Native Plants for Container Gardens in Central Texas

Native Plants for Container Gardens in Central Texas by Andrea DeLong-Amaya, Director of Horticulture, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. These plants are all native to the Central Texas region and are especially useful in container gardens. If you live outside of Central Texas, these may or may not be native to your area.


Thumb Species Characteristics

Aquilegia canadensis
Eastern red columbine, Wild red columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Aquilegia chrysantha var. hinckleyana
Hinckley's golden columbine, Yellow columbine, Hinckley columbine, Capote columbine

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Bacopa monnieri
Herb-of-grace, Water hyssop, Coastal Water-hyssop

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Bouteloua curtipendula
Sideoats grama

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe involucrata
Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Callirhoe pedata
Palmleaf poppymallow, Standing Winecup, Finger Poppy-mallow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Capsicum annuum
Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Carex planostachys
Cedar sedge

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Chasmanthium latifolium
Inland sea oats, Indian wood oats, Wild oats, River oats, Flathead oats, Upland Oats, Upland Sea Oats

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Chrysactinia mexicana
Damianita

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Conoclinium coelestinum
Blue mistflower, Wild ageratum, Blue boneset, Mistflower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Cooperia drummondii
Evening rain lily, Evening star rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Cooperia pedunculata
Prairie lily, Rain lily, Hill Country rain lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Moist

Dalea greggii
Gregg dalea, Gregg's prairie clover, Trailing indigo bush, Indigo bush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Dyschoriste linearis
Snake herb, Polkadots, Narrowleaf dyschoriste

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet, Moist

Echinodorus cordifolius
Creeping burrhead, Lance-leaf Burhead, Radican Sword "Giant Mother Plant"

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade
Water: Wet

Equisetum hyemale
Canuela, Horsetail, Scouring rush, Scouringrush horsetail

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Geum canadense
White avens

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Giliastrum rigidulum
Bluebowls, Blue gilia

Duration: Annual
Habit: Subshrub
Light: Sun
Water:

Glandularia bipinnatifida
Purple prairie verbena, Prairie verbena, Dakota vervain, Dakota mock vervain, Moradilla

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Subshrub
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Heterotheca canescens
Gray golden-aster, Hoary false goldenaster

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Hydrocotyle umbellata
Manyflower marshpennywort, Water-pennywort,  Money-plant

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Hymenocallis liriosme
Spring spiderlily, Spider Lily, Spring Spider Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Iris virginica
Virginia iris, Great Blue Flag, Southern blueflag

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Wet

Justicia americana
American water-willow, Water-willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Lindheimera texana
Texas yellowstar, Texas star, Lindheimer daisy, Texas yellow star

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Lobelia cardinalis
Cardinal flower

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Ludwigia octovalvis
Mexican primrose-willow, Narrow-leaf Water Primrose, Seedbox, Mexican Primrose Willow

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Lupinus texensis
Texas bluebonnet, Bluebonnet, Texas lupine, Buffalo clover, Wolf-flower

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Manfreda maculosa
False Aloe, Spice lily, Spice-Lily

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Marshallia caespitosa
Barbara's-buttons, Puffballs, White Barbara's-buttons

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Marsilea macropoda
Bigfoot water clover, Water clover, Clover-fern, Largefoot pepperwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Wet

Marsilea vestita
Hairy water clover, Water clover

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb, Fern
Light: Part-shade
Water: Wet

Melampodium leucanthum
Blackfoot Daisy, Rock daisy, Plains blackfoot

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nemophila phacelioides
Baby blue-eyes, Flannel breeches, Large-flower baby-blue-eyes, Largeflower baby blue eyes, Texas baby blue eyes

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina lindheimeriana
Devil's shoestring, Devil's-shoestring, Ribbon grass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Nolina texana
Texas sacahuista, Texas beargrass, Basket grass, Sacahuista, Bunchgrass

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Oenothera macrocarpa
Bigfruit evening-primrose, Missouri evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Packera obovata
Golden groundsel, Roundleaf groundsel, Roundleaf ragwort, Squawweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Penstemon baccharifolius
Rock penstemon, Rock beardtongue, Cut-leaf penstemon, Cut-leaf beardtongue, Baccharis-leaf penstemon, Baccharis-leaf beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Penstemon tenuis
Brazos Penstemon, Brazos Beardtongue, Gulf Penstemon, Gulf Beardtongue, Gulf Coast Penstemon, Gulf Coast Beardtongue, Sharp-sepal Penstemon, Sharp-sepal Beardtongue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Phlox drummondii
Annual phlox, Phlox, Drummond phlox

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phlox pilosa
Downy phlox, Prairie phlox, Fragrant phlox

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Phyla nodiflora
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Pontederia cordata
Pickerelweed, Pickerel rush

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Wet, Moist

Rivina humilis
Pigeonberry, Rouge plant, Baby peppers

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia coccinea
Scarlet Sage, Tropical Sage, Blood sage

Duration: Annual, Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia greggii
Autumn sage, Cherry sage, Gregg salvia

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Salvia lyrata
Lyreleaf sage, Cancer weed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Shade, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Salvia penstemonoides
Big red sage, Penstemon sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Salvia roemeriana
Cedar sage

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata
Heartleaf skullcap, Heart-leaf skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Scutellaria wrightii
Wright's skullcap, Bushy skullcap, Shrubby skullcap

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Sisyrinchium minus
Dwarf blue-eyed grass, Pink-Eyed Grass

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist, Dry

Stachys coccinea
Scarlet betony, Scarlet hedge-nettle, Texas betony

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Moist

Tetraneuris scaposa
Four-nerve daisy, Hymenoxys, Stemmy four-nerve daisy, Yellow daisy, Bitterweed

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Part-shade
Water: Dry

Thamnosma texana
Dutchman's breeches, Ruda del monte, Rue of the mountains, Texas desert-rue

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun
Water: Dry

Tradescantia gigantea
Giant spiderwort

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Moist

Viola pedata
Birdfoot violet, Bird's-foot violet, Bird-foot violet

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Light: Shade, Part-shade
Water: Dry

Yucca rupicola
Twistleaf yucca, Twisted-leaf yucca, Texas yucca

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Light: Sun, Part-shade
Water: Dry