Fredericksburg Chapter NPSOT - Hill Country Recommended

Recommended native plant species for planned landscapes in the Texas hill country.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agave americana
American century plant, Century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha
Golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Southwestern yellow columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Astrolepis sinuata
Wavy scaly cloakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Buddleja marrubiifolia
Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry , French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops , Square-bud primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum
Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex perdentata
Sand sedge, Meadow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's mistflower , Palmleaf thoroughwort, Palm-leaf mistflower, Palm-leaf thoroughwort, Purple palmleaf mistflower, Purple palmleaf eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coryphantha sulcata
Nipple Cactus, Pineapple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasylirion texanum
Texas sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dichondra argentea
Silver Ponyfoot, Silver ponysfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocactus texensis
Horse crippler, Horse crippler cactus, Devil's head, Chisos hedgehog cactus, Chisos hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus coccineus var. coccineus
Scarlet hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus pentalophus
Ladyfinger cactus, Alicoche, Dog tail, Devil's fingers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus triglochidiatus
Claret cup, Claret cup cactus, Hedgehog cactus, Kingcup cactus, Mojave mound, Mohave mound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow bush, Stretchberry, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash, Mountain ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaura lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Prairie Verbena, Purple Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain, Moradilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red-flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Yellow yucca, Hummingbird yucca, Samandoque

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball leadtree, Littleleaf leadtree, Little leucaena, Lemonball, Wahoo tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lonicera albiflora
Western white honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White bush honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry, Wild currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turkscap, Drummond's Turkscap, Drummond Turkscap, Wax Mallow, Drummond's Wax Mallow, Drummond Wax Mallow, Red Mallow, Texas Mallow, Mexican Apple, Sleeping Hibiscus, Bleeding Hearts, Manzanilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mammillaria heyderi
Little nipple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot, Arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia rigens
Deergrass, Meadow muhly, Deer muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nassella tenuissima
Mexican Feathergrass, Mexican Wiregrass, Finestem needlegrass, Ponytail grass, Texas tussock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia engelmannii
Cactus apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera aurea
Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon havardii
Havard penstemon, Havard beardtongue, Big Bend penstemon, Big Bend beardtongue, Havard's penstemon, Havard's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon wrightii
Wright's penstemon, Wright's beardtongue, Wright penstemon, Wright beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Hill country live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Plateau oak, Encino molino, Tesmoli

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laceyi
Lacey oak, Texas blue oak, Canyon oak, Smoky oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus polymorpha
Monterrey Oak, Netleaf white oak, Mexican White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal mexicana
Texas palm, Texas palmetto, Mexican palm, Mexican palmetto, Rio Grande palmetto, Victoria palmetto, Palma de micharos, Apachite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia penstemonoides
Big red sage, Penstemon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem, Popotillo azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria ovata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Stachys coccinea
Scarlet betony, Scarlet hedge-nettle, Texas betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Stemodia lanata
Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly twintip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thelocactus setispinus
Miniature barrel cactus, Hedgehog Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm, Soft elm, Water elm, Common elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola missouriensis
Missouri violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Yucca arkansana
Arkansas yucca, Softleaf yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry