Toadshade Wildflower Farm

Toadshade Wildflower Farm specializes in nursery grown and propagated perennial plants native to Northeastern America. Our mission is to 1) provide native, perennial, propagated wildflower plants, 2) identify the plants clearly by common and scientific name, 3) clearly summarize the native range of the plants, and 4) to encourage increased plantings of native plant species within their native range.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Acer negundo
Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agastache nepetoides
Yellow giant hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop, Purple giant-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Ageratina altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agrimonia striata
Roadside agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Smooth alder, Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Antennaria plantaginifolia
Woman's Tobacco, Ladies' Tobacco, Everlasting, Mouse Ear, Plantain-leaf Pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Hemp dogbane, Dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aronia arbutifolia
Red Chokeberry, Red Chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias exaltata
Poke Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula populifolia
Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Bigelowia nuttallii
Nuttall's rayless goldenrod

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Boltonia asteroides
Boltonia, White doll's daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex crinita var. crinita
Fringed sedge, Long hair sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex grayi
Gray's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex gynandra
Nodding sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex lupuliformis
False hop sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex lupulina
Hop sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex lurida
Shallow sedge, Sallow sedge, Lurid sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex pensylvanica
Pennsylvania sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex squarrosa
Squarrose Sedge, Narrowleaf Cattail Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox sedge, Brown fox sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Northern hackberry, American hackberry, Nettle tree, Beaverwood, False elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium arvense
Field chickweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cirsium discolor
Field thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal pepperbush, Coastal sweet pepperbush, Coastal sweet pepper, Alderleaf pepperbush, Alderleaf clethra, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clinopodium vulgare
Wild basil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collinsonia canadensis
Citronella horsebalm, Richweed, Stoneroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis grandiflora
Largeflower tickseed, Large-flower tickseed, Common coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus sericea
Red osier dogwood, Red osier, Red-twig dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deer-tongue, Deertongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dioscorea quaternata
Fourleaf yam

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dioscorea villosa
Wild yam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Doellingeria umbellata
Parasol whitetop, Flat-topped White Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina elephantsfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Equisetum hyemale
Scouring-rush horsetail, Horsetail, Scouring rush, Canuela

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eryngium yuccifolium
Rattlesnake master, Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium hyssopifolium
Hyssopleaf thoroughwort, Hyssop-leaf Boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eurybia divaricata
White wood aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Eutrochium maculatum
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fraxinus americana
White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gentiana clausa
Bottle gentian, Blind gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium maculatum
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geum aleppicum
Yellow avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hackelia virginiana
Beggarslice, Beggar's-lice, Stickseed, Sticktight, Wild Comfrey, Virginia Stickseed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helenium autumnale
Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus decapetalus
Thinleaf sunflower, Ten-petaled sunflower, Thin-leaved sunflower, Pale sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Helianthus divaricatus
Woodland sunflower, Rough sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus mollis
Ashy sunflower, Downy sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heuchera villosa
Hairy alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hieracium kalmii
Kalm's hawkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hypericum ascyron
Great St. John's-wort, Giant St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hypericum mutilum
Dwarf St. John's-wort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum prolificum
Shrubby St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hypericum punctatum
Spotted St. John's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Iris prismatica
Slender blue iris, Slender blue flag, Coastal iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris versicolor
Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag, Large blue iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus effusus
Common rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus tenuis
Poverty rush, Path rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris scariosa
Devil's bite, Large blazing star, Large gayfeather, Large liatris, Savanna blazing star, Savanna gayfeather, Savanna liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum, Red gum, White gum, Star-leaved gum, Starleaf gum, Alligator tree, Satin walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia alternifolia
Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lycopus uniflorus
Northern bugleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lysimachia lanceolata
Lanceleaf loosestrife, Lance-leaved loosestrife

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lythrum alatum
Winged lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple, Bowwood, Yellowwood, Naranjo chino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimulus alatus
Sharpwing monkeyflower, Sharp-winged monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus ringens
Allegheny monkeyflower, Square-stemmed monkeyflower, Square-stem monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Monarda didyma
Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera fruticosa
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron riddellii
Riddell's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Opuntia humifusa
Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Devil's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera aurea
Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon calycosus
Long-sepal penstemon, Long-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon canescens
Eastern gray penstemon, Eastern gray beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon pallidus
Pale penstemon, Pale beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon tubaeflorus
White wand penstemon, White wand beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Phemeranthus teretifolius
Rock-portulaca, Quill Flameflower, Quill Fameflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Photinia floribunda
Purple chokeberry, Red chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Photinia melanocarpa
Black chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed, Great pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red ink plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Polygonum virginianum
Jumpseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Wild black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum incanum
Hoary mountain mint, Silverleaf mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum verticillatum
Whorled Mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Quercus rubra
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida pinnata
Grayhead coneflower, Gray-headed coneflower, Grayhead Mexican hat, Gray-headed Mexican hat, Pinnate prairie coneflower, Yellow coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac, Wing-rib sumac, Black sumac, Upland sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rosa palustris
Swamp rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rosa virginiana
Virginia rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus flagellaris
Northern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus idaeus
American red raspberry, Wild red raspberry, Red raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus occidentalis
Black raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus pensilvanicus
Pennsylvania blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Green-headed coneflower, Greenhead coneflower, Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Sochan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet coneflower, Sweet black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia humilis
Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia strepens
Limestone ruellia, Limestone wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass bulrush, Marsh bulrush, Teddybear paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scutellaria lateriflora
Blue skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sedum ternatum
Woodland stonecrop, Wild stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Senna hebecarpa
American senna, Wild Senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene stellata
Widow's frill, Starry campion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Smilax rotundifolia
Roundleaf greenbrier, Common greenbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago juncea
Early goldenrod, Plume goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago patula
Roundleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf goldenrod, Elm-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spiraea alba var. latifolia
Meadowsweet, White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum
Whitepanicle Aster, Panicled Aster, Lanceleaf Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
Calico aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster, New England American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum pilosum var. pilosum
Hairy white oldfield aster, Frost aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Symphyotrichum puniceum
Purplestem aster, Purple-stemmed Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum coriaceum
Maid of the mist

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple meadow-rue, Tall meadow-rue, Meadow rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thalictrum dioicum
Early meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum pubescens
King of the meadow, King-of-the-meadow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris palustris
Eastern marsh fern, Marsh fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia bracteata
Bracted spiderwort, Long-bract spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia virginiana
Virginia spiderwort, Spider lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Typha angustifolia
Narrowleaf Cattail

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf cattail, Common cattail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Verbena hastata
Swamp verbena, Blue verbena, Blue vervain, Simpler's joy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Verbena urticifolia
White vervain, White verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum var. nudum
Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Viburnum opulus var. americanum
American cranberry bush, Highbush cranberry, American cranberrybush viburnum, Cranberry viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola affinis
Sand violet, Pale early violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola pubescens
Downy yellow violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola striata
Striped cream violet, Striped violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Viola ×palmata
Early blue violet, Trilobed violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis aestivalis
Summer Grape , Pigeon grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist