Plants of Chesapeake Bay

Bayscapes - From the US Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office. This 83 page guide contains color photos of over 400 plant species native to the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, including all states with drainage to the the Bay: Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and New York.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer spicatum
Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea racemosa var. racemosa
Black cohosh, Black bugbane, Bugbane, Black snakeroot, Fairy candles

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adiantum pedatum
Northern maidenhair, Maidenhair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ageratina altissima var. altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agrostis perennans
Upland bentgrass, Autumn bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ammophila breviligulata
American Beach Grass, American beachgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Antennaria neglecta
Field pussytoes, Prairie everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aralia nudicaulis
Wild sarsaparilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aralia racemosa
American spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aralia spinosa
Devil's walkingstick, Devil's walking-stick, Prickly Ash, Hercules club, Angelica tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aristolochia macrophylla
Pipevine, Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aruncus dioicus
Bride's feathers, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asarum canadense
Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Indian banana, Common pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Athyrium filix-femina
Common ladyfern, Lady fern, Ladyfern, Subarctic lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Baccharis halimifolia
Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel bush, Salt marsh-elder, Salt bush, Florida groundsel bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia tinctoria
Horseflyweed, Yellow Wild Indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Betula alleghaniensis
Yellow birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens cernua
Nodding beggartick, Bur marigold, Nodding beggarticks, Nodding bur marigold, Nodding burmarigold, Nodding burr-marigold, Sticktight

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Boltonia asteroides
Boltonia, White doll's daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Calamagrostis canadensis
Bluejoint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Caltha palustris
Yellow marsh marigold, Yellow marsh-marigold, Cowslip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Campanulastrum americanum
American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Carex crinita var. crinita
Fringed sedge, Long hair sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex glaucodea
Blue sedge, Blue wood sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex lurida
Lurid sedge, Sallow sedge, Shallow sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex pensylvanica
Pennsylvania sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex stricta
Upright sedge, Uptight sedge, Tussock sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox sedge, Brown fox sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya alba
Mockernut hickory, Big bud hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Broom hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Castanea pumila
Chinkapin, Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny-chinkapin, Chinquapin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue cohosh, Squaw-root, Papoose-root, Caulophylle faux-pigamon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ceanothus americanus
New Jersey tea, Redroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celastrus scandens
American bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Nettle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic white cedar, Atlantic white-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chimaphila maculata
Striped prince's pine, Spotted Wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysogonum virginianum
Green and gold, Green-and-gold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland goldenaster, Maryland golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis viorna
Vasevine, Leatherflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clitoria mariana
Atlantic pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Comptonia peregrina
Sweet fern, Sweet-fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis verticillata
Threadleaf coreopsis, Whorled tickseed, Whorled coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cornus alternifolia
Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corylus americana
American hazelnut, American filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Danthonia spicata
Poverty oatgrass, Poverty wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium tricorne
Dwarf larkspur, Spring larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Eastern Hay-scented Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dicentra canadensis
Squirrel corn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicentra cucullaria
Dutchman's breeches

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicentra eximia
Turkey corn, Fringed bleedinghearts, Wild bleedingheart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deer-tongue, Deertongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dichanthelium commutatum
Variable panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Doellingeria umbellata
Parasol whitetop, Flat-topped White Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata
Flat-top aster, Parasol whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dryopteris carthusiana
Shield fern, Spinulose wood fern, Spinulose woodfern, Toothed wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris cristata
Crested woodfern, Crested wood fern, Buckler fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris intermedia
Intermediate woodfern, Evergreen wood-fern, Fancy wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal woodfern, Marginal fern, Marginal shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dulichium arundinaceum
Threeway sedge, Three-sided sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Elymus riparius
Riverbank wild-rye, Riverbank wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus virginicus
Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron pulchellus
Robin's plantain, Poor Robin's plantain, Rose petty, Robert's plantain, Blue spring-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythronium americanum
Yellow trout-lily, American trout-lily, Dogtooth violet, Eastern trout-lily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eubotrys racemosa
Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Sweetbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eupatoriadelphus dubius
Coastal plain joepyeweed, Joe-Pye weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eupatoriadelphus maculatus var. maculatus
Spotted trumpetweed, Spotted joe-pye-weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eupatorium hyssopifolium
Hyssop-leaf Boneset, Hyssopleaf thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eurybia divaricata
White wood aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Eutrochium purpureum
Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fagus grandifolia
American beech

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Festuca rubra
Red fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaultheria procumbens
Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia baccata
Black huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia frondosa
Blue huckleberry, Dangleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Gentiana clausa
Bottle gentian, Blind gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium maculatum
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gillenia trifoliata
Bowman's root, Indian physic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Goodyera pubescens
Downy rattlesnake plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Helenium autumnale
Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus decapetalus
Thinleaf sunflower, Ten-petaled sunflower, Thin-leaved sunflower, Pale sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Helianthus divaricatus
Woodland sunflower, Rough sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
Sharplobe hepatica, Sharp-lobed hepatica, Mountain hepatica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa
Roundlobe hepatica, Round-lobed hepatica, Liverleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heracleum maximum
Common cowparsnip, Cow Parsnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Heuchera americana
American alumroot, Alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heuchera villosa
Hairy alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Houstonia caerulea
Azure bluet, Quaker-ladies, Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hylotelephium telephioides
Allegheny stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Hypericum densiflorum
Bushy St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ilex glabra
Inkberry, Gallberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex laevigata
Smooth winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Impatiens capensis
Jewelweed, Orange Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-Me-Not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ionactis linariifolius
Flaxleaf whitetop aster, Stiff Aster, Flaxleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Iris prismatica
Slender blue iris, Slender blue flag, Coastal iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris versicolor
Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag, Large blue iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iva frutescens
Jesuit's bark, High-tide bush, High-water shrub, Marsh elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Jeffersonia diphylla
Twinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus canadensis
Canadian rush, Canada rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Juncus effusus
Common rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus roemerianus
Black needlerush, Needlegrass rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Kalmia angustifolia
Sheep laurel, Lambkill kalmia, Lambkill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Kalmia latifolia
Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Leersia oryzoides
Rice cut grass, Rice cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead lespedeza, Roundhead bush-clover, Round-headed lespedeza, Round-headed bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Liatris pilosa var. pilosa
Shaggy blazing star, Grass-leaf blazingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris scariosa
Devil's bite, Large blazing star, Large gayfeather, Large liatris, Savanna blazing star, Savanna gayfeather, Savanna liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Dense liatris, Marsh blazing star, Marsh gayfeather, Marsh liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris squarrosa
Scaly blazing star, Scaly gayfeather, Scaly liatris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lilium canadense
Canada lily, Canadian lily, Wild yellow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lilium philadelphicum
Wood lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lilium superbum
Turk's-cap lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Limonium carolinianum
Carolina sealavender, Sea lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lupinus perennis
Sundial lupine, Wild lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lyonia ligustrina
Maleberry, He-huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lyonia mariana
Piedmont staggerbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia acuminata
Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Maianthemum canadense
Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum
Feathery false lily of the valley, False spikenard, False Solomon's seal, Solomon's plume, Smilacina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Malus coronaria
Sweet crabapple, American crab

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Medeola virginiana
Indian Cucumber, Indian Cucumber-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mikania scandens
Climbing hempvine, Climbing hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Mimulus ringens
Allegheny monkeyflower, Square-stemmed Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Monarda bradburiana
Eastern beebalm, Wild bergamot, Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Monarda didyma
Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Morella caroliniensis
Southern bayberry, Swamp bayberry, Swamp candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Morella pensylvanica
Northern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nuttallanthus canadensis
Canada toadflax, Blue Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera fruticosa
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera perennis
Little evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Opuntia humifusa
Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Orontium aquaticum
Goldenclub, Neverwet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Osmorhiza longistylis
Longstyle sweetroot, Aniseroot, Sweet-cicely, Wild licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda cinnamomea
Cinnamon fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Osmunda claytoniana
Interrupted Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda regalis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera aurea
Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Panicum amarum
Bitter panicgrass, Bitter or coastal panic grass, Beachgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Peltandra virginica
Green arrow arum, Tuckahoe, Arrow arum, Green arum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon laevigatus
Eastern smooth penstemon, Eastern smooth beardtongue, Smooth penstemon, Smooth beardtongue, Eastern penstemon, Eastern beardtongue, Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Phlox carolina
Carolina phlox, Summer phlox, Thickleaf phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox maculata
Wild sweetwilliam, Phlox, Meadow phlox, Wild sweet William

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Phlox paniculata
Fall phlox, Perennial phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Phlox stolonifera
Creeping phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox subulata
Creeping Phlox, Moss phlox, Moss pink, Rock pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Photinia floribunda
Purple chokeberry, Red chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Photinia melanocarpa
Black chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Photinia pyrifolia
Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus echinata
Shortleaf pine, Yellow pine, Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus rigida
Pitch pine, Torch pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus serotina
Pond pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Pinus strobus
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pinus virginiana
Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonatum pubescens
Hairy Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus heterophylla
Swamp cottonwood, Swamp poplar, Black cottonwood, Downy poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus maritima
Beach plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus pensylvanica
Pin cherry, Fire cherry, Wild red cherry, Bird cherry, Pigeon cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum
Western bracken fern, Bracken fern, Western bracken, Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum incanum
Hoary mountain mint, Silverleaf mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf mountain mint, Slender mountain mint, Common horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus bicolor
Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus coccinea
Scarlet oak, Red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus ilicifolia
Bear oak, Scrub oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus marilandica
Blackjack oak, Barren oak, Black oak, Jack oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus nigra
Water oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus palustris
Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Quercus phellos
Willow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus prinus
Chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, mountain chestnut oak, rock oak, tanbark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus rubra
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus velutina
Black oak, Quercitron oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhexia virginica
Meadow beauty, Handsome Harry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron atlanticum
Dwarf azalea, Coastal azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron calendulaceum
Flame azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron canescens
Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron maximum
Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhododendron periclymenoides
Pink azalea, Pinxterbloom azalea, Pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron prinophyllum
Early azalea, Roseshell azalea, Woolly azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron viscosum
Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus typhina
Staghorn sumac, Velvet sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes rotundifolium
Appalachian gooseberry, Round-leaf currant, Wild gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rosa carolina
Carolina rose, Pasture rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa palustris
Swamp rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus odoratus
Purpleflowering raspberry, Purple-flowering raspberry, Thimbleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia caroliniensis
Carolina wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salix humilis
Prairie willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Dry

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix sericea
Silky willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa
Red elderberry, Scarlet elder, Red-berried elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sassafras albidum
Sassafras

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Saxifraga pensylvanica
Eastern swamp saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Saxifraga virginiensis
Early saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus pungens var. pungens
Common three-square, Common threesquare

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
Softstem bulrush, Soft-stem club-rush, Great bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus atrovirens
Green bulrush, Dark green bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scirpus cyperinus
Woolgrass, Cottongrass bulrush, Marsh bulrush, Teddybear paws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Scutellaria integrifolia
Helmet-flower, Rough Skullcap, Common Large Skullcap, Tall Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sedum ternatum
Woodland stonecrop, Wild stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Senna marilandica
Maryland senna, Maryland wild senna, Southern wild senna, Wild senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Silene caroliniana
Sticky catchfly, Wild pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene stellata
Widow's frill, Starry campion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Silene virginica
Fire pink, Scarlet catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Silphium perfoliatum
Cup plant, Indian cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Narrowleaf blue-eyed grass, Narrow-leaf blue-eyed-grass, Bermuda blue-eyed grass, Blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sisyrinchium atlanticum
Eastern blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Smilax herbacea
Smooth carrionflower, Carrionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago altissima
Tall Goldenrod, Late goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Canada goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago caesia
Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod, Bluestem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago canadensis
Canada goldenrod, Canadian goldenrod, Tall goldenrod, Giant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago flexicaulis
Zigzag goldenrod, Broadleaf goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Solidago juncea
Early goldenrod, Plume goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solidago odora
Anisescented goldenrod, Anise-scented goldenrod, Sweet goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago rugosa
Wrinkleleaf goldenrod, Wrinkle-leaf goldenrod, Rough-leaved goldenrod, Roughleaf goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod, Roughstem goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Solidago sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Solidago speciosa
Showy goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sorbus americana
American mountain ash, American mountain-ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sparganium americanum
American bur-reed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Spartina alterniflora
Saltmarsh Cordgrass, Smooth cordgrass, Salt cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina cynosuroides
Big cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina patens
Marsh-hay cord grass, Salt-meadow cord grass, Saltmeadow cordgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spartina pectinata
Prairie cordgrass, Freshwater cordgrass, Sloughgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Spiraea alba
White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Spiraea alba var. latifolia
Meadowsweet, White meadowsweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Spiraea tomentosa
Steeplebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding ladies' tresses orchid, Nodding ladies' tresses, Ladies' tresses

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Stachys tenuifolia
Smooth hedgenettle, Hedge nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Staphylea trifolia
American bladdernut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Stellaria pubera
Star chickweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides
White heath aster, Heath Aster, White Aster, White Prairie Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum laeve
Smooth blue aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve
Smooth blue aster, Smooth aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster, New England American-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii
New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum novi-belgii var. novi-belgii
New York aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symplocarpus foetidus
Skunk cabbage, Skunk-cabbage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum dioicum
Early meadow-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum pubescens
King of the meadow, King-of-the-meadow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalictrum thalictroides
Rue anemone, Rue-anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris noveboracensis
New York fern, Tapering fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thelypteris palustris
Eastern marsh fern, Marsh fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Thuja occidentalis
Arborvitae, Eastern arborvitae, Northern white cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tiarella cordifolia
Heartleaf foamflower, Heart-leaf foamflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Tilia americana
American basswood, American linden, Lime tree, Bee tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tradescantia virginiana
Virginia spiderwort, Spider lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Tridens flavus
Purpletop tridens, Redtop tridens, Tall redtop tridens, Purpletop, Redtop, Tall redtop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Trillium erectum
Red trillium, Red wakerobin, Stinking Benjamin, Wet dog trillium, Wet dog wakerobin, Purple trillium, Purple wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium grandiflorum
White wake-robin, White trillium, Large-flower wake-robin, Large-flower trillium, Large-flowered wake-robin, Large-flowered trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Trillium sessile
Toadshade, Red trillium, Red wake-robin, Sessile trillium, Sessile wake-robin, Yellow trillium, Yellow wake-robin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Trillium undulatum
Painted trillium, Painted wakerobin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tsuga canadensis
Eastern hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus americana
American elm, White elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ulmus rubra
Slippery elm, Red elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Uvularia grandiflora
Largeflower bellwort, Large-flower bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Uvularia perfoliata
Perfoliate bellwort, Mealy bellwort, Merrybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Uvularia sessilifolia
Spreading bellwort, Straw lily, Wild oats, Merrybells, Sessile-leaf bellwort, Sessile bellwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Vaccinium angustifolium
Late lowbush blueberry, Lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium corymbosum
Highbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Vaccinium macrocarpon
Cranberry, Large cranberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Vaccinium pallidum
Blue Ridge blueberry, Early lowbush blueberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vaccinium stamineum
Deerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Veratrum virginicum
Virginia bunchflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veratrum viride
Green Corn Lily, Green false hellebore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Verbena hastata
Swamp verbena, Blue verbena, Blue vervain, Simpler's joy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Verbesina alternifolia
Wingstem, Yellow ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia noveboracensis
New York ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Veronicastrum virginicum
Culver's root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum acerifolium
Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Viburnum dentatum
Southern arrowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viburnum nudum
Possumhaw viburnum, Possumhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides
Withe-rod, Witherod viburnum, Possumhaw, Wild raisin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viburnum prunifolium
Blackhaw, Smooth blackhaw, Blackhaw viburnum, Smooth blackhaw viburnum, Stagbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola cucullata
Marsh blue violet, Blue marsh violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Viola hastata
Halberdleaf yellow violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola pubescens var. pubescens
Downy yellow violet, Yellow violet, Downy violet, Smooth yellow violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola striata
Striped cream violet, Striped violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Woodwardia areolata
Netted chainfern, Chain fern, Netted chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Woodwardia virginica
Virginia chainfern, Virginia chain fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Yucca filamentosa
Adam's needle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zizania aquatica
Annual wildrice, Wild Rice

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist