Woodland Plants for Central Texas

Use this list to create a Woodland Garden that abstracts the visual patterns found within woodland ecosystems in Central Texas.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Achillea millefolium
Common yarrow, Western yarrow, Yarrow, Milfoil

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Aesculus pavia
Scarlet Buckeye, Red buckeye, Firecracker plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ageratina havanensis
Shrubby boneset, White mistflower, White shrub mistflower, Havana snakeroot, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callicarpa americana
American beautyberry , French mulberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex cherokeensis
Cherokee sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Carex perdentata
Sand sedge, Meadow Sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Celtis laevigata
Sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, Sugarberry, Southern hackberry, Lowland hackberry, Hackberry, Palo blanco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Cercis canadensis var. texensis
Texas redbud

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Clematis texensis
Scarlet clematis, Scarlet leatherflower, Texas clematis

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cornus drummondii
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Diospyros texana
Texas persimmon, Mexican persimmon, Black persimmon, Chapote, Chapote prieto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Eysenhardtia texana
Texas kidneywood, Kidneywood, Bee-Brush, Vara dulce

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Forestiera pubescens
Elbow bush, Stretchberry, Spring herald

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Frangula caroliniana
Carolina buckthorn, Carolina false buckthorn, Yellow buckthorn, Indian cherry, Yellowwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Fraxinus albicans
Texas Ash, Mountain ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash, Swamp ash, River ash, Water ash, Darlington ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Garrya ovata ssp. lindheimeri
Lindheimer's silktassel, Lindheimer silktassel, Lindheimer's Garrya, Lindheimer Garrya, Mexican silktassel, Mexican Garrya, Eggleaf silktassel, Eggleaf Garrya

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ilex decidua
Possumhaw, Possumhaw holly, Deciduous holly, Meadow holly, Prairie holly, Swamp holly, Welk holly, Deciduous yaupon, Bearberry, Winterberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ilex vomitoria
Yaupon, Yaupon Holly, Cassina

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub, Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Mahonia trifoliolata
Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry, Wild currant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Drummond turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond's wax mallow, Drummond wax mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts, Manzanilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Passiflora incarnata
Purple passionflower, Purple passion vine, Maypop, Apricot vine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Vine
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Phacelia congesta
Blue curls, Caterpillars, Fiddleneck

Duration: Annual, Biennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum, Inch plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Prunus serotina var. eximia
Escarpment black cherry, Edwards Plateau black cherry, Escarpment cherry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ptelea trifoliata ssp. trifoliata
Baldwin hop-tree, Common hoptree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Quercus buckleyi
Texas red oak, Buckley oak, Texas oak, Spanish oak, Spotted Oak, Rock Oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus laceyi
Lacey oak, Texas blue oak, Canyon oak, Smoky oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus muehlenbergii
Chinkapin oak, Chinquapin oak, Chestnut oak, Yellow chestnut oak, Rock chestnut oak, Yellow oak, Rock oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus sinuata var. breviloba
White shin oak, Bigelow oak, Scaly-bark oak, Limestone Durand oak, Shortlobe oak, Bastard oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Quercus virginiana
Coastal live oak, Southern live oak, Virginia live oak, Live oak, Encino

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Rhus virens
Evergreen sumac, Tobacco sumac, Lambrisco, Lentrisco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tradescantia occidentalis
Prairie spiderwort, Western Spiderwort, Spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Basket elm, Scrub elm, Lime elm, Texas elm, Southern rock elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Ungnadia speciosa
Mexican buckeye, Monilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry