemonoides
Big red sage, Penstemon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia regla
Mountain sage, Royal sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schaefferia cuneifolia
Desert yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus californicus
California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Schoenus nigricans
Black Bog-rush, Black bogrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot skullcap, Resinous skullcap, Shrubby skullcap, Sticky skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. oblongifolium
Gum bully, Chittamwood, Gum elastic tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. rigidum
Brazos bumelia, Gum bully

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy silene, Sleepy catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium albiflorum
White rosinweed, White-flowered rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium gracile
Slender rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium simpsonii
Simpson's rosinweed, Tall Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Simsia calva
Awnless bush sunflower, Bush sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium minus
Dwarf blue-eyed grass, Pink-Eyed Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax bona-nox
Saw greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalobur nightshade, Buffalo bur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spermolepis inermis
Red River scaleseed, Spreading Scaleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding ladies' tresses orchid, Nodding ladies' tresses, Ladies' tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus wrightii
Big sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Stachys coccinea
Scarlet betony, Scarlet hedge-nettle, Texas betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Stemodia lanata
Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly twintip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf bluets, Baby's breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Streptanthus bracteatus
Bracted jewelflower, Bracted twist-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax platanifolius
Sycamoreleaf snowbell, Sycamore-Leaf snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Styrax platanifolius ssp. texanus
Texas snow-bell, Texas snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern annual saltmarsh aster, Lawn American-aster, White wood aster, Saltmarsh aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's aster, Texas aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium
Aromatic aster, Aromatic American aster, Fall aster, Wild blue aster, Shale aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum praealtum var. praealtum
Tall Aster, Willowleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia var. linearifolia
Fineleaf fournerved daisy, Four-nerved daisy, Slender-leaf Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense var. canadense
Canada germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Teucrium cubense var. cubense
Small coastal germander

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thalia dealbata
Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thamnosma texana
Dutchman's breeches, Ruda del monte, Rue of the mountains, Texas desert-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature barrel cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina basswood, Small-leaved basswood, Downy linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False dayflower, Widows tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern poison ivy, Poison ivy, Poison oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia edwardsiana
Plateau spiderwort, Edward's spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens muticus
Slim tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis coloradoensis
Colorado Venus' looking-glass, Western Venus' Looking Glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus alata
Winged elm, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Utricularia gibba
Bladderwort, Conespur bladderpod, Humped bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Vallisneria americana
American eelgrass, Water celery, Eelgrass, Tapegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Verbena canescens
Gray vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Veronica americana
American speedwell, American Brooklime

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera dentata
Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Resinbush, Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis cinerea var. helleri
Winter grape, Heller's grape, Gray-leaf grape, Smooth-leaf grape, Sweet grape, Spanish grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis monticola
Sweet mountain grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vulpia octoflora
Common Sixweeks Grass, Sixweeks fescue

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie brazoria, Prairie brazosmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia texana
Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodsia obtusa
Bluntlobe cliff fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Xanthium strumarium var. canadense
Canada cockleburr

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca pallida
Pale-leaf yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca ×schottii
Schott's yucca, Hoary Yucca, Mountain Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' club, Texas prickly ash, Prickly ash, Toothache tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zigadenus nuttallii
Nuttall's deathcamas, Death Camas, Poison onion, Nuttall's death camas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: