National Wetland Plant List

This National Wetland Plant List represents a national effort led by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to. The NWPL (and the information implied by its wetland plant species status ratings) is used extensively in wetland delineation, wetland restoration and research, and the development of compensatory mitigation goals, as well as in providing general botanical information about wetland plants. The NWPL covers all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Caribbean and Pacific islands that are considered to be territories of the U.S. The wetland plant data are organized into ten regions that coincide with Corps wetland delineation regions. To learn more, visit National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241.)


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abies amabilis
Cascade fir, Lovely fir, Pacific silver fir, White fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Abies balsamea
Balsam Fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies fraseri
Fraser fir, She-balsam

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water:

Abies grandis
Giant fir, Grand fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Abies lasiocarpa
Subalpine fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Abies procera
Noble fir

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acalypha gracilens
Slender threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha rhomboidea
Common threeseed mercury, Virginia threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acalypha virginica
Virginia threeseed mercury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Acanthocereus tetragonus
Triangle Cactus, Barbed-wire Cactus, Chaco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer circinatum
Oregon vine maple, Vine maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer glabrum
Rocky Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer macrophyllum
Bigleaf maple, Big-leaf maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer negundo
Box elder, Box elder maple, Ash-leaved maple, Ashleaf maple, Red River maple, Fresno de guajuco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Acer nigrum
Black maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer pensylvanicum
Striped maple, Moosewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer rubrum
Red maple, Scarlet maple, Soft maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharinum
Silver maple, Soft maple, White maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acer saccharum
Sugar maple, Northern sugar maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Acer spicatum
Mountain maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achnatherum hymenoides
Indian ricegrass, Indian Millet, Sandgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Achnatherum richardsonii
Richardson's needlegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Achyrachaena mollis
Blow wives

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Acmella oppositifolia var. repens
Oppositeleaf Spotflower, Opposite-leaf Spotflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Acoelorrhaphe wrightii
Everglades palm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Aconitum columbianum
Columbian monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aconitum delphiniifolium
Larkspurleaf monkshood, Larkspur-leaf monkshood, Northern monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aconitum uncinatum
Southern blue monkshood, Monkshood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Acorus americanus
Sweetflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Actaea pachypoda
White baneberry, Dolls eyes

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Actaea podocarpa
Mountain bugbane

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water:

Actaea rubra
Red baneberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Adiantum pedatum
Northern maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus flava
Sweet buckeye, Yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus glabra
Ohio buckeye, Texas buckeye, Fetid buckeye, Horse chestnut

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus sylvatica
Painted buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light:
Water:

Agalinis fasciculata
Beach false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis heterophylla
Prairie agalinis, Prairie false-foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agalinis linifolia
Flaxleaf false foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis maritima
Saltmarsh false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis oligophylla
Ridgestem false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis paupercula
Smallflower false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agalinis skinneriana
Skinner's false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agalinis tenuifolia
Slenderleaf false foxglove

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agarista populifolia
Florida hobblebush, Tall fetterbush, Florida leucothoe, Agarista

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Agastache nepetoides
Yellow giant hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Agastache urticifolia
Nettleleaf giant hyssop, Nettle-leaf Horsemint

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agave americana
American century plant, Century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina altissima
White snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ageratina jucunda
Hammock snakeroot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agoseris aurantiaca
Orange agoseris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Agoseris glauca
Pale agoseris, Pale mountain dandelion, False dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Agrimonia gryposepala
Tall hairy agrimony, Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agrimonia parviflora
Harvest lice, Small-flowered Agrimony, Southern Agrimony, Swamp Agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit:
Light:
Water:

Agrimonia striata
Roadside agrimony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agrostis exarata
Spike bentgrass, Spiked bent, Spike red top

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agrostis hyemalis
Winter bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Agrostis mertensii
Northern bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Agrostis perennans
Upland bentgrass, Autumn bentgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Agrostis scabra
Fly-away grass, Rough bent, Rough bentgrass, Ticklegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aletris aurea
Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aletris farinosa
White colicroot, Colic root, Unicorn root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Aletris lutea
Yellow colicroot, Yellow Colic-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aletris obovata
Southern colicroot, Blunt-leaved colic root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Alisma subcordatum
American water plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Alisma triviale
Northern water plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Allenrolfea occidentalis
Iodinebush, Pickleweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium cernuum
Nodding onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium douglasii
Douglas' onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Allium hyalinum
Glassy onion, Onion lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium tricoccum
Wild leek, Ramp

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Allium validum
Pacific onion, Swamp onion, Tall swamp onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Alnus incana
Gray alder, Speckled alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Alnus maritima
Seaside alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alnus oblongifolia
Arizona alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Alnus rhombifolia
White alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Alnus rubra
Red alder, Western alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Alnus serrulata
Smooth alder, Hazel alder, Brookside alder, Tag alder, Common alder, Black alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Alnus viridis
Green alder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Alopecurus aequalis
Shortawn foxtail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Alophia drummondii
Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry