Pineywoods Native Plant Center

The mission of the Pineywoods Native Plant Center at Stephen F. Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Texas, is to promote the education, conservation and use of native plants of the Southern Forest. The Center maintains a protected 40-acre woodland (including the restored Tucker House) in the center of Nacogdoches as well the 119-acre Mill Wood Garden natural area six miles east of the University.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Acalypha gracilens
Slender threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allium canadense
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ampelopsis arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Antennaria parlinii
Parlin's pussytoes, Ladies' tobacco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aralia spinosa
Devil's walkingstick, Devil's walking-stick, Prickly Ash, Hercules club, Angelica tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Arundinaria gigantea
Giant cane, American bamboo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Indian banana, Common pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Berchemia scandens
Alabama supple-jack, Alabama supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike false nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Botrychium dissectum
Cutleaf grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cardamine bulbosa
Bulbous bittercress, Spring cress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Carex crus-corvi
Ravenfoot sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carya texana
Black hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas leastdaisy, Least daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cicuta maculata
Spotted water hemlock, Water-Hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina virginica
Virginia dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Conyza canadensis
Canadian horseweed, Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip hawthorn, Pasture haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Croton capitatus
Hogwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichondra carolinensis
Carolina ponysfoot, Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diodia teres
Poorjoe

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diodia virginiana
Buttonweed, Virginia buttonweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus virginicus
Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie fleabane, Daisy fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Erythronium albidum
White troutlily, Dogtooth violet, White fawnlily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dog Fennel, Dogfennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Galium aparine
Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers, Stickywilly

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium carolinianum
Carolina geranium, Wild geranium, Carolina cranesbill

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hypoxis hirsuta
Common Goldstar, Yellow star-grass, Eastern yellow star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy dwarfdandelion, Dwarf dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia dandelion
Potato dwarf dandelion, Potato dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia peppergrass, Virginia pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor man's pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lepuropetalon spathulatum
Petiteplant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lilium michauxii
Carolina lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf evening-primrose, Cut-leaf Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis dillenii
Slender yellow woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis violacea
Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phryma leptostachya
American lopseed, Lopseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pleopeltis polypodioides ssp. polypodioides
Resurrection fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper leaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Prunella vulgaris
Common selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus caroliniana
Cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel, Laurel cherry, Carolina laurel cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum
Western bracken fern, Bracken fern, Western bracken, Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus nigra
Water oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus phellos
Willow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus shumardii
Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Smilax bona-nox
Saw greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax laurifolia
Laurel greenbrier, Laurel greenbriar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Smilax rotundifolia
Roundleaf greenbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solanum carolinense
Carolina horse-nettle, Carolina horsenettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taraxacum officinale
Common dandelion, Blowball, Dandelion, Faceclock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus rubra
Slippery elm, Red elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Urtica chamaedryoides
Heartleaf nettle, Stinging nettle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Valerianella radiata
Beaked cornsalad, Woods corn-salad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia caroliniana
Carolina vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Vicia ludoviciana
Louisiana vetch, Deer Pea Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola affinis
Sand violet, Pale early violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola walteri
Walter's violet, Prostrate blue violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis rotundifolia
Muscadine, Scuppernong grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodsia obtusa
Bluntlobe cliff fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Yucca louisianensis
Gulf Coast yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules' club

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry