Wildflowers of the Tallgrass Prairie

This collection profiles wildflowers of the tallgrass prairie. Stretching over 250 million acres, the tallgrass prairie was once the largest ecosystem in the United States. Its deep rich soils made excellent farmland. By 1860, most of the tallgrass prairies had fallen to the plow. Today, only about one million acres remain, making tallgrass prairie one of the most threatened natural communities. Native grasses form the prairie framework, comprising 50 to 95 percent of the vegetation. The four dominant species in the tallgrass prairie are little bluestem, big bluestem, Indiangrass, and switchgrass. Forbs (broadleaf herbs), an integral part of the prairie, provide most of the species diversity. Most prairie species are perennials that die back in the winter. The wildflowers included in this collection are some of the most common tallgrass prairie species.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anaphalis margaritacea
Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract wild indigo, Cream false indigo, Plains wild indigo, Cream wild indigo, Large-bracted wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy painted cup, Downy paintbrush, Great Plains paintbrush, Great Plains indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff tickseed, Stiff coreopsis, Finger coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens
Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Plains larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia canadensis
Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Iris versicolor
Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lilium philadelphicum
Wood lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum sulcatum
Grooved flax, Yellow prairie flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum canescens
Hoary puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon albidus
White penstemon, White beardtongue, Red-line penstemon, Red-line beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pulsatilla patens
Eastern pasqueflower, American Pasqueflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ratibida pinnata
Pinnate prairie coneflower, Grayhead Mexican hat, Yellow coneflower, Grayhead coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Viola pedatifida
Prairie violet, Purple prairie violet, Larkspur violet, Crow-foot violet, Coastal violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist