Native Plant Network

The Native Plant Network is devoted to the sharing of information on how to propagate native plants of North America (Canada, Mexico, and US).


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Abies amabilis
Cascade fir, Lovely fir, Pacific silver fir, White fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Abies balsamea
Balsam fir, Balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies concolor
Balsam fir, Colorado fir, Concolor fir, Oyamel de California, Silver fir, White balsam, White fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Abies fraseri
Fraser fir, She-balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Abies grandis
Giant fir, Grand fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Abies lasiocarpa
Subalpine fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies magnifica
California red fir, Red fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Abies procera
Noble fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Abronia latifolia
Coastal sand verbena, Yellow Sand Verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Abronia umbellata
Beach Sand Verbena, Pink sand verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii
Catclaw acacia, Gregg acacia, Long-flower catclaw, Una de gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acer glabrum
Rocky Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Acer macrophyllum
Bigleaf maple, Big-leaf maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer pensylvanicum
Striped maple, Moosewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum coronatum
Giant rice grass, Giant ricegrass, Needle-and-thread grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Achnatherum speciosum
Desert needlegrass, Desert rice grass, Spear grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea rubra
Red baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adenocaulon bicolor
American trailplant, Pathfinder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aesculus californica
California buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus flava
Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra
Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agastache urticifolia
Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agave utahensis
Utah agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agoseris glauca
Pale agoseris, Pale mountain dandelion, False dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Agoseris heterophylla
Annual agoseris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agrostis scabra
Fly-away grass, Rough bent, Rough bentgrass, Ticklegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium burdickii
Narrowleaf wild leek

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium tricoccum
Wild leek, Ramp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Alnus incana
Gray alder, Speckled alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Alnus rubra
Red alder, Western alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus viridis
Green alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier laevis
Allegheny serviceberry, Allegheny service-berry, Serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier utahensis
Utah service-berry, Utah serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anaphalis margaritacea
Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andromeda polifolia
Bog rosemary, Bog-rosemary

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon hallii
Sand bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Androsace septentrionalis
Pygmyflower rockjasmine, Northern fairy candelabra

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone cylindrica
Candle anemone, Long-head thimbleweed, Thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anemone multifida
Pacific anemone, Red windflower, Early thimbleweed, Cut-leaf anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Angelica hendersonii
Henderson's angelica, Seaside Angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Antennaria alpina
Alpine everlasting, Alpine pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Antennaria howellii
Howell's pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Antennaria parvifolia
Small-leaf pussytoes, Low everlasting, Nuttall's pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Antennaria rosea
Rosy pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading dogbane, Bitterroot, Flytrap dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia flavescens
Yellow mountain columbine, Yellow columbine, Golden columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia jonesii
Jones' columbine, Blue limestone columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aralia nudicaulis
Wild sarsaparilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos alpina
Alpine bearberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos glandulosa
Eastwood's manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arctostaphylos patula
Greenleaf manzanita, Green-leaf manzanita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Argentina anserina
Silverweed cinquefoil, Common silverweed, Silverweed, Goosefoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Argentina egedii
Pacific silverweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Armeria maritima
Thrift seapink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Arnica cordifolia
Heart-leaf leopardbane, Heartleaf arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arnica mollis
Hairy arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arnoglossum plantagineum
Groovestem Indian plantain, Indian plantain, Prairie plantain, Prairie Indian plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia californica
Coastal sagebrush, California sagebrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia douglasiana
Douglas mugwort, Douglas' sagewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia frigida
Prairie sagewort, Prairie sagebrush, Fringed sage, Pasture sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia ludoviciana
Louisiana artemisia, Louisiana sage, White sage, Prairie sage, Silver sage, White sagebrush, Louisiana wormwood, Silver wormwood, Louisiana sagewort, Gray sagewort, Cudweed sagewort, Mugwort wormwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia pycnocephala
Beach sagebrush, Beach wormwood, Sand hill sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia tridentata
Big sagebrush, Great Basin sagebrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias ovalifolia
Oval-leaf milkweed, Dwarf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias sullivantii
Prairie milkweed, Sullivant's milkweed, Smooth milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green milkweed, Green comet milkweed, Green antelopehorn milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus canadensis
Canadian milkvetch, Canada milkvetch, Milk vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Athyrium filix-femina
Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Fourwing saltbush, Wingscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Atriplex confertifolia
Shadscale, Spiny saltbush, Shadscale saltbush, Hop sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Atriplex lentiformis
Big saltbush, Coastal quail bush, Quailbush, Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baccharis pilularis
Coyotebrush, Chaparral broom, Coyote bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Balsamorhiza sagittata
Arrowleaf balsamroot, Arrow-leaf balsamroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia alba
White wild indigo, White baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia tinctoria
Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Betula nana
Dwarf birch, Swamp birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula papyrifera
Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens aristosa
Bearded beggarticks, Tickseed sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Brickellia eupatorioides var. eupatorioides
False boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bromus anomalus
Nodding brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bromus carinatus
California brome

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bromus ciliatus
Fringed brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bromus marginatus
Mountain brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Calamagrostis canadensis
Bluejoint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Calamagrostis rubescens
Pinegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Calandrinia ciliata
Fringed redmaids, Redmaids

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calocedrus decurrens
Incense cedar, Incense-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calochortus splendens
Splendid mariposa lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Caltha leptosepala
Elkslip, White marsh marigold, White marsh-marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Caltha palustris var. palustris
Cowslip, Marsh-marigold, Yellow marsh marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Camassia quamash
Small camas, Common camass, Swamp sego

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Camissonia californica
California suncup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Camissonia cheiranthifolia ssp. cheiranthifolia
Beach evening-primrose, Beach suncup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Camissonia micrantha
Miniature suncup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell-of-Scotland, Harebell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campanula uniflora
Arctic bellflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Campanulastrum americanum
American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Carex aquatilis
Leafy tussock sedge, Water sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex deweyana
Dewey sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex nebrascensis
Nebraska sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex nigricans
Black alpine sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex obnupta
Slough sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex utriculata
Northwest Territory sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya alba
Mockernut hickory, Big bud hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Broom hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Castilleja affinis ssp. affinis
Coast Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja linariifolia
Wyoming Indian paintbrush, Wyoming indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Castilleja occidentalis
Western Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja rhexiifolia
Splitleaf Indian paintbrush, Rosy indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue cohosh, Squaw-root, Papoose-root, Caulophylle faux-pigamon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus cordulatus
Mountain whitethorn, Snow bush, Whitethorn ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus cuneatus
Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ceanothus integerrimus
Deerbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus leucodermis
Chaparral whitethorn, Jackbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus megacarpus
Big-pod buckbrush, Big-pod ceanothus, Bigpod ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus sanguineus
Oregon Teatree, Redstem ceanothus, Wild lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus
Blueblossom, Bluebrush, Blue blossom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ceanothus velutinus
Snowbrush, Snowbrush ceanothus, Tobacco-brush, Mountain balm, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Nettle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium beeringianum
Bering chickweed, Mountain chickweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercocarpus ledifolius
Curl-leaf mountain mahogany, Curl-leaf mountain-mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Alder-leaf mountain-mahogany, Mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaebatiaria millefolium
Desert sweet, Fernbush, Tansy bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamerion angustifolium
Fireweed, Willow herb, Great willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chamerion latifolium
Broad-leaf fireweed, Dwarf fireweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chlorogalum pomeridianum
Wavyleaf soap plant, Wavyleaf Soap-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chrysolepis sempervirens
Bush chinquapin, Sierra chinquapin, Sierran chinkapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Circaea alpina
Small enchanter's nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Cirsium foliosum
Elk thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia purpurea
Winecup clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clarkia rhomboidea
Diamond clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Clarkia rubicunda
Ruby chalice clarkia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Claytonia megarhiza
Alpine springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Claytonia perfoliata
Miner's lettuce

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Clematis columbiana
Rock clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clematis hirsutissima
Hairy clematis, Sugarbowls, Vase flower, Leatherflower, Lion's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clematis lasiantha
Pipestem clematis, Pipestems, Chaparral clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis ligusticifolia
Western white clematis, Virgin's bower, Pepper vine, Hierba de chivo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clintonia borealis
Bluebead, Yellow bluebead-lily, Clintonia, Blue-bead lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia verna
Spring blue eyed Mary, Spring Blue-eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Comarostaphylis diversifolia
Summer holly, Summer-blooming manzanita, Mock arbutus, Mock arbute

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis major
Greater tickseed, Major coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis palmata
Stiff tickseed, Stiff coreopsis, Finger coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis verticillata
Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cornus alternifolia
Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus canadensis
Bunchberry dogwood, Canadian bunchberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus sericea
Redosier dogwood, Redosier, Red-twig dogwood, Red-osier dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea
Redosier dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Corylus cornuta
Beaked hazelnut, Beaked filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Crataegus douglasii
Black hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crepis nana
Dwarf alpine hawksbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cryptantha celosioides
Buttecandle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha intermedia
Clearwater cryptantha

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea candida
White prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea
Purple prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Danthonia californica
California oatgrass, California wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Danthonia compressa
Flattened oatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Danthonia intermedia
Timber oatgrass, Timber wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Danthonia parryi
Parry's oatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Danthonia spicata
Poverty oatgrass, Poverty wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Daucus pusillus
American wild carrot, Rattlesnake-Weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium cardinale
Scarlet larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum
Carolina larkspur, Blue larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Espuela del caballero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium decorum
Coastal larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium exaltatum
Tall larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Delphinium parryi
San Bernardino larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium tricorne
Dwarf larkspur, Spring larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Eastern Hay-scented Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Deschampsia flexuosa
Wavy hairgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmodium illinoense
Illinois ticktrefoil, Illinois tick-trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deer-tongue, Deertongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dichanthelium commutatum
Variable panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichelostemma capitatum
Bluedicks

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diplacus aurantiacus
Orange bush monkeyflower, Bush monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dodecatheon jeffreyi
Sierra shootingstar, Tall mountain shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
Flat-top aster, Parasol whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Douglasia montana
Rocky Mountain Douglasia, Rocky Mountain dwarf-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Draba lemmonii
Granite draba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba oligosperma
Few-seed whitlow-grass, Fewseed draba, Whitlow grass, Woods draba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryas drummondii
Drummond's mountain-avens, Yellow mountain-avens, Yellow dryas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dryas integrifolia
Entireleaf mountain-avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Dryas octopetala
Eightpetal mountain-avens, Eight-petal mountain-avens, Mountain dryas, White mountain-avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dryopteris carthusiana
Shield fern, Spinulose wood fern, Spinulose woodfern, Toothed wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris filix-mas
Male fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dudleya farinosa
Bluff lettuce, Powdery live-forever, Powdery liveforever

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea pallida
Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Elaeagnus commutata
Silverberry, American silverberry, Wild olive, Wolf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus glaucus
Blue wild rye, Blue wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Elymus hystrix var. hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottle-brush grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus trachycaulus
Slender wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus virginicus
Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Empetrum nigrum
Black crowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ephedra nevadensis
Nevada jointfir, Nevada joint-fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ephedra viridis
Mormon tea, Mormon-tea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Epilobium anagallidifolium
Pimpernel willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eragrostis trichodes
Sand love grass, Sand lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa var. nauseosa
Rabbitbrush, Rubber rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigenia bulbosa
Harbinger of spring

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron compositus
Alpine daisy, Cutleaf daisy, Dwarf mountain fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron humilis
Arctic alpine fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron peregrinus
Subalpine fleabane, Coastal fleabane, Mountain daisy, Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron simplex
Onestem fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Erigeron speciosus
Aspen fleabane, Showy fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron subtrinervis
Three-nerve fleabane, Hairy showy daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum flavum
Alpine golden buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Eriogonum heracleoides
Parsnipflower buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum jamesii
James' buckwheat, James wild buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum ovalifolium
Cushion buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum racemosum
Red-root wild buckwheat, Redroot buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum shockleyi
Shockley's buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum umbellatum
Sulphur-flower buckwheat, Sulphur-flower wild buckwheat, Sulphur buckwheat, Sulphur flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriophorum scheuchzeri
White cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eriophyllum confertiflorum
Golden yarrow, Yellow yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriophyllum stoechadifolium
Seaside woolly sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eritrichium nanum
Alpine Forget-me-not, Arctic alpine forget-me-not

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erythronium albidum
White troutlily, Dogtooth violet, White fawnlily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Erythronium americanum
Yellow trout-lily, American trout-lily, Dogtooth violet, Eastern trout-lily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythronium grandiflorum
Yellow avalanche-lily, Glacier lily, Yellow fawn-lily, Dogtooth violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythronium rostratum
Dog-tooth violet, Yellow troutlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eschscholzia californica
California poppy, California gold poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eurybia macrophylla
Bigleaf aster, Large-leaf wood-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Eurybia merita
Subalpine aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Fagus grandifolia
American beech

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Festuca campestris
Rough fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Festuca idahoensis
Blue bunchgrass, Bunchgrass fescue, Idaho fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Festuca rubra
Red fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Festuca saximontana
Rocky Mountain fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Floerkea proserpinacoides
False mermaidweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fragaria chiloensis
Beach strawberry, Coast strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fragaria vesca
Woodland strawberry, California strawberry, Wood strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula californica
California buckthorn, California Coffeeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Frangula californica ssp. californica
California buckthorn, Coffeeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Frangula purshiana
Cascara, Cascara buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Frasera caroliniensis
American columbo, Green gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Frasera speciosa
Elkweed, Monument Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus nigra
Black ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gaillardia aristata
Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Garrya elliptica
Wavyleaf silktassel, Wavy-leaf silktassel, Silk-tassel bush, Coastal silktassel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Gaultheria procumbens
Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia baccata
Black huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gentiana andrewsii
Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gentiana calycosa
Rainier pleated gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentiana parryi
Parry's gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Geranium bicknellii
Bicknell's cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geranium viscosissimum
Sticky purple geranium, Sticky wild geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geum aleppicum
Yellow avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Geum macrophyllum
Large-leaf Avens, Largeleaf avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Geum rossii
Ross' avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geum triflorum
Old man's whiskers, Prairie smoke, Purple avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gilia capitata
Blue gilia, Blue-head gily-flower, Bluehead gilia, Globe gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gordonia lasianthus
Gordonia, Loblolly bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Grayia spinosa
Spiny hop-sage, Spiny hopsage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Grindelia lanceolata
Narrowleaf gumweed, Fall gumweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Grindelia stricta
Oregon gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Northern oak fern, Western oakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Halesia carolina
Carolina silverbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedysarum boreale
Utah sweetvetch, Boreal sweet-vetch, Northern sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hedysarum occidentale
Western Sweet-vetch, Western sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hedysarum sulphurescens
White sweetvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus divaricatus
Woodland sunflower, Rough sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus mollis
Ashy sunflower, Downy sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus occidentalis
Fewleaf sunflower, Western sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
Sharplobe hepatica, Sharp-lobed hepatica, Mountain hepatica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Heracleum maximum
Common cowparsnip, Cow Parsnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hesperostipa comata
Needle and thread, Needle-and-thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hesperostipa comata ssp. comata
Needle and thread

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteromeles arbutifolia
Toyon, California Christmasberry, Christmasberry, California holly, Hollywood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heterotheca grandiflora
Telegraphweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heterotheca villosa
Hairy false goldenaster, Hairy golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heuchera americana
American alumroot, Alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heuchera cylindrica
Poker Heuchera, Roundleaf alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Heuchera parvifolia
Littleleaf alumroot, Little-leaf alumroot, Saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heuchera richardsonii
Richardson's alumroot, Prairie alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hierochloe odorata
Sweetgrass, Vanilla grass, Sweet grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Holodiscus discolor
Oceanspray, Hillside oceanspray, Cream bush, Mountain spray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hudsonia tomentosa
Beach Heath, Woolly beachheather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum appendiculatum
Great waterleaf, Appendaged waterleaf

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum macrophyllum
Largeleaf waterleaf, Large-leaved waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum scouleri
Scouler's St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Iliamna rivularis
Streambank wild hollyhock, Wild hollyhock, Mountain globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Impatiens capensis
Jewelweed, Orange Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-Me-Not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris douglasiana
Douglas iris, Mountain iris, Western iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris missouriensis
Rocky Mountain iris, Western blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Jeffersonia diphylla
Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juglans cinerea
Butternut, White walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus effusus
Common rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus mertensianus
Mertens' rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus tenuis
Poverty rush, Path rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus communis
Common juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus horizontalis
Creeping juniper, Creeping savin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus occidentalis
Western juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus osteosperma
Utah juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Kalmia angustifolia
Sheep laurel, Lambkill kalmia, Lambkill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Kalmia cuneata
Whitewicky

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Kalmia latifolia
Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Kalmia microphylla
Alpine laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Kalmia polifolia
Bog laurel, Pale laurel, Swamp laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Koeleria macrantha
Prairie Junegrass, Junegrass, Prairie Koeler's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Krascheninnikovia lanata
Winterfat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy dwarfdandelion, Dwarf dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca canadensis
Canada lettuce, Wild Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Lactuca floridana
Woodland lettuce, Florida Lettuce

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Larix laricina
Tamarack, American larch, Hacmatack, Black larch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Larix lyallii
Subalpine larch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Larix occidentalis
Western larch, Western tamarack

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lathyrus littoralis
Silky beach pea, Silky beach vetching, Strand sweet pea, Dune sweet pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ledum glandulosum
Western Labrador tea, Trapper's tea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Ledum groenlandicum
Bog Labrador tea, Rusty labrador-tea, Muskeg tea, Hudson's Bay tea, Labrador tea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ledum palustre
Marsh Labrador tea, Northern Labrador tea, Narrow-leaf Labrador tea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Leptarrhena pyrolifolia
Fireleaf leptarrhena, Leatherleaf Saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leptochloa dubia
Green sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lespedeza hirta
Hairy lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lewisia pygmaea
Alpine lewisia, Pygmy Bitterroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lewisia rediviva
Bitter root, Oregon bitter-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Leymus cinereus
Basin wildrye, Great Basin lyme grass, Great Basin wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Leymus triticoides
Beardless lyme grass, Beardless wildrye, Creeping wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris aspera
Tall blazing star, Tall gayfeather, Tall liatris, Rough blazing star, Rough gayfeather, Rough liatris, Button snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris ligulistylis
Rocky Mountain blazing star, Rocky Mountain gayfeather, Rocky Mountain liatris, Meadow blazing star, Meadow gayfeather, Meadow liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris punctata
Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather, Dotted liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris squarrosa
Scaly blazing star, Scaly gayfeather, Scaly liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lilium canadense
Canada lily, Canadian lily, Wild yellow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lilium michiganense
Michigan lily, Turk's cap lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lilium philadelphicum
Wood lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Linnaea borealis
Twinflower, American twinflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lithocarpus densiflorus
Tan oak, Tan-oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lloydia serotina
Alplily, Common alplily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia inflata
Indian Tobacco, Indian-tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lomatium dissectum
Fernleaf biscuitroot, Fernleaf Desert-parsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lonicera hispidula
Pink honeysuckle, Hairy Honeysuckle, California honeysuckle, Western honeysuckle, Pink chaparral honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera involucrata
Twinberry honeysuckle, Four-line honeysuckle, Black twinberry, Bear berry honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lonicera utahensis
Utah honeysuckle, Red Twinberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Lotus scoparius
Common deerweed, Deerweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lupinus albifrons
Silver lupine, White-leaf bush lupine, Evergreen lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus arboreus
Yellow bush lupine, Bush lupine, Tree lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus arcticus
Arctic lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus argenteus
Silvery lupine, Silver-stem lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lupinus bicolor
Miniature lupine, Miniature annual lupine, Pygmy-leaved lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus sericeus
Silky lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus versicolor
Bluff lupine, Manycolored lupine, Varicolored lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Luzula parviflora
Smallflowered woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Luzula spicata
Spiked woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia acuminata
Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia fremontii
Desert Oregon-grape, Fremont barberry, Fremont's mahonia, Holly grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia repens
Creeping barberry, Creeping Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Maianthemum canadense
Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Maianthemum racemosum
Feathery false lily of the valley, False Solomon's seal, Feathery false Solomon's seal, False spikenard, Solomon's plume, Smilacina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Maianthemum stellatum
Starry false lily of the valley, Starry false Solomon's seal, Star-flowered Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Manfreda virginica
False aloe, Rattlesnake master

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marah fabaceus
California manroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Meehania cordata
Meehan's mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampyrum lineare
Narrowleaf cowwheat, Cow Wheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Melica imperfecta
Smallflower melic grass, Coast range melic grass, Smallflower melic, Coast range melic, Oniongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy menodora, Twin-pod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menyanthes trifoliata
Buckbean, Buck-bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Mertensia oblongifolia
Oblongleaf bluebells

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus cardinalis
Crimson monkey-flower, Scarlet monkey-flower, Scarlet monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus guttatus
Yellow monkeyflower, Golden monkeyflower, Seep monkeyflower, Common monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus lewisii
Purple monkeyflower, Great purple monkey-flower, Lewis monkey-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Minuartia obtusiloba
Alpine stitchwort, Cushion sandwort, Twinflower sandwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Minuartia rubella
Beautiful sandwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mitella breweri
Brewer's miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Mitella nuda
Naked miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monardella villosa
Coyote mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Morella californica
California wax myrtle, Pacific bayberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Morella pensylvanica
Northern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia montana
Mountain muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia porteri
Bush muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia wrightii
Spike muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Nassella viridula
Green needlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nicotiana attenuata
Coyote tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oemleria cerasiformis
Indian plum, Oso-berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenanthe sarmentosa
Water parsely, Water Parsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera caespitosa
Tufted evening primrose, Gumbo evening primrose, Gumbo lily, Fragrant evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Olneya tesota
Desert ironwood, Tesota, Palo de hierro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oplopanax horridus
Devil's club, Devilsclub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Orthocarpus luteus
Yellow owl's-clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Osmorhiza berteroi
Mountain sweet-cicely, Sweetcicely

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Osmorhiza claytonii
Clayton's sweetroot, Hairy sweet-cicely, Sweet jarvil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmorhiza longistylis
Longstyle sweetroot, Aniseroot, Sweet-cicely, Wild licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis oregana
Redwood-sorrel, Oregon Wood Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood, Sorrel tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oxyria digyna
Alpine mountainsorrel, Mountain Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oxytropis borealis var. viscida
Viscid locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxytropis campestris
Field locoweed, Northern field oxytrope, Northern yellow locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oxytropis lambertii
Purple locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oxytropis sericea
White locoweed, Silky Locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxytropis splendens
Showy locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera fendleri
Fendler's ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Paeonia californica
California peony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panax quinquefolius
American ginseng, Wild Ginseng

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Panicum obtusum
Vine mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Papaver californicum
Fire Poppy, Western poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Papaver radicatum
Rooted poppy, Alpine Poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia florida
Blue paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia microphylla
Yellow paloverde, Foothill Paloverde, Littleleaf paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Parnassia fimbriata
Fringed grass of Parnassus, Fringed Parnassia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Parnassia palustris
Marsh grass of Parnassus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Parthenium integrifolium
Wild quinine, American fever-few

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paxistima myrsinites
Oregon boxleaf, Myrtle boxwood, Mountain lover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed pectis, Lemon-scented pectis, Lemonscent pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pedicularis bracteosa
Bracted lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis capitata
Capitate lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis contorta
Coiled lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis groenlandica
Elephanthead lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pedicularis labradorica
Labrador lousewort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis lanceolata
Swamp lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis parryi
Parry's lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pediomelum argophyllum
Silverleaf Indian breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Pediomelum esculentum
Large Indian breadroot, Indian breadroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon angustifolius
Broadbeard penstemon, Broadbeard beardtongue, Whorled penstemon, Whorled beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon centranthifolius
Scarlet bugler

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon confertus
Yellow penstemon, Yellow beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon cyananthus
Wasatch penstemon, Wasatch beardtongue, Platte River penstemon, Platte River beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon davidsonii
Davidson's penstemon, Davidson's beardtongue, Timberline penstemon, Timberline beardtongue, Alpine penstemon, Alpine beardtongue, Blue color mat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon eatonii
Firecracker penstemon, Firecracker beardtongue, Eaton's penstemon, Eaton's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon ellipticus
Rocky ledge penstemon, Rocky ledge beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon eriantherus
Fuzzy-tongue penstemon, Fuzzy-tongue beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon glaber
Saw-sepal penstemon, Saw-sepal beardtongue, Western smooth penstemon, Western smooth beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon grandiflorus
Large penstemon, Large beardtongue, Large-flower penstemon, Large-flower beardtongue, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon heterophyllus
Bunchleaf penstemon, Bunchleaf beardtongue, Foothill penstemon, Foothill beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon hirsutus
Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon humilis
Low penstemon, Low beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon leiophyllus
Smoothleaf penstemon, Smoothleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon lyallii
Lyall's penstemon, Lyall's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon nitidus
Waxleaf penstemon, Waxleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon palmeri
Palmer's penstemon, Palmer's beardtongue, Scented penstemon, Scented beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon procerus
Littleflower penstemon, Littleflower beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Penstemon rostriflorus
Bridge's penstemon, Bridge's beardtongue, Beaked penstemon, Beaked beardtongue, Mountain scarlet penstemon, Mountain scarlet beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon spectabilis
Showy penstemon, Showy beardtongue, Royal penstemon, Royal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon strictus
Rocky Mountain penstemon, Rocky Mountain beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon subglaber
Smooth penstemon, Smooth beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon virgatus
Upright blue penstemon, Upright blue beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon whippleanus
Whipple's penstemon, Whipple's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Perideridia gairdneri
Gardner's yampah, Yampah

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Petasites frigidus
Arctic sweet coltsfoot, Palmate coltsfoot, Arctic butterbur, Palmate butterbur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Phacelia bipinnatifida
Fernleaf phacelia, Fernleaf scorpion weed, Spotted phacelia, Loose-flowered phacelia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia cicutaria
Caterpillar phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia dubia
Smallflower phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia fremontii
Fremont's phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia hastata
Silverleaf phacelia, Whiteleaf Phacelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Phacelia minor
Wild canterbury bells, Wild canterbury-bells

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia sericea
Purplefringe, Silky phacelia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Philadelphus lewisii
Lewis' mock orange, Mock Orange, California mock orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Phleum alpinum
Alpine timothy, Mountain timothy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Phlox diffusa
Mat phlox, Spreading phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Photinia pyrifolia
Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Phyllodoce breweri
Purple mountainheath, Purple mountain heath, Purple mountain heather, Brewer's mountain heath, Brewer's mountain heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyllodoce empetriformis
Pink mountain heath, Pink mountain heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea breweriana
Brewer spruce, Weeping spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea engelmannii
Engelmann spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea glauca
White spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Picea mariana
Black spruce, Spruce fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Picea pungens
Blue spruce, Colorado spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus albicaulis
Whitebark pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus aristata
Bristlecone pine, Bristle-cone pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus banksiana
Jack pine, Gray pine, Scrub pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus clausa
Sand pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pinus contorta
Beach pine, Lodgepole pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus coulteri
Coulter pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus edulis
Colorado pinyon pine, Pinyon pine, Two-needle pine, Colorado pinyon, Pinyon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus flexilis
Limber pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus jeffreyi
Jeffrey pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus lambertiana
Sugar pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus monticola
Western white pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus palustris
Longleaf pine, Georgia pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus ponderosa
Ponderosa pine, Western yellow pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus quadrifolia
Four-leaf pinyon, Parry pinyon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus rigida
Pitch pine, Torch pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus sabiniana
California foothill pine, Digger pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus strobus
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pityopsis graminifolia
Narrowleaf silkgrass, Golden aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plantago maritima
Goose tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Platanus wrightii
Arizona sycamore, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosa grass, Tobosagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Poa alpina
Alpine blue grass, Alpine bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Poa cusickii
Cusick's bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Poa secunda
Canby blue grass, Curly blue grass, Pine blue grass, Sandberg bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Polemonium pulcherrimum
Jacob's-ladder, Skunk leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium viscosum
Sticky polemonium, Sky pilot, Sticky Jacob's-ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonum bistortoides
American bistort, Western Bistort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum virginianum
Jumpseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polystichum munitum
Western swordfern, Pineland sword fern, Western sword fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa
Black cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus fremontii
Fremont cottonwood, Western cottonwood, Gila cottonwood, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Populus grandidentata
Bigtooth aspen, Big-tooth aspen, Long-toothed aspen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Populus tremuloides
Quaking aspen, Aspen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Potamogeton perfoliatus
Claspingleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla arguta
Tall cinquefoil, White cinquefoil, Prairie cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Potentilla diversifolia
Varileaf cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla glandulosa
Sticky cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Potentilla gracilis
Slender cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Potentilla nivea
Snow cinquefoil, Snowy cinquefoil, Villous cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Potentilla pensylvanica
Pennsylvania cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prenanthes racemosa
Purple rattlesnakeroot, Glaucous white lettuce, Smooth white lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus ilicifolia
Hollyleaf cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus pensylvanica
Pin cherry, Fire cherry, Wild red cherry, Bird cherry, Pigeon cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pseudognaphalium californicum
Ladies' tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudoroegneria spicata
Bluebunch wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pseudotsuga menziesii
Blue Douglas fir, Douglas-fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pulsatilla occidentalis
Western anemone, Western pasqueflower, White pasqueflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Pulsatilla patens
Eastern pasqueflower, American Pasqueflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Purshia glandulosa
Desert bitterbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Purshia mexicana
Mexican cliffrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Purshia tridentata
Antelope bitterbrush, Bitterbrush, Antelope brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus agrifolia
California live oak, Coast live oak, Encina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus arizonica
Arizona white oak, Arizona Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus bicolor
Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus chrysolepis
Canyon live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Quercus douglasii
Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus dumosa
Coastal sage scrub oak, Nuttall's scrub oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus emoryi
Emory oak, Black Oak, Bellota, Roble Negro, Holly Oak, Apache Oak, Desert Live Oak, Western Black Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus gambelii
Gambel oak, Rocky Mountain white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus ilicifolia
Bear oak, Scrub oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus incana
Bluejack oak, Sandjack oak, Upland willow oak, Cinnamon oak, Shin oak, Turkey oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus kelloggii
California black oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Quercus lyrata
Overcup oak, Swamp post oak, Water white oak, Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus nigra
Water oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus prinus
Chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, mountain chestnut oak, rock oak, tanbark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus rubra
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus texana
Nuttall Oak, Texas red oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus velutina
Black oak, Quercitron oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus wislizeni
Interior live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ranunculus californicus
California buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus eschscholtzii
Eschscholtz's buttercup, Subalpine Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ranunculus lapponicus
Lapland buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus pygmaeus
Pygmy buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida pinnata
Pinnate prairie coneflower, Grayhead Mexican hat, Yellow coneflower, Grayhead coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhamnus alnifolia
Alderleaf buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhamnus crocea
Holly-leaf buckthorn, Redberry, Redberry buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhinanthus minor ssp. minor
Little yellowrattle, Yellow Rattle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. integrifolia
Ledge stonecrop, Roseroot, Rosewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron lapponicum
Lapland rhododendron, Lapland rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron maximum
Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus ovata
Sugar sumac, Sugarbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush sumac, Scented sumac, Ill-scented sumac, Squawbush, Basketbush, Skunkbush, Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes aureum
Golden currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes cereum
Wax currant, Western red currant, White squaw currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes hudsonianum
Northern black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes lacustre
Prickly currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ribes menziesii
Canyon gooseberry, Chaparral currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes sanguineum
Redflower currant, Blood currant, Pink-flowered currant, Red flowering currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes viscosissimum
Sticky currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia hispida
Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Robinia neomexicana
New Mexico locust, Mescal bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust, Honey locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Romneya coulteri
Coulter's Matilija poppy, Matilija poppy, Fried-egg flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rosa acicularis
Prickly rose, Wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa californica
California rose, California wildrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rosa carolina
Carolina rose, Pasture rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa gymnocarpa
Dwarf rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa virginiana
Virginia rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa woodsii
Woods' rose, Western wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa woodsii var. ultramontana
Arizona wild rose, Woods' rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rubus chamaemorus
Cloudberry, Baked apple berry, Bakeapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rubus deliciosus
Delicious raspberry, Rocky Mountain Raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rubus flagellaris
Northern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus idaeus
American red raspberry, Wild Red Raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry, Western thimble-berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus spectabilis
Salmon raspberry, Salmonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus ursinus
California blackberry, California dewberry, Western blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia occidentalis
Western coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex aquaticus
Western dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex salicifolius
Willow dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex salicifolius var. mexicanus
Mexican dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sairocarpus coulterianus
Coulter's snapdragon, White Snapdragon

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Salix arctica
Arctic willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix bebbiana
Bebb willow, Gray willow, Long-beaked willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix brachycarpa
Shortfruit willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix calcicola
Woolly willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Salix caroliniana
Coastal plain willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix commutata
Undergreen willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix exigua
Coyote willow, Narrow-leaf willow, Narrowleaf willow, Sandbar willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix glauca
Grayleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix lasiolepis
Arroyo willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix myrtillifolia
Blueberry willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix planifolia
Diamondleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Salix reticulata
Netleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix rotundifolia
Least willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salix scouleriana
Scouler's willow, Western pussy willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix vestita
Rock willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia columbariae
California sage, Chia, Golden chia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia mellifera
Black sage, California black sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sambucus racemosa
Red elderberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sarcobatus vermiculatus
Greasewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Saxifraga bronchialis
Yellowdot saxifrage, Yellow-spot saxifrage, Matted saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Saxifraga caespitosa
Tufted alpine saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Saxifraga flagellaris
Whiplash saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saxifraga nivalis
Alpine saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saxifraga oppositifolia
Purple mountain saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Saxifraga rhomboidea
Diamond-leaf saxifrage, Diamondleaf saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saxifraga tolmiei
Alpine saxifrage, Tolmie's saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus maritimus
Alkali bulrush, Bayonet grass, Cosmopolitan bulrush, Prairie bulrush, Saltmarsh club-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem bulrush, Soft-stem club-rush, Great bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass bulrush, Marsh bulrush, Teddybear paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sedum lanceolatum
Lanceleaf Stonecrop, Spearleaf stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sedum stenopetalum
Wormleaf stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio atratus
Tall blacktip ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio integerrimus
Lambstongue ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio serra
Tall ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senecio triangularis
Arrowleaf Groundsel, Arrowleaf ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sequoia sempervirens
Coast Redwood, California Redwood, Redwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sequoiadendron giganteum
Giant sequoia, Giant-sequoia, Giant Redwood, Sierra Redwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Setaria vulpiseta
Plains bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Shepherdia canadensis
Russet buffaloberry, Rabbitberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sibbaldia procumbens
Creeping sibbaldia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sidalcea malviflora
Checkerbloom, Dwarf checker-mallow, Dwarf checkerbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene acaulis
Cushion-pink, Moss campion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Silene scouleri
Bluff pink, Simple campion, Simple catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium integrifolium
Wholeleaf rosinweed, Entire-leaf rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium perfoliatum
Cup plant, Indian cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Silphium terebinthinaceum
Prairie rosinweed, Prairie dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Solanum umbelliferum
Bluewitch, Bluewitch nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago californica
California goldenrod, Northern California goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago puberula
Downy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago simplex
Mt. Albert goldenrod, Narrow Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. spathulata
Mt. Albert goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sorbus scopulina
Cascade mountain-ash, Greene's mountain ash, Western mountain-ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spergularia salina
Salt sandspurry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Spiraea betulifolia
White spirea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Spiraea betulifolia var. corymbosa
Shinyleaf meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Spiraea splendens
Rose meadowsweet, Subalpine Spiraea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus flexuosus
Mesa dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus heterolepis
Prairie dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stachys bullata
California hedgenettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stylophorum diphyllum
Celandine poppy, Yellow wood poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphoricarpos albus
Common snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphoricarpos oreophilus
Mountain snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum chilense
Common California Aster, Pacific aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum
Lindley's aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern annual saltmarsh aster, Lawn American-aster, White wood aster, Saltmarsh aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum laeve
Smooth blue aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. novi-belgii
New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum patens var. patens
Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-Leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum
Frost aster, Hairy white oldfield aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum undulatum
Wavyleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Tanacetum camphoratum
Camphor tansy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taraxacum lyratum
Harp dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxus brevifolia
Pacific yew, Western yew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Taxus canadensis
Canada yew, American yew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Telesonix jamesii
James' telesonix

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tellima grandiflora
Bigflower tellima, Fragrant fringecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tetraneuris acaulis
Stemless four-nerve daisy, Stemless Hymenoxys

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris grandiflora
Alpine sunflower, Graylocks four-nerve daisy, Old-man-of-the-mountain, Rydbergia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Thalia dealbata
Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thalictrum occidentale
Western meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thermopsis rhombifolia
Prairie thermopsis, Prairie goldenbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thuja occidentalis
Arborvitae, Eastern arborvitae, Northern white cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Thuja plicata
Western red cedar, Western arborvitae, Canoe cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Tiarella cordifolia
Heartleaf foamflower, Heart-leaf foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Tiarella trifoliata
Threeleaf foamflower, Western Foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Toxicodendron vernix
Poison sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trifolium nanum
Dwarf clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Trillium erectum
Red trillium, Red wakerobin, Stinking Benjamin, Wet dog trillium, Wet dog wakerobin, Purple trillium, Purple wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium flexipes
Nodding wakerobin, Nodding trillium, Bent trillium, Bent wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trillium grandiflorum
White wake-robin, White trillium, Large-flower wake-robin, Large-flower trillium, Large-flowered wake-robin, Large-flowered trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium sessile
Toadshade, Red trillium, Red wake-robin, Sessile trillium, Sessile wake-robin, Yellow trillium, Yellow wake-robin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trisetum spicatum
Narrow false oat, Spike trisetum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Tsuga canadensis
Eastern hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tsuga heterophylla
Western hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Tsuga mertensiana
Mountain hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus rubra
Slippery elm, Red elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Umbellularia californica
California laurel, California bay, Oregon myrtle, Pepperwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Urtica dioica
Stinging nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Uvularia grandiflora
Largeflower bellwort, Large-flower bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium angustifolium
Late lowbush blueberry, Lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium caespitosum
Dwarf bilberry, Dwarf blueberry, Dwarf huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium membranaceum
Mountain huckleberry, Square-twig blueberry, Thinleaf huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium ovatum
California huckleberry, Evergreen blueberry, Evergreen huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium scoparium
Grouse whortleberry, Grouseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Vaccinium uliginosum
Alpine blueberry, Bog blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Lingonberry, Northern mountain-cranberry, Cowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Valeriana sitchensis
Mountain helioptrope, Sitka valerian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Veratrum californicum
California false hellebore, Corn lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veronica wormskjoldii
Alpine Speedwell, American alpine speedwell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum edule
Squashberry, Moosewood viburnum, Few-flowered cranberry bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum
Possumhaw viburnum, Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides
Withe-rod, Witherod viburnum, Possumhaw, Wild raisin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum opulus
European cranberrybush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia caroliniana
Carolina vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Wyethia amplexicaulis
Mule-ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Wyethia angustifolia
California compassplant, California-compassplant, Narrowleaf mule ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Xerophyllum tenax
Common beargrass, Western turkeybeard, Bear lily, Pine lily, Elk grass, Squaw grass, Beargrass, Turkeybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Yucca baccata
Banana yucca, Blue yucca, Fleshy-fruited yucca, Datil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca
Soapweed yucca, Narrowleaf yucca, Plains yucca, Beargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zamia pumila
Coontie, Florida arrowroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum americanum
Common pricklyash, Toothache tree, Prickly ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Zigadenus fremontii
Fremont's deathcamas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Zizia aptera
Heart-leaved meadow parsnip, Heartleaf meadow parsnip, Meadow parsnip, Heartleaf Alexanders, Meadow zizia, Zizia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist