Harry T. Cliffe Bexar Regional Herbarium

The Bexar Regional Herbarium was created by the San Antonio Chapter of the Native Plant Society of Texas in the 1990s. In support of the 1986 Texas Sesquicentennial Celebration, the chapter compiled “A Plant List for Bexar County, Texas,” from existing literature, combining lists and updating botanical names, which garnered a certificate of recognition from the governor of Texas. In the process, participants discussed verifying the presence of the listed plants by finding and identifying what actually existed in the Bexar and contiguous counties.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet acacia, Perfume acacia, Mealy acacia, Mealy wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha ostryifolia
Pineland threeseed mercury, Hop-hornbeam copperleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby copperleaf, Three-seeded mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha radians
Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha virginica
Virginia threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acer rubrum var. trilobum
Trident maple, Trident red maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acleisanthes longiflora
Angel trumpets, Angel's trumpets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis edwardsiana
Plateau false foxglove, Plateau agalinis, Plateau gerardia, Plateau false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allionia choisyi
Smooth trailing four o'clock, Trailing four o'clock, Annual windmills, Umbrellawort, Garapatilla

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. fraseri
Fraser meadow garlic, Fraser meadow garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alternanthera caracasana
Washerwoman

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus scleropoides
Bonebract amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny amaranth, Thorny pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual ragweed, Short ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida var. texana
Texan great ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphiachyris amoena
Texas broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone caroliniana
Carolina anemone, Carolina thimbleweed, Southern thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Aphanostephus ramosissimus
Plains dozedaisy, Lazy daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Hemp dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas madrone, Madrone, Texas arbutus, Naked indian, Lady's leg, Madroņo, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argythamnia humilis var. humilis
Low Silverbush, Low Wild Mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia simulans
Plateau silverbush, Tall wild-mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida purpurea
Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple threeawn, Red threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aristolochia erecta
Swanflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Artemisia ludoviciana
Louisiana artemisia, Louisiana sage, White sage, Prairie sage, Silver sage, White sagebrush, Louisiana wormwood, Silver wormwood, Louisiana sagewort, Gray sagewort, Cudweed sagewort, Mugwort wormwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias asperula
Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias texana
Texas milkweed, White milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus nuttallianus
Nuttall's milkvetch, Small-flowered milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bifora americana
Prairie bishop, Prairie bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Boerhavia purpurascens
Purple spiderling

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Brickellia cylindracea
Gravel-bar brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Buchnera americana
American bluehearts, Bluehearts

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande stickpea, Fairy duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callirhoe digitata
Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf Poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppymallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops , Square-bud primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-Bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calyptocarpus vialis
Horseherb, Straggler daisy, Hierba del caballo, Lawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calystegia sepium
Hedge false bindweed, Hedge Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile Pequin, Chile Tepin, Bird Pepper, Turkey Pepper, Cayenne Pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola
Sand bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carex crinita
Fringed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carlowrightia torreyana
Torrey's wrightwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. citrina
Lemon paintbrush, Yellow paintbrush, Yellow prairie paintbrush, Citron paintbrush, Prairie paintbrush, Prairie Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's paintbrush, Lindheimer's prairie paintbrush, Lindheimer's Indian paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie redroot, Smaller redroot, Small redroot, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus, Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Shiny hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Western hackberry, Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis tenuifolia
Dwarf hackberry, Small hackberry, Small sugar hackberry, Georgia hackberry, Upland hackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Cenchrus spinifex
Grass Bur, Coastal sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern sandbur, Spiny burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chaetopappa bellidifolia
Whiteray leastdaisy, Dwarf white aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
False Nightshade, Gray five eyes, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coronopus
Green false nightshade, Greenleaf five eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce angusta
Blackfoot sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Eyebane, Nodding spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate sandmat, Ground spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted sandmat, Prostrate spurge, Creeping spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce villifera
Hairy sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaptalia texana
Silverpuff, Nodding lettuce, Silver puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chloris verticillata
Tumble windmill grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysopsis pilosa
Soft goldenaster, Soft golden-aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cissus trifoliata
Grape ivy, Possum grape, Cow-itch vine, Sorrelvine, Arizona grape ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clematis drummondii
Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Ligh