South Texas Plains

The South Texas Plains lie south of a line from San Antonio to Del Rio. This area is the western extension of the Gulf Coastal Plains merging with the Mexico Plains on the west. The area is a nearly level to rolling, slightly to moderately dissected plain. Upland soils are of three groups: dark, clayey soils over firm clayey subsoils; grayish to reddish brown, loamy to sandy soils; and brown loamy soils. Gray, clayey, saline, and sodic soils are extensive on the coastal fringe, along with Galveston deep sands. Bottomlands are typically brown to gray, calcareous silt loams to clayey alluvial soils.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Abutilon hypoleucum
Rio Grande abutilon, White-leaf indian-mallow, Whiteleaf Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Berlandier's acacia, Round-flowered catclaw, Roundflower catclaw, Mimosa catclaw, Thornless catclaw, Huajillla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas huisache, Sweet acacia, Perfume acacia, Mealy acacia, Mealy wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia roemeriana
Roemer acacia, Roemer's acacia, Roundflower catclaw, Round-flowered catclaw, Catclaw acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia schaffneri var. bravoensis
Huisachillo, Dwarf huisache, Schaffner's acacia, Schaffner's wattle, Twisted acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acer negundo
Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agave americana
American century plant, Century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave parryi ssp. parryi
Century plant, Mescal, Parry's agave, Rough agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium coryi
Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia wrightii
Wright's beebrush, Wright's lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia illustris
Ozark bluestar, Showy blue-star, Missouri blue star, Swamp bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amyris texana
Chapotillo, Texas torchwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge, Broomsedge bluestem, Yellowsedge bluestem, Whiskey grass, Popotillo pajon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone mexicana
Mexican prickly poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Yellow prickly poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone sanguinea
Red prickly poppy, Red pricklypoppy, Rose prickly poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia pentandra
Marsh's dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Avicennia germinans
Black mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy seaside tansy, Ox-eye daisy, Sea daisy, Sea ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bothriochloa saccharoides
Silver bluestem, Longspike silver bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouteloua repens
Slender grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Buddleja sessiliflora
Rio Grande butterflybush, Tepozan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande stickpea, Fairy duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Allthorn goatbush, Amargoso, Goat-bush, Texan goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja purpurea
Prairie paintbrush, Downy Indian paintbrush, Purple paintbrush, Lemon paintbrush, Purple painted cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny hackberry, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Western hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chiococca alba
Snowberry, West Indian Milkberry, David's Milkberry, Cahinca, West Indian Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chromolaena odorata
Blue mistflower, Fragrant mistflower, Blue boneset, Fragrant boneset, Jack in the bush, Crucita, Siam weed, Common flossflower, Christmas bush, Devilweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cocculus diversifolius
Correhuela, Snailseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Condalia hookeri
Bluewood condalia, Brasil, Brasilwood, Bluewood, Logwood, Purple haw, Capul negro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cordia boissieri
Mexican olive, Texas wild olive, Anacahuita, Anacahuite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crinum americanum
American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croton alabamensis var. texensis
Texabama croton, Texas Alabama croton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. vimineum
Carolina larkspur, Prairie larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Digitaria californica
Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Echeandia chandleri
Chandler's craglily, Lila de los llanos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elionurus tripsacoides
Pan American balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis palmeri
Rio Grande lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eriochloa sericea
Texas cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum annuum
Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum multiflorum
Wild buckwheat, Heartsepal buckwheat, Heart-sepal wild buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo, False purple thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Esenbeckia berlandieri
Berlandier's jopoy, Berlandier jopoy, Jopoy, Berlandier's esenbeckia, Berlandier esenbeckia, Runyon esenbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fraxinus americana
White ash, American ash, Cane ash, Smallseed white ash, Biltmore white ash, Biltmore ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican ash, Berlandier ash, Berlandier's ash, Plumero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket, Girasol rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaura lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Glandularia canadensis
Rose vervain, Sweet william, Rose mock vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common honey locust, Thorny common honey locust, Honey shucks locust, Sweet locust, Thorny locust, Honey shucks, Sweet bean tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Havardia pallens
Tenaza, Huajillo, Ape's ear-ring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hechtia glomerata
Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Herbertia lahue
Prairie nymph, Herbertia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf rosemallow, Tulipan del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hydrolea ovata
Blue waterleaf, Ovate false fiddleleaf, Hairy hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut, American black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Justicia pilosella
Gregg's tubetongue, Hairy Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucaena pulverulenta
Great leadtree, Mexican leadtree, Great leucaena, Tepeguaje

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum berlandieri var. berlandieri
Berlandier's yellow flax, Yellow Flax, Stiff-stem flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lippia alba
Bushy lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lippia graveolens
Mexican oregano, Redbrush lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum incisum
Golden Puccoon, Fringed Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lupinus subcarnosus
Sandyland bluebonnet, Texas bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn, Creeping wolfberry, Christmas berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malpighia glabra
Acerola, Barbados Cherry, Manzanita, Wild crapemyrtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Manfreda variegata
Mottled tuberose, Huaco, Manfreda, Texas tuberose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy water clover, Water clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mimosa texana
Texas mimosa, Wherry mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Morus microphylla
Texas mulberry, Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Mexican mulberry, Dwarf mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nekemias arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nemophila phacelioides
Texas baby blue eyes, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest evening-primrose, White-stem evening-primrose, Pale evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Twist-spine prickly pear, Common prickly pear, Plains prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia callosa
Small palafox, Small palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand palafox, Hooker palafoxia, Sand palafoxia, Hooker's palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink pappasgrass, Pink pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican paloverde, Jerusalem thorn, Horsebean, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parkinsonia texana var. macra
Texas paloverde, Border paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum monostachyum
Gulfdune paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue, Wild foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phaulothamnus spinescens
Devilqueen, Snake-eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox glabriflora
Rio Grande phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Physostegia intermedia
Spring obedient plant, Marsh obedient plant, Slender false dragonhead, Intermediate false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Eastern sycamore, American plane tree, Plane tree, Buttonwood, Buttonball tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Poa arachnifera
Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus gracilis
Oklahoma plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus rivularis
Creek plum, Hog plum, River plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum var. pseudocaudatum
Bracken fern, Bracken, Western bracken fern, Western bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus hemisphaerica
Coast laurel oak, Darlington oak, Laurel oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak, Iron oak, Cross oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus macranthus
Large buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia, Hierba de la calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal mexicana
Texas palm, Texas palmetto, Mexican palm, Mexican palmetto, Rio Grande palmetto, Victoria palmetto, Palma de micharos, Apachite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage, Red Sage, Indian Fire

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lycioides
Canyon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras, White Sassafras, Ague Tree, Cinnamon Wood, Mitten Tree, Saloop, Smelling Stick

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard tail, Breastweed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schaefferia cuneifolia
Desert yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem, Popotillo azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Serjania brachycarpa
Littlefruit slipplejack, Serjania

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Setaria parviflora
Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Setaria texana
Texas bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Setaria vulpiseta
Plains bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sideroxylon celastrinum
Saffron plum, Coma saffron plum, La coma, Coma, Milk buckthorn, Tropical buckthorn, Downward plum, Antswood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Oldfield goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod, Dyersweed goldenrod, Dwarf goldenrod, Field goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Spartina spartinae
Gulf cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sporobolus compositus var. compositus
Composite dropseed, Tall dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus wrightii
Big sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Taxodium mucronatum
Montezuma bald cypress, Montezuma cypress, Mexican cypress, Ahuehuete, Sabino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Tephrosia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's hoarypea, Hoary Pea, Lindheimer tephrosia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalia dealbata
Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trichloris pluriflora
Multi-flowered false-rhodesgrass, Multiflower false Rhodes grass, Showy chloris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Triplasis purpurea
Purple sandgrass, Purple triplasis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Utricularia radiata
Little floating bladderwort, Floating bladderwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Blackhaw, Bluehaw, Downy viburnum, Southern nannyberry, Rusty nannyberry, Nannyberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis acerifolia
Mapleleaf grape, Panhandle grape, Bush grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis mustangensis
Mustang grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Xylosma flexuosa
Brush holly, Brushholly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma de Datil, Palmito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum clava-herculis
Hercules club, Pepperbark, Toothache tree, Tickle tongue, Prickly ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum fagara
Lime prickly ash, Colima

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zanthoxylum hirsutum
Texas Hercules' club, Texas prickly ash, Prickly ash, Toothache tree, Tickle-tongue, Tingle-tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry