Deer Resistant Species

Few plants are completely deer resistant. Several factors influence deer browsing including the density of the deer population, environmental conditions such as drought, and plant palatability. Deer tend to avoid plants with aromatic foliage, tough leathery and/or hairy or prickly leaves or plants with milky latex or sap. Try using some of the plants listed here to minimize deer damage to your landscape.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Abutilon incanum
Pelotazo, Indian mallow, Shrubby Indian mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acacia rigidula
Blackbrush acacia, Blackbrush, Catclaw, Chaparro prieto, Gavia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Acalypha radians
Cardinal's feather, Cardinal feather

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Acer grandidentatum
Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Canyon maple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Adiantum capillus-veneris
Southern maidenhair fern, Common maidenhair fern, Maidenhair fern, Venus hair fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. flavescens
Texas yellow buckeye, Yellow woolly buckeye, Pale buckeye, Plateau yellow buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aesculus pavia var. pavia
Scarlet buckeye, Red buckeye, Southern buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Agave americana
American century plant, Century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave havardiana
Havard's century plant, Havard agave

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Agave univittata
Maguey mezortillo, Thorncrest century plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allium canadense
Meadow garlic, Wild garlic, Wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Allium drummondii
Drummond's onion, Wild Garlic, Drummond wild onion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Allowissadula holosericea
Chisos Mountain false Indianmallow, Chisos Mtn. False Indian-mallow, Velvet-leaf Mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia gratissima
Whitebrush, Bee-brush, White-brush, Common bee-brush, Beebrush, Privet lippia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Aloysia macrostachya
Rio Grande beebrush, Woolly Bee-brush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Amorpha roemeriana
Roemer's false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Andropogon gerardii
Big bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Anemone edwardsiana
Edwards Plateau thimbleweed, Two-flowered Anemone

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Anisacanthus quadrifidus var. wrightii
Flame acanthus, Hummingbird bush, Wright's desert honeysuckle, Wright acanthus, Mexican flame, Wright's Mexican flame

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aphanostephus riddellii
Lazy Daisy, Riddell's dozedaisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Argemone albiflora
Bluestem pricklypoppy, White pricklypoppy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Aristida oligantha
Prairie threeawn, Oldfield (Prairie) 3-awn, Oldfield threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea
Purple threeawn, Purple 3-awn, Purple three-awn, Red threeawn

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aristida purpurea var. purpurea
Purple threeawn, Red threeawn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Arnoglossum plantagineum
Groovestem Indian plantain, Indian plantain, Prairie plantain, Prairie Indian plantain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Artemisia palmeri
San Diego sagebrush, San Diego sagewort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Asclepias asperula
Spider milkweed, Antelope horns, Green-flowered milkweed, Spider antelope-horns

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias incarnata
Swamp milkweed, Pink Milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Asclepias oenotheroides
Zizotes milkweed, Hierba de Zizotes, Longhorn milkweed, Side-cluster milkweed, Primrose milkweed, Lindheimer's milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Asclepias tuberosa
Butterflyweed, Butterfly milkweed, Orange milkweed, Pleurisy root, Chigger flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Asclepias viridis
Green antelopehorn, Green milkweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Baccharis neglecta
False Willow, Jara dulce, Poverty Weed, Roosevelt Weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Bacopa monnieri
Coastal Water-hyssop, Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bauhinia lunarioides
Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Berlandiera betonicifolia
Texas greeneyes, Broochflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Berlandiera lyrata
Chocolate daisy, Chocolate flower, Lyreleaf greeneyes, Green-Eyed lyre leaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bignonia capreolata
Crossvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bothriochloa laguroides ssp. torreyana
Silver Beard Grass, Silver beardgrass, Silver Bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouchea linifolia
Flaxleaf bouchea, Groovestem bouchea

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouchetia erecta
Erect Bouchetia, Painted-tongue, Paintedtongue, Painted Tongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Bouteloua dactyloides
Buffalograss, Buffalo grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Bouteloua rigidiseta
Texas grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Brickellia cylindracea
Brickell-Bush, Brickellbush, Gravelbar brickellbush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Buddleja marrubiifolia
Woolly butterflybush, Butterfly bush, Woolly Butterfly-bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe involucrata var. lineariloba
Poppy mallow, Purple poppymallow, White poppy mallow, White winecup, Winecup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe leiocarpa
Tall poppymallow, Annual winecup, Tall poppy-mallow

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppy-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Calylophus berlandieri
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Calylophus berlandieri ssp. pinifolius
Berlandier's sundrops, Square-bud primrose, Sundrops, Square-bud day-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Campsis radicans
Trumpet creeper, Trumpet vine, Common trumpet creeper, Cow vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Canna flaccida
Bandanna of the Everglades, Golden canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Canna glauca
Water Canna, Louisiana Canna, Maraca amarilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Capsicum annuum
Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum
Chile pequin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper, Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light:
Water:

Carex blanda
Eastern woodland sedge, Creek sedge, Common wood sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex perdentata
Meadow Sedge, Sand sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Carex texensis
Texas sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ceanothus herbaceus
Redroot, Prairie redroot, Jersey tea, Inland Ceanothus, Fuzzy Ceanothus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Hackberry, Sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Celtis laevigata var. reticulata
Netleaf hackberry, Netleaf sugar hackberry, Sugar Hackberry, Texas Sugarberry, Palo Blanco, Acibuche

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Cercis canadensis
Eastern redbud, Redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cercis canadensis var. mexicana
Mexican redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. tainturieri
Hairyfruit chervil, Hairy-fruit chervil, Wild chervil, Chervil

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chamaesaracha coniodes
False Nightshade, Gray five eyes, Ground Saracha, Prostrate Ground-cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Chaptalia nutans
Heal and draw, Silverpuff, Lechuguilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water:

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chilopsis linearis
Desert willow, Flowering willow, Willow-leaved catalpa, Trumpet flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cladium mariscus ssp. jamaicense
Jamaica swamp sawgrass, Jamaican Saw-grass, Saw-grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Clematis drummondii
Drummond's clematis, Old man's beard, Texas virgin's bower, Goat's beard

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cleome serrulata
Rocky Mountain beeplant, Rocky mountain bee plant, Waa, Skunk weed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cocculus carolinus
Carolina snailseed, Carolina coralbead, Carolina moonseed, Red berried moonseed, Carolina red berried moonseed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Coreopsis tinctoria
Plains coreopsis, Golden tickseed, Goldenwave, Calliopsis

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Corydalis curvisiliqua
Curvepod, Curvepod fumewort, Golden Smoke, Scrambled Eggs

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Coryphantha sulcata
Nipple Cactus, Pineapple cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cotinus obovatus
American smoke tree, Smoke tree, Texas smoke tree, Chittamwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Crataegus greggiana
Gregg's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus tracyi
Mountain Hawthorn, Tracy Hawthorn, Tracy's hawthorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Crataegus viridis
Green hawthorn, Southern thorn

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Croton capitatus var. lindheimeri
Woolly Croton, Lindheimer's hogwort

Duration: Annual
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Croton fruticulosus
Bush croton, Encinilla, Hierba Loca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Croton monanthogynus
Prairie tea, One-seed Croton

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Cryptotaenia canadensis
Canadian honewort, Wild Chervil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cylindropuntia imbricata var. imbricata
Cane cactus, Cholla, Teddy-bear cholla, Tree cholla, Walkingstick cholla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis
Christmas cactus, Christmas cholla, Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cactus, Tasajillo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Cynanchum barbigerum
Bearded swallow-wort, Cynanchum, Thicket Threadvine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus ochraceus
Pond flatsedge, Yellow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Cyperus odoratus
Fragrant flatsedge, Fragrant Sedge

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Cyperus pseudovegetus
Marsh flatsedge, Marsh Flat Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water:

Dalea aurea
Golden dalea, Golden prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea frutescens
Black dalea, Black prairie clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dasylirion texanum
Texas sotol, Sotol

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Dasylirion wheeleri
Common sotol, Sotol, Desert Spoon, Desert candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Datura wrightii
Sacred thorn-apple, Jimsonweed, Thorn apple, Datura, Angel Trumpet, Sacred datura

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Desmanthus illinoensis
Illinois bundleflower, Bundleflower, Prairie bundle flower, Prickleweed, Illinois Desmanthus, Prairie mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinocactus texensis
Horse crippler, Devil's head, Chisos Hedgehog

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus, Órgano-pequeño de colores , Purple candle

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Echinocereus reichenbachii ssp. reichenbachii
Lace Cactus, Lace hedgehog cactus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Ehretia anacua
Anacua, Sugarberry Anacua, Anaqua, Knockaway, Sandpaper tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eleocharis rostellata
Beaked spikerush, Leap Frog Spike Rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Elymus canadensis
Canada wild rye, Canadian wildrye, Prairie wildrye, Nodding wildrye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Epipactis gigantea
Chatterbox Orchid, Giant Hellebore, Stream orchid

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Eragrostis intermedia
Plains lovegrass, Plains Lovegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eragrostis spectabilis
Purple lovegrass, Purple love grass, Purple plains lovegrass, Tumblegrass, Petticoat climber

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Erigeron modestus
Plains fleabane, Prairie fleabane

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eriochloa sericea
Texas cupgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Erioneuron pilosum
Hairy Woollygrass, Hairy Tridens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Eryngium leavenworthii
Leavenworth's eryngo, Eryngo

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eupatorium serotinum
Lateflowering thoroughwort, White boneset, Late boneset, Late-flowering boneset

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Euphorbia antisyphilitica
Candelilla, Wax plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Euphorbia marginata
Snow on the mountain, Snow-on-the-mountain

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. exaltatum
Blue marsh lily, Bluebell gentian, Catchfly prairie gentian, Small bluebell, Western blue gentian

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Eustoma exaltatum ssp. russellianum
Texas bluebells, Texas bluebell, Bluebell, Showy prairie gentian, Prairie gentian

Duration: Annual, Biennial, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Evax prolifera
Bighead pygmycudweed, Rabbit Tobacco

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Gaillardia pulchella
Firewheel, Indian Blanket

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Galphimia angustifolia
Narrow-leaf Goldshower, Narrowleaf goldshower, Thryallis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's silktassel, Lindheimer Silk Tassel, Lindheimer's Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Gaura lindheimeri
Lindheimer's beeblossom, White gaura, Butterfly gaura

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Gelsemium sempervirens
Carolina jessamine, Yellow jessamine, Evening trumpetflower, Poor man's rope

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Hedeoma drummondii
Drummond's false pennyroyal, Limoncillo, Mock Pennyroyal

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Helianthus maximiliani
Maximilian sunflower, Max sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Hesperaloe parviflora
Red yucca, Coral yucca, Red flowered false yucca, Redflower false yucca, Samandoque, Yellow yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Heterotheca canescens
Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hibiscus lasiocarpos
Rose-mallow, Rosemallow, Woolly mallow, Wooly Rose-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Hilaria belangeri var. belangeri
Curly-mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hydrocotyle verticillata var. verticillata
Pennywort, Water-Pennywort, Whorled marshpennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Hydrolea ovata
Blue Water Leaf, Hairy Hydrolea, Ovate false fiddleleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Hymenocallis liriosme
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ibervillea lindheimeri
Lindheimer's globeberry, Balsam gourd, Globe berry, Snake apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw Holly, Deciduous Holly, Winterberry, Deciduous yaupon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ipomoea cordatotriloba var. cordatotriloba
Tievine, Sharp-pod Morning Glory, Purple Bindweed, Tie Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Iris brevicaulis
Zigzag iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Iris virginica var. shrevei
Shreve's iris, Virginia iris, Southern blue flag, Blue flag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Jatropha dioica
Leatherstem, Leather Stem, Rubber Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus ashei
Ashe juniper, Ashe's juniper, Mountain cedar, Blueberry juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Juniperus virginiana
Eastern red cedar, Eastern redcedar, Virginia juniper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lantana urticoides
Texas lantana, Calico bush, West Indian shrub-verbena

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Larrea tridentata
Creosote bush, Greasewood, Hediondilla, Governadora, Guamis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Leucophyllum frutescens
Cenizo, Purple sage, Texas ranger, Texas barometer bush, Texas silverleaf, Texas sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Liatris mucronata
Cusp gayfeather, Gayfeather, Blazing star, Narrow-leaf gayfeather, Texas gayfeather, Cusp blazing star

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Linum rigidum
Stiffstem flax, Large-flower yellow flax, Yellow flax

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium andersonii
Anderson wolfberry, Red-berry desert-thorn, Water jacket

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lycium berlandieri
Berlandier's wolfberry, Wolfberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Lygodesmia texana
Texas skeletonplant, Texas skeleton weed, Skeleton-plant, Purple dandelion

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lythrum alatum
Winged lythrum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Machaeranthera tanacetifolia
Tanseyleaf tansyaster, Tahoka Daisy, Tansy Aster

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mahonia swaseyi
Texas barberry, Texas Oregon-grape

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus
Turkscap, Wax mallow, Bleeding hearts, Mexican apple, Manzanilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy water clover, Water clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Matelea reticulata
Green milkweed vine, Net vein milkvine, Netted milkvine, Pearl milkweed Vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Maurandella antirrhiniflora
Snapdragon Vine, Roving sailor, Climbing snapdragon, Little snapdragon vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Merremia dissecta
Alamo Vine, Noyau vine, Correhuela de las Doce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mimosa borealis
Fragrant mimosa, Pink Mimosa

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Mimosa roemeriana
Roemer's mimosa, Sensitive Briar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Monarda citriodora
Lemon beebalm, Purple horsemint, Lemon mint, Plains horsemint, Lemon horsemint, Horsemint, Purple lemon mint

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Monarda fistulosa
Wild bergamot, Beebalm

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Morella cerifera
Wax myrtle, Southern bayberry, Candleberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Muhlenbergia capillaris
Gulf muhly, Hair-awn muhly, Hairy-awn muhly, Hair grass, Pink muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Muhlenbergia dubia
Pine muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
Lindheimer's muhly, Lindheimer muhly, Big muhly, Blue muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia reverchonii
Seep muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia rigens
Deergrass, Meadow muhly, Deer muhly

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Nassella tenuissima
Mexican Feathergrass, Mexican Wiregrass, Finestem needlegrass, Ponytail grass, Texas tussock

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nelumbo lutea
American lotus, Yellow water lotus, Yellow lotus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nuphar lutea
Yellow pond-lily, Cow lily, Spatter dock, Yellow cow lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Nyctaginia capitata
Devil's bouquet, Scarlet muskflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera jamesii
River Primrose, Trumpet Evening Primrose, Trumpet evening-primrose

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa ssp. incana
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Silver leaf primrose 

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Oenothera speciosa
Pink evening primrose, Showy evening primrose, Mexican evening primrose, Showy primrose, Pink ladies, Buttercups, Pink buttercups

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Oenothera triloba
Stemless evening-primrose, Stemless Evening Primrose

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Opuntia ellisiana
Spineless prickly pear, Tigertongue, South Texas pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia engelmannii var. lindheimeri
Texas pricklypear, Prickly Pear, Texas Prickly Pear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrocentra
Purple Prickly Pear, Purple pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Opuntia macrorhiza
Common prickly-pear, Plains prickly pear, Prickly Pear, Twist-spine prickly-pear, Twistspine pricklypear

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Oxalis drummondii
Drummond's woodsorrel, Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Oxalis stricta
Common yellow oxalis, Yellow Wood-sorrel

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Panicum virgatum
Switchgrass, Wand panic grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Papaver nudicaule
Icelandic poppy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Parkinsonia aculeata
Retama, Paloverde, Mexican Palo Verde, Jerusalem thorn, Lluvia de Oro

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Paronychia virginica
Whitlow-wort, Broom Nailwort, Yellow Nailwort, Park's Nailwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Parthenocissus heptaphylla
Sevenleaf creeper, Seven-leaf Creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Virginia creeper

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora affinis
Bracted passionflower, Passion flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora foetida
Corona de Cristo, Scarlet-fruit passion flower, Fetid passionflower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Passiflora lutea
Yellow passion vine, Yellow passion-flower, Yellow passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora tenuiloba
Bird Wing Passionflower, Birdwing passionflower, Slender-lobe Passionflower, Spread Lobe Passionflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pavonia lasiopetala
Rock rose, Rose pavonia, Rose mallow, Pavonia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Pellaea ovata
Ovate-leaf Cliffbrake, Ovateleaf cliffbrake

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun
Water:

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon cobaea
Wild foxglove, Prairie penstemon, Prairie beardtongue, Foxglove penstemon, Foxglove beardtongue, False foxglove, Large-flowered penstemon, Large-flowered beardtongue, Cobaea penstemon, Cobaea beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon laxiflorus
Nodding penstemon, Nodding beardtongue, Loose-flowered penstemon, Loose-flowered beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon triflorus
Hill Country penstemon, Hill Country beardtongue, Scarlet penstemon, Scarlet beardtongue, Heller's penstemon, Heller's beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Physostegia virginiana
Fall obedient plant, Obedient plant, False dragonhead, Virginia lions-heart

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed, Pokeweed, Pokeberry, Red Ink Plant, Pigeonberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pistacia mexicana
Mexican pistachio, Texas pistachio, American pistachio

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water:

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Pluchea odorata var. odorata
Marsh Fleabane, Sweetscent

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Poa arachnifera
Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Polanisia dodecandra ssp. trachysperma
Clammy-Weed, Clammyweed, Sandyseed clammyweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Polygala alba
White milkwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Polytaenia texana
Texas prairie parsley, Texas-Parsley

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Populus deltoides
Eastern cottonwood, Alamo, Carolina poplar, Necklace Poplar

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Potamogeton nodosus
Knotty Pondweed, Longleaf pondweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Prosopis glandulosa
Honey mesquite

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunella vulgaris
Common selfheal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus minutiflora
Texas almond, Texas wild almond, Dwarf Plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Prunus texana
Peachbush, Sand Plum, Peach bush, Texas plum, Texas peach bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Ranunculus macranthus
Large buttercup

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ratibida columnifera
Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Upright prairie coneflower, Red-spike mexican-hat, Long-headed coneflower, Thimbleflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica var. serotina
Fragrant sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light:
Water:

Rhus lanceolata
Prairie flameleaf sumac, Flame-leaf sumac, Prairie sumac, Lance-leaf sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rhynchospora colorata
Starrush whitetop, Star sedge, White-topped sedge, Whitetop sedge, Star rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rubus trivialis
Dewberry, Southern dewberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rudbeckia hirta
Black-eyed Susan, Common black-eyed Susan, Brown-eyed Susan

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia drummondiana
Drummond's ruellia, Drummond's wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ruellia metziae
White Ruellia, Metz's wild petunia, Metz Wild Petunia, Wild White Petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Ruellia nudiflora
Violet ruellia, Common wild petunia, Violet wild petunia, Wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ruellia occidentalis
Western wild petunia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal mexicana
Mexican palm, Palma Di Micharos, Rio Grande palmetto, Texas palm, Texas palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sagittaria lancifolia ssp. media
Bulltongue arrowhead, Scythe-fruit Arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Sagittaria longiloba
Flecha de Agua, Long-barb Arrowhead, Long-lobe Arrowhead, Longbarb arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
Pitcher sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia ballotiflora
Shrubby blue sage, Blue Shrub Sage, Mejorana

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia engelmannii
Engelmann's sage, Engelmann's salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia farinacea
Mealy blue sage, Mealy sage, Mealycup sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lycioides
Canyon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia penstemonoides
Big red sage, Penstemon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia regla
Mountain sage, Royal sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Salvia texana
Texas sage, Blue sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Samolus ebracteatus ssp. cuneatus
Limerock Brookweed, Limewater brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Samolus valerandi ssp. parviflorus
Seaside brookweed, Water Pimpernel, Thin-leaf Brookweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Sapindus saponaria var. drummondii
Western soapberry, Soapberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Saururus cernuus
Lizard's tail, Lizard's-tail, Breast weed, Water dragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Schizachyrium scoparium
Little bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Schoenoplectus californicus
California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Scutellaria drummondii
Drummond's skullcap

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Scutellaria ovata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf Skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria resinosa
Resin-dot skullcap, Resinous skullcap, Shrubby skullcap, Sticky skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Senna lindheimeriana
Lindheimer's senna, Velvet leaf senna, Velvetleaf senna, Velvet-leaf wild sensitive-plant, Puppy-dog ears

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Senna roemeriana
Twoleaf senna, Two leaved senna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Silphium albiflorum
White rosinweed, White-flowered rosinweed, Compass Plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Silphium simpsonii
Simpson's rosinweed, Tall Rosinweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Simsia calva
Awnless bush sunflower, Bush sunflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum elaeagnifolium
Silverleaf nightshade, Silver-leaf nightshade, White horse nettle, Trompillo, Tomato weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Solanum rostratum
Buffalobur nightshade, Buffalo bur

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Solidago nemoralis
Gray goldenrod, Prairie goldenrod, Old field goldenrod, Grayleaf goldenrod, Gray-leaved goldenrod

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Sophora secundiflora
Texas mountain laurel, Mountain laurel, Mescal bean, Mescal bean sophora, Frijolillo, Frijolito

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sorghastrum nutans
Indiangrass, Yellow indian grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Stachys coccinea
Scarlet betony, Scarlet hedge-nettle, Texas betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Stemodia lanata
Woolly Stemodia, Gray-woolly twintip

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Styphnolobium affine
Eve's necklace, Eve's necklacepod, Texas sophora

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus
Coralberry, Indian currant, Buckbrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tecoma stans
Yellow bells, Yellowbells, Esperanza, Yellow trumpetbush, Yellow trumpetflower, Trumpetbush, Trumpetflower, Yellow elder

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetragonotheca texana
Squarebud daisy, Nerve-ray, Square-bud daisy

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Tetraneuris scaposa var. scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Teucrium canadense
Canada germander, American germander, Canadian germander, Germander, Hairy germander, Wood sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thalia dealbata
Powdery alligator-flag, Powdery thalia, Water canna

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Thamnosma texana
Dutchman's breeches, Ruda del monte, Rue of the mountains, Texas desert-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma filifolium var. filifolium
Stiff greenthread, Showy Navajo tea, Greenthread

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelesperma simplicifolium
Slender greenthread, Navajo Tea, Cota

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Thelypteris kunthii
Wood fern, River fern, Southern shield fern, Kunth's maiden fern, Normal shield fern

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Thymophylla pentachaeta var. pentachaeta
Dogweed, Dyssodia, Fiveneedle pricklyleaf

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Toxicodendron radicans
Eastern poison ivy, Poison ivy, Poison oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Vine
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Triodanis perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Dry

Tripsacum dactyloides
Eastern gamagrass, Fakahatchee grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Typha latifolia
Broadleaf cattail, Common cat-tail, Broad-leaf cat-tail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Vallisneria americana
American eelgrass, Water celery, Eelgrass, Tapegrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Verbena halei
Slender verbena, Texas verbena, Texas vervain

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina encelioides
Cowpen Daisy, Golden crownbeard, Butter daisy

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Verbesina virginica
Frostweed, White crownbeard, Iceplant, Iceweed, Virginia crownbeard, Indian tobacco, Richweed, Squawweed

Duration: Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Vernonia baldwinii
Baldwin's ironweed, Western Ironweed, Ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Vernonia lindheimeri
Woolly ironweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Viburnum rufidulum
Rusty blackhaw viburnum, Rusty blackhaw, Southern blackhaw, Downy viburnum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera dentata
Sunflower goldeneye, Plateau goldeneye, Toothleaf goldeneye, Goldeneye, Chimalacate

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viguiera stenoloba
Resinbush, Skeleton-leaf Goldeneye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Viola sororia
Missouri violet, Common blue violet, Hooded blue violet, Florida violet, Meadow violet

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Wedelia texana
Zexmenia, Orange zexmenia, Wedelia, Hairy wedelia, Texas creeping-oxeye

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Wisteria frutescens
American wisteria, Texas wisteria, Kentucky wisteria

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides
Gummy broomweed, Gummy snakeweed, San Pedro matchweed

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light:
Water:

Yucca constricta
Buckley yucca, Buckley's yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca pallida
Pale-leaf yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca ×schottii
Schott's yucca, Hoary Yucca, Mountain Yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Yucca treculeana
Spanish Dagger, Don Quixote's Lance, Palma Pita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Zigadenus nuttallii
Nuttall's deathcamas, Death Camas, Poison onion, Nuttall's death camas

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water:

Zinnia acerosa
Desert zinnia, Dwarf zinnia, Dwarf white zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Zinnia grandiflora
Rocky Mountain zinnia, Little golden zinnia, Yellow zinnia, Plains zinnia, Prairie zinnia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry