Millennium Seed Bank Project

List of Texas species that were collected as part of the Millennium Seed Bank Project (MSBP). MSBP is a global conservation program to collect and store the seeds of 10% of the world's drylands flora (24,000 species) by 2010. Click here to learn more about MSBP.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's sand verbena, Heart's delight, Amelia's sand-verbena, Sand verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Thornless Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Huajillla, Matoral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia roemeriana
Roundflower catclaw, Round-flower catclaw, Roemer acacia, Catclaw, Roemer's acacia, Catclaw acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia schaffneri
Schaffner's wattle, Twisted acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby copperleaf, Three-seeded mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf spotflower, Opposite-leaf spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Adolphia infesta
Junco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agalinis edwardsiana
Plateau false foxglove, Plateau agalinis, Plateau gerardia, Plateau false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie false foxglove, Prairie agalinis, Prairie false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis maritima
Saltmarsh false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agastache micrantha
White giant hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Agave havardiana
Havard's century plant, Havard agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aletris aurea
Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser meadow garlic, Fraser meadow garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus greggii
Gregg's amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf bur ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia trifida
Great ragweed, Giant ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal thimbleweed, Ten-petaled anemone, Wind-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Argemone aenea
Golden pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora ssp. texana
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red prickly poppy, Red pricklypoppy, Rose prickly poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike threeawn, Kearney's three-awn, red three-awn, slender three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida oligantha
Prairie threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu
Antelopehorns, Antelope horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias brachystephana
Bract milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Atriplex matamorensis
Matamoros saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Baccharis bigelovii
Bigelow's false willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bahia pedata
Bluntscale bahia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia nuttalliana
Nuttall's wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Berchemia scandens
Alabama supple-jack, Alabama supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera pumila
Soft greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bidens bigelovii
Bigelow's beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bifora americana
Prairie bishop, Prairie bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy seaside tansy, Ox-eye daisy, Bushy seaside-tansy, Sea daisy, Sea ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa alta
Tall beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa longipaniculata
Longspike beardgrass, Longspike Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Brazoria truncata
Rattlesnake flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia cylindracea
Brickell-Bush, Brickellbush, Gravelbar brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Brickellia dentata
Leafy brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bromus lanatipes
Woolly brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cakile lanceolata
Coastal searocket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppy-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calyptocarpus vialis
Straggler daisy, Horseherb, Hierba del caballo, Lawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex complanata
Hirsute sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex glaucescens
Southern waxy sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex louisianica
Louisiana sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tenax
Wire sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex triangularis
Eastern fox sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Allthorn goatbush, Amargoso, Goat-bush, Texan goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja lanata
Sierra woolly Indian paintbrush, Woolly paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea var. purpurea
Purple paintbrush, Purple prairie painbrush, Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny hackberry, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cenchrus spinifex
Coastal sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern sandbur, Spiny burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Centrosema virginianum
Spurred butterfly pea, Butterfly pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging serpent, Stinging cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit chervil, Southern chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas leastdaisy, Least daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium laxum
Slender woodoats, Slender Chasmanthium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris cucullata
Hooded windmill grass, Hooded windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble windmill grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland goldenaster, Maryland golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Cirsium horridulum
Yellow thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cissus trifoliata
Grape ivy, Possum grape, Cow-itch vine, Sorrelvine, Arizona grape ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder jointtail grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Colubrina texensis
Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina dianthifolia
Bird-bill dayflower, Birdbill dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia hookeri var. hookeri
Brazilian bluewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Convolvulus equitans
Bindweed, Texas bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Canadian horseweed, Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cordia boissieri
Mexican olive, Anacahuita, Texas wild olive, Anacahuite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis wrightii
Rock tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corydalis curvisiliqua ssp. curvisiliqua
Curvepod fumewort

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip hawthorn, Pasture haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus tracyi
Mountain Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Tracy's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croton alabamensis var. texensis
Texabama croton, Texas Alabama croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie tea, One-seed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton punctatus
Gulf croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha oblata
Rough cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cuscuta indecora
Bigseed alfalfa dodder, Largeseed dodder, Pretty dodder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus reflexus
Bentawn flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dalea emarginata
Wedgeleaf prairie clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasylirion texanum
Texas sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura quercifolia
Chinese thorn-apple, Oak-leaf thorn apple, Oak leaved angel's trumpet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Daucosma laciniata
Daucosma, Meadow parasol

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Daucus pusillus
American wild carrot, Rattlesnake-Weed, Wild Carrot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus leptolobus
Slenderlobe bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium oligosanthes var. oligosanthes
Heller's rosette grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dicranocarpus parviflorus
Pitchfork

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Digitaria cognata
Carolina crabgrass, Fall witchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod whitlowgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera capillaris
Pink sundew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echeveria strictiflora
Desert Savior

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea atrorubens
Topeka purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinocactus horizonthalonius
Devilshead, Eagle claws, Turk's head, Devil's head

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocactus texensis
Horse crippler, Devil's head, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus dasyacanthus
Spiny hedgehog cactus, Texas rainbow cactus, Golden rainbow hedgehog, Yellow Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus var. brevispinus
Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus pentalophus
Ladyfinger cactus, Alicoche, Dog tail, Devil's fingers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus, Órgano-pequeño de colores , Purple candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus stramineus
Strawberry hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis equisetoides
Jointed spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand spikerush, Spike rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis tuberculosa
Cone-cup spikerush, Tubercled spikerush, Long-tubercled spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elionurus barbiculmis
Woolyspike balsamscale, Woolspike balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus
Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra trifurca
Ephedra, Mormon tea, Longleaf jointfir, Jointfir, Longleaf teabush, Tea weed, Canutillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy lovegrass, Gummy Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriocaulon decangulare
Tenangle pipewort, Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Fillaree, Pine needle, Stork's Bill, Texas stork's bill, Texas stork's bill

Duration:
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium heterophyllum
Mexican thistle, Wright's eryngo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium integrifolium
Blueflower eryngo, Blue-flower coyote-thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium prostratum
Eryngium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Escobaria tuberculosa
Whitecolumn foxtail cactus, Cob beehive cactus, White-column foxtail cactus, White star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dog Fennel, Dogfennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eurybia hemispherica
Southern prairie aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia gymnospermoides
Texas goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna var. verna
Spring pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy forestiera, Desert olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Froelichia gracilis
Slender snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena squarrosa
Hairy umbrella-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia multiceps
Onion blanketflower, Gyp indian blanket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium uniflorum
Oneflower bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's silktassel, Lindheimer Silk Tassel, Lindheimer's Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Giliastrum incisum
Split-leaf gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gomphrena nitida
Pearly globe amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habenaria repens
Water-spider Orchid, Waterspider bog orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper lily, Rio Grande copper-lily, Rio Grande copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas false broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hechtia glomerata
Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hechtia texensis
Texas false agave, Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender false pennyroyal, Annual pennyroyal, Slender hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma reverchonii var. reverchonii
Reverchon's false pennyroyal, Rock hedeoma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium drummondii
Fringed sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus argophyllus
Silverleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus debilis
Beach sunflower, Cucumber-leaf sunflower, Cucumberleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus praecox ssp. runyonii
Runyon's sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium procumbens
Fourspike heliotrope

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium torreyi
Slimleaf heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Herbertia lahue
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heterotheca canescens
Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris grandiflora
Largeflower crested coralroot, Greenman's hexalectris , Giant coral-root, Greenman's cock's-comb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris nitida
Glass Mountain crested coralroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Rose-mallow, Rosemallow, Woolly mallow, Wooly Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus striatus ssp. lambertianus
Striped rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea, Ovate false fiddleleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-White

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides
St. Andrew's Cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ibervillea tenuisecta
Slimlobe globeberry, Cutleaf Globe Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ilex coriacea
Large gallberry, Bay-gall bush, Ink-berry holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ipomoea cordatotriloba
Tievine, Purple bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cristulata
Transpecos morning-glory, Scarlet Creeper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea imperati
Beach morning glory, Beach morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea pes-caprae
Railroad vine, Goat-foot morning glory, Bayhops, Beach morning glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Isocoma pluriflora
Jimmyweed, Southern goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Jefea brevifolia
Shortleaf jefea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus validus var. validus
Roundhead rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's juniper, Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Kyllinga brevifolia
Shortleaf spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga odorata
Fragrant spikesedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lechea san-sabeana
San Saba pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia peppergrass, Virginia pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor man's pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball leadtree, Littleleaf leadtree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris acidota
Sharp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris elegans
Blazing star, Gay feather, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pinkscale blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Gayfeather, Blazing star, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Texas gayfeather, Cusp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Limonium carolinianum
Carolina sealavender, Sea lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Linum alatum
Winged flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum var. rigidum
Stiffstem flax

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rupestre
Rock flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Listera australis
Southern twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia appendiculata var. appendiculata
Pale lobelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia fenestralis
Fringeleaf lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia puberula
Downy lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia repens
Creeping primrose-willow, Floating primrose-willow, Water primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum var. quadrifidum
Carolina wolfberry, Creeping wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycurus setosus
Bristly wolfstail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lyonia mariana
Piedmont staggerbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia swaseyi
Texas barberry, Texas Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malachra capitata
Malva de caballo,

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvastrum aurantiacum
Wright's false mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mammillaria heyderi
Little nipple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Manfreda sileri
Siler's tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea reticulata
Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melochia pyramidata
Broom-Wood, Pyramid flower, Pyramidflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia albescens
Wavyleaf blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Chickenthief, Stick-leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mikania scandens
Climbing hempvine, Climbing hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mimosa latidens
Kairn's sensitive-briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine mimosa, Sensitive plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Minuartia drummondii
Drummond's stitchwort, Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mitreola petiolata
Lax hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia rigida
Purple muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nama havardii
Havard's fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie celestials, Celestials, Prairie pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemastylis tenuis
Southwestern pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Neptunia pubescens
Tropical puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia camporum
Bicolor fanmustard, Mesa Greggia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nerisyrenia linearifolia
White Sands fanmustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf tobacco, Fiddle-Leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Onosmodium helleri
Heller's marbleseed, Marble-seed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia strigil
Marblefruit pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Orobanche ludoviciana ssp. multiflora
Manyflower broomrape

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis dillenii
Slender yellow woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's woodsorrel, Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Packera millelobata
Uinta ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand palafox, Hooker palafoxia, Sand palafoxia, Hooker's palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Panicum hallii
Hall's panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania pellitory, Pennsylvania cucumber plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. texana
Palo-verde, Texas palo-verde, Texas paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum langei
Rustyseed paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Peganum mexicanum
Garbancillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's penstemon, Fendler's beardtongue, Fendler penstemon, Fendler beardtongue, Purple foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon havardii
Havard penstemon, Havard beardtongue, Big Bend penstemon, Big Bend beardtongue, Havard's penstemon, Havard's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding penstemon, Nodding beardtongue, Loose-flowered penstemon, Loose-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Perityle vaseyi
Vasey's rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia robusta
Stout phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia rupestris
Rock phacelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phaseolus acutifolius
Tepary bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Phaseolus maculatus
Spotted bean, Metcalf bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Phryma leptostachya
American lopseed, Lopseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Physalis cinerascens var. cinerascens
Smallflower groundcherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinaropappus roseus
White rock lettuce, White dandelion, Pink dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinus cembroides
Mexican pinyon, Mexican pinyon pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Piptochaetium avenaceum
Blackseed speargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago wrightiana
Wright's plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera ciliaris
Yellow fringed orchid, Orange-fringed orchid, Orange plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea foetida
Stinking camphorweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polanisia dodecandra
Clammyweed, Redwhisker clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia uniglandulosa
Mexican clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Poliomintha glabrescens
Leafy rosemary-mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper leaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's prairie parsley, Prairie parsley, Wild dill, Prairie parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas prairie parsley, Texas-Parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Porophyllum scoparium
Trans-Pecos poreleaf, Poreleaf, Shrubby Poreleaf, Hierba del Venado, Jarilla, Pomerillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss me quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. virens
Southwestern black cherry, Southwestern chokecherry, Black cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin hop-tree, Common hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium nuttallii
Laceflower, Mock bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf mountain mint,

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quincula lobata
Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia lutea
Yellow meadow beauty, Yellow meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana var. mariana
Maryland meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhododon ciliatus
Texas sandmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle horned beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora elliottii
Elliott's beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora glomerata
Clustered beaksedge, Cluster Beak-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora gracilenta
Slender beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora inexpansa
Nodding beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora recognita
Globe beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia grandiflora var. alismifolia
Large coneflower, Rough coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant coneflower, Great coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia texana
Texas coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia gentianoides
Pinewoods rose gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sacciolepis striata
American cupscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria papillosa
Nipplebract arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia arizonica
Arizona sage, Desert indigo sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sarracenia alata
Yellow trumpets, Yellow pitcher plant, Yellow trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet pitcher plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schkuhria pinnata
Pinnate false threadleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocrambe linearifolia
Slimleaf plainsmustard, Mountain mustard, Hesper mustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus robustus
Sturdy bulrush, Leafy Three-square

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scoparia dulcis
Licorice weed, Bitterbroom, riceweed, sweetbroom, vassourinha, licoriceweed, sibi wiwiri, ye gan cao

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum cockerellii
Cockerell's stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Selenia grandis
Large selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio warnockii
Warnock's ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Sesbania herbacea
Bigpod sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium portulacastrum
Shoreline seapurslane, Sea Purslane, Cenicilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern bristlegrass, Scheele's bristlegrass, Foxtail grass, Scheele's foxtail grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sicyos microphyllus
Small-leaf bur cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida spinosa
Prickly fanpetals

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum bumelia, Gum bully, Woollybucket bumelia, Chittamwood, Gum elastic, Coma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silene antirrhina
Sleepy silene, Sleepy catchfly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium albiflorum
White rosinweed, White-flowered rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium radula
Roughstem rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium biforme
Wiry blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium rosulatum
Annual blue-eyed grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Smilax bona-nox
Saw greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax smallii
Lanceleaf greenbrier, Southern smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solanum dimidiatum
Western horsenettle, Western Horse-Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum rostratum
Buffalobur nightshade, Buffalo bur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solanum triquetrum
Texas nightshade, Hierba mora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum elliottii
Slender Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring lady's tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus silveanus
Silveus' Dropseed

Duration:
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stillingia texana
Texas Queen's Delight, Queen's Delight, Texas toothleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax americanus
American snowbell, American snowbells, American silverbells, Big-leaf snowbell, Storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Styrax platanifolius
Sycamoreleaf snowbell, Sycamore-Leaf snowbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's aster, Texas aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tagetes micrantha
Licorice marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tauschia texana
Texas umbrellawort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia onobrychoides
Multibloom hoarypea, Multibloom tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tephrosia vicioides
Red hoarypea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca ludoviciana
Louisiana nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf fournerved daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium cubense
Coast germander, Small coastal germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus bicolor
Glory of Texas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature barrel cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small ball moss, Ball moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False dayflower, Widows tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Triadenum walteri
Greater marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Trichloris crinita
Two-flowered trichloris, False Rhodes grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens muticus
Slim tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens strictus
Longspike tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Trixis inula
Tropical threefold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Urochloa fusca
Browntop signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Utricularia cornuta
Horned bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Valerianella amarella
Hairy cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Varilla texana
Texas varilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena runyonii
Rio Grande vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena scabra
Sandpaper vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena xutha
Gulf vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbesina lindheimeri
Lindheimer's crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina oreophila
Mountain crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vicia ludoviciana
Louisiana vetch, Deer Pea Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vigna luteola
Hairypod cowpea, Yellow Vigna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera dentata
Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola missouriensis
Missouri violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola villosa
Carolina violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii
Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthium strumarium var. canadense
Canada cockleburr

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides
Gummy broomweed, Gummy snakeweed, San Pedro matchweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris ambigua
Coastal plain yelloweyed grass, Coastalplain yelloweyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca campestris
Plains yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca faxoniana
Eve's needle, Faxon yucca, Palma samandoca, Palma barreta, Spanish bayonet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca flaccida
Weak-leaf yucca, Beargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Yucca pallida
Pale-leaf yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca reverchonii
San Angelo yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules' club

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime prickly ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' club, Texas prickly ash, Prickly ash, Toothache tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry