National Wetland Plant List

This National Wetland Plant List represents a national effort led by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to. The NWPL (and the information implied by its wetland plant species status ratings) is used extensively in wetland delineation, wetland restoration and research, and the development of compensatory mitigation goals, as well as in providing general botanical information about wetland plants. The NWPL covers all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Caribbean and Pacific islands that are considered to be territories of the U.S. The wetland plant data are organized into ten regions that coincide with Corps wetland delineation regions. To learn more, visit National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241.)


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abies amabilis
Cascade fir, Lovely fir, Pacific silver fir, White fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Abies balsamea
Balsam fir, Balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies fraseri
Fraser fir, She-balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Abies grandis
Giant fir, Grand fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Abies lasiocarpa
Subalpine fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies procera
Noble fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acalypha gracilens
Slender threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha rhomboidea
Common threeseed mercury, Virginia threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha virginica
Virginia threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acanthocereus tetragonus
Triangle Cactus, Barbed-wire Cactus, Chaco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer circinatum
Oregon vine maple, Vine maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer glabrum
Rocky Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Canyon maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer macrophyllum
Bigleaf maple, Big-leaf maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer negundo
Ash-leaf maple, Ash-leaved maple, Box elder, Boxelder, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer nigrum
Black maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer pensylvanicum
Striped maple, Moosewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer spicatum
Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Achnatherum richardsonii
Richardson's needlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Achyrachaena mollis
Blow wives

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf spotflower, Opposite-leaf spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Acoelorrhaphe wrightii
Everglades palm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Aconitum columbianum
Columbian monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aconitum delphiniifolium
Larkspur-leaf monkshood, Larkspurleaf monkshood, Northern monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aconitum uncinatum
Southern blue monkshood, Monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acorus americanus
Sweetflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Acorus calamus
Calamus, Single-vein sweetflag, Sweet flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea podocarpa
Mountain bugbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Actaea rubra
Red baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Adiantum pedatum
Northern maidenhair, Maidenhair Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus flava
Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra
Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus sylvatica
Painted buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie false foxglove, Prairie agalinis, Prairie false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis linifolia
Flaxleaf false foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis maritima
Saltmarsh false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis oligophylla
Ridgestem false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis paupercula
Smallflower false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agalinis skinneriana
Skinner's false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agarista populifolia
Florida hobblebush, Tall fetterbush, Florida leucothoe, Agarista

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Agastache nepetoides
Yellow giant hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agastache urticifolia
Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agave americana
American century plant, Century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ageratina jucunda
Hammock snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agoseris aurantiaca
Orange agoseris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Agoseris glauca
Pale agoseris, Pale mountain dandelion, False dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Agrimonia gryposepala
Tall hairy agrimony, Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agrimonia parviflora
Harvest lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Agrimonia striata
Roadside agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agrostis exarata
Spike bentgrass, Spiked bent, Spike red top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agrostis mertensii
Northern bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Agrostis perennans
Upland bentgrass, Autumn bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Agrostis scabra
Fly-away grass, Rough bent, Rough bentgrass, Ticklegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aletris aurea
Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aletris farinosa
White colicroot, Colic root, Unicorn root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Aletris lutea
Yellow colicroot, Yellow Colic-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aletris obovata
Southern colicroot, Blunt-leaved colic root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Alisma subcordatum
American water plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Alisma triviale
Northern water plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Allenrolfea occidentalis
Iodinebush, Pickleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium douglasii
Douglas' onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Allium hyalinum
Glassy onion, Onion lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium tricoccum
Wild leek, Ramp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Allium validum
Pacific onion, Swamp onion, Tall swamp onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Alnus incana
Gray alder, Speckled alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Alnus maritima
Seaside alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alnus oblongifolia
Arizona alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Alnus rhombifolia
White alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Alnus rubra
Red alder, Western alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Alnus viridis
Green alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Alopecurus aequalis
Shortawn foxtail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alophia drummondii
Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Alternanthera maritima
Seaside joyweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus greggii
Gregg's amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus palmeri
Carelessweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus pumilus
Seaside amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus retroflexus
Redroot amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus spinosus
Spiny amaranth, Thorny pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amaranthus tuberculatus
Roughfruit amaranth, Water hemp

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Amaranthus viridis
Slender amaranth

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Annual ragweed, Short ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia psilostachya
Cuman ragweed, Western ragweed, Perennial ragweed, Common ragweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ambrosia trifida
Great ragweed, Giant ragweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier alnifolia
Saskatoon serviceberry, Western serviceberry, Juneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier arborea
Common serviceberry, Downy serviceberry, Shadbush, Juneberry, Junebush, Shadblow, Sarvis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amelanchier bartramiana
Oblongfruit serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier canadensis
Canadian serviceberry, Canadian service-berry, Shadblow serviceberry, Juneberry, Shadbush, Junebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Amelanchier interior
Pacific serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amelanchier stolonifera
Running serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amelanchier utahensis
Utah service-berry, Utah serviceberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amianthium muscitoxicum
Fly poison, Crow poison

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ammannia coccinea
Valley redstem, Scarlet tooth-cup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ammannia robusta
Grand redstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Ammophila breviligulata
American Beach Grass, American beachgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha herbacea
Clusterspike false indigo, Cluster-spike Indigobush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Amorpha nana
Dwarf false indigo, Fragrant indigo-bush, Fragrant false indigo, Dwarf wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Amorpha roemeriana
Roemer's false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ampelaster carolinianus
Climbing aster, Climbing-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ampelopsis arborea
Peppervine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ampelopsis cordata
Heartleaf peppervine, Heart-leaf ampelopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amphicarpaea bracteata
American hogpeanut

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Amphicarpum muehlenbergianum
Muhlenberg maidencane, Florida Peanut-grass, Blue Maidencane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Amsonia ludoviciana
Louisiana bluestar, Sandhill bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Amsonia rigida
Stiff bluestar, Marsh bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amsonia tabernaemontana
Eastern bluestar, Blue dogbane, Willow amsonia, Woodland bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Anagallis minima
Chaffweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anaphalis margaritacea
Western pearly everlasting, Pearly-everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andromeda polifolia
Bog rosemary, Bog-rosemary

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon brachystachyus
Shortspike bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Andropogon capillipes
Chalky bluestem, Wetland White Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glaucopsis
Purple bluestem, Chalky Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Andropogon gyrans
Elliott's bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Andropogon ternarius
Splitbeard bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Andropogon virginicus
Broomsedge bluestem, Broom-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Androsace septentrionalis
Pygmyflower rockjasmine, Northern fairy candelabra

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone canadensis
Canadian anemone, Round-leaf thimbleweed, Canada anemone, Windflower, Meadow anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone narcissiflora
Narcissis-flowered anemone, Narcissus anemone, Narcissus-flower thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Anemone oregana
Blue windflower, Oregon Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone parviflora
Smallflowered anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone quinquefolia
Wood anemone, Nightcaps

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Anemone richardsonii
Yellow thimbleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone virginiana
Tall thimbleweed, Thimbleweed, Tall anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Anemopsis californica
Yerba mansa, Yerba-mansa, Lizard tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Angelica ampla
Giant angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Angelica arguta
Lyall's angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Angelica atropurpurea
Purplestem angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Angelica genuflexa
Kneeling angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Angelica lucida
Seacoast angelica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Annona glabra
Pond apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Anoda cristata
Crested anoda

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Antennaria alpina
Alpine everlasting, Alpine pussytoes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Antennaria neglecta
Field pussytoes, Prairie everlasting

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Apios americana
Groundnut, Wild potato, Indian potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aplectrum hyemale
Adam and Eve

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Apocynum androsaemifolium
Spreading dogbane, Bitterroot, Flytrap dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Apocynum cannabinum
Indian hemp, Prairie dogbane, Dogbane, Hemp dogbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha
Golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Southwestern yellow columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia coerulea
Colorado blue columbine, Rocky Mountain columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia eximia
Van Houtte's columbine, Serpentine columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aquilegia formosa
Western columbine, Crimson columbine, Scarlet columbine, Red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia longissima
Longspur columbine, Longspur yellow columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arabis alpina
Alpine rockcress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arabis drummondii
Drummond's rockcress

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Arabis hirsuta var. pycnocarpa
Creamflower rockcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arabis lyrata
Lyrate rockcress, Lyre-leaf Rockcress

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arabis ×divaricarpa
Spreadingpod rockcress

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aralia californica
California spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aralia nudicaulis
Wild sarsaparilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aralia racemosa
American spikenard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aralia spinosa
Devil's walkingstick, Devil's walking-stick, Prickly Ash, Hercules club, Angelica tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Arctagrostis latifolia
Broad-leaf arctic-bent, Polar grass, Wideleaf polargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Arctostaphylos rubra
Red fruit bearberry, Alpine bearberry, Arctic bearberry, Red manzanita, Ravenberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Kinnikinnick, Red bearberry, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Arenaria lanuginosa
Spreading sandwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arethusa bulbosa
Dragon's mouth, Swamp Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Argentina anserina
Silverweed cinquefoil, Common silverweed, Silverweed, Goosefoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Indian jack in the pulpit, Jack-in-the-pulpit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aristida beyrichiana
Beyrich threeawn, Wiregrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Aristida longespica
Slimspike threeawn, Kearney's three-awn, red three-awn, slender three-awn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Aristida stricta
Pineland threeawn, Wiregrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aristolochia serpentaria
Virginia snakeroot, Virginia dutchmanspipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Aristolochia tomentosa
Woolly Dutchman's pipe, Common Dutchman's pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Armeria maritima
Thrift seapink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Arnica acaulis
Common leopardbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Arnica chamissonis
Chamisso arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arnica fulgens
Foothill arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Arnica lanceolata
Lanceleaf arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arnica latifolia
Broadleaf arnica, Daffodil leopardbane, Mountain arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Arnica longifolia
Spearleaf arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arnica mollis
Hairy arnica

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arnoglossum ovatum
Ovateleaf cacalia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Arnoglossum plantagineum
Groovestem Indian plantain, Indian plantain, Prairie plantain, Prairie Indian plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia cana
Silver sagebrush, Coaltown sagebrush, Dwarf sagebrush, Hoary sagebrush, Silvery sagebrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia douglasiana
Douglas mugwort, Douglas' sagewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia ludoviciana
Louisiana artemisia, Louisiana sage, White sage, Prairie sage, Silver sage, White sagebrush, Louisiana wormwood, Silver wormwood, Louisiana sagewort, Gray sagewort, Cudweed sagewort, Mugwort wormwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Artemisia stelleriana
Dusty Miller, Oldwoman

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Artemisia vulgaris
Common wormwood, Mugwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Aruncus dioicus
Bride's feathers, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Arundinaria gigantea
Giant cane, American bamboo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Asarum canadense
Canadian wild ginger, Wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asarum caudatum
British Columbia wild ginger, Long-tail wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias exaltata
Poke milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias fascicularis
Mexican whorled milkweed, Narrowleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias lanceolata
Fewflower milkweed, Few-flower milkweed, Red milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Asclepias longifolia
Longleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias michauxii
Michaux's Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asclepias perennis
Aquatic milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias purpurascens
Purple milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias rubra
Red Milkweed, Tall Pink Bog Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias speciosa
Showy milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias subverticillata
Horsetail milkweed, Poison Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias syriaca
Common milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias texana
Texas milkweed, White milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias variegata
Redring milkweed, White-flowered milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Asclepias verticillata
Whorled milkweed, Eastern whorled milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Asimina parviflora
Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Asimina pygmea
Dwarf pawpaw, Gopher-berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub, Shrub
Light:
Water:

Asimina reticulata
Netted pawpaw, Woolly pawpaw, Hairy pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Asimina triloba
Pawpaw, Indian banana, Common pawpaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium platyneuron
Ebony spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Asplenium trichomanes
Maidenhair spleenwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Astilbe biternata
Appalachian false goat's beard, False goatsbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Astragalus agrestis
Field Milk-vetch, Purple milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Astragalus alpinus
Alpine milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Astragalus americanus
American milk-vetch, American milkvetch, Rattlepod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Astragalus canadensis
Canadian milkvetch, Canada milkvetch, Milk vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Astragalus eucosmus
Elegant milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus lentiginosus
Freckled milkvetch

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Astragalus robbinsii
Robbins' milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum
Subarctic ladyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. asplenioides
Southern lady fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Atriplex glabriuscula
Scotland orache, Babington's Orache, Northeastern saltbush, Glabrous orach

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Atriplex lentiformis
Big saltbush, Coastal quail bush, Quailbush, Saltbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Atriplex prostrata
Triangle orache

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Avicennia germinans
Black mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Azolla caroliniana
Carolina mosquitofern

Duration: Annual
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Baccharis halimifolia
Groundseltree, Sea-myrtle, Consumptionweed, Eastern baccharis, Groundsel, Groundsel bush, Salt marsh-elder, Salt bush, Florida groundsel bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baccharis salicifolia
Mule's fat, Seep willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baccharis salicina
Willow baccharis, Great Plains false willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Baccharis sarothroides
Desert broom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Bacopa monnieri
Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bacopa rotundifolia
Disk waterhyssop, Disc Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Balduina uniflora
Oneflower honeycombhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Baptisia alba
White wild indigo, White baptisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Baptisia australis
Blue wild indigo, Wild blue indigo, Blue false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baptisia megacarpa
Apalachicola wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Barbarea orthoceras
American yellowrocket

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Barkleyanthus salicifolius
Willow ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bartonia paniculata
Twining screwstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Bartonia virginica
Yellow screwstem

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Batis maritima
Turtleweed, Seaside saltwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Beckmannia syzigachne
American sloughgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Bejaria racemosa
Tarflower, Flyweed, Flycatcher

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Berchemia scandens
Alabama supple-jack, Alabama supplejack, Rattan-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Besseya alpina
Alpine besseya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Betula alleghaniensis
Yellow birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula lenta
Sweet birch, Cherry birch, Black birch, Mahogany birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Betula nana
Dwarf birch, Swamp birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Betula neoalaskana
Resin birch, Alaska birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula nigra
River birch, Red birch, Black birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula occidentalis
Mountain birch, Water birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula papyrifera
Paper birch, Canoe birch, White birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia
Mountain paper birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Betula populifolia
Gray birch, White birch, Aspen-leaved birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Betula pumila
Bog birch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Bidens aristosa
Bearded beggarticks, Tickseed sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens beckii
Beck's watermarigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens bigelovii
Bigelow's beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens cernua
Nodding beggartick, Bur marigold, Nodding beggarticks, Nodding bur marigold, Nodding burmarigold, Nodding burr-marigold, Sticktight

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bidens coronata
Crowned beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens discoidea
Small beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens eatonii
Eaton's beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens frondosa
Devil's beggartick, Spanish needles

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bidens heterodoxa
Connecticut beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens hyperborea
Estuary beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bidens laevis
Smooth beggartick, Smooth bidens, Smooth bur marigold, Larger bur marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bidens leptocephala
Fewflower beggarticks

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bidens tripartita
Threelobe Beggarticks, Three-part Beggarticks, Leafy-bracted Beggarticks, Trifid Bur-marigold

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Bidens vulgata
Big devils beggartick

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bigelowia nudata
Pineland rayless goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bigelowia nuttallii
Nuttall's rayless goldenrod

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Blechnum spicant
Deer fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Blennosperma bakeri
Baker's stickyseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Blennosperma nanum
Common stickyseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Blutaparon vermiculare
Silverhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Blysmus rufus
Red bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Boehmeria cylindrica
Smallspike false nettle, Bog Hemp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Boerhavia erecta
Erect spiderling

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boltonia asteroides
Boltonia, White doll's daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Borrichia frutescens
Bushy seaside tansy, Ox-eye daisy, Bushy seaside-tansy, Sea daisy, Sea ox-eye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Boschniakia rossica
Northern groundcone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Bothriochloa barbinodis
Cane bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Botrychium dissectum
Cutleaf grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Botrychium lanceolatum
Lanceleaf grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Botrychium lunaria
Common moonwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Botrychium matricariifolium
Matricary grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Dry

Botrychium multifidum
Leathery grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Botrychium oneidense
Bluntlobe grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Botrychium simplex
Little grapefern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Moist

Botrychium virginianum
Rattlesnake fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bowlesia incana
Hoary bowlesia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boykinia major
Large boykinia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boykinia occidentalis
Coast Boykinia, Coastal brookfoam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Boykinia rotundifolia
Roundleaf brookfoam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Brachyelytrum erectum
Bearded shorthusk, Longawn woodgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Brasenia schreberi
Watershield

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Brodiaea coronaria
Crown brodiaea, Harvest brodiaea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Brodiaea elegans
Harvest brodiaea, Elegant cluster-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Bromus ciliatus
Fringed brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bromus inermis
Smooth brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bromus kalmii
Arctic brome, Prairie brome, Wild chess

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bromus latiglumis
Earlyleaf brome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Brunnichia ovata
American buckwheat vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Buchnera americana
American bluehearts, Bluehearts

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bucida buceras
Gregorywood, Florida , Oxhorn Bucida

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bulbostylis capillaris
Densetuft hairsedge, Hair-sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cakile edentula
American searocket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cakile geniculata
Gulf searocket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cakile lanceolata
Coastal searocket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Calamagrostis canadensis
Bluejoint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Calamagrostis coarctata
Arctic reedgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Calamagrostis pickeringii
Pickering's reedgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calamagrostis stricta
Slimstem reedgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Calandrinia ciliata
Fringed redmaids, Redmaids

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calibrachoa parviflora
Seaside petunia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calla palustris
Water arum, Water-dragon, Wild calla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callitriche hermaphroditica
Northern water-starwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callitriche heterophylla
Twoheaded water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Callitriche palustris
Vernal water-starwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Callitriche pedunculosa
Nuttall's water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Callitriche terrestris
Terrestrial water-starwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callitropsis nootkatensis
Alaska cedar, Alaska-cedar, Yellow cedar, Nootka cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Calochortus nudus
Naked mariposa lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calochortus palmeri
Palmer's mariposa lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Calochortus striatus
Alkali mariposa lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Calochortus uniflorus
Monterey mariposa lily, Monterey mariposa-lily, Meadow star tulip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calopogon barbatus
Bearded grasspink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Calopogon multiflorus
Manyflower grasspink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calopogon pallidus
Pale grasspink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calopogon tuberosus
Tuberous grasspink, Grass pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Caltha leptosepala
Elkslip, White marsh marigold, White marsh-marigold

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Caltha palustris
Yellow marsh marigold, Yellow marsh-marigold, Cowslip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Calycanthus floridus
Eastern sweetshrub, Carolina allspice, Sweet shrub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calycanthus occidentalis
Western sweetshrub, California sweet shrub, Spice bush, Western spicebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calydorea coelestina
Bartram's ixia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calypso bulbosa
Fairy slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calyptocarpus vialis
Straggler daisy, Horseherb, Hierba del caballo, Lawnflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calystegia sepium
Hedge false bindweed, Hedge Bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Camassia leichtlinii
Large camas, Leichtlin's camas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Camassia quamash
Small camas, Common camass, Swamp sego

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Camassia scilloides
Atlantic camas, Wild hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campanula aparinoides
Marsh bellflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Campanula floridana
Florida bellflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Campanula lasiocarpa
Mountain harebell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Campanula parryi
Parry's bellflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campanula rotundifolia
Bluebell bellflower, Bluebell-of-Scotland, Harebell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campanula scouleri
Bellflower, Harebell, Pale bellflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campanula uniflora
Arctic bellflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Campanula wilkinsiana
Wilkins' bellflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Campanulastrum americanum
American bellflower, American-bellflower, Tall bellflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Canadanthus modestus
Giant mountain aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Canna flaccida
Bandanna of the Everglades, Golden canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Canna glauca
Water Canna, Louisiana Canna, Maraca amarilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cardamine angustata
Slender toothwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine bellidifolia
Alpine bittercress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cardamine bulbosa
Bulbous bittercress, Spring cress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Cardamine concatenata
Cutleaf toothwort, Pepper root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine cordifolia
Heartleaf bittercress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Cardamine diphylla
Crinkleroot, Two-leaved toothwort, Two-leaf toothwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine douglassii
Limestone bittercress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cardamine parviflora
Sand bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cardamine pensylvanica
Pennsylvania bittercress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex albicans
Whitetinge sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carex albolutescens
Greenwhite sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex alopecoidea
Foxtail sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex amphibola
Creek Sedge, Eastern narrowleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex annectens
Yellowfruit sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Carex aquatilis
Leafy tussock sedge, Water sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex atlantica
Prickly bog sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex atratiformis
Scrabrous black sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex atrosquama
Lesser blackscale sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex aurea
Golden sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex barbarae
Santa Barbara sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex bebbii
Bebb's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex bicknellii
Bicknell's sedge, Prairie sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Carex bigelowii
Bigelow's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex blanda
Eastern woodland sedge, Creek sedge, Common wood sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex bromoides
Bromelike sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex brunnescens
Brownish sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex bullata
Button sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex buxbaumii
Buxbaum's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex canescens
Silvery sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex capillaris
Hairlike sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex castanea
Chestnut sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex cephaloidea
Thinleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex chordorrhiza
Creeping sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex comosa
Longhair sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex complanata
Hirsute sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex concinna
Low northern sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex conoidea
Openfield sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex crawei
Crawe's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex crawfordii
Crawford's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex crinita
Fringed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex crus-corvi
Ravenfoot sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex cryptolepis
Northeastern sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex cumulata
Clustered sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex debilis
White edge sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex deweyana
Dewey sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex diandra
Lesser panicled sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex digitalis
Slender woodland sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex disperma
Softleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex eburnea
Bristleleaf sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex echinata
Star sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex emoryi
Emory Sedge, Emory's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex exilis
Coastal sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex flaccosperma
Thinfruit sedge

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Carex flava
Yellow sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex folliculata
Northern long sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex frankii
Frank's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex garberi
Elk sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex glareosa
Lesser saltmarsh sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex glaucescens
Southern waxy sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex glaucodea
Blue sedge, Blue wood sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex gracillima
Graceful sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex granularis
Limestone meadow sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex gravida
Heavy Sedge

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Carex grayi
Gray's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex grisea
Inflated Narrow-Leaf Sedge

Duration:
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex gynandra
Nodding sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex gynocrates
Northern bog sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex haydenii
Hayden's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex heteroneura
Different-nerve sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex hormathodes
Marsh straw sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex hystericina
Bottlebrush sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex interior
Inland sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex intumescens
Greater bladder sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex lachenalii
Twotipped sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex lacustris
Hairy sedge, Lakebank sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex lapponica
Lapland sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex lasiocarpa
Woollyfruit sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex laxiflora
Broad looseflower sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex lenticularis
Lakeshore sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex leptalea
Bristlystalked sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex leptonervia
Nerveless woodland sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex limosa
Mud sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex livida
Livid sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex longii
Long's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex louisianica
Louisiana sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex lupuliformis
False hop sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex lupulina
Hop sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex lurida
Lurid sedge, Sallow sedge, Shallow sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex lyngbyei
Lyngbye's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex mackenziei
Mackenzie's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex macloviana
Thickhead sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex macrocephala
Big-head sedge, Largehead sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Carex magellanica
Boreal bog sedge, Tall bog-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex marina
Sea sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Moist

Carex michauxiana
Michaux's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex microdonta
Littletooth sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex microglochin
Fewseeded bog sedge, Bristle sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex microptera
Smallwing sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Carex nardina
Spike sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Carex nebrascensis
Nebraska sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex nigra
Smooth black sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex nigricans
Black alpine sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex nigromarginata
Black edge sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex norvegica ssp. inferalpina
Closedhead sedge, Intermediate sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex novae-angliae
New England sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex obnupta
Slough sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex oklahomensis
Oklahoma sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex oligosperma
Fewseed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex paleacea
Chaffy sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex pallescens
Pale sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex pansa
Sanddune sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex pauciflora
Fewflower sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex pedunculata
Longstalk sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex pellita
Woolly sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Carex prairea
Prairie sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex praticola
Meadow sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex projecta
Necklace sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex pseudocyperus
Cypress-like sedge, Cypresslike sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex radiata
Eastern star sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex rariflora
Looseflower alpine sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex recta
Estuary sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex retroflexa
Reflexed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex retrorsa
Knotsheath sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex rosea
Rosy sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex rostrata
Beaked sedge, Swollen beaked sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex saxatilis
Rock sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex scabrata
Eastern rough sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex scirpoidea
Northern singlespike sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex scoparia
Broom sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex siccata
Dryspike sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Dry

Carex spissa
San Diego sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Carex sprengelii
Sprengel's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Carex sterilis
Dioecious sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex stipata
Awlfruit sedge, Awl-fruited sedge, Stalk-grain sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex stricta
Upright sedge, Uptight sedge, Tussock sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex swanii
Swan's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tenera
Quill sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex tenuiflora
Sparseflower sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex tetrastachya
Britton's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex torta
Twisted sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carex triangularis
Eastern fox sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carex tribuloides
Blunt broom sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex trisperma
Threeseeded sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex tuckermanii
Tuckerman's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex utriculata
Northwest Territory sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vaginata
Sheathed sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex vernacula
Native sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carex vesicaria
Blister sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex viridula
Little green sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex vulpinoidea
Fox sedge, Brown fox sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex wiegandii
Wiegand's sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Carphephorus corymbosus
Florida Paintbrush, Coastal Plain Chaffhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Carphephorus odoratissimus
Vanillaleaf, Vanilla Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Carpinus caroliniana
American hornbeam, Blue beech, Musclewood, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya aquatica
Water hickory, Bitter pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory, Swamp hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carya glabra
Pignut hickory, Broom hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Carya illinoinensis
Pecan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carya laciniosa
Shellbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carya myristiciformis
Nutmeg hickory, Nogal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Carya ovata
Shagbark hickory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Casasia clusiifolia
Sevenyear apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cassiope mertensiana
Western moss heather, Western moss-heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Cassytha filiformis
Devil's gut, Love Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Castilleja coccinea
Scarlet paintbrush, Scarlet indian paintbrush, Painted cup, Indian paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja miniata
Giant red Indian paintbrush, Great red indian-paintbrush, Meadow paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Castilleja occidentalis
Western Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja parviflora
Mountain Indian paintbrush, Small-flower indian-paintbrush, Rosy Indian paintbrush; Mountain Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Castilleja raupii
Raup's Indian paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Castilleja rhexiifolia
Splitleaf Indian paintbrush, Rosy indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Castilleja septentrionalis
Labrador Indian paintbrush, Pale painted cup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Castilleja suksdorfii
Suksdorf's Indian Paintbrush

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Castilleja sulphurea
Sulphur Indian paintbrush, Sulphur Paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Castilleja unalaschcensis
Alaska Indian paintbrush, Unalaska paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Catabrosa aquatica
Water whorlgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Catalpa speciosa
Northern catalpa, Catawba tree, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Celastrus scandens
American bittersweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Celtis occidentalis
Common hackberry, Nettle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Centaurium beyrichii
Mountain pink, Meadow pink, Catchfly, Quinineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona centaury, Shortflower centaury, Rosita, Buckley centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Centaurium glanduliferum
Sticky centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Centella erecta
Erect centella, Erect Spadeleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cephalanthus salicifolius
Mexican Buttonbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cerastium arvense
Field chickweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cerastium beeringianum
Bering chickweed, Mountain chickweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cerastium brachypodum
Short-stalk Chickweed, Shortstalk chickweed

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cerastium nutans
Nodding Chickweed

Duration: Annual
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ceratophyllum demersum
Coon's tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ceratophyllum echinatum
Spineless hornwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chaerophyllum tainturieri
Hairyfruit chervil, Southern chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamaecrista fasciculata
Partridge pea, Sleepingplant, Sensitive plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Chamaecrista nictitans
Partridge-pea, Sensitive partridge pea, Sensitive pea

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana
Port Orford cedar, Port Orford-cedar, Lawson falsecypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaecyparis thyoides
Atlantic white cedar, Atlantic white-cedar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Chamaedaphne calyculata
Leatherleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Chamaelirium luteum
Blazing star, Fairywand

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesyce maculata
Spotted Spurge, Spotted Euphorbia, Spotted Sandmat, Milk-purslane, Prostrate Spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce nutans
Eyebane, Nodding spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce polygonifolia
Seaside sandmat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce prostrata
Prostrate sandmat, Ground spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chamaesyce rockii
Koolau Range sandmat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Chamaesyce serpens
Matted sandmat, Prostrate spurge, Creeping spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chamerion angustifolium ssp. angustifolium
Fireweed, Narrow-leaf fireweed, Willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chamerion latifolium
Broad-leaf fireweed, Dwarf fireweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Chaptalia tomentosa
Woolly sunbonnets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chasmanthium laxum
Slender woodoats, Slender Chasmanthium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Chelone cuthbertii
Cuthbert's turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chelone glabra
White turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chelone lyonii
Pink turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chelone obliqua
Red turtlehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chenopodium album
Lambsquarters

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chenopodium leptophyllum
Narrowleaf goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chenopodium rubrum
Red goosefoot

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Trumpet flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chiococca alba
West Indian milkberry, David's milkberry, Cahinca, Snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chionophila jamesii
Rocky Mountain snowlover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloracantha spinosa
Mexican devil-weed, Spiny chloracantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chloris virgata
Feather fingergrass, Showy chloris

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chromolaena odorata
Jack in the bush, Fragrant boneset, Fragrant mistflower, Crucita, Blue mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chrysanthemum arcticum ssp. arcticum
Arctic daisy, Arctic-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chrysobalanus icaco
Icaco coco plum, Icaco coco-plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chrysopsis mariana
Maryland goldenaster, Maryland golden-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Chrysosplenium americanum
American golden saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Chrysosplenium tetrandrum
Northern golden saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cicuta bulbifera
Bulblet-bearing water hemlock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cicuta maculata
Spotted water hemlock, Water-Hemlock, Beaver Poison

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Cicuta virosa
Mackenzie's water hemlock, Cowbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cinna arundinacea
Sweet woodreed, Common woodreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cinna latifolia
Drooping woodreed, Slender woodreed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Circaea alpina
Small enchanter's nightshade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Circaea ×intermedia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium arizonicum
Arizona thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium discolor
Field thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium drummondii
Dwarf thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cirsium edule
Edible thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium flodmanii
Flodman's thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium foliosum
Elk thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium horridulum
Yellow thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium mohavense
Mojave thistle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium muticum
Swamp thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cirsium scariosum
Meadow thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cirsium undulatum
Wavyleaf thistle, Plumed Thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cissus trifoliata
Grape ivy, Possum grape, Cow-itch vine, Sorrelvine, Arizona grape ivy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cladium mariscoides
Smooth sawgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Claytonia caroliniana
Carolina springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Claytonia cordifolia
Broadleaf Claytonia, Heartleaf springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Claytonia lanceolata
Western spring beauty, Lanceleaf spring beauty, Spring beauty, Indian potato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Claytonia megarhiza
Alpine springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Claytonia perfoliata
Miner's lettuce

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Claytonia sarmentosa
Alaska springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Claytonia sibirica
Siberian springbeauty, Siberian miners lettuce

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Claytonia virginica
Virginia springbeauty, Springbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleistes bifaria
Small spreading pogonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clematis addisonii
Addison's leather flower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Clematis baldwinii
Pine hyacinth

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Clematis crispa
Swamp leatherflower, Curly clematis, Blue jasmine, Curlflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis glaucophylla
Whiteleaf Leather-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis ligusticifolia
Western white clematis, Virgin's bower, Pepper vine, Hierba de chivo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clematis virginiana
Devil's darning needles, Virgin's Bower, Old Man's Beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cleomella angustifolia
Narrowleaf rhombopod, Cleomella

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cleomella longipes
Chiricahua Mountain Stinkweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Clethra alnifolia
Coastal sweet pepperbush, Clethra, Summer sweet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cliftonia monophylla
Buckwheat tree, Buckwheat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Clinopodium arkansanum
Limestone calamint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Clinopodium brownei
Browne's savory

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Clinopodium douglasii
Oregon-tea, Yerba buena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Clintonia borealis
Bluebead, Yellow bluebead-lily, Clintonia, Blue-bead lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Clitoria mariana
Atlantic pigeonwings, Butterfly Pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clusia rosea
Scotch attorney

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Coccoloba uvifera
Sea grape, Seagrape, Seaside-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coelorachis cylindrica
Cylinder jointtail grass, Carolina Joint-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsia tinctoria
Sticky Chinese houses

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Collinsia verna
Spring blue eyed Mary, Spring Blue-eyed Mary

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Collinsonia canadensis
Citronella horsebalm, Richweed, Stoneroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Collomia linearis
Tiny trumpet, Narrow-leaf mountain-trumpet, Collomia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Comandra umbellata
Bastard toadflax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Dry

Comarum palustre
Purple cinquefoil, Purple marshlocks, Marsh cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Commelina virginica
Virginia dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Conioselinum chinense
Chinese hemlockparsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Conocarpus erectus
Button mangrove, Buttonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Conoclinium betonicifolium
Betonyleaf thoroughwort, Betony-leaf mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium greggii
Gregg's mistflower, Palmleaf thoroughwort, Palm-leaf mistflower, Palm-leaf thoroughwort, Purple palmleaf mistflower, Purple palmleaf eupatorium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conradina verticillata
Cumberland false rosemary

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Convolvulus equitans
Bindweed, Texas bindweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conyza canadensis var. canadensis
Canadian horseweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Coptis trifolia
Threeleaf goldthread, Three-leaf goldthread, Canker root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Corallorhiza maculata
Summer coralroot, Spotted coralroot, Speckled coral root, Large coral root, Many-flowered coral root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corallorhiza striata
Hooded coralroot, Striped coralroot, Bigelow's coral root, Macrae's coral root, Madder stripes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corallorhiza trifida
Early Coralroot, Yellow coralroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Corallorhiza wisteriana
Spring coralroot, Early southern coral root, Spring coral root, Wister's coralroot, Yellow coral root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cordyline fruticosa
Tiplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Coreopsis falcata
Sickle tickseed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis gladiata
Coastal plain tickseed, Coastal tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Coreopsis integrifolia
Fringeleaf tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Sun
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis leavenworthii
Common Tickseed, Leavenworth's tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis linifolia
Texas tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis nudata
Georgia tickseed, Swamp coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Coreopsis pubescens
Star tickseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Coreopsis rosea
Pink tickseed, Rose coreopsis, Pink coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tripteris
Tall tickseed, Tall coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corispermum americanum
American Bugseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cornus alternifolia
Alternateleaf dogwood, Alternate-leaf dogwood, Pagoda dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus amomum
Silky dogwood, Red willow, Silky cornel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cornus canadensis
Bunchberry dogwood, Canadian bunchberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus foemina
Stiff dogwood, Swamp dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cornus glabrata
Brown dogwood, Smooth-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cornus nuttallii
Pacific dogwood, Pacific flowering dogwood, Mountain dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cornus obliqua
Silky dogwood, Pale dogwood, Swamp dogwood, Kinnikinnik

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus racemosa
Gray dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea
Redosier dogwood, Red Osier Dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Cornus suecica
Lapland cornel, Dwarf northern cornel, Eurasian dwarf cornel, Bunchberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corydalis caseana
Sierra fumewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Corydalis scouleri
Scouler's fumewort, Western Corydalis, Scouler Corydalis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Corylus americana
American hazelnut, American filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corylus cornuta
Beaked hazelnut, Beaked filbert

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crassula aquatica
Water pygmyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crataegus aestivalis
Mayhaw, May hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus crus-galli
Cockspur hawthorn, Cockspur thorn, Newcastle hawthorn, Newcastle thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus douglasii
Black hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Crataegus erythropoda
Cerro hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus marshallii
Parsley hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus mollis
Downy hawthorn, White thorn, Whitethorn, Scarlet hawthorn, Scarlet haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Crataegus opaca
Mayhaw, Riverflat hawthorn, Western mayhaw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crataegus phaenopyrum
Washington hawthorn, Washington-thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Crataegus pulcherrima
Beautiful hawthorn

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Crataegus rivularis
River hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus spathulata
Littlehip hawthorn, Pasture haw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Crinum americanum
American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croptilon divaricatum
Slender scratchdaisy, Scratch Daisy, Granite Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cryptogramma stelleri
Fragile rockbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cryptotaenia canadensis
Canadian honewort, Wild Chervil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cycloloma atriplicifolium
Winged pigweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cymophyllus fraserianus
Fraser's Cymophyllus

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus articulatus
Jointed flatsedge, Chintul

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus bipartitus
Shining Cyperus, Slender flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus croceus
Baldwin's flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus dentatus
Toothed flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus diandrus
Umbrella flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus elegans
Royal flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus esculentus
Yellow nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow nut-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus lupulinus
Great Plains flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cyperus ochraceus
Pond flatsedge, Yellow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus onerosus
Plains flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus polystachyos
Manyspike Flatsedge, Bunchy sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus reflexus
Bentawn flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus retrorsus
Pine barren flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Dry

Cyperus schweinitzii
Schweinitz's flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cyperus setigerus
Lean flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Cyperus squarrosus
Bearded flatsedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cypripedium acaule
Moccasin flower, Pink lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cypripedium arietinum
Ram's head lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Cypripedium californicum
California lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium candidum
White lady's slipper, Small white lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Cypripedium fasciculatum
Clustered lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium montanum
Mountain lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cypripedium parviflorum
Lesser yellow lady's slipper, Yellow lady's-slipper orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cypripedium reginae
Showy lady's slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Cypripedium ×andrewsii
Andrews' lady's-slipper

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Cyrilla racemiflora
Swamp titi, Titi, Leatherwood, Swamp cyrilla, Palo colorado

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cystopteris bulbifera
Bulblet bladder fern, Bulblet bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Cystopteris fragilis
Brittle bladder fern, Brittle bladderfern, Fragile fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cystopteris montana
Mountain bladderfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Cystopteris protrusa
Lowland bladderfern

Duration:
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water: Moist

Dactylorhiza viridis
Longbract frog orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Damasonium californicum
California damsonium, Fringed Water Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Danthonia californica
California oatgrass, California wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Danthonia compressa
Flattened oatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Danthonia intermedia
Timber oatgrass, Timber wild oat grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Danthonia sericea
Downy danthonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Dry

Darlingtonia californica
California pitcherplant, Cobra Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Darmera peltata
Indian rhubarb, Indian-rhubarb, Umbrella plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Dasiphora fruticosa
Shrubby Cinquefoil, Golden hardhack, Potentilla

Duration:
Habit:
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Datura wrightii
Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Decodon verticillatus
Swamp loosestrife, Swamp-loosestrife, Water willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Decumaria barbara
Decumaria, Climbing hydrangea, Woodvamp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Delphinium barbeyi
Subalpine larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Delphinium californicum
California coast larkspur, California larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Delphinium glaucum
Sierra larkspur, Tower larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Delphinium hesperium
Foothill larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Delphinium nuttallianum
Twolobe larkspur, Two-lobe larkspur, Delphinium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Delphinium recurvatum
Byron larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Delphinium ×occidentale
Duncecap Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dennstaedtia punctilobula
Eastern Hay-scented Fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Deparia acrostichoides
Silver false spleenwort, Silvery spleenwort, Silvery glade fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Deschampsia cespitosa
Tufted hairgrass, Tufted hair grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Deschampsia flexuosa
Wavy hairgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Descurainia incana
Mountain tansymustard

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Desmanthus virgatus
Wild Tantan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Desmodium canadense
Showy tick trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Desmodium paniculatum
Panicledleaf ticktrefoil, Panicled Tick Trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dicentra formosa
Pacific bleeding heart, Pacific bleedinghearts, Western bleedingheart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium acuminatum
Tapered rosette grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium boreale
Northern panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium clandestinum
Deer-tongue, Deertongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dichanthelium commutatum
Variable panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dichanthelium dichotomum
Cypress panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium leibergii
Leiberg's panicum, Prairie panicgrass, Leiberg's panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium leucothrix
Rough panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichanthelium ovale
Eggleaf rosette grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon
Roundseed panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Dichelostemma capitatum
Bluedicks

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichondra carolinensis
Carolina ponysfoot, Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dichondra recurvata
Oakwoods ponysfoot, Oakwoods Ponyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dicliptera brachiata
Branched Dicliptera, Branched foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dicliptera sexangularis
Sixangle foldwing

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diodia teres
Poorjoe

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diodia virginiana
Buttonweed, Virginia buttonweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Dionaea muscipula
Venus flytrap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dioscorea villosa
Wild yam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Diospyros virginiana
Common persimmon, Eastern persimmon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Diphylleia cymosa
American umbrellaleaf, Umbrella-leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Diplacus parviflorus
Island bush monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Diplazium pycnocarpon
Glade fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Dirca palustris
Eastern leatherwood, Western leatherwood, Ropebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Distichlis spicata
Saltgrass, Coastal salt grass, Inland salt-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Dodecatheon alpinum
Alpine shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dodecatheon conjugens
Bonneville shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dodecatheon dentatum
Dwarf shootingstar, White shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Dodecatheon frigidum
Northern shootingstar, Western arctic shootingstar, Western artic shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dodecatheon jeffreyi
Sierra shootingstar, Tall mountain shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Dodecatheon meadia
Eastern shooting star, Shooting star, Pride of Ohio, Roosterheads, Prairie pointers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dodecatheon pulchellum
Darkthroat shooting star, Few-flower shooting star, Western shooting star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dodecatheon subalpinum
Sierra shootingstar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dodonaea viscosa
Florida hopbush, Hopseed bush, Switch sorrel, Varnish leaf, Hopbush, Chapoliztle, Casol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Doellingeria umbellata
Parasol whitetop, Flat-topped White Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Downingia cuspidata
Toothed calicoflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Draba helleriana
Heller's draba

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dracopis amplexicaulis
Clasping coneflower, Clasping-leaf coneflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Drosera anglica
English sundew, Narrowleaf sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera brevifolia
Dwarf sundew, Spatulate-leaved sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera capillaris
Pink sundew

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera filiformis
Threadleaf sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera intermedia
Spoonleaf sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Drosera linearis
Slenderleaf sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera rotundifolia
Roundleaf sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Drosera tracyi
Tracy's sundew

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryas drummondii
Drummond's mountain-avens, Yellow mountain-avens, Yellow dryas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dryas integrifolia
Entireleaf mountain-avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Dryopteris campyloptera
Mountain woodfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris carthusiana
Shield fern, Spinulose wood fern, Spinulose woodfern, Toothed wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris celsa
Log fern

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris clintoniana
Clinton's woodfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Moist

Dryopteris cristata
Crested woodfern, Crested wood fern, Buckler fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris expansa
Spreading woodfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris goldiana
Goldie's woodfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris intermedia
Intermediate woodfern, Evergreen wood-fern, Fancy wood fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris ludoviciana
Southern woodfern, Florida shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Dryopteris marginalis
Marginal woodfern, Marginal fern, Marginal shieldfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Dryopteris ×australis

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris ×boottii

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dryopteris ×triploidea

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Dulichium arundinaceum
Threeway sedge, Three-sided sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Echinocystis lobata
Wild cucumber

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinodorus berteroi
Upright burrhead

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinodorus cordifolius
Creeping burrhead, Lance-leaf Burhead, Radican Sword "Giant Mother Plant"

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Eclipta prostrata
Pie Plant, False Daisy, Eclipta

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elaeagnus commutata
Silverberry, American silverberry, Wild olive, Wolf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Elatine americana
American waterwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elatine minima
Small waterwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis acicularis
Needle spikerush

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis atropurpurea
Purple spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis cellulosa
Gulf Coast spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis elliptica
Elliptic spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis equisetoides
Jointed spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eleocharis flavescens
Yellow spikerush, Pale spike-rush, Wrinkle-sheathed spike-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis halophila
Saltmarsh spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis intermedia
Matted spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis interstincta
Knotted spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis microcarpa
Smallfruit spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis montevidensis
Sand spikerush, Spike rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Eleocharis nitida
Quill spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis obtusa
Blunt spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis olivacea
Bright green spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis palustris
Common spikerush, Common spike-rush, Creeping spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis parvula
Dwarf spikerush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis quadrangulata
Squarestem spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis quinqueflora
Fewflower spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis robbinsii
Robbins' spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eleocharis tenuis
Slender spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eleocharis tuberculosa
Cone-cup spikerush, Tubercled spikerush, Long-tubercled spikerush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elephantopus carolinianus
Carolina elephantsfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elionurus tripsacoides
Pan American balsamscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Elliottia pyroliflora
Copperbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Elodea canadensis
Canadian waterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Elodea nuttallii
Western waterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus glaucus
Blue wild rye, Blue wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus hystrix
Eastern bottlebrush grass, Bottlebrush Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Elymus lanceolatus
Streambank wheatgrass, Thickspike wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus riparius
Riverbank wild-rye, Riverbank wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus trachycaulus
Slender wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus villosus
Hairy wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Elymus virginicus
Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Elymus wiegandii
Wiegand's wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Empetrum nigrum
Black crowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Enemion biternatum
Eastern false rue anemone, Isopyrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Epilobium anagallidifolium
Pimpernel willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epilobium ciliatum
Fringed willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epilobium coloratum
Purpleleaf willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Epilobium hornemannii
Hornemann's willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epilobium lactiflorum
Milkflower willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epilobium leptocarpum
Slenderfruit willowherb, Small-flowered willow herb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epilobium leptophyllum
Bog willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Epilobium luteum
Yellow willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epilobium obcordatum
Rockfringe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Epilobium palustre
Marsh willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epilobium strictum
Downy willowherb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Epipactis gigantea
Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore, Stream orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum arvense
Field horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum fluviatile
Water horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale
Canuela, Horsetail, Scouring rush, Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum laevigatum
Horsetail, Smooth horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Equisetum palustre
Marsh horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Equisetum pratense
Meadow horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Equisetum scirpoides
Dwarf scouringrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Equisetum sylvaticum
Woodland horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Equisetum variegatum
Variegated scouringrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eragrostis pectinacea
Tufted lovegrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erechtites hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia
American burnweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron acris
Bitter Fleabane, Bitter Daisy, Blue Fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron acris ssp. debilis
Bitter fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron annuus
Daisy Fleabane, Eastern daisy fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron coulteri
Large mountain fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron elatior
Tall fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron flagellaris
Trailing fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron formosissimus
Beautiful fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron glabellus
Streamside fleabane

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erigeron glaucus
Seaside fleabane, Seaside daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron humilis
Arctic alpine fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron hyssopifolius
Hyssopleaf fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron lanatus
Woolly fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron melanocephalus
Blackhead fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron peregrinus
Subalpine fleabane, Coastal fleabane, Mountain daisy, Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Erigeron procumbens
Corpus Christi fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron pulchellus
Robin's plantain, Poor Robin's plantain, Rose petty, Robert's plantain, Blue spring-daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erigeron quercifolius
Oakleaf fleabane, Southern Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Erigeron strigosus
Prairie fleabane, Daisy fleabane

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Erigeron vernus
Early whitetop fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriocaulon aquaticum
Common Pipewort, Sevenangle pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Eriocaulon compressum
Flattened pipewort, Hat pins

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eriocaulon decangulare
Tenangle pipewort, Pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriocaulon parkeri
Estuary pipewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eriogonum ovalifolium
Cushion buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eriophorum angustifolium
Tall cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eriophorum chamissonis
Chamisso's cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eriophorum gracile
Slender cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Eriophorum gracile var. gracile
Slender cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eriophorum russeolum
Red cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eriophorum scheuchzeri
White cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eriophorum tenellum
Fewnerved cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eriophorum vaginatum
Tussock cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Eriophorum virginicum
Tawny cottongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Eriophorum viridicarinatum
Thinleaf cottonsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Ernodea littoralis
Coughbush, Golden creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Eryngium aquaticum
Rattlesnake-master, Rattlesnakemaster, Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eryngium heterophyllum
Mexican thistle, Wright's eryngo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium hookeri
Hooker's eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium integrifolium
Blueflower eryngo, Blue-flower coyote-thistle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium prostratum
Eryngium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium yuccifolium
Button eryngo, Button snakeroot, Rattlesnake master, Beargrass, Bear's grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erythronium albidum
White troutlily, Dogtooth violet, White fawnlily, Adder's tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Erythronium grandiflorum
Yellow avalanche-lily, Glacier lily, Yellow fawn-lily, Dogtooth violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythronium revolutum
Bog fawn-lily, Mahogany fawn-lily, Mahogany fawnlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythronium rostratum
Dog-tooth violet, Yellow troutlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eubotrys racemosa
Fetter-bush, Leucothoe, Swamp doghobble, Sweet-bells Leucothe, Sweetbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eubotrys recurva
Redtwig doghobble

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Euonymus americanus
American strawberry-bush, Strawberry bush, Brook euonymus, Hearts-a-burstin, Bursting-heart, Wahoo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euonymus atropurpureus
Burningbush, Eastern wahoo, Burning bush, Wahoo, Waahoo, Whahoo, Spindle tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Euonymus obovatus
Running euonymus, Running strawberry bush, Running strawberry-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Eupatorium capillifolium
Dog Fennel, Dogfennel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium mohrii
Mohr's thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium perfoliatum
Common boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Eupatorium rotundifolium
Roundleaf thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia cyathophora
Wild Poinsettia, Poinsettia, Fire on the Mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euphorbia heterophylla
Mexican fireplant, Wild Poinsettia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia spathulata
Warty spurge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euphrasia randii
Small eyebright

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia hemispherica
Southern prairie aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia macrophylla
Bigleaf aster, Large-leaf wood-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Eurybia merita
Subalpine aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia radula
Low rough aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eurybia sibirica
Arctic aster, Siberian wood-aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell, Catchfly gentian, Seaside gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euthamia caroliniana
Slender goldentop, Slender fragrant goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia graminifolia
Flat-top goldentop, Grass-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Euthamia gymnospermoides
Texas goldentop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Euthamia leptocephala
Bushy goldentop, Slender-headed euthamia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eutrochium fistulosum
Joe-pye Weed, Trumpetweed, Queen of the Meadow, Hollow Joe-pye Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Eutrochium purpureum
Purple joepyeweed, Sweet-scented joepyeweed, Sweet joepyeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Evolvulus sericeus
Silver dwarf morning-glory, White Evolvulus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fagus grandifolia
American beech

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Festuca californica
California fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Festuca idahoensis
Blue bunchgrass, Bunchgrass fescue, Idaho fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Festuca rubra
Red fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Festuca subverticillata
Nodding fescue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ficus aurea
Florida strangler fig, Strangler Fig

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Filipendula rubra
Queen of the prairie, Queen-of-the-prairie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fimbristylis autumnalis
Slender Fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fimbristylis vahlii
Vahl's fimbry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Flaveria chlorifolia
Clasping yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Flaveria trinervia
Clustered Yellowtops

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fleischmannia incarnata
Pink Thoroughwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Floerkea proserpinacoides
False mermaidweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Forestiera acuminata
Eastern swamp-privet, Eastern swampprivet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Forestiera pubescens
Stretchberry, Elbow bush, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fothergilla gardenii
Dwarf witchalder, Dwarf witch-alder, Dwarf fothergilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Fragaria chiloensis
Beach strawberry, Coast strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fragaria vesca
Woodland strawberry, California strawberry, Wood strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Fragaria virginiana
Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Frangula betulifolia
Beechleaf frangula, Birchleaf Buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Indian cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Frangula purshiana
Cascara, Cascara buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus americana
White ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Fraxinus berlandieriana
Mexican ash, Fresno, Berlandier ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus caroliniana
Carolina ash, Pop Ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Fraxinus latifolia
Oregon ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Fraxinus nigra
Black ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Fraxinus profunda
Pumpkin ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Fraxinus velutina
Arizona ash, Desert ash, Velvet ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fritillaria agrestis
Stinkbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fritillaria camschatcensis
Kamchatka fritillary, Black lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Fuirena simplex
Western umbrella-sedge, Umbrellagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Fuirena squarrosa
Hairy umbrella-sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Funastrum cynanchoides
Fringed twinevine, Climbing milkweed vine, Twine-vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Funastrum torreyi
Soft twinevine, Soft twine vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galactia elliottii
Elliott's milkpea, White Milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Galactia volubilis
Downy milkpea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Galax urceolata
Beetleweed, Galax, Coltsfoot, Wand flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Galium aparine
Stickywilly, Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water:

Galium asprellum
Rough bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium boreale
Northern bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Galium brevipes
Limestone swamp bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium circaezans
Licorice bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Galium concinnum
Shining Bedstraw

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Galium labradoricum
Northern bog bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium obtusum
Bluntleaf bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium palustre
Common marsh bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium tinctorium
Stiff marsh bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium trifidum
Threepetal bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Galium triflorum
Fragrant bedstraw, Sweet-scented bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Galium uncinulatum
Bristly bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Galium uniflorum
Oneflower bedstraw

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gamochaeta pensylvanica
Pennsylvania everlasting

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gardenia taitensis
Tahitian gardenia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Gaultheria hispidula
Creeping snowberry, Creeping-snowberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gaultheria ovatifolia
Western teaberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gaultheria procumbens
Eastern teaberry, Wintergreen, Checkerberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaultheria shallon
Salal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia baccata
Black huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Gaylussacia dumosa
Dwarf huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gaylussacia frondosa
Blue huckleberry, Dangleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Gelsemium rankinii
Swamp jessamine, Rankin's trumpetflower, Rankin's jessamine, Swamp yellow jasmine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentiana affinis
Pleated gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Gentiana alba
Plain gentian, Yellow gentian, Cream gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentiana algida
Whitish gentian, Arctic Gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentiana andrewsii
Closed bottle gentian, Closed gentian, Bottle gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Gentiana autumnalis
Pine barren gentian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gentiana calycosa
Rainier pleated gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentiana catesbaei
Elliott's gentian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gentiana clausa
Bottle gentian, Blind gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentiana glauca
Pale gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentiana linearis
Narrowleaf gentian, Narrow-leaved gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentiana parryi
Parry's gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gentiana prostrata
Pygmy gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentiana rubricaulis
Closed gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentiana saponaria
Harvestbells, Soapwort gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Gentiana sceptrum
King's scepter gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Gentianella amarella
Autumn dwarf gentian, Northern Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentianopsis barbellata
Perennial fringed gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentianopsis crinita
Greater fringed gentian, Fringed gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gentianopsis thermalis
Rocky Mountain fringed gentian, Western Fringed Gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gentianopsis virgata
Lesser fringed gentian, Smaller fringed gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geocaulon lividum
False toadflax, Northern comandra

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geranium caespitosum
Pineywoods geranium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Geranium californicum
California cranesbill, Mountain geranium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geranium erianthum
Woolly geranium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium maculatum
Spotted geranium, Wild geranium, Cranesbill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium richardsonii
Richardson's geranium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geranium robertianum
Herb Robert, Robert geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geranium viscosissimum
Sticky purple geranium, Sticky wild geranium

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Geum aleppicum
Yellow avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Geum laciniatum
Rough avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Geum macrophyllum
Large-leaf Avens, Largeleaf avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Geum peckii
Mountain avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Geum rivale
Purple avens, Water avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Geum rossii
Ross' avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Geum triflorum
Old man's whiskers, Prairie smoke, Purple avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Geum vernum
Spring Avens

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Geum virginianum
Cream avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glandularia tampensis
Tampa Verbena, Tampa Mock-vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gleditsia aquatica
Water locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Gleditsia triacanthos
Honey locust, Common Honey-locust, Honey-locust, Thornless common honey-locust, Honey shucks, Sweet-locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glyceria borealis
Small floating mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Glyceria canadensis
Rattlesnake mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Glyceria grandis
American manna grass, American mannagrass, Reed meadowgrass, Tall manna grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Glyceria laxa
Limp mannagrass, Lax Mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Glyceria melicaria
Melic mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Glyceria obtusa
Atlantic mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Glyceria striata
Fowl mannagrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Glycyrrhiza lepidota
American licorice, Wild licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Goodyera oblongifolia
Western rattlesnake plantain, Rattlesnake Plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Goodyera pubescens
Downy rattlesnake plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Goodyera repens
Lesser rattlesnake plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Goodyera tesselata
Checkered rattlesnake plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coprosma granadensis
Makole

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Gordonia lasianthus
Gordonia, Loblolly bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gossypium hirsutum
Upland cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Gratiola aurea
Golden hedgehyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gratiola neglecta
Clammy hedgehyssop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia camporum
Great Valley gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia integrifolia
Puget Sound gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Grindelia nana
Idaho gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia papposa
Spanish gold, Clasping-leaved haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grindelia squarrosa
Curlycup gumweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Dry

Grindelia stricta
Oregon gumweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnocarpium dryopteris
Northern oak fern, Western oakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Gymnocarpium robertianum
Scented oakfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Habenaria repens
Waterspider bog orchid, Water-spider Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Habranthus tubispathus
Copper lily, Rio Grande copper-lily, Rio Grande copperlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Hackelia floribunda
Many-flower Stickseed, Manyflower stickseed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hackelia micrantha
Jessica sticktight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hackelia virginiana
Beggarslice, Beggar's-lice, Stickseed, Sticktight, Wild Comfrey, Virginia Stickseed

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Halenia deflexa
American spurred gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Halesia carolina
Carolina silverbell

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Halesia diptera
Two-wing silverbell, Silver bell, Two-winged silverbell, Snowdrop tree, American snowdrop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Halimolobos mollis
Soft fissurewort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hamamelis vernalis
Ozark witch-hazel, Vernal witch-hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hamamelis virginiana
Witch hazel, American witch hazel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hamelia patens
Scarletbush, Firebush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Harrimanella stelleriana
Alaska bellheather, Alaska moss heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hastingsia alba
White rushlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hedysarum alpinum
Alpine sweetvetch, Alpine sweet broom, Licorice root, Sweetbroom

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Heimia salicifolia
Shrubby yellowcrest

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium amarum
Yellow Sneezeweed, Bitterweed, Yellow bitterweed, Yellowdicks, Slender-leaved sneezeweed, Fine-leaved sneezweed, Yellow dog-fennel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium autumnale
Common sneezeweed, Fall sneezeweed, Autumn sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helenium bigelovii
Bigelow's sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium bolanderi
Coastal sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium drummondii
Fringed sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium flexuosum
Purplehead sneezeweed, Purple-head sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helenium microcephalum
Smallhead sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium puberulum
Rosilla

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium vernale
Savannah sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthella quinquenervis
Fivenerve helianthella

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus angustifolius
Swamp sunflower, Narrowleaf sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus californicus
California sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus ciliaris
Texas blueweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus debilis
Beach sunflower, Cucumber-leaf sunflower, Cucumberleaf sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Helianthus decapetalus
Thinleaf sunflower, Ten-petaled sunflower, Thin-leaved sunflower, Pale sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Helianthus giganteus
Giant sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Helianthus grosseserratus
Sawtooth sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus microcephalus
Small woodland sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Helianthus nuttallii
Nuttall's sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus occidentalis
Fewleaf sunflower, Western sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus paradoxus
Paradox sunflower, Puzzle sunflower, Pecos sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus simulans
Muck sunflower, Narrow-leaved sunflower, Swamp sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Helianthus strumosus
Paleleaf woodland sunflower, Paleleaf sunflower, Woodland sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus tuberosus
Jerusalem artichoke, Sunchoke

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Heliopsis helianthoides
Smooth oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, False sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Heliotropium angiospermum
Scorpion's-tail, Scorpion-tail

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Heliotropium curassavicum
Salt heliotrope, Seaside heliotrope, Quail plant, Cola de mico, Cola de gama

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heliotropium greggii
Fragrant heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium molle
Soft heliotrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heliotropium procumbens
Fourspike heliotrope

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Helonias bullata
Swamppink

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hemizonia fasciculata
Clustered tarweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heracleum maximum
Common cowparsnip, Cow Parsnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hesperochiron californicus
California hesperochiron

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperochiron pumilus
Dwarf hesperochiron

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Heteranthera dubia
Grassleaf mudplantain, Water Stargrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteranthera limosa
Blue Mud Plantain, Blue mudplantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Heteropogon contortus
Tanglehead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heuchera americana
American alumroot, Alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heuchera richardsonii
Richardson's alumroot, Prairie alumroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Heuchera rubescens
Mountain alumroot, Pink alumroot, Red alumroot, Wild coralbells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hexalectris spicata
Spiked crested coralroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis arifolia
Little brown jug, Heartleaf, Evergreen wild ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hexastylis shuttleworthii
Largeflower heartleaf, Shuttleworth's ginger

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis speciosa
Harper's heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hexastylis virginica
Virginia heartleaf

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hibiscus aculeatus
Comfortroot, Big thicket hibiscus, Pineland hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus coccineus
Scarlet rosemallow, Crimson rosemallow, Wild red mallow, Texas star hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hibiscus grandiflorus
Swamp rosemallow, Swamp rose-mallow, Pink swamp hibiscus, Large-flowered hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hibiscus striatus
Striped rosemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hieracium gronovii
Queendevil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hippuris tetraphylla
Fourleaf mare's-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hippuris vulgaris
Common mare's-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Hoffmannseggia glauca
Indian rushpea, Indian rush-pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Holodiscus discolor
Oceanspray, Hillside oceanspray, Cream bush, Mountain spray

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Honckenya peploides
Seaside sandplant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hordeum jubatum
Foxtail barley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Hordeum pusillum
Little barley

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Hottonia inflata
American featherfoil, Featherfoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia caerulea
Azure bluet, Quaker-ladies, Bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Houstonia pusilla
Tiny bluet, Small Bluets, Star violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia serpyllifolia
Thymeleaf bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Houstonia wrightii
Pygmy bluet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Humulus lupulus
Common hop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Hybanthus concolor
Eastern greenviolet, Green Violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrangea arborescens
Wild hydrangea, Sevenbark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrocotyle americana
American marshpennywort, Water-pennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle bonariensis
Largeleaf pennywort, Salt pennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle prolifera
Whorled marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Floating marshpennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrolea corymbosa
Skyflower, Tall Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hydrophyllum canadense
Bluntleaf waterleaf, Broad-leaved waterleaf, Broadleaf waterleaf, Canadian waterleaf, Fool's seal, Maple-leaf waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrophyllum fendleri
Fendler's waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrophyllum occidentale
Squaw-lettuce, Waterleaf, Western waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Hydrophyllum tenuipes
Pacific waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hydrophyllum virginianum
Eastern waterleaf, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenocallis caroliniana
Carolina spiderlily, Carolina spider-lily, Rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenocallis floridana
Florida spiderlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenocallis latifolia
Perfumed spiderlily, Perfumed spider-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Hymenocallis liriosme
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenocallis palmeri
Alligator lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hymenoclea monogyra
Singlewhorl burrobrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hymenoxys hoopesii
Orange sneezeweed, Owl's-claws

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hypericum adpressum
Creeping St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum anagalloides
Tinker's penny

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum ascyron
Great St. Johnswort, Giant St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hypericum boreale
Northern St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum buckleii
Buckley's St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hypericum canadense
Lesser Canadian St. Johnswort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum cistifolium
Roundpod St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Hypericum crux-andreae
St. Peter's-wort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum densiflorum
Bushy St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hypericum denticulatum
Coppery St. Johnswort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Hypericum drummondii
Nits and lice, Drummond's St. John's-wort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum ellipticum
Pale St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum gentianoides
Orangegrass, Pineweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum graveolens
Mountain St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum gymnanthum
Claspingleaf St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum hypericoides
St. Andrew's Cross

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hypericum kalmianum
Kalm's St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hypericum majus
Large St. Johnswort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum mutilum
Dwarf St. Johnswort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum prolificum
Shrubby St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Hypericum punctatum
Spotted St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hypericum scouleri
Scouler's St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum sphaerocarpum
Roundseed St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypericum tetrapetalum
Fourpetal St. Johnswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Hypoxis curtissii
Curtis' star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypoxis hirsuta
Common Goldstar, Yellow star-grass, Eastern yellow star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hypoxis juncea
Common Star-grass, Fringed yellow star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hypoxis wrightii
Wright's star-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hyptis alata
Clustered bushmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex amelanchier
Sarvis holly, Swamp holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ilex cassine
Dahoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex coriacea
Large gallberry, Bay-gall bush, Ink-berry holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex glabra
Inkberry, Gallberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex laevigata
Smooth winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex montana
Mountain holly, Mountain winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Ilex mucronata
Catberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ilex myrtifolia
Myrtle dahoon, Myrtle leaf holly, Myrtle holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex opaca
American holly, Christmas holly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Dry

Ilex verticillata
Common winterberry, Michigan holly, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Iliamna grandiflora
Largeflower wild hollyhock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iliamna rivularis
Streambank wild hollyhock, Wild hollyhock, Mountain globemallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Illicium floridanum
Florida anisetree, Florida anise, Anise tree, Stinkbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Illicium parviflorum
Yellow anisetree, Small anisetree, Star anise

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Impatiens capensis
Jewelweed, Orange Jewelweed, Spotted Touch-Me-Not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Impatiens ecornuta
Spurless Touch-me-not

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Impatiens noli-tangere
Western touch-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Impatiens pallida
Pale touch-me-not, Yellow jewelweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Imperata brevifolia
California satintail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Indigofera lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ipomoea alba
Tropical White Morning Glory, Tropical white morning-glory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea cordatotriloba
Tievine, Purple bindweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea hederifolia
Scarlet Creeper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea imperati
Beach morning glory, Beach morning-glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's morning-glory, Blue Morning Glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomoea pandurata
Man of the earth, Wild Potato, Wild sweet potato, Manroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ipomoea pes-caprae
Railroad vine, Goat-foot morning glory, Bayhops, Beach morning glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea sagittata
Saltmarsh morning-glory, Salt-marsh morning glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Iris brevicaulis
Zigzag iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris fulva
Copper iris, Red iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris giganticaerulea
Blue flag, Giant blue iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Iris hartwegii
Rainbow iris, Sierra iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Iris hexagona
Dixie iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris hexagona var. savannarum
Anglepod Blueflag, Savanna iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iris lacustris
Dwarf lake iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Iris missouriensis
Rocky Mountain iris, Western blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Iris prismatica
Slender blue iris, Slender blue flag, Coastal iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris setosa
Beachhead iris, Beach-head iris, Wild flag iris, Alaska iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Iris setosa var. canadensis
Canada beachhead iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iris tridentata
Savannah iris

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Iris versicolor
Harlequin blueflag, Northern blue flag, Large blue iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Isoetes lithophila
Rock quillwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Isotria medeoloides
Small whorled pogonia, Green fiveleaf orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Isotria verticillata
Large whorled pogonia, Purple fiveleaf orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Itea virginica
Virginia sweetspire, Tassel-white

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iva annua
Annual marshelder, Marsh-elder, Sumpweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Iva frutescens
High-tide bush, High-water shrub, Jesuit's bark, Marsh elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Jacquemontia tamnifolia
Hairy clustervine, Hairy cluster-vine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Jacquinia keyensis
Joewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Jamesia americana
Cliffbush, Fivepetal cliffbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Jamesianthus alabamensis
Alabama warbonnet

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Juglans californica
California black walnut, Southern California walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juglans cinerea
Butternut, White walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juglans major
Arizona walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans microcarpa
Little walnut, Nogalito, Texas walnut, Texas black walnut, River walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juglans nigra
Black walnut, Eastern black walnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Juncus acuminatus
Tapertip rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus alpinoarticulatus
Northern green rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus arcticus ssp. littoralis
Baltic rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus brachycephalus
Smallhead rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus brevicaudatus
Narrowpanicle rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus bufonius
Toad rush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus bulbosus
Bulbous rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus caesariensis
New Jersey rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus canadensis
Canadian rush, Canada rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Juncus dubius
Dubius rush, Little bamboo, Mariposa rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Juncus dudleyi
Dudley's rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus effusus
Common rush, Soft Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus effusus var. pylaei
Common rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus filiformis
Thread rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus filipendulus
Ringseed rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus gerardii
Saltmeadow rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus greenei
Greene's rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus interior
Inland rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Juncus kelloggii
Kellogg's dwarf rush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water: Moist

Juncus marginatus
Grassleaf rush, Grass Leaf Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus mertensianus
Mertens' rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus militaris
Bayonet rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus nodatus
Stout rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus nodosus
Knotted rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus pelocarpus
Brownfruit rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus roemerianus
Black needlerush, Needlegrass rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Juncus secundus
Lopsided rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Juncus stygius
Moor rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus subcaudatus
Woodland rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus subtilis
Greater creeping rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus tenuis
Poverty rush, Path rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus texanus
Texas rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus torreyi
Torrey's rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Juncus trifidus
Highland rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juncus validus
Roundhead rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Juncus vaseyi
Vasey's rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Juniperus communis
Common juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus deppeana
Alligator juniper, Checkerbark juniper, Tacate, Tlascal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Juniperus horizontalis
Creeping juniper, Creeping savin

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Justicia ovata
Looseflower water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kalmia angustifolia
Sheep laurel, Lambkill kalmia, Lambkill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Kalmia carolina
Carolina laurel

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Kalmia cuneata
Whitewicky

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Kalmia latifolia
Mountain laurel, Calico bush, Kalmia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Kalmia microphylla
Alpine laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Kalmia polifolia
Bog laurel, Pale laurel, Swamp laurel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Krigia biflora
Two-flower dwarf dandelion, Two-flower Cynthia, Dwarf dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Krigia caespitosa
Weedy dwarfdandelion, Dwarf dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia dandelion
Potato dwarf dandelion, Potato dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Krigia virginica
Virginia dwarfdandelion, Virginia Dwarf-dandelion, Virginia dwarf dandelion, Dwarf dandelion

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga brevifolia
Shortleaf spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga gracillima
Pasture spikesedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Kyllinga odorata
Fragrant spikesedge

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lachnanthes caroliana
Carolina redroot, Paint root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lachnocaulon beyrichianum
Southern bogbutton

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca biennis
Tall blue lettuce

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lactuca canadensis
Canada lettuce, Wild Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Lactuca floridana
Woodland lettuce, Florida Lettuce

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lactuca graminifolia
Grassleaf lettuce

Duration: Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lactuca ludoviciana
Western Wild Lettuce, Louisiana Wild Lettuce, Prairie Lettuce, Prairie Wild Lettuce, Biannual Lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lactuca tatarica
Blue lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Laennecia coulteri
Conyza

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Laguncularia racemosa
White mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush, West Indian shrub-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Laportea canadensis
Canadian woodnettle, Wood Nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Larix laricina
Tamarack, American larch, Hacmatack, Black larch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Larix occidentalis
Western larch, Western tamarack

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lasthenia californica
California goldfields

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lasthenia glabrata
Yellowray goldfields, Yellow-ray goldfields, California sunshine

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lasthenia minor
Coastal goldfields

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lathyrus japonicus
Beach pea, Sand pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lathyrus palustris
Marsh pea, Marsh vetchling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lathyrus venosus
Veiny pea, Veiny vetchling, Wild sweet pea, Bushy vetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Layia munzii
Munz's tidytips

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leavenworthia aurea var. texana
Golden gladecress, Texas golden glade cress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ledum groenlandicum
Bog Labrador tea, Rusty labrador-tea, Muskeg tea, Hudson's Bay tea, Labrador tea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Leersia monandra
Cut rice grass, Bunch cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Leersia oryzoides
Rice cut grass, Rice cutgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Leersia virginica
Whitegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Leiophyllum buxifolium
Sandmyrtle, Sand-myrtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lemna aequinoctialis
Lesser duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna minor
Common duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lemna trisulca
Star duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lemna turionifera
Turion duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lemna valdiviana
Valdivia duckweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium densiflorum
Common pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium flavum
Yellow Peppergrass, Yellow pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium thurberi
Thurber's pepperweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepidium virginicum
Virginia peppergrass, Virginia pepperweed, Peppergrass, Poor man's pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Leptarrhena pyrolifolia
Fireleaf leptarrhena, Leatherleaf Saxifrage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lepuropetalon spathulatum
Petiteplant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lespedeza capitata
Roundhead lespedeza, Roundhead bush-clover, Round-headed lespedeza, Round-headed bush-clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lesquerella gracilis
Spreading bladderpod, Cloth-of-gold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lesquerella pallida
White bladderpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucaena leucocephala
Lead Tree, White leadtree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Leucospora multifida
Narrowleaf Paleseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leucothoe axillaris
Coastal doghobble, Coast leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucothoe davisiae
Sierra laurel, Sierran doghobble, Western leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Leucothoe fontanesiana
Highland doghobble, Drooping leucothoe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lewisia brachycalyx
Shortsepal lewisia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lewisia pygmaea
Alpine lewisia, Pygmy Bitterroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Leymus cinereus
Basin wildrye, Great Basin lyme grass, Great Basin wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Leymus condensatus
Giant wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leymus mollis
American dunegrass, American dune grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Leymus triticoides
Beardless lyme grass, Beardless wildrye, Creeping wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris acidota
Sharp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris gracilis
Slender blazing star

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Liatris ligulistylis
Rocky Mountain blazing star, Meadow blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris pycnostachya
Prairie Blazing Star, Kansas Gayfeather, Cat-tail Gayfeather, Hairy Button-snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Liatris scariosa
Devil's bite, Large blazing star, Savanna blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liatris spicata
Dense blazing star, Dense gayfeather, Marsh blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ligusticum scoticum
Scottish licorice-root, Scotch lovage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilaeopsis chinensis
Eastern grasswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium bolanderi
Bolander's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium canadense
Canada lily, Canadian lily, Wild yellow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lilium catesbaei
Pine lily, Southern red lily, Catesby's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lilium grayi
Gray's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium kelleyanum
Kelley's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium kelloggii
Kellogg's lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium maritimum
Coast lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium michauxii
Carolina lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lilium michiganense
Michigan lily, Turk's cap lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lilium occidentale
Western lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lilium pardalinum
Leopard lily, Tiger lily, Panther lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lilium parvum
Alpine lily, Fairy lily, Sierra tiger lily, Sierran tiger lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lilium philadelphicum
Wood lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lilium pyrophilum
Sandhills Lily

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lilium superbum
Turk's-cap lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Limnanthes alba
White meadowfoam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnanthes douglasii
Douglas Meadowfoam, Douglas' meadowfoam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limnanthes vinculans
Sebastopol meadowfoam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limonium californicum
California sealavender, Marsh rosemary

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Limonium carolinianum
Carolina sealavender, Sea lavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Limonium limbatum
Transpecos sealavender

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Limosella australis
Welsh mudwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lindera benzoin
Northern spicebush, Spicebush, Wild allspice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Lindernia dubia
Yellowseed false pimpernel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Linnaea borealis
Twinflower, American twinflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Linum virginianum
Woodland flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Liparis liliifolia
Brown widelip orchid, Large Twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Liparis loeselii
Yellow widelip orchid, Fen orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lipocarpha aristulata
Awned halfchaff sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lipocarpha micrantha
Smallflower halfchaff sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Lippia alba
Bushy lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liquidambar styraciflua
Sweetgum, American sweetgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip tree, Tulip poplar, Yellow poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Listera auriculata
Auricled twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Listera australis
Southern twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Listera smallii
Kidneyleaf twayblade

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Litsea aestivalis
Pondspice

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Littorella uniflora
American shoreweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lloydia serotina
Alplily, Common alplily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia anatina
Apache lobelia, Southwestern Blue Lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia appendiculata
Pale lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia dortmanna
Dortmann's cardinalflower, Water lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lobelia feayana
Bay lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia fenestralis
Fringeleaf lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia floridana
Florida lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia glandulosa
Glade lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lobelia inflata
Indian Tobacco, Indian-tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia kalmii
Ontario lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia puberula
Downy lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia siphilitica
Great blue lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lobelia spicata
Palespike lobelia, Pale-spike lobelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Loiseleuria procumbens
Alpine azalea, Alpine-azalea, Dwarf azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lomatogonium rotatum
Marsh felwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lonicera canadensis
American fly honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lonicera dioica
Limber honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera hirsuta
Hairy honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera hispidula
Pink honeysuckle, Hairy Honeysuckle, California honeysuckle, Western honeysuckle, Pink chaparral honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera involucrata
Twinberry honeysuckle, Four-line honeysuckle, Black twinberry, Bear berry honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lonicera oblongifolia
Swamp fly honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lonicera utahensis
Utah honeysuckle, Red Twinberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Lonicera villosa
Mountain fly honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lophiola aurea
Goldencrest

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lotus formosissimus
Seaside bird's-foot trefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia alternifolia
Seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia arcuata
Long-stalked Seedbox, Piedmont primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia decurrens
Wingleaf primrose-willow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia hirtella
Spindleroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia leptocarpa
Anglestem primrose-willow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia linearis
Narrowleaf primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ludwigia palustris
Marsh seedbox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Ludwigia peploides
Creeping water-primrose, Floating primrose-willow, Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ludwigia polycarpa
Manyfruit primrose-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia repens
Creeping primrose-willow, Floating primrose-willow, Water primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Luetkea pectinata
Alaska spiraea, Partridgefoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lupinus arcticus
Arctic lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus latifolius
Broadleaf lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus nootkatensis
Nootka lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Lupinus polyphyllus
Bigleaf lupine, Blue-pod lupine, Meadow lupine, Bog lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lupinus rivularis
Riverbank lupine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Luzula acuminata
Hairy woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Luzula multiflora
Common woodrush, Woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Luzula parviflora
Smallflowered woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Luzula spicata
Spiked woodrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lycium carolinianum
Carolina wolfberry, Carolina desert-thorn, Creeping wolfberry, Christmas berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lycium torreyi
Torrey Wolfberry, Desert-thorn, Box-thorn, Squawberry, Rabbit-thorn, Tomatillo, Garambullo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycopodium annotinum
Stiff clubmoss

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lycopodium clavatum
Running clubmoss

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lycopodium dendroideum
Tree groundpine

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lycopodium obscurum
Rare Clubmoss, Common Ground-pine, Flat-branched Ground-pine, Princess'-pine, Tree Clubmoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Lycopus americanus
American water horehound, Water Horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lycopus rubellus
Taperleaf water horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lycopus uniflorus
Northern bugleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lycopus virginicus
Virginia water horehound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lygodium palmatum
American climbing fern, Hartford fern, Creeping fern, Windsor fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Lyonia ferruginea
Rusty staggerbush, Dragon Tree, Tree lyonia, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Lyonia fruticosa
Coastal plain staggerbush, Poor-grub, Rusty lyonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Lyonia ligustrina
Maleberry, He-huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lyonia lucida
Fetterbush lyonia, Shinyleaf, Fetterbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lyonia mariana
Piedmont staggerbush, Staggerbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lysichiton americanus
American skunkcabbage, Yellow-skunk-cabbage, Swamp lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Lysimachia ciliata
Fringed loosestrife, Fringed yellow loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lysimachia hybrida
Lowland yellow loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lysimachia lanceolata
Lanceleaf loosestrife, Lance-leaved loosestrife

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Lysimachia quadriflora
Fourflower yellow loosestrife, Narrowleaf loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lysimachia quadrifolia
Whorled yellow loosestrife, Whorled loosestrife, Prairie loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lysimachia terrestris
Earth loosestrife, Swamp Candles

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Lysimachia thyrsiflora
Tufted loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lythrum alatum
Winged lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lythrum lineare
Wand Lythrum, Saltmarsh Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Lythrum ovalifolium
Low loosestrife, Stream Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Macbridea caroliniana
Carolina Birds-in-a-nest

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera bigelovii
Bigelow's tansyaster, Sticky Aster

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera pinnatifida
Lacy tansyaster, Yellow Spiny Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Magnolia acuminata
Cucumbertree, Cucumber tree, Mountain magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Magnolia ashei
Ashe's magnolia, Ashe magnolia, Deciduous magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia fraseri
Mountain magnolia, Fraser Magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Magnolia tripetala
Umbrella tree, Umbrella magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia aquifolium
Hollyleaved barberry, Oregon-grape, Holly-leaf Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia nervosa
Cascade barberry, Cascade Oregon-grape, Dwarf Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Maianthemum canadense
Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Maianthemum dilatatum
False lily of the valley, Canada Mayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Maianthemum racemosum
Feathery false lily of the valley, False Solomon's seal, Feathery false Solomon's seal, False spikenard, Solomon's plume, Smilacina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Maianthemum stellatum
Starry false lily of the valley, Starry false Solomon's seal, Star-flowered Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Maianthemum trifolium
Threeleaf false lily of the valley, Three-leaved false lily of the valley, Threeleaf Solomon's seal, Three-leaved Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malachra capitata
Malva de caballo,

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malaxis unifolia
Green adder's-mouth orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Malus fusca
Oregon crabapple, Pacific Crabapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax mallow, Bleeding hearts, Mexican apple, Manzanilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Malvella leprosa
Alkali mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marshallia graminifolia
Grassleaf Barbara's buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Marshallia grandiflora
Monongahela Barbara's buttons, Large-flowered marshallia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Marshallia mohrii
Mohr's Barbara's buttons

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Marshallia trinervia
Broadleaf Barbara's Buttons, Colonial Barbara's Buttons, Southern Barbara's Buttons

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy water clover, Water clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea gonocarpos
Anglepod, Angularfruit milkvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Matteuccia struthiopteris
Ostrich fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mayaca fluviatilis
Stream bogmoss

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mecardonia acuminata
Axilflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Mecardonia procumbens
Baby jump-up

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Medeola virginiana
Indian Cucumber, Indian Cucumber-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Meehania cordata
Meehan's mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melampyrum lineare
Narrowleaf cowwheat, Cow Wheat

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Melochia pyramidata
Broom-Wood, Pyramid flower, Pyramidflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Melothria pendula
Guadeloupe cucumber, Meloncito, Speckled Gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Menispermum canadense
Common moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mentha arvensis
Wild mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Menyanthes trifoliata
Buckbean, Buck-bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Menziesia ferruginea
Rusty menziesia, Fool's huckleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Menziesia pilosa
Minniebush

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mertensia ciliata
Mountain bluebells, Tall fringe bluebells, Tall fringed bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Mertensia franciscana
Franciscan bluebells, Franciscan lungwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mertensia maritima
Oysterleaf, Sea lungwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mertensia oblongifolia
Oblongleaf bluebells

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mertensia paniculata
Tall bluebells, Tall lungwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Mertensia virginica
Virginia bluebells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Metopium toxiferum
Florida poisontree, Poisonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Microseris laciniata
Cutleaf silverpuffs

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mikania scandens
Climbing hempvine, Climbing hempweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Milium effusum
American milletgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Mimetanthe pilosa
False monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa strigillosa
Powderpuff, Sunshine mimosa, Sensitive plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water: Moist, Dry

Mimulus alatus
Sharpwing monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus bicolor
Yellow and white monkeyflower, Yellow-and-white monkey-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus cardinalis
Crimson monkey-flower, Scarlet monkey-flower, Scarlet monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus dentatus
Costal monkeyflower, Toothed monkeyflower, Tooth leaved monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus douglasii
Brownies

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glabratus
Roundleaf monkeyflower, Yellow monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus glaucescens
Shieldbract monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus guttatus
Yellow monkeyflower, Golden monkeyflower, Seep monkeyflower, Common monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mimulus laciniatus
Cutleaf monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus lewisii
Purple monkeyflower, Great purple monkey-flower, Lewis monkey-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Mimulus moschatus
Muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus nanus
Dwarf purple monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Mimulus primuloides
Primrose monkey-flower, Primrose monkeyflower, Yellow creeping monkey-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Mimulus ringens
Allegheny monkeyflower, Square-stemmed Monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Mimulus suksdorfii
Suksdorf's monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus tilingii
Tiling's monkeyflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimulus tricolor
Tricolor monkeyflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Minuartia obtusiloba
Alpine stitchwort, Cushion sandwort, Twinflower sandwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Minuartia rubella
Beautiful sandwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis nyctaginea
Heartleaf four o'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mitchella repens
Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mitella breweri
Brewer's miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Mitella diphylla
Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Mitella nuda
Naked miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Mitella ovalis
Coastal miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mitella pentandra
Fivestamen miterwort, Miterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mitella stauropetala
Smallflower Miterwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Mitreola petiolata
Lax hornpod

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Modiola caroliniana
Carolina bristlemallow, Carolina Modiola

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Moehringia lateriflora
Bluntleaf sandwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mollugo verticillata
Green Carpetweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda clinopodia
White bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda didyma
Scarlet beebalm, Oswego tea, Red bergamot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monardella linoides
Flaxleaf monardella

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Monardella odoratissima
Alpine mountainbalm, Coyote mint, Mountain monardella, Mountain pennyroyal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Moneses uniflora
Single delight, Shy Maiden, Wood Nymph, St. Olaf's Candlestick, One-flowered Wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monotropa uniflora
Indianpipe, Indian Pipe

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Montia chamissoi
Water minerslettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Montia fontana
Annual water minerslettuce

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Montia parvifolia
Littleleaf minerslettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Morella californica
California wax myrtle, Pacific bayberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Morella caroliniensis
Southern bayberry, Swamp bayberry, Swamp candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Morella pensylvanica
Northern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Morus microphylla
Littleleaf mulberry, Mountain mulberry, Texas mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia frondosa
Wirestem muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia glomerata
Spiked muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia mexicana
Mexican muhly, Leafy satingrass, Wirestem muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia montana
Mountain muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia racemosa
Marsh muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia reverchonii
Seep muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia richardsonis
Mat muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Muhlenbergia rigens
Deergrass, Meadow muhly, Deer muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia schreberi
Nimblewill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia sylvatica
Woodland muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Muhlenbergia torreyana
New Jersey muhly

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia uniflora
Bog muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Muhlenbergia utilis
Aparejograss, Aperajo Muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Muhlenbergia wrightii
Spike muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Myosotis laxa
Bay forget-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myosotis macrosperma
Largeseed forget-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Myosotis verna
Spring forget-me-not

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myrica gale
Sweetgale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Myriophyllum alterniflorum
Alternateflower watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum farwellii
Farwell's watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum heterophyllum
Twoleaf watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum humile
Low watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum quitense
Andean watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Myriophyllum sibiricum
Shortspike watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum tenellum
Slender watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myriophyllum verticillatum
Whorl-leaf watermilfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Myrsine cubana
Guianese colicwood, Rapanea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Najas flexilis
Nodding waternymph

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Najas gracillima
Slender waternymph

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Najas guadalupensis
Common Water Nymph, Najas, Southern waternymph

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nama jamaicense
Jamaicanweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nama torynophyllum
Matted fiddleleaf

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Napaea dioica
Glade mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Narthecium americanum
Yellow asphodel

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Narthecium californicum
California bog asphodel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nephrolepis exaltata
Boston swordfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light:
Water:

Neptunia lutea
Yellow puff, Yellow sensitive briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Neptunia pubescens
Tropical puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Neptunia pubescens var. microcarpa
Tropical puff

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana attenuata
Coyote tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nicotiana obtusifolia
Desert tobacco, Little tobacco, Tabaquillo, Punche

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nicotiana repanda
Fiddleleaf tobacco, Fiddle-Leaf Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuphar lutea ssp. advena
Common spatterdock, Yellow cow lily, Yellow pond lily, Spatterdock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. polysepala
Pond-lily, Rocky Mountain pond-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nuphar lutea ssp. pumila
Yellow pond-lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nuphar lutea ssp. variegata
Varigated yellow pond-lily, Spatterdock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nymphaea mexicana
Yellow waterlily, Yellow Water-lily, Banana lily, Banana waterlily, Sun lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nymphaea tetragona
Pygmy waterlily, Small white water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nymphoides aquatica
Big floatingheart, Floating hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nymphoides cordata
Little floatingheart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Nyssa aquatica
Water tupelo, Blackgum, Sourgum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nyssa biflora
Swamp tupelo

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Nyssa ogeche
Ogeechee tupelo, Ogeechee lime

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyssa sylvatica
Blackgum, Black tupelo, Sourgum, Tupelo, Pepperridge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oclemena acuminata
Whorled wood aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oclemena nemoralis
Bog aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oclemena reticulata
Pine barren whitetop aster, White-top Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oemleria cerasiformis
Indian plum, Oso-berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenanthe sarmentosa
Water parsely, Water Parsley

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera biennis
Common evening-primrose, King's cure-all

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera canescens
Spotted evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera elata
Hooker's evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera flava
Long-tube evening-primrose, Shortfin evening-primrose, Yellow evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oenothera fruticosa
Narrowleaf evening-primrose, Narrow-leaf evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera kunthiana
Kunth's evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf evening-primrose, Cut-leaf Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera parviflora
Northern evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera perennis
Little evening-primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera pilosella
Meadow evening-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera tetraptera
Fourwing evening primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oenothera villosa
Hairy Evening Primrose

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Oligoneuron houghtonii
Houghton's Goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron ohioense
Ohio goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Oligoneuron riddellii
Riddell's goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oligoneuron rigidum var. rigidum
Stiff goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Olsynium douglasii
Douglas' grasswidow, Grass Widow, Satin Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Onoclea sensibilis
Sensitive fern, Bead fern, Sympathy fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ophioglossum crotalophoroides
Bulbous adderstongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Ophioglossum pusillum
Northern adderstongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Oplopanax horridus
Devil's club, Devilsclub

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Orbexilum pedunculatum
Sampson's snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Orobanche uniflora
Oneflowered broomrape, One-flower Cancer Root

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Orontium aquaticum
Goldenclub, Neverwet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Orthilia secunda
Sidebells wintergreen, One-sided Wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Orthocarpus luteus
Yellow owl's-clover

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Osmanthus americanus
Devilwood, Wild olive

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Osmorhiza berteroi
Mountain sweet-cicely, Sweetcicely

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Osmorhiza claytonii
Clayton's sweetroot, Hairy sweet-cicely, Sweet jarvil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmorhiza longistylis
Longstyle sweetroot, Aniseroot, Sweet-cicely, Wild licorice

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda claytoniana
Interrupted fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis
Royal fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ostrya virginiana
Eastern hop-hornbeam, Hophornbeam, Ironwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis corniculata
Creeping Woodsorrel

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis dillenii
Slender yellow woodsorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxalis montana
Mountain woodsorrel, Northern Wood Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Oxalis oregana
Redwood-sorrel, Oregon Wood Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxydendrum arboreum
Sourwood, Sorrel tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oxypolis filiformis
Water cowbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxypolis rigidior
Stiff cowbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Oxyria digyna
Alpine mountainsorrel, Mountain Sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oxytropis deflexa
Nodding locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxytropis lambertii
Purple locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Oxytropis oreophila
Mountain oxytrope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Oxytropis splendens
Showy locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera anonyma
Small's ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera aurea
Golden groundsel, Golden ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera glabella
Butterweed, Cress-leaf groundsel, Yellowtop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera hartiana
Hart's ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera indecora
Elegant groundsel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera macounii
Siskiyou Mountain ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera multilobata
Lobeleaf groundsel

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera paupercula
Balsam groundsel, Northern ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Packera plattensis
Prairie groundsel, Prairie ragwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera pseudaurea
Falsegold Grounsel

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Packera schweinitziana
Schweinitz's ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Packera tomentosa
Woolly ragwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Panicum amarum
Bitter panicgrass, Bitter or coastal panic grass, Beachgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Panicum capillare
Witchgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum dichotomiflorum
Fall panicgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum diffusum
West Indian panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum hallii
Hall's panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum obtusum
Vine mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Panicum philadelphicum
Philadelphia panicgrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Panicum rigidulum
Redtop panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Papaver walpolei
Walpole's poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parietaria floridana
Florida pellitory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parietaria pensylvanica
Pennsylvania pellitory, Pennsylvania cucumber plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Parnassia fimbriata
Fringed grass of Parnassus, Fringed Parnassia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Parnassia glauca
Fen grass of Parnassus, Grass-of-Parnassus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Parnassia kotzebuei
Kotzebue's grass of Parnassus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parnassia palustris
Marsh grass of Parnassus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Parnassia palustris var. parviflora
Smallflower grass of Parnassus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pascopyrum smithii
Western wheatgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalidium geminatum
Egyptian panicgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum distichum
Knotgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Paspalum floridanum
Florida paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum monostachyum
Gulfdune paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Paspalum plicatulum
Brownseed paspalum, Brownseed paspale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Paspalum pubiflorum
Hairyseed paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Paspalum setaceum
Thin Paspalum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Passiflora foetida
Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora suberosa
Corkstem Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Vine
Light:
Water:

Paxistima myrsinites
Mountain lover, Myrtle boxwood, Oregon boxleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pedicularis attollens
Little elephantshead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis canadensis
Canadian lousewort, Wood betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Pedicularis capitata
Capitate lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis contorta
Coiled lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis furbishiae
Furbish's lousewort, St. Johns River lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Pedicularis groenlandica
Elephanthead lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pedicularis labradorica
Labrador lousewort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis lanata
Woolly lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis lanceolata
Swamp lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis lapponica
Lapland lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis parryi
Parry's lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis procera
Giant lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis sudetica ssp. scopulorum
Sudetic lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pedicularis verticillata
Whorled lousewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pellaea ternifolia
Trans-Pecos Cliffbrake, TransPecos cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Peltandra sagittifolia
White arrow arum, White arum, Spoonflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Peltandra virginica
Green arrow arum, Tuckahoe, Arrow arum, Green arum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon alluviorum
Lowland penstemon, Lowland beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon attenuatus
Sulphur penstemon, Sulphur beardtongue

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Penstemon australis
Eustis Lake penstemon, Eustis Lake beardtongue, Slender penstemon, Slender beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon calycosus
Long-sepal penstemon, Long-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon digitalis
Mississippi penstemon, Mississippi beardtongue, Smooth white penstemon, Smooth white beardtongue, Talus slope penstemon, Talus slope beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Penstemon globosus
Globe penstemon, Globe beardtongue

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Penstemon gracilis
Lilac penstemon, Lilac beardtongue, Slender penstemon, Slender beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon laevigatus
Eastern smooth penstemon, Eastern smooth beardtongue, Smooth penstemon, Smooth beardtongue, Eastern penstemon, Eastern beardtongue, Hairy penstemon, Hairy beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding penstemon, Nodding beardtongue, Loose-flowered penstemon, Loose-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon lyallii
Lyall's penstemon, Lyall's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Penstemon pallidus
Pale penstemon, Pale beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penstemon procerus
Littleflower penstemon, Littleflower beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Penstemon rydbergii
Rydberg's penstemon, Rydberg's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Penstemon serrulatus
Serrulate penstemon, Serrulate beardtongue, Cascade penstemon, Cascade beardtongue, Coast penstemon, Coast beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Penstemon tenuis
Brazos penstemon, Brazos beardtongue, Gulf penstemon, Gulf beardtongue, Gulf Coast penstemon, Gulf Coast beardtongue, Sharp-sepal penstemon, Sharp-sepal beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon virgatus
Upright blue penstemon, Upright blue beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Penstemon whippleanus
Whipple's penstemon, Whipple's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Penthorum sedoides
Ditch stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Perideridia gairdneri
Gardner's yampah, Yampah

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Persea borbonia
Redbay, Red bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Persea palustris
Swamp bay, Swampbay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Petasites frigidus
Arctic sweet coltsfoot, Palmate coltsfoot, Arctic butterbur, Palmate butterbur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Phacelia distans
Distant phacelia, Wild Heliotrope

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia laxa
Coastal phacelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia ramosissima
Branching phacelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phalaris arundinacea
Reed canarygrass, Reed Canary Grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Phalaris caroliniana
Carolina canarygrass, Maygrass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Phegopteris connectilis
Long beechfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Phegopteris hexagonoptera
Broad beechfern, Broad beech fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Phleum alpinum
Alpine timothy, Mountain timothy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Phlox carolina
Carolina phlox, Summer phlox, Thickleaf phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Phlox divaricata
Wild blue phlox, Louisiana phlox, Blue woodland phlox, Sweet william, Wild sweet william

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox floridana
Florida phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox glaberrima
Smooth phlox, Marsh phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phlox maculata
Wild sweetwilliam, Phlox, Meadow phlox, Wild sweet William

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Phlox paniculata
Fall phlox, Perennial phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Photinia floribunda
Purple chokeberry, Red chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Photinia melanocarpa
Black chokeberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Photinia pyrifolia
Red chokeberry, Red chokecherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Phragmites australis
Common reed, Phragmites

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Phryma leptostachya
American lopseed, Lopseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phyla lanceolata
Lanceleaf Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Fogfruit

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phyllodoce aleutica
Aleutian mountainheath, Aleutian mountain heath, Aleutian mountain heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyllodoce breweri
Purple mountainheath, Purple mountain heath, Purple mountain heather, Brewer's mountain heath, Brewer's mountain heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Phyllodoce empetriformis
Pink mountain heath, Pink mountain heather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physalis angulata
Cutleaf groundcherry

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physalis pubescens
Downy ground-cherry, Husk tomato

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physocarpus capitatus
Pacific ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Physocarpus monogynus
Mountain ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Physocarpus opulifolius
Atlantic ninebark, Common ninebark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Physostegia angustifolia
False Dragon-head, Narrowleaf false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia correllii
Correll's false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia digitalis
False dragonhead, Finger false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia parviflora
Western false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia pulchella
Beautiful false dragon-head, Showy false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia purpurea
Eastern false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea engelmannii
Engelmann spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea glauca
White spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Picea mariana
Black spruce, Spruce fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Picea pungens
Blue spruce, Colorado spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Picea rubens
Red spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Picea sitchensis
Sitka spruce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Pieris phillyreifolia
Climbing fetterbush

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pilea fontana
Lesser clearweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pilea pumila
Canadian clearweed, Clearweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Pinckneya bracteata
Fevertree, Pinckneya, Feverbark, Poinsettia tree, Georgia bark

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Pinguicula caerulea
Blue butterwort, Blueflower butterwort, Violet butterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinguicula lutea
Yellow butterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pinguicula primuliflora
Southern butterwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pinguicula pumila
Small butterwort, Bog violet, Dwarf butterwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Pinguicula villosa
Hairy butterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinguicula vulgaris
Common butterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Pinus banksiana
Jack pine, Gray pine, Scrub pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus contorta
Beach pine, Lodgepole pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus elliottii
Slash pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus glabra
Spruce pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinus monticola
Western white pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus palustris
Longleaf pine, Georgia pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus ponderosa
Ponderosa pine, Western yellow pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus resinosa
Red pine, Norway pine, Canadian pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus rigida
Pitch pine, Torch pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pinus serotina
Pond pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Pinus strobus
Eastern white pine, Weymouth pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pinus taeda
Loblolly pine, Old field pine, Bull pine, Rosemary pine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Piperia unalascensis
Alaska Rein Orchid, Slender-spire orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Piptochaetium avenaceum
Blackseed speargrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pistia stratiotes
Water lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pityopsis graminifolia
Narrowleaf silkgrass, Golden aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plagiobothrys nothofulvus
Rusty Popcorn-flower, Rusty popcornflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Planera aquatica
Planertree, Water elm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plantago cordata
Heartleaf plantain, Heart-leaved plantain, Water plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago elongata
Prairie plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago macrocarpa
Seashore plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago major
Common plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Plantago maritima
Goose tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rhodosperma
Redseed plantain, Red-seeded Plantain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago rugelii
Blackseed plantain, Pale plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Plantago virginica
Virginia Plantain, Paleseed Indian-wheat, Dwarf Plantain, Paleseed Plantain, Hoary Plantain, Southern Plantain

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera aquilonis
Northern green orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera blephariglottis
White fringed orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua
White fringed orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera ciliaris
Yellow fringed orchid, Orange-fringed orchid, Orange plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera clavellata
Small green wood orchid, Small woodland orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera cristata
Crested yellow orchid, Orange fringed orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera flava
Palegreen orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera grandiflora
Greater purple fringed orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera hookeri
Hooker's orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera huronensis
Huron green orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera integra
Yellow fringeless orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera integrilabia
Monkeyface, White fringeless orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera lacera
Green fringed orchid, Ragged Fringed Orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Platanthera leucophaea
Prairie white fringed orchid, Eastern prairie fringed orchid, White prairie fringed orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Platanthera macrophylla
Greater roundleaved orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera nivea
Snowy orchid, Frog spear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera obtusata
Bluntleaved orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera orbiculata
Lesser roundleaved orchid, Roundleaf Rein Orchid, Round-leaved orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera psycodes
Lesser purple fringed orchid, Small purple fringed orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Platanthera stricta
Slender bog orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Platanus racemosa
California sycamore, Western sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Platanus wrightii
Arizona sycamore, Alamo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Plectritis congesta
Shortspur seablush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea camphorata
Camphor pluchea, Camphor weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea foetida
Stinking camphorweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea longifolia
Longleaf camphorweed, Tall White Fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata
Sweetscent, Saltmarsh Fleabane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea sericea
Arrow Weed, Arrowweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Poa alpina
Alpine blue grass, Alpine bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Poa alsodes
Grove bluegrass, Woodland Bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Poa palustris
Fowl bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Poa pratensis
Kentucky bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Poa secunda
Canby blue grass, Curly blue grass, Pine blue grass, Sandberg bluegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Podostemum ceratophyllum
Hornleaf riverweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Pogonia ophioglossoides
Snakemouth orchid, Rose pogonia orchid, Snake-mouth orchid, Beard flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Polanisia dodecandra
Clammyweed, Redwhisker clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polemonium acutiflorum
Tall Jacob's-ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polemonium foliosissimum
Towering Jacob's-ladder, Leafy polemonium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium occidentale
Western polemonium, Western Jacob's ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Polemonium reptans
Greek valerian, Greek-valerian, Jacob's Ladder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Polemonium vanbruntiae
Vanbrunt's polemonium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala cornuta
Sierra milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala cruciata
Candy root, Drumheads

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala cymosa
Tall pinebarren milkwort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Polygala incarnata
Procession flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala lutea
Orange milkwort, Candy Weed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala mariana
Maryland milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala nana
Candyroot, Bachelor's buttons, Bachelor's button

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala paucifolia
Gaywings, Fringed Polygala, Flowering wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Polygala polygama
Racemed milkwort, Pink milkwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala ramosa
Low pinebarren milkwort, Yellow savannah milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala rugelii
Yellow milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala sanguinea
Purple milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Polygala senega
Seneca snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala verticillata
Whorled milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonatum biflorum
Smooth Solomon's seal, Great Solomon's-seal, Sealwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Polygonatum pubescens
Hairy Solomon's seal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygonum achoreum
Leathery knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum alpinum
Alaska wild rhubarb

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Polygonum amphibium var. emersum
Longroot smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum arifolium
Halberdleaf tearthumb

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Polygonum bistorta
Meadow bistort

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Polygonum bistortoides
American bistort, Western Bistort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum careyi
Carey's smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum erectum
Erect knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum fowleri
Fowler's knotweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum glabrum
Denseflower knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum hydropiperoides
Swamp smartweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum lapathifolium
Curlytop knotweed, Curl-top smartweed, Pale smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum pensylvanicum
Pennsylvania smartweed, Pink Smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Polygonum phytolaccifolium
Poke knotweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum punctatum var. punctatum
Dotted smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum ramosissimum
Bushy knotweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum sagittatum
Arrowleaf tearthumb

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygonum scandens var. scandens
Climbing false buckwheat

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Polygonum virginianum
Jumpseed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum viviparum
Alpine bistort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polypremum procumbens
Juniper leaf

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polystichum acrostichoides
Christmas fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polystichum lonchitis
Northern hollyfern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light:
Water:

Polystichum munitum
Western swordfern, Pineland sword fern, Western sword fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ponthieva racemosa
Hairy shadow witch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Populus angustifolia
Narrow-leaf cottonwood, Narrowleaf cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Populus balsamifera
Balsam poplar, Balsam, Tacmahac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Populus grandidentata
Bigtooth aspen, Big-tooth aspen, Long-toothed aspen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Populus heterophylla
Swamp cottonwood, Swamp poplar, Black cottonwood, Downy poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Populus tremuloides
Quaking aspen, Aspen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Portulaca halimoides
Silkcotton purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Portulaca pilosa
Kiss me quick, Chisme

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Portulaca umbraticola
Wingpod purslane, Purslane

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton alpinus
Alpine pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton amplifolius
Largeleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton confervoides
Tuckerman's pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton diversifolius
Threadleaf Pondweed, Waterthread pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton epihydrus
Ribbonleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton foliosus
Leafy pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton friesii
Fries' pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton gramineus
Variableleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton hillii
Hill's pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Potamogeton illinoensis
Illinois pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton natans
Floating pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Potamogeton oakesianus
Oakes' pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton obtusifolius
Bluntleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton perfoliatus
Claspingleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton praelongus
Whitestem pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton pulcher
Spotted pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton pusillus
Small pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton pusillus ssp. tenuissimus
Small pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton richardsonii
Richardson's pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton robbinsii
Robbins' pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potamogeton spirillus
Spiral pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton strictifolius
Narrowleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton subsibiricus
Yenisei River pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton vaseyi
Vasey's pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potamogeton zosteriformis
Flatstem pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Potentilla arguta ssp. arguta
Tall cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Potentilla drummondii
Drummond's Cinquefoil

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Potentilla flabellifolia
High Mountain Cinquefoil, Fan-foil

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Potentilla gracilis
Slender cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Potentilla norvegica
Norwegian cinquefoil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla pensylvanica
Pennsylvania cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Potentilla plattensis
Platte River cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Potentilla simplex
Common cinquefoil, Oldfield cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Potentilla thurberi
Scarlet cinquefoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Prenanthes alba
White rattlesnakeroot, White rattlesnake-root, White lettuce

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prenanthes altissima
Tall rattlesnakeroot, Tall white lettuce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prenanthes racemosa var. racemosa
Purple rattlesnakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Primula angustifolia
Alpine primrose, Fairy Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Primula cusickiana
Cusick's primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Primula incana
Silvery primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Primula laurentiana
Birdeye primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Primula mistassinica
Mistassini primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Primula parryi
Parry's primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Primula rusbyi
Rusby's primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Primula suffrutescens
Sierra primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Proboscidea louisianica
Louisiana Devil's-claw, Devil's-claw, Ram's horn, Unicorn plant, Proboscis flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosartes trachycarpa
Roughfruit fairybells, Wartberry Fairybells

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Proserpinaca intermedia
Intermediate mermaidweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proserpinaca palustris
Marsh mermaidweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Proserpinaca pectinata
Combleaf mermaidweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prosopis pubescens
Screwbean mesquite, American screw-bean, Tornillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prosopis velutina
Velvet mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Prunella vulgaris
Common selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus americana
American plum, Wild plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus caroliniana
Cherry laurel, Carolina cherry laurel, Laurel cherry, Carolina laurel cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus emarginata
Bitter cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus nigra
Canadian plum, Canada plum, Red plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus pensylvanica
Pin cherry, Fire cherry, Wild red cherry, Bird cherry, Pigeon cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus serotina
Black cherry, Rum cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus virginiana
Chokecherry, Common chokecherry, Choke cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pseudognaphalium stramineum
Cottonbatting plant

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pseudotsuga menziesii
Blue Douglas fir, Douglas-fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Psilocarphus elatior
Meadow woollyheads

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Moist

Psychotria nervosa
Seminole balsamo, Wild coffee

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum
Western bracken fern, Bracken fern, Western bracken, Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pterocaulon virgatum
Wand blackroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pterocaulon pycnostachyum
Blackroot, Densespike Blackroot, Fox-tail, Coastal Blackroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptilimnium capillaceum
Herbwilliam

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ptilimnium nuttallii
Laceflower, Mock bishop's-weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Puccinellia distans
Weeping alkaligrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Puccinellia nutkaensis
Nootka alkaligrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Puccinellia nuttalliana
Nuttall's alkaligrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Puccinellia tenella
Tundra alkaligrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum albescens
Whiteleaf mountain mint,

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pycnanthemum flexuosum
Appalachian mountainmint

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum muticum
Clustered mountainmint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium
Narrowleaf mountain mint, Slender mountain mint, Common horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pycnanthemum virginianum
Virginia mountain mint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pyrola americana
American wintergreen, Round-leaved pyrola, Roundleaf pyrola

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pyrola asarifolia
Liverleaf wintergreen, Pink wintergreen, Pink pyrola, Pink shinleaf, Bog wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pyrola chlorantha
Green-flowered wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pyrola elliptica
Waxflower shinleaf, Shinleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pyrola grandiflora
Large-flowered wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pyrola minor
Snowline wintergreen

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Pyrularia pubera
Buffalo nut

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Pyxidanthera barbulata
Flowering pixiemoss, Pyxie

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Quercus alba
White oak, Northern white oak, Stave Oak, Ridge White Oak, Forked-leaf White Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus bicolor
Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus falcata
Southern red oak, Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus garryana
Oregon white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus hemisphaerica
Darlington oak, Laurel oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Quercus imbricaria
Shingle oak, Laurel oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Quercus laurifolia
Laurel oak, Swamp laurel oak, Darlington oak, Diamond-leaf oak, Laurel-leaf oak, Water oak, Obtuse oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus lobata
Valley oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Quercus lyrata
Overcup oak, Swamp post oak, Water white oak, Swamp white oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus michauxii
Swamp chestnut oak, Basket oak, Cow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus minima
Dwarf live oak, Minimal oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock chestnut oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus nigra
Water oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Quercus oglethorpensis
Oglethorpe oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus pagoda
Cherrybark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus palustris
Pin oak, Swamp Spanish oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Quercus phellos
Willow oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quercus prinoides
Dwarf chinkapin oak, Scrub chestnut oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus prinus
Chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, mountain chestnut oak, rock oak, tanbark oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus rubra
Northern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus shumardii
Shumard oak, Shumard's oak, Shumard red oak, Southern red oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Quercus similis
Bottomland post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus stellata
Post oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus texana
Nuttall Oak, Texas red oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Live oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Quincula lobata
Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus abortivus
Early wood buttercup, Kidney-leaf buttercup, Littleleaf buttercup

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus acris
Common Buttercup, Tall buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus adoneus
Alpine buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus alismifolius
Plantainleaf buttercup, Water-plantain buttercup, Meadow buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ranunculus aquatilis
White water crowfoot, White water-crowfoot, Water buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ranunculus californicus
California buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus cardiophyllus
Heart-leaf buttercup, Heartleaf buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ranunculus eschscholtzii
Eschscholtz's buttercup, Subalpine Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ranunculus fascicularis
Early buttercup, Tufted buttercup, Prairie Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus flabellaris
Yellow water buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Ranunculus flammula
Greater creeping spearwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus glaberrimus
Sagebrush buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Ranunculus gmelinii
Gmelin's buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus hispidus
Bristly buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus jovis
Utah buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus lapponicus
Lapland buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus laxicaulis
Mississippi buttercup

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus longirostris
Longbeak buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ranunculus macauleyi
Rocky Mountain buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus macounii
Macoun's buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus macranthus
Large buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ranunculus occidentalis
Western buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ranunculus orthorhynchus
Straightbeak buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus pensylvanicus
Pennsylvania buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus populago
Popular buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus pygmaeus
Pygmy buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus recurvatus
Blisterwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus sceleratus
Cursed buttercup

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ranunculus trichophyllus
Threadleaf crowfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus trichophyllus var. eradicatus
Threadleaf crowfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rayjacksonia phyllocephala
Camphor daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhamnus alnifolia
Alderleaf buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhamnus lanceolata
Lance-leaf buckthorn, Lanceleaf buckthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Needle palm, Blue palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rhexia alifanus
Savannah meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia aristosa
Awnpetal meadowbeauty

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rhexia cubensis
West Indian meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia lutea
Yellow meadow beauty, Yellow meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia mariana
Maryland meadow-beauty, Pale meadow-beauty, Meadow beauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhexia petiolata
Fringed meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia virginica
Meadow beauty, Handsome Harry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhinanthus minor
Little yellowrattle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhizophora mangle
Red mangrove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhodiola integrifolia
Ledge stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhodiola rosea
Roseroot stonecrop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhododendron albiflorum
Cascade azalea, White Rhododendron

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rhododendron arborescens
Smooth azalea, Sweet azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron atlanticum
Dwarf azalea, Coastal azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron austrinum
Orange azalea, Florida azalea, Yellow azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron canadense
Rhodora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rhododendron canescens
Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron catawbiense
Catawba rosebay, Purple rhododendron, Red laurel, Catawba rhododendron, Mountain rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Rhododendron chapmanii
Chapman's rhododendron

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhododendron flammeum
Piedmont azalea, Oconee azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhododendron lapponicum
Lapland rhododendron, Lapland rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron macrophyllum
Pacific rhododendron, California rhododendron, California rosebay, Red rhododendron

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhododendron maximum
Great laurel, Wild rhododendron, Rosebay rhododendron, White laurel, Rosebay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rhododendron occidentale
Western azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron periclymenoides
Pink azalea, Pinxterbloom azalea, Pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron prinophyllum
Early azalea, Roseshell azalea, Woolly azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron vaseyi
Pinkshell azalea, Pink-shell azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Rhododendron viscosum
Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus copallinum
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhynchospora alba
White beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora caduca
Anglestem beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora capillacea
Needle beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora capitellata
Brownish beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora corniculata
Shortbristle horned beaksedge, Horned Beakrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Rhynchospora elliottii
Elliott's beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora fusca
Brown beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora glomerata
Clustered beaksedge, Cluster Beak-rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora gracilenta
Slender beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora harperi

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora harveyi
Harvey's beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora inexpansa
Nodding beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora latifolia
Sand-swamp whitetop sedge, Tall whitetop sedge, Whitetop sedge, Sand-swamp whitetop, Tall whitetop, Whitetop, Colorful rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhynchospora nitens
Shortbeak beaksedge

Duration: Annual
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora nivea
Showy whitetop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora rariflora
Fewflower beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora recognita
Globe beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Rhynchospora torreyana
Torrey's beaksedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Ribes americanum
American black currant, Wild black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes aureum
Golden currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes bracteosum
Stink currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ribes cynosbati
Eastern prickly gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes divaricatum
Spreading gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes glandulosum
Skunk currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes hirtellum
Hairy-stem gooseberry, Hairystem gooseberry, Northern gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes hudsonianum
Northern black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ribes lacustre
Prickly currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ribes laxiflorum
Trailing black currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ribes lobbii
Gummy gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ribes oxyacanthoides
Canadian gooseberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes sanguineum
Redflower currant, Blood currant, Pink-flowered currant, Red flowering currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ribes triste
Red currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ribes viscosissimum
Sticky currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust, Honey locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rorippa palustris
Bog yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rorippa teres
Southern marsh yellowcress

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rosa acicularis
Prickly rose, Wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa arkansana
Prairie rose, Arkansas rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa blanda
Smooth rose, Early wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rosa californica
California rose, California wildrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rosa carolina
Carolina rose, Pasture rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rosa gymnocarpa
Dwarf rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa nitida
Shining rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rosa nutkana
Nootka rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa palustris
Swamp rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rosa pisocarpa
Cluster rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa setigera
Climbing prairie rose, Climbing rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa virginiana
Virginia rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rosa woodsii
Woods' rose, Western wild rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rotala ramosior
Lowland rotala

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rubus allegheniensis
Allegheny blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus alumnus
Oldfield blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rubus arcticus
Arctic blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus argutus
Sawtooth blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus arvensis
Field blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus chamaemorus
Cloudberry, Baked apple berry, Bakeapple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rubus cuneifolius
Sand blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rubus flagellaris
Northern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus hispidus
Bristly dewberry, Swamp Dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus idaeus
American red raspberry, Wild Red Raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus lasiococcus
Dwarf Bramble, Roughfruit berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus leucodermis
Whitebark raspberry, Black raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rubus multiformis
Variable blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus parviflorus
Thimbleberry, Western thimble-berry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus pedatus
Strawberryleaf raspberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus pensilvanicus
Pennsylvania blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus pergratus
Upland blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus pubescens
Dwarf red blackberry, Dwarf raspberry, Dwarf red raspberry, Trailing raspberry, Dwarf red bramble, Dewberry, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rubus semisetosus
Swamp blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus setosus
Setose blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus spectabilis
Salmon raspberry, Salmonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus tardatus
Wet thicket dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rubus ursinus
California blackberry, California dewberry, Western blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rubus wheeleri
Wheeler's blackberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia auriculata
Eared coneflower

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia californica
California coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia fulgida
Orange coneflower, Orange Rudbeckia, Perennial black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia laciniata
Cutleaf coneflower, Wild goldenglow, Greenhead coneflower, Green-headed coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia maxima
Giant coneflower, Great coneflower, Giant Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia nitida
Shiny coneflower, Shining coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia occidentalis
Western coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rudbeckia subtomentosa
Sweet coneflower, Sweet black-eyed Susan

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia triloba
Browneyed Susan, Brown-eyed-Susan, Thin-leaved coneflower, Three-lobed Rudbeckia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia caroliniensis
Carolina wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia humilis
Fringeleaf wild petunia, Hairy ruellia, Low wild Petunia, Low ruellia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia malacosperma
Softseed wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia noctiflora
Nightflowering wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ruellia strepens
Limestone ruellia, Limestone wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex altissimus
Pale dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex aquaticus var. fenestratus
Western dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex arcticus
Arctic dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex chrysocarpus
Amamastla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex hastatulus
Heart-wing Sorrel, Heartwing sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex maritimus
Golden dock

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Rumex orbiculatus var. borealis
Greater water dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex pallidus
Seaside dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex salicifolius
Willow dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex salicifolius var. mexicanus
Mexican dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex spiralis
Winged dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rumex venosus
Veiny dock, Winged Dock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rumex verticillatus
Swamp Dock

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Ruppia maritima
Widgeongrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal palmetto
Cabbage palmetto, Cabbage palm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia arenicola
Sand rose gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Sabatia brachiata
Narrowleaf rose gentian

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabatia brevifolia
Shortleaf Rose gentian, Shortleaf Rose-gentian, Narrowleaf Sabatia, White Marsh-pink, White Sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia campanulata
Slender Rose Gentian, Slender Marsh Pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet, Moist

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sabatia difformis
Lanceleaf rose gentian

Duration:
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Sabatia dodecandra
Marsh rose gentian, Marsch rose-gentian, Large marsh pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sabatia gentianoides
Pinewoods rose gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabatia grandiflora
Large-flower Sabatia, Largeflower rose gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabatia kennedyana
Plymouth Gentian, Plymouth rose gentian

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Sabatia stellaris
Rose of Plymouth, Saltmarsh Sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Saccharum alopecuroides
Silver plumegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Saccharum giganteum
Sugarcane plumegrass, Giant plume grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Sacciolepis striata
American cupscale

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Sagina nivalis
Snow pearlwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagina nodosa
Knotted pearlwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagina saginoides
Arctic pearlwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sagittaria calycina
Hooded arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria calycina var. spongiosa
Hooded arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria cuneata
Arumleaf arrowhead, Narrowleaf Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria engelmanniana
Engelmann's arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria graminea
Grassy arrowhead, Grass-leaf arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria latifolia
Broadleaf arrowhead, Arrowhead, Duckroot, Duck-potato, Wapato

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria longiloba
Flecha de Agua, Long-barb Arrowhead, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Longbarb arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sagittaria papillosa
Nipplebract arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sagittaria platyphylla
Delta arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria rigida
Sessilefruit arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salicornia bigelovii
Dwarf saltwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salicornia depressa
Virginia glasswort, American Glasswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Salicornia maritima
Slender Glasswort, Slender grasswort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Salicornia rubra
Red swampfire

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix amygdaloides
Peachleaf willow, Peach-leaf willow, Almond-leaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix arbusculoides
Littletree willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix arctica
Arctic willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix arctophila
Northern willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salix bebbiana
Bebb willow, Gray willow, Long-beaked willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix bonplandiana
Bonpland willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix brachycarpa
Shortfruit willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix candida
Hoary willow, Sage willow, Sageleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix caroliniana
Coastal plain willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix commutata
Undergreen willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix cordata
Heartleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix discolor
Pussy willow, Glaucous willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix eriocephala
Missouri River willow, Missouri willow, Stiff willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix exigua
Coyote willow, Narrow-leaf willow, Narrowleaf willow, Sandbar willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix geyeriana
Geyer willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Salix glauca
Grayleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix gooddingii
Goodding's willow, San Joaquin willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix hookeriana
Dune willow, Hooker Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix humilis
Prairie willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Dry

Salix interior
Sand-bar willow, Sandbar willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Salix irrorata
Dewystem willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Salix laevigata
Polished willow, Red willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Salix lasiolepis
Arroyo willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix lucida
Shining willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra
Pacific willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix lutea
Yellow willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salix maccalliana
McCalla's willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix myricoides
Bayberry willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix myrtillifolia
Blueberry willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix nigra
Black willow, Gulf black willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix pedicellaris
Bog willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix pellita
Satiny willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix petiolaris
Meadow willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix planifolia
Diamondleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Salix prolixa
Mackenzie Willow, MacKenzie's willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Salix pseudomonticola
False mountain willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix pyrifolia
Balsam willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix reticulata
Netleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salix rotundifolia
Least willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Salix scouleriana
Scouler's willow, Western pussy willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salix sericea
Silky willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix serissima
Autumn willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Salix sessilifolia
Northwest sandbar willow, River Willow, Northwest Willow, Sandbar willow, Longleaf willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salix sitchensis
Sitka willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Salix vestita
Rock willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia lycioides
Canyon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia penstemonoides
Big red sage, Penstemon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sambucus racemosa
Red elderberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Samolus valerandi
Seaside brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sanguinaria canadensis
Bloodroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Sanguisorba canadensis
Canadian burnet, American burnet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Sanicula canadensis
Canadian blacksnakeroot, Black Snakeroot

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sanicula marilandica
Maryland sanicle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sanicula odorata
Clustered blacksnakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sapindus saponaria
Wingleaf soapberry, Soapberry, Wild China tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Sarcobatus vermiculatus
Greasewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sarcocornia perennis
Chickenclaws, Perennial Glasswort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sarracenia a