Wildflower Center Herbarium

The Wildflower Center's herbarium is a collection of preserved plant specimens from seed collecting expeditions, research projects and representative from the Wildflower Center's grounds.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's sand verbena, Heart's delight, Amelia's sand-verbena, Sand verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia angustifolia
Purple sand verbena, Narrow-leaf sand-verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia villosa
Desert sand verbena, Desert sand-verbena, Desert sandverbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Thornless Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Huajillla, Matoral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia greggii var. wrightii
Catclaw acacia, Catclaw, Wright acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia roemeriana
Roundflower catclaw, Round-flower catclaw, Roemer acacia, Catclaw, Roemer's acacia, Catclaw acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia schaffneri
Schaffner's wattle, Twisted acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Acalypha monostachya
Round copperleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha phleoides
Shrubby copperleaf, Three-seeded mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acalypha radians
Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Canyon maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achillea millefolium var. occidentalis
Western yarrow, Woolly yarrow, White yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf spotflower, Opposite-leaf spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Adolphia infesta
Junco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis edwardsiana
Plateau false foxglove, Plateau agalinis, Plateau gerardia, Plateau false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie false foxglove, Prairie agalinis, Prairie false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agastache micrantha
White giant hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Agave univittata
Maguey mezortillo, Thorncrest century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium canadense
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium praecox
Early onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium stellatum
Autumn onion, Prairie onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amaranthus greggii
Gregg's amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia confertiflora
Weakleaf bur ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman ragweed, Western ragweed, Perennial ragweed, Common ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida var. texana
Texan great ragweed, Giant Ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Amorpha canescens
Leadplant, Leadplant amorpha, Prairie shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amphiachyris dracunculoides
Prairie broomweed, Broomweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia longiflora
Tubular Bluestar, Trumpet Slimpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Anemone berlandieri
Ten-petal thimbleweed, Ten-petaled anemone, Windflower, Southern anemone, Granny's nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha
Golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Southwestern yellow columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis petiolaris
Brazos rockcress, Rock-cress, Brazos rock-cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas madrone, Madrone, Naked indian, Manzanita, Lady's leg

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone aurantiaca
Texas pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red prickly poppy, Red pricklypoppy, Rose prickly poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia aphoroides
Hill Country silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Argythamnia humilis
Low silverbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argythamnia simulans
Plateau silverbush, Tall wild-mercury

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aristida lanosa
Woollysheath Threeawn, Woolly Three-awn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike threeawn, Kearney's three-awn, red three-awn, slender three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida oligantha
Prairie threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple threeawn, Red threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aristolochia erecta
Swanflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Artemisia frigida
Prairie sagewort, Prairie sagebrush, Fringed sage, Pasture sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias asperula
Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias linearis
Slim milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asclepias perennis
Aquatic milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias speciosa
Showy milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Astragalus crassicarpus
Groundplum milkvetch, Ground plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astranthium integrifolium ssp. ciliatum
Entireleaf western daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Atriplex matamorensis
Matamoros saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Baccharis bigelovii
Bigelow's false willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bahia pedata
Bluntscale bahia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baileya multiradiata
Desert marigold, Showy desert marigold, Paper daisy, Desert baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baptisia nuttalliana
Nuttall's wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berchemia scandens
Alabama supple-jack, Alabama supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera pumila
Soft greeneyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bidens alba
Common Beggarticks, Shepherd's Needles, Spanish Needles, Butterfly Needles, Hairy Beggarticks, Romerillo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens aristosa
Bearded beggarticks, Tickseed sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens bigelovii
Bigelow's beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bifora americana
Prairie bishop, Prairie bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Bothriochloa alta
Tall beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides
Silver Bluestem, Silver beardgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bothriochloa longipaniculata
Longspike beardgrass, Longspike Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta var. pectinata
Hairy grama, Tall grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua trifida
Red grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Brazoria truncata
Rattlesnake flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brickellia cylindracea
Brickell-Bush, Brickellbush, Gravelbar brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Brickellia dentata
Leafy brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bromus lanatipes
Woolly brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Buddleja marrubiifolia
Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe digitata
Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppy-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Drummond Sundrops, Square-Bud Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calyptocarpus vialis
Straggler daisy, Horseherb, Hierba del caballo, Lawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Camissonia cheiranthifolia ssp. cheiranthifolia
Beach evening-primrose, Beach suncup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum
Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex complanata
Hirsute sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex crus-corvi
Ravenfoot sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex louisianica
Louisiana sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex triangularis
Eastern fox sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castela erecta
Goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja lanata
Sierra woolly Indian paintbrush, Woolly paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush, Purple paintbrush, Lemon paintbrush, Purple painted cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's paintbrush, Lindheimer's prairie paintbrush, Lindheimer's Indian paintbrush, Prairie Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja rigida
Rigid Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy painted cup, Downy paintbrush, Great Plains paintbrush, Great Plains indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Redroot, Prairie redroot, Jersey tea, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cenchrus spinifex
Coastal sandbur, Field Sandspur, Southern sandbur, Spiny burrgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium texense
Lady Bird's centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Centrosema virginianum
Spurred butterfly pea, Butterfly pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cevallia sinuata
Stinging serpent, Stinging cevallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit chervil, Southern chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chaetopappa asteroides
Arkansas leastdaisy, Least daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
False Nightshade, Gray five eyes, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau five eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesyce angusta
Blackfoot sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce nutans
Eyebane, Nodding spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate sandmat, Ground spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chaptalia texana
Silverpuff, Nodding lettuce, Silver puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris cucullata
Hooded windmill grass, Hooded windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris verticillata
Tumble windmill grass, Windmillgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chrysogonum virginianum
Green and gold, Green-and-gold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland goldenaster, Maryland golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Cicuta maculata
Spotted water hemlock, Water-Hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cirsium horridulum
Yellow thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium turneri
Cliff thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cissus trifoliata
Grape ivy, Possum grape, Cow-itch vine, Sorrelvine, Arizona grape ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clarkia amoena
Farewell to spring, Farewell-to-spring, Herald-of-summer

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Clarkia concinna
Red ribbons, Redribbons

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clarkia unguiculata
Elegant clarkia, Elegant fairyfan, Mountain garland

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clematis drummondii
Old-man's-beard, Drummond's Clematis, Texas Virgin's Bower, Goat's-Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleome lutea
Yellow spiderflower, Yellow spider-flower, Yellow beeplant, Yellow caper, Golden caper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain beeplant, Rocky mountain bee plant, Waa, Skunk weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder jointtail grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia heterophylla
Purple Chinese houses, Harlequin blue-eyed Mary, Chinese houses

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Colubrina texensis
Hog-plum, Texan hogplum, Texas colubrina, Texas snakewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina dianthifolia
Bird-bill dayflower, Birdbill dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brazilwood, Brazilian bluewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's mistflower, Palmleaf thoroughwort, Palm-leaf mistflower, Palm-leaf thoroughwort, Purple palmleaf mistflower, Purple palmleaf eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Convolvulus equitans
Bindweed, Texas bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis
Canadian horseweed, Horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Coreopsis auriculata
Lobed tickseed, Early coreopsis, Eared coreopsis, Dwarf tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis verticillata
Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis wrightii
Rock tickseed, Golden-wave

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cotinus obovatus
American smoke tree, Smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Chittamwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus opaca
Mayhaw, Riverflat hawthorn, Western mayhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip hawthorn, Pasture haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus texana
Texas hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus tracyi
Mountain Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Tracy's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croton alabamensis
Alabama croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Croton alabamensis var. texensis
Texabama croton, Texas Alabama croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri
Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's hogwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton fruticulosus
Bush croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie tea, One-seed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Croton punctatus
Gulf croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cryptantha oblata
Rough cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus reflexus
Bentawn flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dalea candida
White prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea compacta var. pubescens
Compact prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dalea formosa
Feather dalea, Featherplume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea
Purple prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea
Purple prairie clover, Violet prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea tenuis
Pinkglobe prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dasiphora fruticosa ssp. floribunda
Shrubby cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura inoxia
Pricklybur, Indian-apple

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Datura quercifolia
Chinese thorn-apple, Oak-leaf thorn apple, Oak leaved angel's trumpet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Datura wrightii
Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum
Carolina larkspur, Blue larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Espuela del caballero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus velutinus
Velvet bundleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's breeches

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicentra eximia
Turkey corn, Fringed bleedinghearts, Wild bleedingheart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri
Lindheimer Panicgrass, Lindheimer's Rosettegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium pedicellatum
Cedar rosette grass, Corm-based panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum
Bluedicks, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dicranocarpus parviflorus
Pitchfork

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Digitaria cognata
Carolina crabgrass, Fall witchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dimorphocarpa wislizeni
Touristplant, Spectacle pod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Draba platycarpa
Broadpod draba, Broad-pod Draba, Broadpod whitlowgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Drosera capillaris
Pink sundew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea angustifolia
Black Samson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea angustifolia var. angustifolia
Blacksamson echinacea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea atrorubens
Topeka purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea purpurea
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinocereus dasyacanthus
Spiny hedgehog cactus, Texas rainbow cactus, Golden rainbow hedgehog, Yellow Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus pentalophus
Ladyfinger cactus, Alicoche, Dog tail, Devil's fingers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Echinocereus russanthus
Brownspine hedgehog cactus, Rusty hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis cellulosa
Gulf Coast spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand spikerush, Spike rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis tuberculosa
Cone-cup spikerush, Tubercled spikerush, Long-tubercled spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elionurus barbiculmis
Woolyspike balsamscale, Woolspike balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus
Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Encelia californica
California brittlebush, Coast sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Encelia farinosa
Brittlebush, Goldhills, Incienso

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Equisetum hyemale
Canuela, Horsetail, Scouring rush, Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eragrostis curtipedicellata
Gummy lovegrass, Gummy Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erigeron modestus
Plains fleabane, Prairie fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriocaulon decangulare
Tenangle pipewort, Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriochloa sericea
Texas cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriophyllum confertiflorum
Golden yarrow, Yellow yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Fillaree, Pine needle, Stork's Bill, Texas stork's bill, Texas stork's bill

Duration:
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium heterophyllum
Mexican thistle, Wright's eryngo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium integrifolium
Blueflower eryngo, Blue-flower coyote-thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eryngium prostratum
Eryngium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia caespitosa
Tufted poppy, Tufted-poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eschscholzia californica
California poppy, California gold poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dog Fennel, Dogfennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium mohrii
Mohr's thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia dentata
Toothed spurge, Toothedleaf poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia roemeriana
Roemer's spurge, Roemer's Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia hemispherica
Southern prairie aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell, Catchfly gentian, Seaside gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia leptocephala
Bushy goldentop, Slender-headed euthamia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evax prolifera
Bighead pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Evax verna
Spring pygmycudweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Evolvulus sericeus
Silver dwarf morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican ash, Fresno, Berlandier ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaillardia aristata
Common gaillardia, Great blanketflower, Blanketflower, Brown-eyed susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaillardia multiceps
Onion blanketflower, Gyp indian blanket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Blanket flower, Red dome blanketflower, Red-dome blanket-flower, Yellow gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galium texense
Texas bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium uniflorum
Oneflower bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium virgatum
Southwest Bedstraw, Southwestern bedstraw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galphimia angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf goldshower, Thryallis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Garrya ovata
Eggleaf silktassel, Mexican silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaura coccinea
Scarlet beeblossom, Scarlet gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaura lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gaura longiflora
Longflower beeblossom

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaura suffulta
Bee blossom, Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium maculatum
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium texanum
Texas geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gilia capitata
Blue gilia, Blue-head gily-flower, Bluehead gilia, Globe gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gilia tricolor
Bird's-eye gilia, Bird's-eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Giliastrum incisum
Split-leaf gilia, Cut-leaf Gilia

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia canadensis
Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gomphrena nitida
Pearly globe amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Grindelia adenodonta
Lonestar gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habenaria repens
Waterspider bog orchid, Water-spider Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper lily, Rio Grande copper-lily, Rio Grande copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Haploesthes greggii
False broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Haploesthes greggii var. texana
Texas false broomweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Hechtia glomerata
Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hechtia texensis
Texas false agave, Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hedeoma acinoides
Slender false pennyroyal, Annual pennyroyal, Slender hedeoma

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma hispida
Rough false pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. amarum
Yellowdicks, Yellow Bitterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium drummondii
Fringed sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium elegans
Pretty sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthemum georgianum
Georgia frostweed, Rockrose, Georgia sunrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus argophyllus
Silverleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus praecox
Texas sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf woodland sunflower, Paleleaf sunflower, Woodland sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heliotropium molle
Soft heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium procumbens
Fourspike heliotrope

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium torreyi
Slimleaf heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Herbertia lahue
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca canescens
Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca subaxillaris
Camphorweed, Camphor Weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexalectris grandiflora
Largeflower crested coralroot, Greenman's hexalectris , Giant coral-root, Greenman's cock's-comb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus coulteri
Desert rosemallow, Desert rose-mallow, Coulter hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Rose-mallow, Rosemallow, Woolly mallow, Wooly Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf rosemallow, Tulipan del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hibiscus striatus ssp. lambertianus
Striped rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hilaria belangeri
Curly mesquite grass, Curly mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hoffmannseggia oxycarpa
Sharppod rushpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Hybanthus verticillatus
Babyslippers, Green Violet, Nodding green violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrocotyle bonariensis
Largeleaf pennywort, Salt pennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrolea ovata
Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenopappus flavescens
Yellow plainsman, Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus scabiosaeus
Carolina woollywhite, Old Plainsman, Woolly-White

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides
St. Andrew's Cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ibervillea tenuisecta
Slimlobe globeberry, Cutleaf Globe Berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ilex coriacea
Large gallberry, Bay-gall bush, Ink-berry holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Iliamna rivularis
Streambank wild hollyhock, Wild hollyhock, Mountain globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Indigofera miniata
Scarlet Pea, Coastal indigo, Texas Indigo, Western indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea cordatotriloba
Tievine, Purple bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea cristulata
Transpecos morning-glory, Scarlet Creeper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iris missouriensis
Rocky Mountain iris, Western blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Isocoma pluriflora
Jimmyweed, Southern goldenbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva angustifolia
Narrowleaf marshelder, Narrow-leaf Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Jefea brevifolia
Shortleaf jefea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Juglans microcarpa
Little walnut, Nogalito, Texas walnut, Texas black walnut, River walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juncus interior
Inland rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus texanus
Texas rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus validus
Roundhead rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's juniper, Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Krameria erecta
Littleleaf ratany, Range Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Kyllinga brevifolia
Shortleaf spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga odorata
Fragrant spikesedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lasthenia californica
California goldfields

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lasthenia glabrata
Yellowray goldfields, Yellow-ray goldfields, California sunshine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Layia platyglossa
Coastal tidytips

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lechea san-sabeana
San Saba pinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium austrinum
Southern pepperwort, Southern peppergrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia peppergrass, Virginia pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor man's pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptosiphon grandiflorus
Large-flower desert-trumpets, Largeflower linanthus, Mountain phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lespedeza hirta
Hairy lespedeza

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella argyraea
Silver bladderpod

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's bladderpod, Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella grandiflora
Bigflower bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lesquerella recurvata
Gaslight bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball leadtree, Littleleaf leadtree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris acidota
Sharp blazing star, Sharp gayfeather, Sharp liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris elegans
Pink-scale blazing star, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pink-scale liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris ligulistylis
Rocky Mountain blazing star, Rocky Mountain gayfeather, Rocky Mountain liatris, Meadow blazing star, Meadow gayfeather, Meadow liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Cusp blazing star, Cusp liatris, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Narrow-leaf blazing star, Narrow-leaf liatris, Texas gayfeather, Texas blazing star, Texas liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather, Dotted liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie blazing star, Prairie gayfeather, Prairie liatris, Kansas blazing star, Kansas gayfeather, Kansas liatris, Cat-tail blazing star, Cat-tail gayfeather, Cat-tail liatris, Hairy button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Limnodea arkansana
Ozark grass, Ozarkgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Limonium carolinianum
Carolina sealavender, Sea lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lindheimera texana
Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum alatum
Winged flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii
Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rupestre
Rock flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia appendiculata
Pale lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia fenestralis
Fringeleaf lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera albiflora
Western white honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lupinus bicolor
Miniature lupine, Miniature annual lupine, Pygmy-leaved lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus densiflorus
Whitewhorl lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus luteolus
Butter Lupine, Pale yellow lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lupinus nanus
Ocean-blue lupine, Sky lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus sericeus
Silky lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus succulentus
Hollowleaf annual lupine, Hollow-leaf annual lupine, Arroyo lupine, Succulent lupine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn, Creeping wolfberry, Christmas berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium torreyi
Torrey Wolfberry, Desert-thorn, Box-thorn, Squawberry, Rabbit-thorn, Tomatillo, Garambullo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycurus setosus
Bristly wolfstail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lygodesmia texana
Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum alatum
Winged lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Machaeranthera canescens ssp. glabra
Hoary tansyaster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum
Feathery false lily of the valley, False spikenard, False Solomon's seal, Solomon's plume, Smilacina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malachra capitata
Malva de caballo,

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malvastrum aurantiacum
Wright's false mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax mallow, Bleeding hearts, Mexican apple, Manzanilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mammillaria heyderi
Little nipple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa var. caespitosa
Barbara's Buttons, Puffballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Matelea biflora
Purple Milkweed Vine, Star milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Matelea cynanchoides
Prairie milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Matelea edwardsensis
Plateau milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matelea reticulata
Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melochia pyramidata
Broom-Wood, Pyramid flower, Pyramidflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia albescens
Wavyleaf blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis blazingstar, Blazing star, Prairie stickleaf

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mentzelia oligosperma
Chickenthief, Stick-leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine mimosa, Sensitive plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Minuartia drummondii
Drummond's stitchwort, Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf four o'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mitreola petiolata
Lax hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda clinopodioides
Basil beebalm

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda fruticulosa
Spotted beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beebalm, Lindheimer beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia reverchonii
Seep muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia rigida
Purple muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia utilis
Aparejograss, Aperajo Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia ×involuta
Canyon muhly, Edwards Plateau muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Nama havardii
Havard's fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nassella leucotricha
Texas wintergrass, Texas Speargrass, Wintergrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Nassella tenuissima
Mexican Feathergrass, Mexican Wiregrass, Finestem needlegrass, Ponytail grass, Texas tussock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemastylis geminiflora
Prairie celestials, Celestials, Prairie pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemastylis tenuis
Southwestern pleatleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nemophila maculata
Fivespot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemophila menziesii
Baby blue eyes, Menzies baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Neptunia lutea
Yellow puff, Yellow sensitive briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Nerisyrenia linearifolia
White Sands fanmustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf tobacco, Fiddle-Leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus canadensis
Canada toadflax, Blue Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera elata ssp. hookeri
Hooker's evening-primrose, Giant evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Missouri evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Onosmodium helleri
Heller's marbleseed, Marble-seed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia strigil
Marblefruit pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Orbexilum pedunculatum
Sampson's snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Oxalis dillenii
Slender yellow wood sorrel, Yellow wood sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's wood-sorrel, Large-leaf wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera millelobata
Uinta ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand palafox, Hooker palafoxia, Sand palafoxia, Hooker's palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Panicum hallii
Hall's panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pappophorum vaginatum
Whiplash pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania pellitory, Pennsylvania cucumber plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana
Texas paloverde, Border palo verde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Paronychia lindheimeri
Forked nailwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parthenocissus heptaphylla
Sevenleaf creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Paspalum floridanum
Florida paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora affinis
Bracted passionflower, Passion flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Peganum mexicanum
Garbancillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon albidus
White penstemon, White beardtongue, Red-line penstemon, Red-line beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon dasyphyllus
Cochise penstemon, Cochise beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon havardii
Havard penstemon, Havard beardtongue, Big Bend penstemon, Big Bend beardtongue, Havard's penstemon, Havard's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon strictus
Rocky Mountain penstemon, Rocky Mountain beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Perityle vaseyi
Vasey's rockdaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phacelia bipinnatifida
Fernleaf phacelia, Fernleaf scorpion weed, Spotted phacelia, Loose-flowered phacelia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phacelia campanularia
Desertbells, Blue bells, Desert Canterbury bells

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia integrifolia
Gyp blue-curls, Gypsum phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phacelia rupestris
Rock phacelia

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia tanacetifolia
Lacy phacelia, Lacy scorpion-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phaseolus acutifolius
Tepary bean

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Phaseolus maculatus
Spotted bean, Metcalf bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Phlox carolina
Carolina phlox, Summer phlox, Thickleaf phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox drummondii
Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii ssp. drummondii
Annual phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phryma leptostachya
American lopseed, Lopseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllanthus polygonoides
Smartweed leaf-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed, Great pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red ink plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinaropappus roseus
White rock lettuce, White dandelion, Pink dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinus cembroides
Mexican pinyon, Mexican pinyon pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Piptochaetium avenaceum
Blackseed speargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pityopsis graminifolia
Narrowleaf silkgrass, Golden aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plantago aristata
Largebracted plantain, Buckthorn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago helleri
Heller's plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago hookeriana
California plantain, Tallow weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera ciliaris
Yellow fringed orchid, Orange-fringed orchid, Orange plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea foetida
Stinking camphorweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Marsh Fleabane, Sweetscent

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pogonia ophioglossoides
Rose pogonia orchid, Snake-mouth orchid, Beard flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Polanisia dodecandra
Clammyweed, Redwhisker clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polanisia uniglandulosa
Mexican clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Poliomintha glabrescens
Leafy rosemary-mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala lindheimeri
Shrubby milkwort, Purple milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala macradenia
Glandleaf milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper leaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's prairie parsley, Prairie parsley, Wild dill, Prairie parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas prairie parsley, Texas-Parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Porophyllum scoparium
Trans-Pecos poreleaf, Poreleaf, Shrubby Poreleaf, Hierba del Venado, Jarilla, Pomerillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss me quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Proboscidea parviflora
Doubleclaw

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus caroliniana
Cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel, Laurel cherry, Carolina laurel cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus minutiflora
Texas almond, Texas wild almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium ssp. obtusifolium
Blunt-leaf rabbit-tobacco, Rabbit-tobacco, Sweet everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pseudognaphalium stramineum
Cottonbatting plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ptilimnium nuttallii
Laceflower, Mock bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf mountain mint,

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pyrrhopappus pauciflorus
Smallflower desert-chicory, Texas dandelion, False dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus buckleyi
Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus fusiformis
Escarpment live oak, Plateau live oak, Texas live oak, Scrub live oak, Hill country live oak, Plateau oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus grisea
Gray oak, Mexican blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus lyrata
Overcup oak, Swamp post oak, Water white oak, Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quincula lobata
Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Bristly buttercup, Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Ratibida peduncularis
Naked Mexican hat, Naked prairie coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhododon ciliatus
Texas sandmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus trilobata
Skunkbush sumac, Scented sumac, Ill-scented sumac, Squawbush, Basketbush, Skunkbush, Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchosia minima
Least snoutbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora caduca
Anglestem beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora glomerata
Clustered beaksedge, Cluster Beak-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora inexpansa
Nodding beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora recognita
Globe beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa acicularis
Prickly rose, Wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa blanda
Smooth rose, Early wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rosa setigera
Climbing prairie rose, Climbing rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia grandiflora
Rough coneflower, Tall coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant coneflower, Great coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia drummondiana
Drummond's ruellia, Drummond's wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's wild petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia occidentalis
Western wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia parryi
Parry's wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sabatia gentianoides
Pinewoods rose gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sacciolepis striata
American cupscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria papillosa
Nipplebract arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salvia arizonica
Arizona sage, Desert indigo sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia penstemonoides
Big red sage, Penstemon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia whitehousei
Clustered sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi
Seaside brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia alata
Yellow trumpets, Yellow pitcher plant, Yellow trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet pitcher plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Schkuhria pinnata var. guatemalensis
Wislizenus' false threadleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenocaulon texanum
Green Lily, Texas feathershank, Texas Sabadilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenocrambe linearifolia
Slimleaf plainsmustard, Mountain mustard, Hesper mustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Schoenoplectus robustus
Sturdy bulrush, Leafy Three-square

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenus nigricans
Black Bog-rush, Black bogrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Scoparia dulcis
Licorice weed, Bitterbroom, riceweed, sweetbroom, vassourinha, licoriceweed, sibi wiwiri, ye gan cao

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sedum cockerellii
Cockerell's stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sedum nuttallianum
Yellow stonecrop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Selenia grandis
Large selenia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senecio warnockii
Warnock's ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna bauhinioides
Twinleaf, Twinleaf senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesbania herbacea
Bigpod sesbania

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sesuvium maritimum
Slender seapurslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Setaria reverchonii
Reverchon's bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Setaria scheelei
Southwestern bristlegrass, Scheele's bristlegrass, Foxtail grass, Scheele's foxtail grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sicyos microphyllus
Small-leaf bur cucumber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Sida rhombifolia
Cuban jute

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sida spinosa
Prickly fanpetals

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sideroxylon lanuginosum
Gum bumelia, Gum bully, Woollybucket bumelia, Chittamwood, Gum elastic, Coma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon lanuginosum ssp. rigidum
Brazos bumelia, Gum bully

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium laciniatum
Compassplant, Compass plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium radula
Roughstem rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium bellum
Western blue-eyed grass, California blue-eyed-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sisyrinchium biforme
Wiry blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium chilense
Sword-leaf Blue-eyed Grass, Swordleaf blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium rosulatum
Annual blue-eyed grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Smilax bona-nox
Saw greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Smilax smallii
Lanceleaf greenbrier, Southern smilax, Jacksonvine, Jacksonbrier

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solanum dimidiatum
Western horsenettle, Western Horse-Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalobur nightshade, Buffalo bur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago canadensis var. gilvocanescens
Shorthair goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago mollis
Velvety goldenrod, Velvet goldenrod, Soft goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum elliottii
Slender Indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spartina patens
Marsh-hay cord grass, Salt-meadow cord grass, Saltmeadow cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sphaeralcea coccinea
Scarlet globemallow, Caliche globemallow

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sphaeralcea leptophylla
Scaly globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
Woolly globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea munroana
Munro's globemallow, White-stem globe-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding ladies' tresses orchid, Nodding ladies' tresses, Ladies' tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spiranthes vernalis
Spring lady's tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus compositus
Composite dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus silveanus
Silveus' Dropseed

Duration:
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sporobolus vaginiflorus
Poverty dropseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stachys coccinea
Scarlet betony, Scarlet hedge-nettle, Texas betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Stachys palustris
Marsh hedgenettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Stanleya pinnata
Desert princes' plume, Golden princes' plume, Golden desert plume, Sentinel of the plains

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Steinchisma hians
Gaping grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Stemodia lanata
Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly twintip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf bluets, Baby's breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Streptanthus carinatus
Lyreleaf jewelflower, Lyre-leaf twist-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Streptanthus hyacinthoides
Smooth jewelflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Stylisma pickeringii
Pickering's dawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Stylophorum diphyllum
Celandine poppy, Yellow wood poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Styrax americanus
American snowbell, American snowbells, American silverbells, Big-leaf snowbell, Storax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Symphyotrichum ascendens
Pacific aster, Purple aster, Western American-aster, Western aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Southern annual saltmarsh aster, Lawn American-aster, White wood aster, Saltmarsh aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii
Drummond's aster, Arrow aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. texanum
Drummond's aster, Texas aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum dumosum
Rice button aster, White Bushy Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tagetes micrantha
Licorice marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tauschia texana
Texas umbrellawort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tephrosia vicioides
Red hoarypea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetradymia canescens
Spineless horsebrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Tetragonotheca ludoviciana
Louisiana nerveray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf fournerved daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium cubense
Coast germander, Small coastal germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thalia dealbata
Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thalictrum texanum
Houston meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thamnosma texana
Dutchman's breeches, Ruda del monte, Rue of the mountains, Texas desert-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelocactus bicolor
Glory of Texas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Thelypodium wrightii
Wright's thelypody, Wright thelypody

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta
Fiveneedle pricklyleaf, Five-needle Fetid Marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba
Bristleleaf pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tenuiloba var. tenuiloba
Bristleleaf pricklyleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla tephroleuca
Ashy pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tiarella cordifolia var. collina
Heartleaf foamflower, Wherry's foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tidestromia lanuginosa
Woolly tidestromia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tillandsia recurvata
Small ball moss, Ball moss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tinantia anomala
False dayflower, Widows tears

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia hirsuticaulis
Hairystem spiderwort, Hairy-stem spiderwort, Hairy-stemmed spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia hirsutiflora
Hairyflower spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia pedicellata
Edwards Plateau spiderwort, Granite spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tradescantia subacaulis
Stemless spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tragia brevispica
Shortspike noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Tragia ramosa
Branched noseburn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Triadenum walteri
Greater marsh St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens muticus
Slim tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Tridens strictus
Longspike tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Triodanis biflora
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trixis inula
Tropical threefold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Ulmus alata
Winged elm, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Urochloa fusca
Browntop signalgrass

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urochloa texana
Texas signalgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Urtica chamaedryoides
Heartleaf nettle, Stinging nettle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Utricularia cornuta
Horned bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Vaccinium arboreum
Farkleberry, Tree sparkleberry, Sparkleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Valerianella amarella
Hairy cornsalad

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Varilla texana
Texas varilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena canescens
Gray vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbena neomexicana
Hillside vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena runyonii
Rio Grande vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena scabra
Sandpaper vervain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Verbena stricta
Hoary verbena, Hoary vervain, Tall vervain, Woolly verbena, Wooly verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina oreophila
Mountain crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia fasciculata
Prairie ironweed, Common ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vicia ludoviciana
Louisiana vetch, Deer Pea Vetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vigna luteola
Hairypod cowpea, Yellow Vigna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Viguiera dentata
Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola missouriensis
Missouri violet

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vitis monticola
Sweet mountain grape, Champin Grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Warnockia scutellarioides
Prairie brazoria, Prairie brazosmint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia texana
Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Xanthisma texanum
Texas sleepy daisy, Sleepy daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides
Gummy broomweed, Gummy snakeweed, San Pedro matchweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xyris ambigua
Coastal plain yelloweyed grass, Coastalplain yelloweyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca campestris
Plains yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca faxoniana
Eve's needle, Faxon yucca, Palma samandoca, Palma barreta, Spanish bayonet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' club, Texas prickly ash, Prickly ash, Toothache tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry