Alabama Recommended

Commercially available native plant species suitable for planned landscapes in Alabama. Visit our Suppliers Directory to locate businesses that sell native plants or seeds or provide professional landscape or consulting services in this state. Visit the Organizations Directory to locate native plant societies, conservation groups, governmental agencies, botanical gardens, arboreta, and other plant-related organizations in this state.


QR Tag Name Characteristics

Acer negundo
Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum var. drummondii
Drummond's maple, Drummond red maple, Swamp maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aralia spinosa
Devil's walking stick, Hercules club, Angelica tree, Pigeon tree, Shotbush, Prickly elder, Prickly ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Common pawpaw, Custard apple, Indian banana, Wild banana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common lady fern, Subarctic lady fern, Lady fern, Ladyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch, Water birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry , French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calycanthus floridus
Eastern sweetshrub, Carolina allspice, Sweet shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Water beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Sweet pignut hickory, Coast pignut hickory, Pignut, Sweet pignut, Smoothbark hickory, Broom hickory, Red hickory, Swamp hickory, Switch hickory, Switchbud hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cliftonia monophylla
Buckwheat tree, Buckwheat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, Boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus opaca
Mayhaw, Western mayhaw, May hawthorn, Riverflat hawthorn, Applehaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cyrilla racemiflora
Titi, Swamp titi, Black titi, White titi, Red titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, American cyrilla, Burnwood bark, Palo colorado

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Delphinium exaltatum
Tall larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon, Possumwood, Date plum, Winter plum, Jove's fruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fagus grandifolia
American beech, White beech, Red beech, Ridge beech, Beechnut tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Forestiera acuminata
Eastern swamp privet, Swamp privet, Texas privet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Fothergilla major
Mountain witchalder, Mountain witch-alder, Large fothergilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket, Girasol rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina Jessamine, Yellow Jessamine, Evening Trumpetflower, Poor Man's Rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common honey locust, Thorny common honey locust, Honey shucks locust, Sweet locust, Thorny locust, Honey shucks, Sweet bean tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gordonia lasianthus
Gordonia, Loblolly bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Halesia diptera
Two-wing silverbell, Two-winged silverbell, Silverbell, American snowdrop tree, Snowdrop tree, Snowbell, Cowlicks

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
Sharplobe hepatica, Sharp-lobed hepatica, Mountain hepatica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus coccineus
Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea quercifolia
Oakleaf hydrangea, Oak-leaf hydrangea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hypericum hypericoides ssp. hypericoides
St. Andrew's-cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, White holly, Prickly holly, Evergreen holly, Christmas holly, Yule holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon , Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white, Virginia willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper, Red juniper, Pencil cedar, Carolina cedar, Red savin, Baton rouge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucothoe axillaris
Coastal doghobble, Coast leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum, Red gum, White gum, Star-leaved gum, Starleaf gum, Alligator tree, Satin walnut, Bilsted, Liquidambar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malus angustifolia
Southern crabapple, Narrowleaf crabapple, Wild crabapple, Southern crab, Narrowleaf crab, Wild crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle , Southern wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Eastern bayberry, Bayberry, Candleberry, Tallow shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Osmanthus americanus
Devilwood, Wild olive

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, American hop-hornbeam, Woolly hop-hornbean, Eastern ironwood, Roughbark ironwood, Ironwood, Deerwood, Leverwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood, Sorrel tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Photinia pyrifolia
Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Shortleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Yellow pine, Shortstraw pine, Arkansas pine, Longtag pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus elliottii
Slash pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus glabra
Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus palustris
Longleaf pine, Georgia pine, Longleaf yellow pine, Southern yellow pine, Longstraw pine, Hill pine, Hard pine, Heart pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Oldfield pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus angustifolia
Chickasaw plum, Sandhill plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Wild black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Eastern white oak, Stave oak, Ridge white oak, Forked-leaf white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Bottomland red oak, Three-lobed red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus nigra
Water oak, Possum oak, Duck oak, Punk oak, Spotted oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus phellos
Willow oak, Swamp willow oak, Pin oak, Peach oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus shumardii
Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak, Swamp red oak, Spotted oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak, Iron oak, Cross oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Virginia live oak, Live oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron austrinum
Orange azalea, Florida azalea, Yellow azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron canescens
Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust, Honey locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Spartina patens
Saltmeadow cordgrass, Salt-meadow cordgrass, Marsh-hay cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Stewartia malacodendron
Silky camellia, Virginia stewartia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress, Southern cypress, Swamp cypress, Red cypress, White cypress, Yellow cypress, Gulf cypress, Tidewater red cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ulmus alata
Winged elm, Wahoo elm, Cork elm, Witch elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm, Soft elm, Water elm, Common elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry, Winter huckleberry, Huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Yucca aloifolia
Spanish dagger, Spanish bayonet, Aloe yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zephyranthes atamasca
Atamasco lily, Rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist