Trans-Pecos

The Trans-Pecos area in Far West Texas is traversed by the eastern chain of the Rocky Mountains into the Basin and Range Province and is typical of the southwestern United States. Guadalupe Peak, having an elevation of 8,751 feet, of the Guadalupe Mountains, is the highest point in Texas. Surrounding peaks are El Capitan, Shumard, Bartlett, and Pine Top, all exceeding 8,000 feet. Mount Emory in the Chisos Mountains and Mount Locke in the Davis Mountains are 7,825 feet and 8,382 feet high, respectively. Notable canyons and gorges are Santa Elena, Boquillas, and Mariscal on the Big Bend of the Rio Grande; and McKittrick in the Guadalupe Mountains. Uplands soils are mostly light reddish brown to brown clay loams, clays, and sands over reddish, loamy to clayey, calcareous, gypsic or saline subsoils. These include many areas of shallow soils and rocklands. Sizeable areas of deep sands exist. Drainage is rapid in the mountains, slow in the basins, and absent in the bolsons.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia fragrans
Fragrant verbena, Sand verbena, Snowball, Snowball sand verbena, Sweet sand-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Abutilon fruticosum
Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acaciella angustissima
Prairie Acacia, Fern Acacia, Whiteball Acacia, Prairie Wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acourtia wrightii
Brownfoot, Pink perezia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula ixtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium coryi
Yellow-flowered onion, Yellowflower onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia wrightii
Wright's beebrush, Wright's lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier utahensis
Utah serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Tall bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anisacanthus puberulus
Dwarf desert honeysuckle, Pinky Anisacanthus, Pinkie Anisacanth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone mexicana
Mexican prickly poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Yellow prickly poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone polyanthemos
Annual pricklepoppy, Bluestem pricklepoppy, Bluestem prickly poppy, Crested pricklypoppy, Pricklypoppy, Thistle poppy, White prickly poppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia filifolia
Sand sagebrush, Silver sagebrush, Silvery wormwood, Sand sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias texana
Texas milkweed, White milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Atriplex canescens
Chamiso, Four-wing saltbush, Wing-scale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama, Banderilla, Banderita, Navajita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua eriopoda
Black grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua gracilis
Blue grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua hirsuta
Hairy grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bouvardia ternifolia
Scarlet bouvardia, Firecracker bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bromus lanatipes
Woolly brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Buddleja marrubiifolia
Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Calamovilfa gigantea
Giant sandreed, Prairie sandreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calliandra conferta
Rio Grande stickpea, Fairy duster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus hartwegii
Hartweg's sundrops, Western Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castela erecta ssp. texana
Allthorn goatbush, Amargoso, Goat-bush, Texan goatbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ceanothus fendleri
Fendler's ceanothus, Fendler ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis ehrenbergiana
Desert hackberry, Spiny hackberry, Shiny hackberry, Granjeno, Huasteco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Western hackberry, Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
Mexican redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercocarpus montanus var. argenteus
Silver mountain mahogany, Silverleaf mountain mahogany, True mountain mahogany, Mountain mahogany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Choisya dumosa
Mexican orange, Starleaf Mexican orange, Zorrillo, Fragrant starleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Citharexylum berlandieri
Berlandier's fiddlewood, Berlandier fiddlewood, Fiddlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Colubrina texensis
Texas hog plum, Texas snakewood, Texas colubrina, Hog plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corydalis aurea
Scrambled eggs, Golden corydalis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dalea bicolor var. argyrea
Silver prairie clover, Silver dalea, Silver bush dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasylirion leiophyllum
Green sotol, Smooth-leaved sotol, Smooth-leaf sotol, Sotol, Desert candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasylirion texanum
Texas sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasylirion wheeleri
Common sotol, Sotol, Desert Spoon, Desert candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasyochloa pulchella
Fluff grass, Low woollygrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dichondra argentea
Silver Ponyfoot, Silver ponysfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Digitaria californica
Arizona cottontop, California cottontop, California crab grass, Cottontop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elionurus barbiculmis
Woolyspike balsamscale, Woolspike balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus elymoides ssp. brevifolius
Squirreltail, Long-leaf squirrel-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ephedra antisyphilitica
Mormon tea, Joint-fir, Clapweed, Popote

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra torreyana
Torrey joint-fir, Torrey's jointfir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ephedra trifurca
Ephedra, Mormon tea, Longleaf jointfir, Jointfir, Longleaf teabush, Tea weed, Canutillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Epipactis gigantea
Stream orchid, Chatterbox orchid, Giant hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ericameria laricifolia
Larchleaf goldenweed, Turpentine bush, Turpentine brush, Hierba de conejo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
Chamisa, Rabbitbrush, Rubber rabbitbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriogonum annuum
Annual buckwheat, Wild Buckwheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriogonum wrightii
Wright's Buckwheat, Bastard-sage, Wild Buckwheat, Perennial Buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eucnide bartonioides
Yellow Rocknettle, Rocknettle, Yellow Stingbush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Candelilla, Wax plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee brush, Vara dulce, Palo dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fendlera rupicola
Cliff fendlerbush, False mock-orange

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbowbush, Stretch-berry, Downy forestiera, Desert olive, Elbow-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo, Devil's walking stick, Candlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus cuspidata
Fragrant ash, Flowering ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus greggii
Gregg's ash, Gregg ash, Littleleaf ash, Dogleg ash, Escobilla, Barreta china

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus velutina
Arizona ash, Velvet ash, Desert ash, Leatherleaf ash, Smooth ash, Modesto ash, Toumey ash, Standley ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum cynanchoides ssp. heterophyllum
Hartweg's twinevine, Vine milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum torreyi
Soft twinevine, Soft twine vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pinnatifida
Red dome blanketflower, Yellow gaillardia, Blanket flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Indian Blanket, Firewheel, Girasol rojo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia suavis
Pincushion daisy, Fragrant gaillardia, Rayless gaillardia, Perfumeballs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Garrya wrightii
Wright's silktassel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas lignum-vitae, Soapbush, Guayacan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia sarothrae
Broom snakeweed, Kindlingweed, Matchbrush, Texas snakeweed, Broomweed, Turpentine weed, Matchweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hechtia texensis
Texas false agave, Guapilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus petiolaris
Prairie sunflower, Plains sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium tenellum
Pasture heliotrope, White heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red-flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Yellow yucca, Hummingbird yucca, Samandoque

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hesperocyparis arizonica
Arizona cypress, Cedro blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hibiscus denudatus
Paleface, Rock hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hibiscus martianus
Heartleaf rosemallow, Tulipan del Monte, Heartleaf Hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Holodiscus discolor
Ocean spray, Hillside ocean-spray, Cream bush, Mountain spray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ipomopsis aggregata
Scarlet gilia, Scarlet standing-cypress, Skyrocket, Skunkflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans major
Arizona walnut, Arizona black walnut, River walnut, Mountain walnut, Nogal silvestre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans microcarpa
Little walnut, Texas walnut, Texas black walnut, River walnut, Nogalito, Nogalillo, Namboca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Rock cedar, Post cedar, Texas cedar, Brake cedar, Mexican juniper, Blueberry juniper, Ozark white cedar, Sabino, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus deppeana
Alligator juniper, Checkerbark juniper, Western juniper, Oakbark cedar, Thickbark cedar, Mountain cedar, Tascate, Tacate, Tlascal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus flaccida
Weeping juniper, Drooping juniper, Mexican weeping juniper, Mexican drooping juniper, Weeping cedar, Drooping cedar, Tascate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus monosperma
Oneseed juniper, One-seed juniper, Cherrystone juniper, New Mexico juniper, West Texas juniper, Enebro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Justicia pilosella
Gregg's tubetongue, Hairy Tube-tongue, False Honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Karwinskia humboldtiana
Coyotillo, Humboldt coyotillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Larrea tridentata
Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lepidium montanum
Mountain peppergrass, Western peppergrass, Mountain pepperweed, Mountain pepperwort, Montana pepperweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucaena retusa
Goldenball leadtree, Littleleaf leadtree, Little leucaena, Lemonball, Wahoo tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum candidum
Brewster County barometerbush, Violet silverleaf, Boquillas silverleaf, Purple ceniza, Cenizo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage, Silverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum hudsonioides
Hudson Flax, Texas flax, Yellow Flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii var. lewisii
Blue flax, Prairie flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Linum pratense
Meadow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lippia graveolens
Mexican oregano, Redbrush lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum incisum
Golden Puccoon, Fringed Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera albiflora
Western white honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White bush honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marsilea vestita
Hairy water clover, Water clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine , Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melica nitens
Three-flower melic, Tall melicgrass, Threeflower melicgrass, Melicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy menodora, Twinpod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus microphylla
Texas mulberry, Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Mexican mulberry, Dwarf mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia arenacea
Ear muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia emersleyi
Bullgrass, Bull muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia rigida
Purple muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia torreyi
Ring muhly, Torrey muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nolina erumpens
Foothill beargrass, Mesa sacahuista

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera albicaulis
Whitest evening-primrose, White-stem evening-primrose, Pale evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera brachycarpa
Short-fruit evening-primrose, Shortfruit evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera primiveris
Bottle evening-primrose, Desert evening-primrose, Yellow-flower desert evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Bigroot Prickly Pear, Twist-spine Prickly Pear, Common Prickly Pear, Plains Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip prickly pear, Brownspine prickly pear cactus, Purple-fruited prickly pear, Brown-spined prickly pear, New mexico prickly pear, Desert prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia rosea
Rosy palafox, Rose palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Palafoxia sphacelata
Othake, Sand palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pappophorum bicolor
Pink pappasgrass, Pink pappusgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parkinsonia texana var. texana
Palo-verde, Texas palo-verde, Texas paloverde

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed pectis, Lemon-scented pectis, Lemonscent pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barbatus
Scarlet bugler, Beard-lip penstemon, Beard-lip beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Goldenbeard penstemon, Goldenbeard beardtongue, Saint Joseph's staff, Varita de San Jose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon fendleri
Fendler's penstemon, Fendler's beardtongue, Fendler penstemon, Fendler beardtongue, Purple foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon havardii
Havard penstemon, Havard beardtongue, Big Bend penstemon, Big Bend beardtongue, Havard's penstemon, Havard's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon wrightii
Wright's penstemon, Wright's beardtongue, Wright penstemon, Wright beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus cembroides
Mexican pinyon, Mexican pinyon pine, Pinyon, Nut pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus ponderosa
Ponderosa pine, Western yellow pine, Pino blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum
Rocky Mountain ponderosa pine, Interior ponderosa pine, Black Hills ponderosa pine, Ponderosa pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus strobiformis
Southwestern white pine, Border white pine, Mexican white pine, Border limber pine, Limber pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pistacia mexicana
Mexican pistachio, Texas pistachio, American pistachio, Copal pistachio, Wild pistachio, Lentisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pleuraphis mutica
Tobosa grass, Tobosagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus deltoides ssp. wislizeni
Rio Grande cottonwood, Valley cottonwood, Wislizenus cottonwood, Alamo, Guerigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus fremontii ssp. mesetae
Fremont cottonwood, Meseta cottonwood, Arizona cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Populus tremuloides
Quaking aspen, Golden aspen, Trembling aspen, Mountain aspen, Aspen, Trembling poplar, Alamo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite, Glandular mesquite, Algarroba

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis pubescens
Screwbean mesquite, American screwbean, Tornillo, Screwbean, Screwpod mesquite, Twisted bean, Fremont screwbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus murrayana
Murray's plum, Murray plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina var. rufula
Chisos black cherry, Southwestern black cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pseudotsuga menziesii
Douglas fir, Blue Douglas fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilostrophe tagetina
Woolly paperflower, Paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psorothamnus scoparius
Broom dalea, Broom pea, Broom smokebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Purshia ericifolia
Heath cliffrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus arizonica
Arizona white oak, Arizona Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus emoryi
Emory oak, Black Oak, Holly Oak, Apache Oak, Desert Live Oak, Western Black Oak, Roble Negro, Bellota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus gambelii
Gambel oak, Rocky Mountain white oak, Utah white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus gravesii
Chisos red oak, Graves oak, Mountain red oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus grisea
Gray oak, Mexican blue oak, Encino prieta, Encino gris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus pungens
Pungent oak, Vasey oak, Sandpaper oak, Scrub oak, Shin oak, Scrub live oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus turbinella
Shrub live oak, Sonoran scrub oak, Scrub oak, Turbinella oak, Turbinella, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus vaseyana
Vasey oak, Sandpaper oak, Scrub oak, Shin oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quincula lobata
Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus macranthus
Large buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Red-spike Mexican hat, Upright prairie coneflower, Prairie coneflower, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus microphylla
Littleleaf sumac, Desert sumac, Correosa, Agritos

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus virens var. choriophylla
Mearn sumac, Evergreen sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia neomexicana
New Mexico locust, Southwestern locust, Hojalito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ruellia humilis
Prairie Petunia, Fringeleaf Wild Petunia, Hairy Ruellia, Low Wild Petunia, Low Ruellia, Fringeleaf Ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia, Hierba de la calentura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salvia azurea
Pitcher sage, Big blue sage, Azure sage, Giant blue sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby blue sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lycioides
Canyon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia regla
Mountain sage, Royal sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schaefferia cuneifolia
Desert yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem, Popotillo azul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scleropogon brevifolius
Burrograss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier Acacia, Berlandier's Acacia, Round-flowered Catclaw, Roundflower Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Thornless Catclaw, Huajilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senegalia greggii
Gregg Acacia, Gregg's Acacia, Gregg Catclaw Acacia, Gregg's Catclaw Acacia, Gregg Catclaw, Gregg's Catclaw, Texas Catclaw Acacia, Texas Catclaw, Long-flowered Catclaw Acacia, Longflower Catclaw Acacia, Long-flowered Catclaw, Longflower Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw, Devil's Claw, Uña de Gato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia roemeriana
Roemer Acacia, Roemer's Acacia, Roundflower Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Senegalia wrightii
Wright Acacia, Wright's Acacia, Catclaw Acacia, Catclaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Setaria parviflora
Marsh bristlegrass, Knotroot bristlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sisyrinchium langloisii
Roadside blue-eyed grass, Dotted blue-eyed grass, Southern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late Goldenrod, Canadian Goldenrod, Canada Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indiangrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Copper globemallow, Copper mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus airoides
Alkali sacaton, Zacate alcalino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sporobolus cryptandrus
Sand dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sporobolus giganteus
Giant dropseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sporobolus wrightii
Big sacaton, Sacaton, Alkali sacaton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Symphyotrichum subulatum
Baby's breath aster, Annual Aster, Eastern annual saltmarsh aster, Blackland aster, Hierba del Marrano

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Teucrium laciniatum
Cut-Leaf germander, Dwarf germander, Lacy germander

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thalictrum dasycarpum
Purple meadow-rue, Tall meadow-rue, Meadow rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tiquilia greggii
Plumed crinklemat, Plume coldenia, Gregg coldenia, Hierba del cenizo, Plume tiquilia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tradescantia ohiensis
Ohio spiderwort, Bluejacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tridens albescens
White tridens, White Top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus's looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vachellia bravoensis
Huisachillo, Dwarf Huisache, Bravo Acacia, Schaffner's Acacia, Schaffner's Wattle, Twisted Acacia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia constricta
Whitethorn Acacia, White-thorn Acacia, Mescat Acacia, Mescat Wattle, Whitethorn, Vara Prieta, Chaparro Prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia farnesiana
Huisache, Texas Huisache, Sweet Acacia, Perfume Acacia, Mealy Acacia, Mealy Wattle, Cassie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vachellia rigidula
Blackbrush Acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro Prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Verbena halei
Texas vervain, Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Slender vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Viguiera dentata
Plateau Goldeneye, Sunflower Goldeneye, Toothleaf Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye, Resinbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vitis arizonica
Canyon grape, Arizona grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca constricta
Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca elata
Soaptree yucca, Soaptree, Soapweed yucca, Palmilla, Palmella, Amole

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca faxoniana
Faxon yucca, Carneros yucca, Eve's needle, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, Giant dagger, Palma samandoca, Palma barreta, Palmilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's yucca, Thompson yucca, Beaked yucca, Big Bend yucca, Soyate, Palmita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey yucca, Torrey's yucca, Spanish bayonet, Spanish dagger, Old shag, Palma

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Spanish Bayonet, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita, Palma de Datil, Palmito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Plains Zinnia, Rocky Mountain Zinnia, Prairie Zinnia, Little Golden Zinnia, Yellow Zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ziziphus obtusifolia
Lotebush, Lote-bush condalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry