Special Value to Honey Bees

Identified by beekeepers and pollination biologists as an important pollen or nectar source (honey plant) for honey bees. This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agastache foeniculum
Blue giant hyssop, Blue giant-hyssop, Fragrant giant hyssop, Lavender hyssop, Anise hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agastache scrophulariifolia
Purple giant hyssop, Purple giant-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Agastache urticifolia
Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia
Common fiddleneck, Intermediate fiddleneck

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsinckia menziesii var. menziesii
Menzies' fiddleneck

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias albicans
White-stemmed Milkweed, Whitestem milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias amplexicaulis
Clasping milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias arenaria
Sand milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias asperula
Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias asperula ssp. capricornu
Antelopehorns, Antelope horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias brachystephana
Bract milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias californica
California milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias cryptoceras
Pallid Milkweed, Humboldt Mountain Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias engelmanniana
Engelmann's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias eriocarpa
Woollypod milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias exaltata
Poke milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias fascicularis
Mexican whorled milkweed, Narrowleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias hirtella
Green milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias humistrata
Pinewoods milkweed, Sandhill milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata
Swamp milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias incarnata ssp. pulchra
Swamp milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias lanceolata
Fewflower milkweed, Few-flower milkweed, Red milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias linaria
Pineneedle milkweed, Needle-Leaf Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias linearis
Slim milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias longifolia
Longleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias michauxii
Michaux's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias obovata
Pineland Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asclepias ovalifolia
Oval-leaf milkweed, Dwarf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias perennis
Aquatic milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias quadrifolia
Fourleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias rubra
Red Milkweed, Tall Pink Bog Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias speciosa
Showy milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias stenophylla
Slimleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Milkweed, Narrowleaf Green Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias subulata
Rush milkweed, Desert milkweed, Ajamete

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias sullivantii
Prairie milkweed, Sullivant's milkweed, Smooth milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias texana
Texas milkweed, White milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias tomentosa
Tuba milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias variegata
Redring milkweed, White-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridiflora
Green milkweed, Green comet milkweed, Green antelopehorn milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Catalpa speciosa
Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus griseus
Carmel ceanothus, Carmel creeper, Yankee Point ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ceanothus purpureus
Hollyleaf ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ceanothus tomentosus
Woolyleaf ceanothus, Woolly-leaf mountain lilac, Ramona lilac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chamerion angustifolium
Fireweed, Willow herb, Great willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamerion latifolium
Broad-leaf fireweed, Dwarf fireweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cleome isomeris
Bladderpod spiderflower, Bladderpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cleome lutea
Yellow spiderflower, Yellow spider-flower, Yellow beeplant, Yellow caper, Golden caper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain beeplant, Rocky mountain bee plant, Waa, Skunk weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Dalea aurea
Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver prairie clover, Silver dalea, Silver bush dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea candida
White prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea candida var. candida
White prairie clover, White prairie-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea compacta
Compact prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea compacta var. pubescens
Compact prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea emarginata
Wedgeleaf prairie clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea enneandra
Nine-anther prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Dalea feayi
Feay's prairie clover, Globe-headed Prairie Clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea formosa
Feather dalea, Featherplume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea hallii
Hall's prairie clover, Hall's Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea jamesii
James's prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea lachnostachys
Glandleaf prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lanata
Woolly prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea lasiathera
Purple dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea multiflora
Roundhead prairie clover, White prairie clover, Round headed dalea, Round headed clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea nana
Dwarf prairie clover, Dwarf Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea nana var. carnescens
Dwarf prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea obovata
Pussyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea phleoides var. microphylla
Slimspike prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea pinnata
Summer farewell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea pogonathera
Bearded prairie clover, Bearded dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea pulchra
Pretty dalea, Bush dalea, Santa Catalina prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Dalea purpurea
Purple prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple prairie clover, Violet prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea tenuis
Pinkglobe prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa
Silky prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dalea villosa var. villosa
Silky prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea wrightii
Wright's prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erigeron glaucus
Seaside fleabane, Seaside daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ilex glabra
Inkberry, Gallberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Larrea tridentata
Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lythrum alatum
Winged lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Malus angustifolia
Southern crabapple, Wild crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malus coronaria
Sweet crabapple, American crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malus fusca
Oregon crabapple, Pacific Crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Malus ioensis
Prairie crabapple, Iowa crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Malus ioensis var. texana
Texas crabapple, Blanco Crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. lasiodonta
Spotted beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda punctata ssp. punctata var. villicaulis
Spotted beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nyssa aquatica
Water tupelo, Blackgum, Sourgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nyssa ogeche
Ogeechee tupelo, Ogeechee lime

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron riddellii
Riddell's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron rigidum
Stiff goldenrod, Hard-leaf Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood, Sorrel tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Phacelia tanacetifolia
Lacy phacelia, Lacy scorpion-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana
Western honey mesquite, Torrey mesquite, Western mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prosopis pubescens
Screwbean mesquite, American screw-bean, Tornillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prosopis velutina
Velvet mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf mountain mint,

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pycnanthemum incanum
Hoary mountain mint, Silverleaf mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum muticum
Clustered mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf mountain mint, Slender mountain mint, Common horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum torrei
Torrey's mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata var. pilosissima
Pubescent skunkbush sumac, Downy aromatic sumac, Downy fragrant sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Robinia hispida
Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Robinia neomexicana
New Mexico locust, Mescal bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust, Honey locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Robinia viscosa
Clammy locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus deliciosus
Delicious raspberry, Rocky Mountain Raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rubus idaeus
American red raspberry, Wild Red Raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus
Grayleaf red raspberry, Red raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus occidentalis
Black raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus odoratus
Purpleflowering raspberry, Purple-flowering raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry, Western thimble-berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Green-head coneflower, Wild goldenglow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix bebbiana
Bebb willow, Gray willow, Long-beaked willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix discolor
Pussy willow, Glaucous willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix hookeriana
Dune willow, Hooker Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix prolixa
Mackenzie Willow, MacKenzie's willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix sericea
Silky willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Scrophularia californica
California figwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Silphium perfoliatum
Cup plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago arguta var. boottii
Boott's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago ×asperula

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago bicolor
White goldenrod, Silverrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago caesia
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago californica
California goldenrod, Northern California goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. canadensis
Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens
Shorthair goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. salebrosa
Salebrosa goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago cutleri
Cutler's alpine goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago erecta
Showy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago fistulosa
Pine barren goldenrod, Hollow Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Solidago flexicaulis
Zigzag goldenrod, Broadleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago gigantea
Giant goldenrod, Smooth goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Early goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago hispida
Hairy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago hispida var. hispida
Hairy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago hispida var. tonsa
Hairy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago juliae
Julia's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago juncea
Early goldenrod, Plume goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago latissimifolia
Elliott's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago macrophylla
Largeleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago missouriensis
Missouri goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Missouri Basin goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago mollis
Velvety goldenrod, Velvet goldenrod, Soft goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago multiradiata
Rocky Mountain goldenrod, Northern goldenrod, Alpine goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago multiradiata var. multiradiata
Rocky Mountain goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago nemoralis var. longipetiolata
Gray goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago nemoralis var. nemoralis
Gray goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago odora
Anisescented goldenrod, Anise-scented goldenrod, Sweet goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago odora var. odora
Anisescented goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago patula
Roundleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Solidago petiolaris
Downy goldenrod, Downy ragged goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago pinetorum
Small's goldenrod, Early goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago puberula
Downy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago puberula var. puberula
Downy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago radula
Western rough goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago rugosa ssp. rugosa var. villosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sciaphila
Shadowy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago sempervirens var. mexicana
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago sempervirens var. sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago simplex
Mt. Albert goldenrod, Narrow Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simplex ssp. randii
Rand's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simplex ssp. randii var. racemosa
Rand's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. nana
Dwarf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Solidago simplex ssp. simplex var. spathulata
Mt. Albert goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Solidago speciosa
Showy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago squarrosa
Stout goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago tortifolia
Twistleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa var. linoides
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa var. terrae-novae
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago uliginosa var. uliginosa
Bog goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Solidago ulmifolia
Elmleaf goldenrod, Elm-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago ulmifolia var. ulmifolia
Elmleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago velutina
Threenerve goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solidago wrightii
Wright's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster, New England American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tilia americana var. americana
American basswood, Linn, American linden, White basswood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina basswood, Small-leaved basswood, Downy linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Tilia americana var. heterophylla
American basswood, White basswood, Linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina encelioides ssp. encelioides
Golden crownbeard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina helianthoides
Gravelweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina lindheimeri
Lindheimer's crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina microptera
Texas crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina nana
Dwarf crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina occidentalis
Yellow crownbeard, Small yellow crownbeard, Crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina oreophila
Mountain crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist