Washington D.C. Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Washington D.C. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Acer negundo
Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer pensylvanicum
Striped maple, Moosewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer spicatum
Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ageratina altissima var. altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aralia spinosa
Devil's walking stick, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Pigeon tree, Shotbush, Prickly elder, Prickly ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory, Bitternut, Pig hickory, Pignut hickory, Pignut, White hickory, Red hickory, Bitter walnut, Bitter pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Sweet pignut hickory, Coast pignut hickory, Pignut, Sweet pignut, Smoothbark hickory, Broom hickory, Red hickory, Swamp hickory, Switch hickory, Switchbud hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory, Carolina hickory, Scalybark hickory, Upland hickory, Shellbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry


,

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Castanea pumila
Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny chinkapin, Chinquapin, Chinkapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Catalpa speciosa
Northern catalpa, Catalpa tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic white cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Comptonia peregrina
Sweet fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis verticillata
Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea pallida
Pale purple coneflower, Pale coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Fagus grandifolia
American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus americana
White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common honey locust, Thorny common honey locust, Honey shucks locust, Sweet locust, Thorny locust, Honey shucks, Sweet bean tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gymnocladus dioicus
Kentucky coffeetree, Stump tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel, Common witch hazel, Winterbloom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, White holly, Prickly holly, Evergreen holly, Christmas holly, Yule holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Kalmia latifolia
Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum, Red gum, White gum, Star-leaved gum, Starleaf gum, Alligator tree, Satin walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lupinus perennis
Sundial lupine, Wild lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Magnolia acuminata
Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Magnolia tripetala
Umbrella tree, Umbrella magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Southern sweetbay, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Sweet magnolia, Small magnolia, Laurel magnolia, White bay, White laurel, Swamp laurel, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda didyma
Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle , Southern wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Eastern bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black tupelo, Tupelo, Sourgum, Pepperidge, Tupelo gum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oenothera fruticosa
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood, Sorrel tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Penstemon canescens
Eastern gray penstemon, Eastern gray beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon laevigatus
Eastern smooth penstemon, Eastern smooth beardtongue, Smooth penstemon, Smooth beardtongue, Eastern penstemon, Eastern beardtongue, Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Picea rubens
Red spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Shortleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Yellow pine, Shortstraw pine, Arkansas pine, Longtag pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus pungens
Table Mountain pine, Hickory pine, Prickly pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus rigida
Pitch pine, Torch pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus strobus
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Oldfield pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus virginiana
Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Wild black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Eastern white oak, Stave oak, Ridge white oak, Forked-leaf white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus coccinea
Scarlet oak, Red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Bottomland red oak, Three-lobed red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus imbricaria
Shingle oak, Laurel oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus palustris
Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Quercus phellos
Willow oak, Swamp willow oak, Pin oak, Peach oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus rubra var. ambigua
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus stellata
Post oak, Iron oak, Cross oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Virginia live oak, Live oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron calendulaceum
Flame azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron catawbiense
Catawba rosebay, Purple rhododendron, Red laurel, Catawba rhododendron, Mountain rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Rhododendron maximum
Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhododendron prinophyllum
Early azalea, Roseshell azalea, Woolly azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron viscosum
Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea, Hammock sweet azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac, Wing-rib sumac, Black sumac, Upland sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Robinia hispida
Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust, Honey locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sorbus americana
American mountain ash, American mountain-ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Staphylea trifolia
American bladdernut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster, New England American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thuja occidentalis
Arborvitae, Eastern arborvitae, Northern white cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tilia americana var. heterophylla
American basswood, White basswood, Linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Tsuga canadensis
Eastern hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium stamineum
Deerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum lentago
Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Sweet viburnum, Sheepberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist