High Plains

The High Plains area is part of the Southern Great Plains. It is separated from the Rolling Plains by the Llano Estacado Escarpment and dissected by the Canadian River Breaks in the northern part. Notable canyons include Tule and Palo Duro along the Caprock. This relatively level plateau contains many shallow siltation depressions, or playa lakes, which sometimes cover as much as 40 acres and contain several feet of water after heavy rains. These depressions support unique patterns of vegetation within their confines.

The upland soils are dark brown to reddish brown, mostly deep, neutral to calcareous clay and clay loams in the north to sandy loams and sands in the south. Caliche is present under many soils at various depths, especially on the Potter series. The original vegetation of the High Plains was variously classified as mixed prairie, shortgrass prairie, and in some locations on deep, sandy soils as tallgrass prairie. Blue grama, buffalograss, and galleta (Hilaria jamesii) are the principal vegetation on the clay and clay loam sites.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's sand verbena, Heart's delight, Amelia's sand-verbena, Sand verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia angustifolia
Purple sand verbena, Narrow-leaf sand-verbena

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia angustissima
Prairie acacia, Fern acacia, Prairie wattle, Whiteball acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium coryi
Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual pricklepoppy, Bluestem pricklepoppy, Bluestem prickly poppy, Crested pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle poppy, White prickly poppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Fourwing saltbush, Wingscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calamovilfa gigantea
Giant sandreed, Prairie sandreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercocarpus montanus
Alderleaf mountain mahogany, Alder-leaf mountain-mahogany, Mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany, True mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corydalis aurea
Scrambled eggs, Golden corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Fluff grass, Low woollygrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria californica
Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eriogonum annuum
Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum wrightii
Perennial buckwheat, Wright buckwheat, Wild buckwheat, Bastard sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. heterophyllum
Hartweg's twinevine, Vine milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Blanket flower, Red dome blanketflower, Red-dome blanket-flower, Yellow gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Perfumeballs, Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glossopetalon planitierum
Plains greasebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hymenopappus flavescens
Yellow plainsman, Collegeflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ipomoea leptophylla
Bush morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juniperus pinchotii
Pinchot's juniper, Pinchot juniper, Redberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus scopulorum
Rocky Mountain juniper, Rocky Mountain red cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lepidium montanum
Mountain peppergrass, Western peppergrass, Mountain pepperweed, Mountain pepperwort, Montana pepperweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leptochloa dubia
Green sprangletop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's bladderpod, Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris punctata
Dotted blazing star, Dotted gayfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus microphylla
Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Texas mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia arenacea
Ear muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia torreyi
Ring muhly, Torrey muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon ambiguus
Gilia beardtongue, Pink plains penstemon, Pink plains beardtongue, Sand penstemon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's penstemon, Fendler penstemon, Purple foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon jamesii
James's beardtongue, James's penstemon, James beardtongue, James penstemon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Phacelia integrifolia
Gyp blue-curls, Gypsum phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus edulis
Colorado pinyon pine, Pinyon pine, Two-needle pine, Colorado pinyon, Pinyon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. monilifera
Plains cottonwood, Great Plains cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus mohriana
Mohr oak, Shin oak, Scrub oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quincula lobata
Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Setaria parviflora
Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Copper globemallow, Copper-mallow, Globe mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium laciniatum
Cut-Leaf germander, Dwarf germander, Lacy germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple meadow-rue, Meadow rue, Tall meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Bluejacket, Ohio spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens muticus var. elongatus
Slim tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Verbena halei
Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vitis arizonica
Canyon grape, Arizona grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Xanthisma texanum ssp. drummondii
Drummond's sleepydaisy, Sleepy-Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca campestris
Plains yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca glauca var. glauca
Narrow-leaf yucca, Soapweed yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry