Wetland Plants for Central Texas

Central Texas native plants that work well in riparian areas.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Amorpha fruticosa
Indigo bush, False indigo bush, False indigo, Desert false indigo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Andropogon glomeratus
Bushy bluestem, Brushy bluestem

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Arisaema dracontium
Green dragon, Dragonroot, Greendragon

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade
Water: Moist

Carex blanda
Eastern woodland sedge, Creek sedge, Common wood sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cephalanthus occidentalis
Common buttonbush, Buttonbush, Button willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cyperus retroflexus
Oneflower flatsedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light:
Water:

Equisetum hyemale var. affine
Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum laevigatum
Horsetail, Smooth horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Erythrina herbacea
Coralbean, Cherokee bean, Red cardinal

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Green ash, Red ash

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Hibiscus moscheutos
Crimsoneyed rosemallow, Crimson-eyed rose-mallow, Marshmallow hibiscus

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris brevicaulis
Zigzag iris

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Kosteletzkya virginica
Virginia saltmarsh mallow, Virginia fen-rose, Seashore mallow, Salt Marsh-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia peploides
Creeping water-primrose, Floating primrose-willow, Water-primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Maclura pomifera
Osage orange, Bois d' arc, Bodark, Horse apple, Hedge apple

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Turk's cap or Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Wax mallow, Drummond wax-mallow, Red mallow, Texas mallow, Mexican apple, Manzanilla, Sleeping hibiscus, Bleeding hearts

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Morus rubra
Red mulberry, Moral

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Muhlenbergia schreberi
Nimblewill

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Nymphaea odorata
American white water lily, Fragrant white water lily, Fragrant water lily, White water lily, Sweet-scented white water lily, Sweet-scented water lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Physostegia intermedia
Intermediate false dragonhead, Marsh obedient-plant, Obedient-plant, Slender false dragonhead, Spring obedient plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Platanus occidentalis
American sycamore, Buttonwood, Plane-tree, Sycamore

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides
Eastern cottonwood

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Prunus mexicana
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Ptelea trifoliata
Wafer ash, Common hoptree, Hop tree

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Pteridium aquilinum
Western bracken fern, Bracken fern, Western bracken, Bracken

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Quercus macrocarpa
Bur oak, Burr oak, Savannah oak, Overcup oak, Prairie oak, Mossy-cup oak, Mossy-overcup oak, Blue oak

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist, Dry

Rhus aromatica
Fragrant sumac, Aromatic sumac, Lemon sumac, Polecat bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sabal minor
Dwarf palmetto, Palmetto, Bush palmetto

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sagittaria lancifolia
Lanceleaf Arrowhead, Duck-potato, Bulltongue arrowhead

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis
Common elderberry, Black elder, Mexican elderberry, Common elder, Elderberry, Tapiro, Sauco

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Schoenoplectus californicus
California bulrush, California club-rush, Giant Bulrush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water:

Taxodium distichum
Bald cypress, Baldcypress, Common bald cypress, Southern bald cypress, Deciduous cypress

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tilia americana var. caroliniana
Carolina basswood, Small-leaved basswood, Downy linden

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light:
Water:

Ulmus crassifolia
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist