Texas Wildflowers

List of Texas species featured in Texas Wildflowers by Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller. For two decades and counting, Texans have relied on Texas Wildflowers to identify the common and rare flowers we see along the roadsides and in the pastures, fields, and forests of our state. Compiled by naturalists Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller, with the technical assistance of Lynn Sherrod, Texas Wildflowers is an authoritative field guide with a personal touch in the many notes the Loughmillers included about the plants they described and photographed. Get this book from Amazon.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's Sand-verbena, Heart's Delight

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acourtia wrightii
Brownfoot, Pink perezia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula ixtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave parryi ssp. parryi
Century plant, Mescal, Parry's agave, Rough agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aletris aurea
Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Alophia drummondii
Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache Daisy, Butterfly Daisy, Honey Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal Anemone, Tenpetal Thimbleweed, Windflower, Southern Anemone, Granny's Nightcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas doze-daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas madrone, Madrone, Texas arbutus, Naked indian, Lady's leg, Madroņo, Manzanita, Xoxocote, Amazaquitl

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone chisosensis
Chisos Mountain prickly poppy, Pink prickly poppy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone mexicana
Mexican prickly poppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Yellow prickly poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum
Five-leaved Jack-in-the-pulpit, Jack in the pulpit, Indian turnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias asperula
Antelope horns, Spider milkweed, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus giganteus
Giant milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus mollissimus
Woolly locoweed, Purple locoweed, Woolly loco, Woolly milkvetch, Wooly loco, Wooly locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aureolaria grandiflora
False foxglove, Largeflower yellow false foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baileya multiradiata
Desert Marigold, Showy Desert Marigold, Paper Daisy, Desert Baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract wild indigo, Cream false indigo, Plains wild indigo, Cream wild indigo, Large-bracted wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bouvardia ternifolia
Scarlet bouvardia, Firecracker bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry , French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe digitata
Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calochortus kennedyi
Desert mariposa lily, Desert mariposa, Red mariposa-lily, Flame mariposa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calopogon tuberosus
Tuberous grasspink, Grass pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine, Foxglove vine, Hellvine, Devil's shoestring

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Texas Indian Paintbrush, Entireleaf Indian Paintbrush, Texas Paintbrush, Indian Paintbrush, Scarlet Paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja integra
Wholeleaf Indian Paintbrush, Squawfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy painted cup, Downy paintbrush, Great Plains paintbrush, Great Plains indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona centaury, Shortflower centaury, Rosita, Buckley centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud, Duraznillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Willowleaf catalpa, Bow willow, Flor de mimbre, Mimbre

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Snowflower tree, Flowering ash, Old man's beard, Grandfather graybeard, Grancy graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Clematis crispa
Swamp Leatherflower, Curly Clematis, Blue-jasmine, Curlflower, Curly Virgin's Bower, Marsh Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Old man's beard, Drummond's clematis, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple Leatherflower, Purple Clematis, Leatherflower, Bluebill, Bellflower Clematis, Pitcher's Clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas bullnettle, Bull nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cooperia pedunculata
Hill Country rain lily, Prairie lily, Rain lily, Flor de mayo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Corallorhiza wisteriana
Spring Coral-root, Spring Coral Root, Early Southern Coral-root, Wister's Coral-root, Yellow Coral-root, Arousing Coral-root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Coreopsis, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood, Florida dogwood, White cornel, Arrowwood, American boxwood, False box, St. Peter's crown, Corona de san pedro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crinum americanum
American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking gourd, Buffalo gourd, Missouri gourd, Stink gourd, Wild gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Tasajillo, Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cypripedium parviflorum
Yellow Lady's-slipper Orchid, Lesser Yellow Lady's Slipper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Dalea formosa
Featherplume, Feather Dalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasylirion leiophyllum
Green sotol, Smooth-leaved sotol, Smooth-leaf sotol, Sotol, Desert candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Jimsonweed, Sacred Thorn Apple, Thorn apple, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum
Prairie Larkspur, Carolina Larkspur, Blue Larkspur

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium psilophyllum
Beggar's ticks, Simpleleaf ticktrefoil, Sticktights, Wright's tickclover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera brevifolia
Dwarf sundew, Spatulate-leaved sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake her