Texas Wildflowers

List of Texas species featured in Texas Wildflowers by Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller. For two decades and counting, Texans have relied on Texas Wildflowers to identify the common and rare flowers we see along the roadsides and in the pastures, fields, and forests of our state. Compiled by naturalists Campbell and Lynn Loughmiller, with the technical assistance of Lynn Sherrod, Texas Wildflowers is an authoritative field guide with a personal touch in the many notes the Loughmillers included about the plants they described and photographed. Get this book from Amazon.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abronia ameliae
Amelia's sand verbena, Heart's delight, Amelia's sand-verbena, Sand verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia berlandieri
Guajillo, Berlandier acacia, Thornless Catclaw, Mimosa Catclaw, Round-flowered Catclaw, Huajillla, Matoral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acacia farnesiana
Huisache, Sweet acacia, Mealy wattle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil, Western yarrow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acourtia wrightii
Brownfoot, Pink perezia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Agalinis purpurea
Purple false foxglove, Purple gerardia, Gerardia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Agave lechuguilla
Lechuguilla, Tula ixtle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave parryi ssp. parryi
Century plant, Mescal, Parry's agave, Rough agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aletris aurea
Golden colicroot, Colicroot, Star grass, Yellow colic root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allionia incarnata
Trailing windmills, Trailing four o'clock, Pink windmills, Trailing allionia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Allium canadense var. canadense
Canada onion, Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Allium canadense var. mobilense
Meadow garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Alophia drummondii
Propeller flower, Purple pleat-leaf, Pinewoods lily, Prairie iris, Pleatleaf iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amblyolepis setigera
Huisache daisy, Butterfly daisy, Honey daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Amsonia ciliata
Fringed bluestar, Bluestar, Blue funnel lily, Texas bluestar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Androstephium caeruleum
Androstephium, Blue funnel lily, Blue Funnel-lily, Fragrant lily, Funnel-Flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Anemone berlandieri
Tenpetal thimbleweed, Ten-petaled anemone, Wind-flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Aphanostephus skirrhobasis
Lazy daisy, Arkansas lazy daisy, Arkansas dozedaisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arbutus xalapensis
Texas madrone, Madrone, Naked indian, Manzanita, Lady's leg

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Argemone chisosensis
Chisos Mountain pricklypoppy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Argemone mexicana
Mexican pricklypoppy, Mexican prickly poppy, Yellow pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. quinatum
Five-leaved Jack-in-the-pulpit, Jack in the pulpit, Indian turnip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Asclepias asperula
Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias latifolia
Broadleaf milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Astragalus giganteus
Giant milkvetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Astragalus mollissimus
Woolly locoweed, Purple locoweed, Woolly loco, Woolly milkvetch, Wooly loco, Wooly locoweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Aureolaria grandiflora
False foxglove, Largeflower yellow false foxglove

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baileya multiradiata
Desert marigold, Showy desert marigold, Paper daisy, Desert baileya

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Baptisia bracteata var. leucophaea
Longbract wild indigo, Cream false indigo, Plains wild indigo, Cream wild indigo, Large-bracted wild indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Baptisia sphaerocarpa
Bush pea, Green wild indigo, Yellow wild indigo, Yellow wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Boerhavia linearifolia
Narrowleaf spiderling

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Bouvardia ternifolia
Scarlet bouvardia, Firecracker bush, Trompetilla, Clavillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry, French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe digitata
Finger poppy-mallow, Poppy mallow, Standing winecup, Wine cup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calochortus kennedyi
Desert mariposa lily, Desert mariposa, Red mariposa-lily, Flame mariposa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Calopogon tuberosus
Tuberous grasspink, Grass pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Calylophus serrulatus
Yellow sundrops, Yellow evening primrose, Plains evening primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Castilleja indivisa
Entireleaf indian paintbrush, Texas paintbrush, Indian paintbrush, Scarlet paintbrush, Entire-leaf indian-paintbrush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Castilleja integra
Wholeleaf Indian paintbrush, Squawfeather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Castilleja sessiliflora
Downy painted cup, Downy paintbrush, Great Plains paintbrush, Great Plains indian-paintbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Catalpa bignonioides
Southern catalpa, Cigar tree, Indian bean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Centaurea americana
American basket-flower, American star-thistle, Basket-Flower, Star thistle, Shaving brush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Centaurium calycosum
Arizona centaury, Shortflower centaury, Rosita, Buckley centaury

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chamaecrista fasciculata var. fasciculata
Partridge pea, Showy Partridge-pea, Beeflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Trumpet flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chionanthus virginicus
White fringetree, Fringe tree, Grancy Graybeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cirsium texanum
Texas thistle

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Clematis crispa
Swamp leatherflower, Curly clematis, Blue jasmine, Curlflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis pitcheri
Purple clematis, Purple leatherflower, Leatherflower, Bluebill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cnidoscolus texanus
Texas bullnettle, Bull nettle, Tread-softly, Spurge nettle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Commelina erecta
Whitemouth dayflower, Widow's tears, Day flower, White-mouth dayflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Corallorhiza wisteriana
Spring coralroot, Early southern coral root, Spring coral root, Wister's coralroot, Yellow coral root

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Coreopsis lanceolata
Lanceleaf coreopsis, Lanceleaf tickseed, Lance-leaved coreopsis, Sand coreopsis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus florida
Flowering dogwood, Virginia dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cosmos parviflorus
Southwestern cosmos, Southwest cosmos

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Crinum americanum
American crinum lily, Seven sisters, Swamp lily, Southern swamp lily, String lily, Crinum lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Cryptantha palmeri
Palmer's cryptantha

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Cucurbita foetidissima
Stinking gourd, Buffalo gourd, Missouri gourd, Stink gourd, Wild gourd

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cypripedium parviflorum
Lesser yellow lady's slipper, Yellow lady's-slipper orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Dalea formosa
Feather dalea, Featherplume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasylirion leiophyllum
Green sotol, Sotol, Desert candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Delphinium carolinianum
Carolina larkspur, Blue larkspur, Prairie larkspur, Espuela del caballero

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmodium psilophyllum
Beggar's ticks, Simpleleaf ticktrefoil, Sticktights, Wright's tickclover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Drosera brevifolia
Dwarf sundew, Spatulate-leaved sundew

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echeandia flavescens
Torrey's craglily, Crag lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Echinacea sanguinea
Sanguine purple coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Echinocactus texensis
Horse crippler, Devil's head, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus chisoensis
Chisos hedgehog, Chisos Mountain hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus dasyacanthus
Spiny hedgehog cactus, Texas rainbow cactus, Golden rainbow hedgehog, Yellow Pitaya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus enneacanthus
Pitaya, Strawberry cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus, Órgano-pequeño de colores , Purple candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus russanthus
Brownspine hedgehog cactus, Rusty hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Echinocereus stramineus
Strawberry hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus triglochidiatus
Claret cup, Hedgehog cactus, Kingcup cactus, Mojave mound

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus viridiflorus var. cylindricus
Green-flowered hedgehog, Nylon hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Engelmannia peristenia
Engelmann's daisy, Engelmann Daisy, Cutleaf Daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane, Fleabane daisy

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eriogonum wrightii
Perennial buckwheat, Wright buckwheat, Wild buckwheat, Bastard sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erodium texanum
Fillaree, Pine needle, Stork's Bill, Texas stork's bill, Texas stork's bill

Duration:
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium heterophyllum
Mexican thistle, Wright's eryngo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Erythronium rostratum
Dog-tooth violet, Yellow troutlily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Eschscholzia californica ssp. mexicana
Mexican gold poppy, California poppy, Amopalo del campo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Eucnide bartonioides
Rock-nettle, Yellow rocknettle, Yellow stingbush

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Candelilla, Wax plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia bicolor
Snow on the prairie, Snow-on-the-prairie

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum
Catchfly prairie gentian, Bluebell gentian, Western blue gentian, Blue marsh lily, Small bluebell, Catchfly gentian, Seaside gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fallugia paradoxa
Apache plume, Ponil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ferocactus hamatacanthus
Turk's head, Turk's head, Texas barrel cactus, giant fishhook cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ferocactus wislizeni
Candy barrelcactus, Candy barrel cactus, Fishhook barrel cactus, Southwestern barrel cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Fouquieria splendens
Ocotillo, Devil's walking stick, Candlewood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Froelichia gracilis
Slender snakecotton, Snake-cotton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia aestivalis
Lanceleaf blanketflower, Winkler gaillardia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia multiceps
Onion blanketflower, Gyp indian blanket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gaura coccinea
Scarlet beeblossom, Scarlet gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaura suffulta
Bee blossom, Kisses, Wild Honeysuckle

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Giliastrum acerosum
Bluebowls, Prickleleaf gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Grindelia papposa
Spanish gold, Clasping-leaved haplopappus, Saw-leaf Daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Grusonia grahamii
Graham's pricklypear, Graham dog cactus, Graham's club cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Guaiacum angustifolium
Texas lignum-vitae, Guayacan, Soapbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Gutierrezia microcephala
Threadleaf snakeweed, Threadleaf broomweed, Smallhead snakeweed, Littlehead snakeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Gymnosperma glutinosum
Gumhead, Tatalencho

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Halesia diptera
Two-wing silverbell, Silver bell, Two-winged silverbell, Snowdrop tree, American snowdrop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helenium amarum var. badium
Yellowdicks, Brown Bitterweed, Basin sneezeweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helenium drummondii
Fringed sneezeweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Helianthus annuus
Common sunflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Helianthus mollis
Ashy sunflower, Downy sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hibiscus denudatus
Paleface, Rock hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Hibiscus laevis
Halberdleaf rosemallow, Halberdleaf hibiscus, Scarlet rose mallow, Halberd-leaved hibiscus, Halberd-leaved rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Rose-mallow, Rosemallow, Woolly mallow, Wooly Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Houstonia pusilla
Tiny bluet, Small Bluets, Star violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrocotyle bonariensis
Largeleaf pennywort, Salt pennywort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Ovate false fiddleleaf, Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenocallis liriosme
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Hymenopappus artemisiifolius
Old plainsman, Oldplainsman, Woolly-white

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ipomoea cristulata
Transpecos morning-glory, Scarlet Creeper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomoea sagittata
Saltmarsh morning-glory, Salt-marsh morning glory

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light:
Water:

Ipomopsis longiflora
Flaxflowered ipomopsis, Pale Trumpets, Paleflower gilia, White-flower skyrocket, White-flowered gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ipomopsis rubra
Standing cypress, Texas plume, Red Texas star, Red gilia

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Iris giganticaerulea
Blue flag, Giant blue iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Jatropha dioica var. graminea
Leatherstem, Bloodroot, Sangre de drago

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Kallstroemia grandiflora
Arizona poppy, Orange caltrop, Desert poppy, Summer poppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Krameria grayi
White ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Krameria lanceolata
Trailing krameria, Ratany, Crameria, Prairie sandbur, Trailing Ratany

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush, West Indian shrub-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Larrea tridentata
Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lepidium montanum
Mountain peppergrass, Western peppergrass, Mountain pepperweed, Mountain pepperwort, Montana pepperweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lesquerella fendleri
Fendler's bladderpod, Fendler's bladderpod, Popweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris elegans
Blazing star, Gay feather, Pink-scale gayfeather, Pinkscale blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lindheimera texana
Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum lewisii
Wild blue flax, Prairie flax, Lewis flax

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum incisum
Narrowleaf stoneseed, Puccoon, Fringed puccoon, Narrowleaf gromwell, Fringed gromwell, Narrow-leaved puccoon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lithospermum multiflorum
Manyflowered stoneseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia appendiculata
Pale lobelia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lonicera albiflora
Western white honeysuckle, Texas honeysuckle, White honeysuckle, White shrub honeysuckle, White limestone honeysuckle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Lonicera sempervirens
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lotus plebeius
New Mexico bird's-foot trefoil, Pine deervetch

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Lupinus havardii
Big Bend bluebonnet, Big Bend lupine, Havard bluebonnet, Chisos bluebonnet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lygodesmia texana
Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum californicum
California Loosestrife

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Machaeranthera gracilis
Slender goldenweed, Grass-Leaf Tansy-Aster, Yellow spiny daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Magnolia ashei
Ashe's magnolia, Ashe magnolia, Deciduous magnolia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Magnolia grandiflora
Southern magnolia, Evergreen magnolia, Bull bay

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Magnolia virginiana
Sweetbay, Sweetbay magnolia, Swampbay, Swamp magnolia, Small magnolia, Beaver tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Menodora longiflora
Showy menodora, Twin-pod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mentzelia multiflora
Adonis blazingstar, Blazing star, Prairie stickleaf

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa dysocarpa
Velvetpod mimosa, Velvet-pod mimosa, Gatuno

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa microphylla
Littleleaf sensitive-briar, Little-leaf mimosa, Catclaw sensitive briar, Smooth-leaf sensitive briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Minuartia drummondii
Drummond's stitchwort, Sandwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Mirabilis longiflora
Sweet four o'clock, Long-flowered four o'clock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Monarda punctata
Spotted beebalm, Spotted horsemint, Horsemint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nama hispidum
Bristly nama, Sand Bells, Sand-bell

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Neolloydia conoidea
Chihuahuan beehive, Cone cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Nothoscordum bivalve
Crow poison, Crowpoison, False garlic

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Nuttallanthus texanus
Texas Toad-Flax, Texas toadflax, Toadflax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Oenothera laciniata
Cutleaf evening-primrose, Cut-leaf Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Oenothera rhombipetala
Diamond petal primrose, Four-Point Evening Primrose, Fourpoint evening-primrose, Greater four-point evening-primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. engelmannii
Cactus apple, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia humifusa
Devil's-tongue, Low prickly pear, Smooth prickly pear, Prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra var. macrocentra
Purple pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia phaeacantha
Tulip prickly pear, Brownspine prickly pear cactus, Purple-fruited prickly pear, Brown-spined prickly pear, New mexico prickly pear, Desert prickly pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia rufida
Blind prickly pear, Blind pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's woodsorrel, Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis violacea
Violet woodsorrel, Violet wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera glabella
Butterweed, Cress-leaf groundsel, Yellowtop

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Packera tampicana
Yellowtop, Great Plains ragwort, Butterweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Palafoxia hookeriana
Sand palafox, Hooker palafoxia, Sand palafoxia, Hooker's palafoxia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pectis angustifolia
Limoncillo, Lemonscent, Crownseed pectis, Lemon-scented pectis, Lemonscent pectis, Lemonweed, Chinchweed, Fetid marigold

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon barbatus
Scarlet bugler, Beard-lip penstemon, Beard-lip beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon murrayanus
Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Red penstemon, Red beardtongue, Cupleaf penstemon, Cupleaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pericome caudata
Mountain tail-leaf, Tail-leaf pericome

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phemeranthus aurantiacus
Orange Flameflower, Flameflower, Fameflower, Talinum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox drummondii
Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox roemeriana
Goldeneye phlox, Golden-eye Phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Physostegia digitalis
False dragonhead, Finger false dragonhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa
Fall obedient plant, False dragonhead, Lionheart, Obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pinaropappus roseus
White rock lettuce, White dandelion, Pink dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pinguicula pumila
Small butterwort, Bog violet, Dwarf butterwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Platanthera ciliaris
Yellow fringed orchid, Orange-fringed orchid, Orange plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Platanthera nivea
Snowy orchid, Frog spear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Marsh Fleabane, Sweetscent

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Podophyllum peltatum
Mayapple, Indian apple, Wild mandrake, Pomme de mai, Podophylle pelt

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pogonia ophioglossoides
Snakemouth orchid, Rose pogonia orchid, Snake-mouth orchid, Beard flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Polanisia uniglandulosa
Mexican clammyweed, Clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polygala cruciata
Candy root, Drumheads

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala nana
Candyroot, Bachelor's buttons, Bachelor's button

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygala obscura
Velvetseed milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Polygala polygama
Racemed milkwort, Pink milkwort

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polygala ramosa
Low pinebarren milkwort, Yellow savannah milkwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Polygonum punctatum
Dotted smartweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polytaenia nuttallii
Nuttall's prairie parsley, Prairie parsley, Wild dill, Prairie parsnip

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Proboscidea louisianica ssp. louisianica
Ram's horn, Devil's claw, Unicorn plant, Ram's horn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Psilostrophe tagetina
Paperflower, Woolly paper-flower, Woolly paperflower

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pyrrhopappus carolinianus
Carolina desert-chicory

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Quincula lobata
Purple groundcherry, Chinese lantern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus
Bristly buttercup, Buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Ranunculus macranthus
Large buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhexia lutea
Yellow meadow beauty, Yellow meadowbeauty

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Rhexia virginica
Meadow beauty, Handsome Harry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhododendron canescens
Mountain azalea, Wild azalea, Honeysuckle azalea, Piedmont azalea, Sweet azalea, Hoary azalea, Southern pinxterflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhododendron viscosum
Swamp azalea, Clammy azalea, Cory azalea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rhus glabra
Smooth sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Robinia hispida
Bristly locust, Standing sweet pea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Robinia pseudoacacia
Black locust, Honey locust

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rosa setigera
Climbing prairie rose, Climbing rose, Prairie Rose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia grandiflora
Rough coneflower, Tall coneflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia caroliniensis
Carolina wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rumex hymenosepalus
Canaigre dock, Canaigre, Desert rhubarb

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sabatia angularis
Rosepink, Rose-pink

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Sabatia campestris
Texas star, Rose gentian, Meadow pink, Prairie rose-gentian, Prairie sabatia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. media
Bulltongue arrowhead, Scythe-fruit Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lycioides
Canyon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia regla
Mountain sage, Royal sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sarracenia alata
Yellow trumpets, Yellow pitcher plant, Yellow trumpet, Flycatcher, Trumpet pitcher plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water: Wet

Schoenocrambe linearifolia
Slimleaf plainsmustard, Mountain mustard, Hesper mustard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sclerocactus uncinatus var. wrightii
Chihuahuan Fishhook Cactus, Brown-flowered Hedgehog Cactus, Catclaw Cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light:
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria integrifolia
Helmet-flower, Rough Skullcap, Common Large Skullcap, Tall Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Senecio ampullaceus
Ragwort, Texas Groundsel, Texas ragwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sesbania drummondii
Rattlebush, Rattlebox, Poisonbean

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Silene laciniata
Cardinal catchfly, Southern Indian pink, Mexican campion, Catchfly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Silene subciliata
Catchfly, Louisiana catchfly, Prairie-fire pink

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
Blue-eyed grass, Spearbract blue-eyed grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sphaeralcea angustifolia
Copper globemallow, Copper-mallow, Globe mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Spigelia marilandica
Woodland pinkroot, Pinkroot, Indian pink, Spigelia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Spiranthes cernua
Nodding lady's tresses, Ladies' tresses, Nodding ladies' tresses orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Stenaria nigricans var. nigricans
Diamondflowers, Narrowleaf bluets, Baby's breath, Bluets, Fine-leaf bluets

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Stewartia malacodendron
Silky camellia, Virginia stewartia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade
Water:

Streptanthus platycarpus
Broadpod jewelflower, Broadpod twistflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Symphyotrichum cordifolium
Broad-leaved aster, Common blue wood aster, Heartleaf aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Symphyotrichum patens var. patens
Spreading Aster, Late Purple Aster, Spread-Leaf Aster, Sky-drop Aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris linearifolia
Fineleaf fournerved daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thelesperma flavodiscum
East Texas greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypodium wrightii
Wright's thelypody, Wright thelypody

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla acerosa
Prickly-leaf dogweed, Prickleleaf dogweed, Shrubby dogweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Trillium sessile
Toadshade, Red trillium, Wake-robin, Sessile trillium, Yellow trillium

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Moist

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Utricularia inflata
Swollen bladderwort, Floating bladderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Verbena halei
Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina nana
Dwarf crownbeard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Viguiera cordifolia
Heartleaf goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viguiera stenoloba
Resinbush, Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola bicolor
Field pansy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola ×palmata
Early blue violet, Trilobed violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wislizenia refracta
Jackass clover, Spectacle fruit

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Xanthisma texanum
Texas sleepy daisy, Sleepy daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides
Gummy broomweed, Gummy snakeweed, San Pedro matchweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Xylorhiza wrightii
Big Bend woodyaster, Terlingua aster, Gyp daisy, Gypsum daisy, Big Bend aster

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca faxoniana
Eve's needle, Faxon yucca, Palma samandoca, Palma barreta, Spanish bayonet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca thompsoniana
Thompson's yucca, Thompson Yucca, Beaked yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca torreyi
Torrey's yucca, Torrey yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zigadenus glaberrimus
Sandbog deathcamas, Camas, Large-flowered zigadenus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Zigadenus nuttallii
Nuttall's deathcamas, Death Camas, Poison onion, Nuttall's death camas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Zinnia acerosa
Desert zinnia, Dwarf zinnia, Dwarf white zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zizia aurea
Golden zizia, Golden Alexanders

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist